Expression of Non-Native Inorganic Carbon Transporters in E. coli for Improved Succinate Production

Sustainability

Expression of Non-Native Inorganic Carbon Transporters in E. coli for Improved Succinate Production

Engineering bacteria provides a sustainable route for the production of succinate, an important platform chemical. The E. coli strain KJ122 can produce up to 80 g/L succinate, but is potentially

Engineering a Photosynthetic Microbe for Chemical Production

Through genetic engineering, scientists can manipulate microbial metabolism to maximize the production of a certain chemical. Cyanobacteria have previously been engineered to produce a wide variety of chemicals. That said,

FURI researcher Dominic Varda

Engineering Water Disinfection via On-Site Electrochlorination and Electrochlorine Breakpoint

On-site electrochlorination is a promising solution for decentralized water treatment since it is easy to operate and sustains long-term disinfection. This work investigated the impact of electrocatalyst selection on active

Engineering Corynebacterium glutamicum with Malonate Pathway for Optimizing Flavonoid Production

This project seeks to address the question: What is the effect of expressing a malonate pathway in C. glutamicum strains on naringenin output? Findings suggest the optimal MatC induction with

Engineering Bacteria to Depolymerize PET Plastics to Combat Pollution

Accumulation of plastic waste in oceans and landfills increasingly threatens life due to fragmentation into microplastics. Annually, it is estimated 359 million tons of plastic are produced, 150-200 million tons

Carbon/Carbon Composites: Manufacturing, Structures and Property Relationships

A limitation in the aerospace industry is the lack of lightweight materials that can withstand high temperatures without losing their mechanical robustness for applications in supersonic/hypersonic flights. The current generation

FURI researcher Micayla Corker.

Recyclable Thiol-ene Polymers via Thiol-Disulfide Exchange Reaction

The basis of this project is a reprocessable photopolymer made up of a UV-induced thiol-ene network. The introduction of a tetra functional thiol into the structure, pentaerythritol tetrakis (PETMP), improves

Investigation of Chemically Recyclable Thiol-ene Crosslinked Photopolymers

Traditional hydrocarbon-based plastics are unable to be chemically recycled. The purpose of this research is to develop similar materials that do not pose the same environmental hazard as conventional plastics.

Vat Photopolymerization of Smart Meta-Structures with Highly Removable and Recyclable Supportable Polymers

Vat photopolymerization technology can print three-dimensional objects with high precision and fast speed. For interlocked structures, a significant amount of additional support is required in order to ensure the overhanging

Electrically Assisted Vat Photopolymerization of Bioinspired Hierarchical Structures with Hydrophobicity Enhancement

Air-retaining is attracting increasing attention for various applications. Salvinia exhibit stable and long-term air retention because of the unique combination of smooth hydrophilic patches on elastic eggbeater structures decorated with

Nonisothermal Melt Crystallization Behavior of Semicrystalline Polymers Monitored Using an In Situ Fluorescence Technique

The melt crystallization of semicrystalline thermoplastics is a physical process that dictates the key characteristics of the resulting materials. In this study, a fluorescence technique was developed to monitor the

Dual-Component Structure for Selective Pollutant Decomposition via Photocatalysis

As the population increases, there will inevitably be a greater generation of waste, which necessitates the long-term need for waste treatment. A consequence of waste treatment facilities is the production

Engineering Corynebacterium glutamicum with Malonate Pathway for Optimizing Flavonoid Production

This project seeks to address the question: What is the effect of expressing a malonate pathway in C. glutamicum strains on naringenin output? It is hypothesized that overexpressing the MatB

Removal of Acetaminophen from Water Using Electrochemical Analysis

Active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) are exposed to the environment during their use, manufacturing, and disposal. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), APIs have proven to be detrimental to human

Use of Octopus Arm Muscle for Bioinspired Soft Robotic Arm

The purpose of the octopus project research at the BIRTH Lab is to determine the functionality of each muscle layer in an octopus. Electromyography (EMG) signals are quantitatively analyzed for complex

Vat Photopolymerization of Smart Meta-Structures with Highly Removable and Recyclable Supportable Polymers

Current vat photopolymerization (VPP) technology can print three-dimensional (3D) objects with high precision and fast speed. For complex computer-aided design (CAD) mega-structures, a significant amount of additional support structures are

Engineering Electrified Water Disinfection via On-Site Electrochlorination

On-site electrochlorination appears as a promising solution since it produces long-lasting disinfecting species and does not require complex operation. This work investigates the impact of electrocatalyst selection on chlorine electrogeneration.

Engineering of a Microbe for the Sustainable Production of Environmentally Friendly Solvents

Due to the growing concerns of petroleum and its negative effects, alternative solvents like ethyl lactate are sought out to replace common petroleum-based solvents. Ethyl lactate, a naturally biodegradable ethyl

Multiphase 3D Printing with Shape Memory Property for Untethered Actuation

Nanocomposite polymers are a class of materials known for their customizability and vast applicability in the additive manufacturing industry. Shape Memory Actuators (SMAs) are a nanocomposite subset that has become

Geochemically Inspired Synthesis of Mesoporous Silica

This project seeks to synthesize mesoporous silica by using the abundant mineral forsterite as a silica source. It was found that mesoporous silica can be synthesized from forsterite, with the

Elucidating the Role of Ultraviolet Weathering and Biofilm Formation on the Adsorption of Micropollutants onto Microplastics

When released into the environment, plastics undergo mechanical abrasion and ultraviolet (UV) exposure that leads to the formation of microplastics. These microplastics, when present as a mixture with other contaminants,

FURI researcher Susanna Westersund.

Treated Waste Plastics: A Solution for Enhancing the Performance of Concrete Construction

The environment today is facing concerns about the over-accumulation of plastics in landfills as well as excessive CO2 emissions. Containers and packaging take up approximately 15 million tons each year,

Analysis of Additively Manufactured Sintered Wicks for Use in Developing Heat Pipes

The development of additively manufactured sintered wicks and heat pipes will allow for the design and creation of integrated heat sinks and pipes in designs not possible through standard manufacturing

Quantifying the Trends in Wind Speed and Wind Power Potential in Arizona

The task of analyzing long-term wind speed trends across Arizona initially began with sorting data to show what the long-term wind speed trends across Arizona are. Through collection and analysis

Researching Reusable Water Bottle Cleaning Techniques to Provide Sustainable and Safe Access to Clean Water for the Homeless Population in the Phoenix Area

The GCSP Clean Water Research Team seeks to find a sustainable solution to water accessibility for the homeless population of Phoenix while also preventing the spread of COVID-19. The portion

Financial, Logistical, and Environmental Analysis of Reusable Water Bottle Filling and Cleaning Device for the Homeless Population in Phoenix

The research project analyzed the financial viability of a proposed drinking water filling and bottle cleaning station. A mathematical model was developed to compare costs of the proposed solution under

Characterizing CO₂ Utilization Rates Across Different Cyanobacteria Strains under Varying Light Intensities by a Novel Mass Balance Approach

Cyanobacteria and its complex photosynthetic systems have been a prime target for synthetic biologists and their molecular engineering tools for the last couple of decades. However, characterizing meaningful CO2 removal

Efficient Adsorption of the Macronutrients with the Help of Graphene and Oxidized Derivatives

The project will be dealing with three different types of Graphene and its oxidized nanomaterials, namely Graphene (Gr), Graphene Oxide (GO) and reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO), under different loading conditions

Improvement of the MaRTiny: A Low-Cost Thermal Sensing Device

Future trends of climate change coupled with urban population growth indicate the need for reducing human exposure to extreme weather and heat. Extreme heat strains human health and people’s ability

Using Machine Learned Forces and Energies to Improve Quantum Mechanical Simulations

Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations have been used for decades to predict the chemical properties of compounds and materials. While DFT calculations are highly chemically accurate, they are computationally costly

3D Printing Ultra-High-Performance Concrete

The research team developed an Ultra-High-Performance Concrete (UHPC) blend that retained significant mechanical strength for 3D printing applications. The blend consists of type II/V Portland cement and fly ash, limestone,

Improving Quorum Sensing by Multi-Level Controller in Cyanobacteria Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

The objective of this study was to characterize an array of control mechanisms to strictly regulate inducible gene expression in cyanobacteria. To achieve this regulation, multiple constructs encoding secondary structures

Assessment of Native Chain-Elongating Microorganisms in Aquifer Materials from a Superfund Site

Chlorinated ethene contamination is present at hundreds of sites around the U.S. and threatens the health and quality of living in many communities. Complete reductive dechlorination of chlorinated ethenes to

Engineering Corynebacterium glutamicum for the Production of Naringenin

In this work, the research team has engineered Corynebacterium glutamicum with the metabolic pathway for the production of naringenin, a natural anti-Alzheimer’s, an anti-bacterial, and anticancer medicine. The engineered strain

Engineering of a Microbial Host for the Secretion of Biomass-Degrading Enzymes

Lignin, a naturally occurring biopolymer composed of aromatic carbons, can serve as a feedstock for the sustainable production of several valuable chemicals otherwise obtained from crude oil. However, because it

Determining the Chemical Composition of Toner Used by ASU Photocopiers

This project seeks to analyze the physical properties and chemical composition of the toner used by ASU photocopying machines. Because current paper recycling processes require toner to be removed from

Investigation of Mechanical Strength of Alkali-Activated Mine Tailing

Mining activities are inevitable for industrialization, but mine tailing disposal creates a severe environmental impact. Identifying the applications of mine tailings as potential secondary raw materials would help develop better

Selective Adsorption of CO2 in Mg-MOF-74 Under Humid Conditions

Metal-organic frameworks, also known as MOFs, can be artificially synthesized, and Mg-MOF-74 has been selected. The research analyzes the carbon dioxide adsorption selectivity among ambient air and the functional ability

High Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Additively Manufactured Thin Wall Inconel 718

The research team is examining the High Cycle Fatigue (HCF) behavior of thin wall Inconel 718 samples created with additive manufacturing. This is accomplished through the constant-force cyclic testing of

Mechanical systems engineering major Nathan Fonseca (right) with Assistant Professor Kenan Song.

3D-Printing Ceramic-Based Solid-State Electrolytes

The current lab production of Solid-State Electrolyte (SSE) for lithium-ion batteries is limited to planar geometries and random porosities. Although SSE has shown improvements, it still faces dendrite propagation issues.

Evaluation of Shrinkage Cracking in Slab-Wall Systems

Concrete develops strength rapidly after mixing and is highly influenced by temperature and the curing process. The material characteristics and the rate of property development, along with the exposure conditions,

Enhanced Control of Microbial Cometabolism of Organic Pollutants

Trichloroethene (TCE) is a ubiquitous groundwater contaminant worldwide. Aerobic cometabolism is a possible bioremediation approach for diffuse TCE plumes. This research evaluates TCE cometabolism (using propane and oxygen as substrates)

Sensing Crystallinity During Non-Isothermal Melt Crystallization Processes in Semicrystalline Polymers

Our research group recently developed a fluorescence technique for sensing the melting transitions of semi-crystalline thermoplastics and has been extended to an in-situ study of non-isothermal melt crystallization by monitoring

Energy Absorption of Standard and Origami-Inspired Honeycomb Structures

The goal of this experiment was to examine the energy absorption properties of origami-inspired and standard honeycomb structures varying the materials and wall thickness. The results indicate that origami-inspired structures

Flow Visualization of Laminar Mixed Convection in Transparent 3D-Printed Channels

This study investigates the spatiotemporal instabilities of mixed convection in horizontal channels through 3D printing of transparent channels and dye injection flow visualization. Flow channels are printed using a digital

Drainage Flow of a Viscous Compressible Fluid (Gas) from a Small Curved Narrow Conduit

Current natural gas reserves lie trapped in dense rocks. As such, to access these gas resources efficiently, a better understanding of its production mechanisms is required. The research starts with

3D Printing of Bioinspired Damage-Tolerant Ceramic Matrix Composite

Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are known for their durability, stiffness, and high-temperature tolerance whereas the problem with these CMCs includes the lack of mechanical flexibility and ability to withstand superior

Molten Salt Screening for Electrically Enhanced CO2 Splitting with Ceria

Ceria (CeO2) can be used to split CO2 in a two-step thermochemical process. Oxygen vacancies are formed in the ceria by endothermic reduction at high temperatures. CO2 is used to

Implementation of Mechanophores into Shape Memory Polymers to Create Self-Sensing, Self-Healing Composite Materials

Previous work incorporated mechanophore, a material that undergoes chemical or physical response under mechanical stress, into an epoxy resin to create a composite that emits fluorescence under stress. This fluorescence

Assessing Organic Farm Nutrient Management

The United States Department of Agriculture provides requirements for a farm operation to become certified organic, but how do these regulations influence nutrient management? There is insufficient evidence to show

Covalent-Organic-Framework Polymerization and its Crystallinity

Covalent Organic Frameworks (COFs) are a new class of crystalline and porous polymers constructed by covalently linking organic monomers into 2D or 3D ordered networks. Due to their high surface-area-to-volume

Chemically Recyclable Poly(Thiol-Ene) Elastomers

Conventional petroleum-based polymers are not biodegradable, or easily recyclable. The goal of this research is to synthesize crosslinked photopolymers via thiol-disulfide exchange reactions. These materials may be synthesized by a

Lignocellulosic Characterization of a Sulfate-Reducing Biochemical Reactor Treating Mining-Influenced Water

Sulfate-reducing biochemical reactors (SRBRs) are a passive treatment method for acidic mining-influenced water (MIW) from active and abandoned mine sites. In an SRBR, microbial communities degrade lignocellulosic substrate, producing electron

Recycling of Plastic Waste for Additive Manufacturing

Due to energy, economic, and logistical difficulties, the poor polymer recycling rate remains a difficulty for humanity today. The usage of thermoplastic materials in the industrial and public open-source additive

Crosslinked Polyethylene (XLPE) Recycling via Foam Engineering

Only 16% of plastic products are recycled annually, and polyolefin polymers are at the top of plastic production. Polyolefin polymers include high-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE),

Energy Absorption in Aperiodic Cellular Materials

Aperiodic cellular materials are an instance of a patterned cellular material in which randomness is introduced into the geometry generation. This change in cellular design can be used to distribute

An Analysis of Callisto Insertion Methods for a Spacecraft Utilizing a Space Elevator Trajectory

Investigating possible solutions to high entry velocities associated with the usage of a space elevator launch system for a mission to the Jovian moon of Callisto is crucial to feasibility.

Identification of Critical Habitat for Western Yellow-billed Cuckoos Through an Operations Research Modeling Approach

The Yellow-billed Cuckoo is a riparian obligate species in Western North America, meaning that its survival is tied to the health of riparian ecosystems. Degradation of suitable habitat due to

Jupiter Orbital Transfer/Colonization

With the utilization of a space elevator, the distant reaches of the solar system can finally be prospected for human colonization. The Jovian moon Callisto provides the best chance of

Antimicrobial Effect of Sulfidized Silver Nanoparticles After a 17 Day Continuous Operation in a Reverse Osmosis Membrane Module for Biofouling Control

Silver is used for the in-situ formation of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) on thin-film composite reverse osmosis membranes to mitigate biofilm formation. A concentration of 10 mM NaNO3 with Na2S

Quantifying the Trends in Wind Speed and Wind Power Potential in Arizona

The task of analyzing long-term wind speed trends across Arizona initially began with sorting data to show what the long-term windspeed trends across Arizona are. Through collection and analysis of

Characterization of Octopus Arms Using EMG Studies

Soft robotics incorporates physically flexible bodies and electronics into robots to achieve organic movements for carrying out tasks. The octopus is a soft-bodied animal and bioinspired insights can be gained

Understanding Effects of Water Solvation on Adsorption of Selenate on Alumina

Selenate is a soluble oxo-anion frequently found in water, which at high concentrations can have a toxic effect on human health and the environment. Alumina is an effective adsorbent material

Treated Waste Plastics: A Solution for Enhancing the Performance of Concrete Construction

The environment today is facing concerns about over-accumulation of plastics in landfills as well as excessive CO2 emissions. Containers and packaging take up approximately 15 million tons each year, and

Ideal Conditions for Reactive Extraction of Ethyl Acetate with lipase Novozym 435

Optimizing the extraction of desirable solvents with enzymes will help develop a sustainable biological model for producing esters.

Direct Ink Writing of Nanocomposite Polymers for Shape Memory Actuation

The research will develop a multiphase composite direct ink writing 3D printing process using two dissimilar polymer and nanoparticle solutions. The fabricated samples possess shape memory, which means that after

The Impact of Ambient Temperatures on Power System Transmission and Distribution

The motivation behind this research is to identify a relationship between ambient temperatures and power system efficiency, specifically within transmission and distribution (T&D) elements, to suggest methods to create a

Analysis of Additively Manufactured Sintered Wicks for Use in Developing Heat Pipes

The development of additively manufactured sintered wicks and heat pipes will allow for the design and creation of integrated heat sinks and pipes in designs not possible through standard manufacturing

3D Printing of Bioinspired Damage-Tolerant Ceramic Matrix Composite

Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are known for their durability, stiffness, and high-temperature tolerance whereas the problem with these CMCs includes the lack of mechanical flexibility and ability to withstand superior

Air Pollution Control Using Cool Coat Surface Technology

This project explores how specific hydrocarbons interact and chemically react over surfaces. The chemistries of common gaseous hydrocarbons are investigated over common infrastructure materials coated with a temperature-regulating (cool coating)

Annika Wines

Electrocatalytic Reduction of Nitrate via Nickel Foam Modified with Copper-Cobalt Nanoparticles for Ammonia Selectivity

The standard Haber-Bosch process to produce ammonia (NH3) for use in agriculture applications is both energy and resource-intensive. This research advances a cost-effective alternative to ammonia production using catalytic activity

The Mechanical Performance of Functional Material Fabricated via Structural Beams Based Photopolymerization

Explore the tensile and compress mechanical property of Stereolithography (SLA) 3D printing in vertical and horizontal directions which can help the further design with industrial structure engineering. Find the relationship

Sustainable Foam Engineering of Crosslinked Polyethylene (XLPE) Thermal Insulation Recycling

Crosslink Polyethylene (XLPE) is a thermoset that degrades carbon dioxide (CO2) before reaching its melting point. Annually, 450 tons of XLPE end up on landfills from electrical cables in Arizona

Engineering of a Microbial Host for the Degradation of Recalcitrant Biomass

Developing a microbial platform for the breakdown of recalcitrant biomass will enable the sustainable production of valuable chemicals.

Identification of Critical Habitat for Western Yellow-billed Cuckoos Through an Operations Research Modeling Approach

The Yellow-billed Cuckoo is a riparian obligate species in Western North America, meaning that its survival is tied to the health of riparian ecosystems. Degradation of suitable habitat due to

An Analysis of Callisto Insertion Methods for a Spacecraft Utilizing a Space Elevator Trajectory

Investigating possible solutions to high entry velocities associated with the usage of a space elevator launch system for a mission to the Jovian moon of Callisto is crucial to feasibility.

Study of Direct, Jupiter Insertion Orbits from Space Elevators

Space elevators have the potential to launch thousands of interplanetary missions within the next 5 decades. The extensive amount of opportunities to explore the solar system allows for a large

Effectiveness of Algal-Derived MgO-Biochar Nanocomposites for Nitrate and Phosphate Removal from Water

With limited fresh water available on Earth, pollutants such as fertilizer run-off and sewage create high nutrient levels of nitrogen and phosphorous that threaten the future of safe, drinkable water.

Bioengineering Corynebacterium glutamicum for the Synthesis of Short-Chain and Long-Chain Esters

Optimizing bioreactors to produce similar products to petrochemicals would help industries to be more sustainable.

Jupiter Orbital Transfer/Colonization

With the utilization of a space elevator, the distant reaches of the solar system can finally be prospected for human colonization. This project will determine that the Jovian moon Callisto

Enabling Horizontal Burrowing of a Multi-Segment Soft Robot

The objective of the research is to design a horizontal self-burrowing soft robot. Previous research has shown that inducing forward horizontal burrowing involves breaking the time-reversal symmetry of the robot

Removal of Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) from Water by Ion Exchange (IX)

Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are toxic anthropogenic compounds widely used in the industry due to their stability, persistence, and repellency. One reliable mechanism recently adapted for the removal of the so-called

Synthesis of Porous Carbons Using Disposed Facemasks for the Recovery of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Nutrients from Wastewater

High levels of nutrients in water such as nitrogen and phosphorus impact the survival of aquatic ecosystems and threaten water resources. Other pollutants in water include plastic, which has been

Hydrolysis of Cellulose With Engineered Recombinant Bacillus Subtilis

Engineering bacteria to convert cellulose into glucose will allow for cheaper utilization of biomass to make sustainable fuels.

Energy Absorption in Aperiodic Cellular Materials

Aperiodic cellular materials are an instance of a patterned cellular material in which randomness is introduced into the geometry generation. This change in cellular design can be used to distribute

Emma Lieberman works on her Grand Challenges Scholars Program project.

Genetically Engineering the Microalgae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to Sequester Arsenic from Contaminated Groundwater: ASU International Genetically Engineered Machine Competition Project

Arsenic contamination in groundwater is a serious problem in local rural communities: ~20.7% of wells in Arizona exceed the safe concentration of 10ppb. Prolonged exposure to this contamination can cause

Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Polyethylene

The effects of catalytic hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of polyethylene with different catalysts on HTL product distribution will be investigated. The research will help SRP eliminate plastic waste from electrical cable

Modeling and Control of Rocket Ascent in a Vertical Plane

This project uses a simplified model of a thrust vector-controlled rocket in ascent to design and analyze control systems for such a rocket. The dynamical system describing a rocket in

Solar Membrane Desalination

The project focusses on controlling scaling resistance in solar membrane distillation by monitoring the role of temperature, hydrodynamic conditions and concentration polarization. The researcher hypothesized that the maximum solar water

Investigation of Stokes Number Effects on Particle-Laden Flows

The goal of this FURI project is to find the particle characteristics that lead to a significant increase to the overall mass flow rate of particle-laden turbulent channel flow. Simulations

Synthesis of 2D Transition Metal Oxides

Metal oxides have known bulk properties but many of them have not been synthesized in atomically thin or two-dimensional (2D) forms, which can enable new properties and functionality. Materials take

Mini Containers Research Project

The Mini Containers Research project aims to reduce the food waste and carbon footprint of the current technologies used for transporting fresh produce by creating individual environmentally controlled containers that

Metabolic Engineering for Robust Natural Product Biosynthesis in C. glutamicum

In this work, a pathway within C. glutamicum was to be engineered to produce a flavonoid naringenin. Towards this, as a first step, 4 different plasmid vectors must be constructed

A Fluorescent Technique for Sensing Melt Transitions of Semi-Crystalline Polymer Thin Films

This research focuses on understanding the melting temperature and crystallization behavior at the interface of multi-layer semi-crystalline polymeric thin films using a location-specific fluorescence technique. The change in emission light

Investigation on the Adsorption of Selenium Oxo-Anions on Hematite and Alumina Surfaces

Selenium oxo-anions are toxic substances present in drinking water, these can be removed by using Hematite and Alumina as the adsorbent materials. Density Functional Theory is used to understand the

Reprocessable Thermoset Photopolymers in 3D Printing Application

A UV photoinduced step-growth cross-linked network that incorporates dynamic disulfide linkages into the backbone is reported. Multifunctional enes and thiols are used to create a polymer network via photoinduced radical-mediated

Phosphorus Accumulation in the Gilbert Riparian Preserve Aquifer Recharge Ponds

The objective of this project was to quantify the phosphorus accumulation in the aquifer recharge infiltration ponds at the Gilbert Riparian Preserve and determine if those levels are cause for

Neighboring Single Atoms Catalyst Acceleration of Hydrodehalogenation of Organic Pollutants — An Ab Into Study with Pt Catalyst

Organohalides are toxic materials present in water that are poisonous to living organisms. A common method for decontamination is through hydrodehalogenation using a noble metal catalyst such as Pt and

Enhancing Natural Genetic Transformation in Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 via Multimeric Integration

Cyanobacteria are photosynthetic organisms and reliable sources of renewable feedstocks. Specifically, Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 is a marine strain of Cyanobacteria that is naturally capable of foreign DNA uptake. Replicating

Antimicrobial Effect of Sulfidized Silver Nanoparticles After a Three-Month Operation Period in a Reverse Osmosis Module for Biofouling Control

Silver is used for the in-situ formation of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) on thin-film composite reverse osmosis membranes to mitigate biofilm formation. Different concentrations (10-1, 10-3, and 10-5 M) of Na2S to

Cost and Lead Time Reduction of Replacement Piping Using Additive Manufacturing

Metal 3D printing has grown up from its research stage to the fabrication for a wide range of commercial functional applications. Metal 3D printing is now popular in industries to

Expanding Gene Expression Tools in Cyanobacteria

Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002, a marine strain of cyanobacteria is a great candidate as a cell factory for production of value-added chemicals, such as 2,3-butanediol due to its rapid growth

Adsorptive CO2 Capture from Ambient Air by Zeolites

Carbon emissions are at an all-time high and there are ways to mitigate pollution but few viable carbon negative solutions. Zeolitic carbon capture is a cheap and highly effective method

Construction of Plasmid DNA for the Heterologous Expression of Ester Forming Enzymes

Developing a microbial system that increases the production of sustainable solvents like ethyl lactate has environmental and economic impacts. Prior bioinformatics analysis showed ATF1, ATF2 and LgATF1 to be potential

Evaluation of Algae-Derived Carbon Adsorbents for Direct CO2 Capture from Ambient Air

One potential solution to the looming threat of radical global warming is carbon capture with algae-derived carbon adsorbents because of their low production cost. Once synthesized, algae-derived carbon adsorbents will

Smith Pittman and Michelle Young.

Use of Rabbit Fecal Matter for Lignin Degradation in Wastewater Treatment Systems

This research investigates a method of biologically pretreating lignin using bacteria obtained from rabbit fecal samples, as rabbit diets consist largely of lignocellulose. Under anaerobic conditions, these microbes are expected

Simultaneous Microscale Optical Spectroscopy and Thermoreflectance Analysis

This research will study temperature-dependent spectral properties at the microscale by combining a microscope setup for Microscale Optical Reflection and Transmission (MORT) that analyzes light spectrum and the Scanning Laser

Ambient Ozone Removal Using Cement-Based Materials

Urbanization has increased air pollution in the lower atmosphere, thereby calling for the development of methods of active and passive air pollutant removal from the troposphere. Work was undertaken to

Engineering High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and inexpensive source of energy as compared

Engineering Bacteria to Secrete Cellulases for Breaking Down Cellulose into Glucose

Cellulases are enzymes that are crucial for the breakdown of cellulose into glucose, the primary carbon source in bacterial systems. However, the current method of using commercial cellulases is very

Structural Beam Based Stereolithography for Rapid Continuous Additive Manufacturing

Conventional traditional manufacturing involves enormous waste materials and consumes a lot of energy and time. Additive Manufacturing technologies provide a sustainable manufacturing environment and possess the ability to produce parts

TEM Image Simulations of Structural Dynamics on CeO2-supported Pt Catalysts

In time-resolved series of TEM images taken of supported nanoclusters in gas environments, it is observed that the nanoparticles can undergo dynamic structural reconfigurations that give rise to unique contrast

Using Cyanophycin Production as a Screening Method for Cyanophycin Synthetase Activity

This project’s motivation is to determine a method of measuring the amount of Cyanophycin (CGP) produced in E. coli cultures that express native Cyanophycin Synthetase (CphA). CGP is an amino

Reducing Air Pollutants and Analyzing the Products of Nitric Oxide Conversion Over Photocatalytic Cementitious Materials

Societal development has created a significant rise in air pollutants, resulting in the need for a system that can assist in its reduction. Titanium dioxide, a photocatalytic material that is

Electro-Spun Pretreatment Membranes for Heavy Metal Ions Removal

Pretreatment membranes can be utilized for a wide variety of filtration applications and can remove biological to inorganic foulants. A promising strategy to produce pretreatment membranes is through electrospinning, which

Enhancing Mechanical Properties of Cement Beams with UV-Irradiated Polypropylene

Steel is used to strengthen concrete used for infrastructure. Concrete is composed mostly of cement, water, and aggregates. While most of these ingredients are sourced naturally, cement must be manufactured;

Solar Membrane Desalination

The project focusses on controlling scaling resistance in solar membrane distillation by monitoring the role of temperature, hydrodynamic conditions and concentration polarization. The researcher hypothesized that the maximum solar water

Germanium Dioxide: Development of Synthesis Techniques

Germanium dioxide has known bulk properties but has not been synthesized in a thin film form. Materials take on vastly different properties when they are on the nano-scale. These have

Atmospheric Water Capture and the Effects on Organic Matter

During natural water disasters, conventional water supplies may be inaccessible or unsafe for use. However, the atmosphere, which contains 3.4 quadrillion gallons of water, serve as an obtainable source for

Developing an Automatic Potable Water Chlorinator in Response to Varying Water Conditions

Chlorination is the most common approach to disinfecting water, however in underserved communities lacking appropriate training and technology, it is often difficult to maintain the optimal concentration of chlorine. To

Dye Filtration of Electrospun MOF Fibers

The objective of this research is to demonstrate the effect of polymer type on the filtration properties of electrospun MOF fibers. HKUST-1 and UiO-66 are both ultraporous metal-organic frameworks with

Utilizing 13C Tracing to Determine Metabolic Pathways

Understanding the metabolic pathways by which carbon substrates are assimilated is an important quest in metabolic engineering. The first experiment was performed to analyze the assimilation paths for labeled and

Atomic Dynamics of Platinum Nanoparticles on Cerium Oxide Catalysts

In time-resolved series of TEM images taken of supported nanoclusters in gas environments, it is observed that the nanoparticles can undergo dynamic structural reconfigurations which give rise to unique contrast

Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Plastic Waste

The hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of waste plastics with algae and different catalysts will allow for the study of the effect of feedstocks on the HTL product distribution and help SRP

Evaluation of Algae-Derived Carbon Adsorbents for Direct CO2 Capture from Ambient Air

One potential solution to the looming threat of radical global warming is carbon capture with algae-derived carbon adsorbents because of their low production cost. After algae-derived carbon adsorbents have been

Adsorptive CO2 Capture from Ambient Air by Zeolites

Carbon emissions are at an all time high and there are ways to mitigate pollution but few viable carbon negative solutions. Zeolitic carbon capture is a cheap and highly effective

3D Printing of Stainless-Steel Replacement Piping for Corrosive and Low-Pressure Environments

Corrosion is one of the foremost causes of stainless-steel (SS 316L) pipeline failures. In phase II, the corrosion performance of welded Selective Laser Melting (SLM) printed structure is studied along

Engineering Safe Nanocomposite Materials: Role of Interactions Between Graphene Oxide-Silver Nanocomposite with Microcystis aeruginosa

Nanocomposites are the combination of multiple nanomaterials in a composite structure. Their great popularity has created a clear challenge in terms of nanosafety and risk assessment. Therefore, it is necessary

Neighboring Single Atoms Catalyst Acceleration of Hydrodehalogenation of Organic Pollutants: An Ab Initio Study with Pt Catalyst

Organohalides are toxic materials present in water which are poisonous to living organisms. A common method for decontamination is though hydrodehalogenation using noble metal catalyst such as Pt and Pd.

Virtual Testing to Determine the Behavior of Orthotropic Materials

Composites are gaining popularity in the aerospace, automotive, and civil industries since their properties are attractive for products in these fields. The focus of this research is to develop a

Silver Analysis on Stainless Steel 316 Coated Aluminum Oxide Used for Water Systems on Spacecrafts

Stainless Steel 316L and its reaction with Ag+ were investigated because of its use as a biocide in potable water systems on spacecraft. The objective of this study is to

Predicting Flow Function of Bulk-Solids and Powders at Different Size Ranges and Moisture Conditions

The purpose of the research is to model the flowability of bulk-solids/powders, thereby helping in the industrial handling and processing of such substances to be more efficient and sustainable. Flowability

Emma Bonham works in the Keep Phoenix Beautiful Community Garden

Assessing Urban Agricultural Practices in the Desert Cities

Is there a mismatch between urban farmers’ perceptions of their farm’s environmental sustainability and its actual environmental impact? Focusing on the use of water and nutrients on each farm as

Non-Toxic Nucleation and Passivation of Silver Nanoparticles on Stainless Steel for Biofouling Control

This project proposes to improve the long-term performance of silver-based surface coatings used for biofouling control on various surfaces. The research includes the generation of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) on

Engineering High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and inexpensive source of energy as compared

Microbial Engineering for the Production of Ethyl Lactate

Esters and their precursors are economically viable hydrocarbons, especially known for their biodegradable properties. With the aim of synthesizing these green chemicals through a greener process we chose a biocatalysis

Flux Balance Analysis

Flux Balance Analysis (FBA) is a computational approach to simulate the flux of metabolic pathways in genome-scale metabolic networks in organisms such as cyanobacteria. COBRA toolbox is used to predict

Development of A Photo-Responsive Moisture-Absorbent Composite for Atmospheric Water Extraction

Atmospheric water extraction technology, utilizing adsorbents to provide fresh water to tackle the crisis of water resource shortage, holds promise but currently suffers from excess required energy. To address power

Investigation on the Adsorption of Selenium Oxo-anions on Alumina and Hematite Surfaces

Selenium, in form of oxo-anions – Selenate and Selenite, has been identified as a toxic substance present in drinking water. Researchers have found that metal oxides nanoparticles such as Hematite

Enzyme-Induced Carbonate Precipitation Using Fresh Urine and Calcium-Rich Zeolites

Enzyme-induced carbonate precipitation (EICP) is a soil cementation technique that utilizes free urease enzyme to hydrolyze urea into carbonate ions; in the presence of calcium ions, calcium carbonate is precipitated.

Effect of Iron-Impregnated Biochar on Water Contaminant Adsorption Capabilities

The objective of this project is to analyze biochar’s ability to purify water. It is hypothesized that biochar is effective in removing heavy metal contaminants with the addition of iron

Zwitterionic Poly (Arylene Ether Sulfone) Membranes for Treatment of Reverse Osmosis Brine by Pervaporation

RO, a commercial process to produce freshwater from seawater produces concentrated brine solutions which cannot be further purified by RO. The aim of this research is to purify RO brine

Developing a Screening Method in Preparation for Directed Evolution of Cyanophycin Synthetase

This project’s motivation is to determine if the enzyme cyanophycin synthetase (CphA) can be engineered to incorporate non-natural amino-acids in its active site to produce novel variants of cyanophycin, a

Developing an Automatic Potable Water Chlorinator in Response to Varying Water Conditions

Chlorination is the most common approach to disinfecting water, however in underserved communities lacking appropriate training and technology, it is often difficult to maintain the optimal concentration of chlorine. To

Building a Portable and Less Expensive LED-Based Fluorescence Spectrometer for Evaluating the Quality of Food

Public interest in food quality and production has increased in recent decades. This relates to the development and increased industrialization of the food supplying chain. As a result, there is

Decreasing Water Usage and Increasing Income for Vietnamese Small Farmers: Modeling Plant Stress with Handheld Infrared Thermometers

The EPICS (Engineering Projects in Community Service) Vietnam Smart Ag team is designing a handheld infrared device to aid small farmers with their irrigation practices in order to reduce water

Three-Dimensional Fracture Analysis of Viscoelastic Pavement Materials Using the Generalized Finite Element Method

Pavements are among the key transportation infrastructures that department of transportation agencies spare a significant part of their budget to build and maintain. There is a need to better understand

3D Printing of Stainless-Steel Replacement Piping for Corrosive and Low-Pressure Environments

Corrosion is one of the foremost causes of stainless-steel (SS 316L) pipeline failures. Process water containing salts and ions reacts with surfaces causing pitting corrosion leading to frequent failures. Selective

Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Waste Sorting Systems

The objective of this research is to explore the feasibility of integrating artificial intelligence (AI) into waste sorting systems. The functionality, strengths, limitations, and applicability of AI in waste sorting

Predicting Flow Function of Bulk-Solids and Powders at Different Size Ranges and Moisture Conditions

The purpose of the research is to model the flowability of bulk-solids/powders, thereby helping in the industrial handling and processing of such substances to be more efficient and sustainable. Flowability

Development of A Photo-Responsive Moisture-Absorbent Composite for Atmospheric Water Extraction

Atmospheric water extraction utilizing adsorbent to provide fresh water shows promise but currently suffers from energy intensive. To address power concern, a hybrid adsorbent consisting of a hygroscopic material, a

Novel Solid Fuel Fabrication using Direct Ink Writing based Additive Manufacturing

Coal is one of the largest sources of energy consumption in the world. However, current manufacturing methods have become increasingly difficult in meeting the requirements of fuel material fabrication in

Enzyme-Induced Carbonate Precipitation Using Fresh Urine and Calcium-Rich Zeolites

Enzyme-induced carbonate precipitation (EICP) is a soil cementation technique that utilizes free urease enzyme to hydrolyze urea into carbonate ions; in the presence of calcium ions, calcium carbonate is precipitated.

Fast Growing Cyanobacterial Strains for Biochemical Production

Cyanobacteria are photoautotrophs that are used and studied for the production of sustainable biochemicals but are not typically used for large scale production because of their low growth rate compared

Electrospun Pretreatment Membranes

Reverse osmosis (RO) is a well-researched technology among the pressure driven processes to produce potable water and RO membranes are susceptible to fouling that hinders the efficiency. Therefore, this work

Engineering of a Microbial Host for the Production of Aromatic Chemicals

Many valuable chemicals utilized in society, such as medicines and cosmetics, have an aromatic structure and traditionally require many unsustainable components in production. Obtaining aromatic carbon instead from biomass would

Mechanism of NOx Conversion Over Photocatalytic Cement

Constituent(s) found in cement that may impact the production of nitrous oxide. Understanding what these materials are may gain perspective on how to mechanism for avoiding nitrous oxide production.

Efficient Plant-Health Analysis Through Cost-Effective Image Processing With Broad Applications

Traditionally, farmers would sample their crops by sectioning their land and running sample tests to ensure the productivity of their crops. Not only this method is time-consuming and costly, it also comes with inaccuracies as it would be impossible to cohesively analyze every single plant.

Pretreatment membranes to prolong the lifetime of reverse osmosis membrane

Pretreatment membranes can be utilized to prolong the lifetime of reverse osmosis membranes and to remove biological and inorganic foulants from water feedstocks. A promising strategy to produce pretreatment membranes

Particle Entrainment in Convection Scenarios

In this study, dust entrainment and aerosol dynamics within the formation of dust devils are investigated numerically. Particles lying on the boundary are resolved in a periodic Rayleigh-Benard convection to

Efficient Methodology for Assessing and Improving Secure Shredding Bin Service Sizing

Salt River Project (SRP) has been working towards its intensive sustainability goals by repurposing all paper waste through a third party vendor that securely shreds all paper and then recycles

Making Portable and Less Expensive LED Based Spectrometer for Monitoring the Quality of Fruits and Water Content

The fruit and vegetable sector plays a significant role in farm income enhancement, and sustainable agriculture globally. Unfortunately, this sector usually goes through post-harvest losses. Visual inspection of the fruits

Investigation of the Practicality of Evaporation Prevention for the Central Arizona Project

The Central Arizona Project (CAP) is a 336-mile system that moves water from the Colorado River near Lake Havasu, AZ to the south of Tucson, AZ. Over 80% of Arizona’s

Optimizing and Scaling an Automated Sampling System to Improve Quantification of CO2 Utilization in Cultures of Engineered Cyanobacteria

Measuring changes in concentration within a dynamic system can be accomplished with a simple Arduino powered system. Currently, the system is utilized in cyanobacteria CO2 fixation experiments, where the fixation rates

Surface Roughness in Metal Additive Manufacturing: Towards Accurate Measurement of Relevant Metrics

The goal of this research is to determine which surface roughness metrics are the most important for predicting fatigue in Metal Additive Manufacturing (3D printing). A Keyence Optical Scanning Microscope

Engineering, Border Walls and Wildlife

The purpose of this study is to research and assess engineering considerations of the impact of border barriers on wildlife. This study focuses on if or how engineers and their

The Filtration Properties of Electrospun MOF Fibers

The objective of this research is to demonstrate the efficacy of electrospun metal organic frameworks (MOFs) for use in charged dye filtration in aqueous solutions. HKUST-1 and ZIF-8 will both

Active Self-Boring Robots that Enable Next Generation Dynamic Underground Wireless Sensing Networks

Self-boring robots address sustainability goals by decreasing environmental impact, improving subterranean mobility, and enabling dynamic underground wireless sensing networks. Extensive literature reviews have been done exploring helical screw conveyors as

Tuning the Hydrophilicity and Porosity of Electrospun Membranes for Pretreatment in Water Filtration

The reverse osmosis (RO) water treatment process is a well-researched technology among the pressure driven processes to produce potable water. RO membranes are susceptible to fouling and scaling. This work

Through-Thickness Interphase Characterization of PMC

Mechanical properties of a polymer matrix composite (PMC) are driven by the local interphase properties. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), using the technique of Peak Force Quantitative Mechanical Nanomechanical Mapping (PF

Silver Analysis on Stainless Steel 316 used for water systems in spacecrafts

Stainless Steel 316 and its reaction with Ag ions were investigated because of the use it has in potable water systems on spacecrafts. The objective of this study is to

Researching UV Treated Plastics Used as an Additive in Cement to Mitigate Plastic Waste and Improve Mechanical Performance

Steel reinforced concrete is used in a large portion of the world’s construction designs; however, the production of​ cement, a primary concretes ingredient, contributes significant carbon emissions to the environment.

Is the Demand for Tesla Worth It? Investigating the Life Cycle Assessment and Long-Term Effects of Upstream Emissions from Battery Electric Vehicles

Tesla’s CEO claims that their solar fueled fleet of battery electric vehicles (BEV) will guide the company to ‘carbon neutrality’. This research aims to determine whether Tesla is producing BEVs with

Fracture Propagation in Glassy Polymers Due to Temperature Differentials

The objective of this project is to determine how fracture behavior in glassy materials changes when there is a temperature gradient across the width of a crack front. Initially, dynamical

Facilitated Transport of Contaminants by Microplastics in Soil Media

Microplastics (MPs) have become emerging pollutants on agricultural land, where they occur in soils due to the degradation of plastic mulches. The ability of MPs to adsorb organic and heavy

Engineering Safe Carbon Nanomaterials: Role of Morphology and Surface Chemistry in the Interactions of Carbon Nanomaterials with Microorganisms

This project focuses on the effect of surface chemistry on the interactions of graphene oxide (GO) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with Microcystis aeruginosa, a freshwater cyanobacteria species. A dose-response was

Anisotropic Friction in Soft Burrowing Robots

The research team has chosen soft robotics for a self-burrowing robot. A successful design requires to overcome the increasing amount of force that comes with burrowing into soil and the

The Application of PVDF in Noise Attenuating Window Films

The primary goal of this project was to design a window film that can attenuate unwanted incoming noise from an enclosed space. PVDF, or poly(vinylidene fluoride), was chosen as the

Atmospheric Water Capture Using Photothermal Nano-Enabled Desiccants

The atmosphere could serve as an obtainable source for drinking water to solve municipal and natural water disasters that make conventional water supplies inaccessible and not safe for use. In

Optimization of Cyanobacteria Cultures

Cyanobacteria are photoautotrophs that can be developed as sustainable platforms for production of various biochemical products. To determine the growth pattern a growth curve was created for a cyanobacterium Synechocystis

Efficient Naringenin Flavonoid Biosynthesis via Metabolically Engineered Corynebacterium glutamicum

Flavonoids are valuable compounds naturally occurring in plants and fungi with properties useful for pharmaceuticals. However, previous biosynthesis studies and current methods of extracting and synthesizing the compounds are expensive

Controlling Silver Release from Antimicrobial Surface Coatings for Biofouling Control

Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) can be used as surface coatings to control the spread of microorganisms due to the high antimicrobial activity of silver ions (Ag+). However, over long periods of

Engineering of High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and inexpensive source of energy as compared

ASCE Concrete Canoe Construction and Competition

The Concrete Canoe competition consists of student-led university teams who design, construct, present, and race a full-size canoe made of lightweight concrete. The ASU ASCE Concrete Canoe team will work

Flexible MOF based Ammonia Sensor

The research question for this FURI project is to determine the effectiveness of an ammonia detecting sensor through usage of metal-organic frameworks. The metal-organic frameworks used in this project change

Synthesis and Characterization of Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework-4 (ZIF-4) Film

ZIF-4, or rather, zinc imidazolate framework – 4, is a metal organic framework that can be used for many purposes including separating mixtures through adsorption processes. One application of ZIF-4

Using Structural Density Gradients to Optimize the Strength-to-Weight Ratios of 3D Printed Parts

In order to optimize the strength and weight of an object undergoing additive manufacturing, it is necessary to give the object an appropriate internal inlay structure; however, traditional inlays distribute

Utilizing Density Functional Theory to Compute the Efficacy of a Practical Material for Industrial Direct Air Capture via a Copper Metal Organic Framework

In this study, a possible answer to the growing problem of climate change is given via density functional theory calculations on a copper-based metal organic framework, more specifically on a

Biosynthesis of Ethyl Lactate with Escherichia coli as a microbial host

Ethyl lactate is a common green solvent (listed by DOE), currently derived industrially from petrochemicals. Biosynthesis of ethyl lactate would further increase its sustainability if, for example, obtained from E.

Characterization of Glass Beads: Flowability and Angle of Repose Part II

Characterization of particulate process and product design is a difficult field because of the unique properties and behaviors of particles that differ from gasses and liquids. The purpose of this

Metabolic Engineering for Ethyl Lactate Production in E.coli

Ethyl lactate is a compound with great potential as a biodegradable solvent with no current efficient means of production. This research aims to create a sustainable pathway for ethyl lactate

Dust Entrainment and Dust Devils

In this study, dust entrainment and aerosol dynamics within the formation of dust devils are investigated numerically. A dust entrainment scheme based on local velocities is implemented in the canonical

Design, Characterization and Prototyping of Smart Windows with Thermochromic Thin-Film Coatings

The creation of a smart window that allows solar thermal radiation to pass through when the temperature is cool but prevents solar thermal radiation from passing through at high temperatures

Optimization of Future Urban Mobility Systems

Urban mobility is a fundamental component to society that is instrumental to its efficiency while enabling its inhabitants. Researching the potential for optimization of these urban mobility systems could lead

Investigating the Performance of 3D-printed Sorbents for Direct Air Capture of CO2

Since the industrial revolution around 1750, global emissions of CO2 have increased more than 46% being the major cause of global warming. In this research the moisture driven-cycle for direct

Multivariate Analysis for Irrigation with Reclaimed Chlorinated Water

Gray water requires less filtration than black water, due to significantly fewer particles and organic material. This smaller requirement makes gray water much easier to reclaim. Chlorination has been shown

Removing Selenium Oxoanions from Water Using Layered Double Hydroxides in Chitosan Beads

Water treatment is a major environmental and societal area of study. This research will help in creating water treatment processes that are more selective for selenate over other oxoanions in

Proposed Enhancements to Pavement ME Design: Improved Consideration of the Influence of Subgrade Soils Susceptible to Shrink/Swell on Pavement Performance

A hypothesis has been put forward that the seasonal variation in moisture demands of vegetation growing in the vicinity of the pavement has adverse effects on the subgrade through shrink/swell

Design, Characterization and Manufacturing of Solid-core/Porous-shell Fiber Structures

The goal of this research is the development of a composite fibre impregnated with titania for high throughput and cheap water disinfection. These composite fibers are composed of a solid

ASCE Concrete Canoe Development and Testing

The Concrete Canoe competition consists of student-led university teams who design, construct, present, and race a full-size canoe made of lightweight concrete. The ASU ASCE Concrete Canoe team will work

The Efficiency of the Cold Trap Condenser in a Pervaporation Membrane Process

Pervaporation is promising a membrane process for purification of highly saline waters beyond the capacity of conventional processes such as reverse osmosis. This project is specifically studying the efficiency of

Design and Programming a Smart Camera for a Drone to Collect and Process Images of Crops to Provide Cost-Effective Plant-Health Analysis

The objective of this project is to find a practical and cost-effective solution for gathering preliminary plant-health information. The goal is to conduct research using RGB (red, green, blue) images

Analysis of Potential High Speed Rail Technology to Connect Arizona, Nevada and California

The goal of this research is to provide a transportation plan for a high-speed rail system to connect major cities in the Southwest, specifically in Arizona, Nevada and California. Due

Lizard Inspired Tube Inspection Robot

The environmental conditions within the boiler tube can be highly aggressive, which can alter the microstructure of tubing. Electromagnetic sensors have the capability to scan through these tubes and detect

Bioproduction of renewable ethylene from an engineered cyanobacterium

Current ethylene production from fossil fuels is the largest CO2-emitting process in the chemical industry. Bioproduction produces ethylene through consumption of CO2 via photosynthesis. Advancements in bioproduction of ethylene is

Metabolic Engineering of Corynebacterium glutamicum for the Conversion of Biomass Derived Aromatics to Chrysin

The objective of the research project is to recombine the genetic pathway to produce naringenin and pinocembrin in Corynebacterium glutamicum, flavonoids found in plants. To modify the pathway, genes coding for

Engineering High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacteria

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and cheaper source of energy as compared

The Optimal Waste Reduction (OWR) Tool

In order to understand economic, social, and environmental impacts of recycling, i.e., the triple bottom line, people rely on the Waste Reduction Model (WARM), a descriptive modeling tool developed by

ConCreate: Designing an Additively Manufacturable Concrete Mix with Recycled Glass

Concrete is the most widely used material in the world.  It is also a large contributor to global CO2 emissions and industrial mineral extraction.  Additive manufacturing, or 3D printing, has

Pivot Irrigation Misalignment (PIMA) System Project

Pivot irrigation systems are typically a quarter mile long and rotate about a field to irrigate crops. Approximately every fifty meters, there are towers that help move the system. When

Development of MOF/Graphene Aerogel Composite for Ammonia Adsorption and Sensing

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a class of crystalline materials which have properties useful for gas separation, purification, and storage. While these MOFs can be extremely selective with the molecules they

Composite Bricks from Fungus Mycelium and Carbon Nanomaterials for Sustainable Multi-functional Structures

Sustainable building materials are necessary to meet current needs without compromising future generations. Bricks from fungus mycelium are a recent and promising alternative to replace concrete bricks. Mycelium is the

Benchmarking Dehumidifiers as Atmospheric Water Generators in Tempe, AZ

The goal was to benchmark the performance and quality of water collected from the air using common household dehumidifiers as atmospheric water generators. It is found that for between $13

Inducing Structural Stability by use of Dampeners on Structural Systems affected by Earthquakes

Structural systems often fail at the cost of livelihood of their inhabitants due to their inability to properly dampen seismic forces. The objective of this research project is to discover

Designing A Control System to Adjust Surface Roughness of an Airfoil

This research focused on investigating flow control using surface roughness along the leading edge of an airfoil. The current design will entail a system that can accurately predict flow separation

Removal of Hydrocarbons in Solar Drying System

The focus of this research is to provide a sustainable system to manage food production by developing a food preservation system. Drying removes moisture from food so unwanted contaminants can’t

Nanoscale Material Characterization of Polymer Matrix Composites Under Hygrothermal Conditions

This experiment analyzed the structural capabilities of polymer matrix composite (PMC) samples after many years of exposure to hygrothermal conditioning. This strong, form-adaptive, lightweight material is suitable for use on

A Comparative Study of Simulations and Experimental Testing on Screw-Propelled Vehicle in a Lunar Simulant

Screw-propelled vehicles are effective in difficult environments on earth; however they have not been properly investigated for space application. A better understanding of the terra-mechanics of dirt in lesser gravities

Automatically Generated Wing Structure Model

The goal of this project is to analyze aircraft wing structure and use the results to construct an algorithm for automatically determining the optimal wing configuration for a given aircraft.

Power-Generating Thermogalvanic Bricks for Waste Heat Utilization from Buildings

The research analyzes the transformation of wasted thermal energy into a usable form through thermogalvanic devices. This technology helps mitigate international growing energy demands. Building energy efficiency is a critical

Adsorption of Copper from Waste Water Using Algae Derived Activated Carbon

The objective of this research is to identify and optimize the process condition for converting microalgae into porous carbon adsorbent for wastewater treatment. The properties of the porous carbons will

Metabolic Engineering of Escherichia Coli for the Production of a Biodegradable Solvent

Ethyl lactate is a compound that has a lot of potential to be used as a biodegradable solvent but is only naturally found in small amounts in some biological products.

Understanding the Self-assembly of Metal-organic Supra-molecules

Supra-molecules are large “hollow” molecules typically composed of small rigid metal-organic (MO) frameworks which have many potential applications such as gas separation and storage, as well as targeted drug delivery.

Solar Drying with an Oxide Material to Achieve Food Preservation of Crop Production

Many people in different countries around the world depend on producing their own food for sustenance and financial stability. In certain countries, there is an overproduction of food items, thereby

Development of Electrospun Nanofiber Nanoparticle Composites

The research question being explored in this report is whether or not electrospun nanofiber nanoparticle composites (ENNCs) with high loading capacities can be formulated and thermally annealed to form defect

Mobility of Screw Propelled Vehicles in BP-1

Mobility in cohesive granular media is one of the most significant obstacles faced by space robotics systems such as the recently retired Mars rover, Opportunity. Wheeled systems are the standard

Ammonia Detection Sensor through Structurally Flexible Metal-organic Frameworks

The research question for this project is to determine the effectiveness of an ammonia detecting sensor through the usage of metal-organic frameworks. The metal-organic frameworks used in this project change

Optimization of Propeller Characteristics for Applications in Wind Tunnel Testing

The purpose of this research is to optimize propeller characteristics for specific desired outputs. However, simulating dynamic properties of propellers is difficult to create in a controlled environment. This research

Engineering of High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacteria

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and cheaper source of energy as compared

Energy Management in Self-Organizing Particle Systems

Consider a finely-grained computing medium where tasks are collectively executed via distributed algorithms of individual units. Such is the vision of programmable matter, an emerging technology that spans potential real-world

Predicting Manufacturing Defects in Plastics due to Geometric Errors

One common flaw in plastic medical instruments is warping and other defects which occurs during the injection or molding process. The objective of this research is to create a model

Additive Manufacturing for the Validation of Biomimetic Design Principles: The Structural Mechanics of Insect Nests

This research is attempting to prove that a comparative study of different insect nests can yield design principles leading to breakthrough reductions in the weight of engineering honeycombs as well

Data Enabled Dynamic Thrust Measurement

The objective of this project is to create an apparatus and associated testing standards in order to more effectively measure aircraft propulsion data. The data gathered is useful in choosing

Improving Selenium Oxoanion Removal with Molecular Imprinting

Selenium in water can be toxic to various organisms at very low concentrations. Layered double hydroxides (LDH) have shown promise as nanomaterial sorbents for selenium oxoanions. Due to similarities between

Oil Shale Imbibition

The goal of the oil shale imbibition research project is to improve the sustainability of the hydraulic fracturing process. Hydraulic fracturing is a process in which water is forced into

Reducing Drag At High Angles of Attack with a Pimpled Airfoil

The objective of this project is to determine if altering a standard wing with tear-drop shaped pimples can reduce the effects of drag without utilizing expensive technology. To test this

Creating a Defect Free Mixed Matrix Membrane using Annealing

The objective of this project is to eliminate the gaps that are formed when nanoparticles bond with polymer membranes in order to improve gas separation with an emphasis on carbon

Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis of Leading Edge Roughness Devices

The objective for this research was to model the effects of a wing with leading-edge roughness device’s on coefficient of lift and drag when at high angles of attack near

Enhancing the Flame Retardancy of Polymers by Coating Nanosheets

Fires cause significant loss of life and financial damage, but current fire-retardant materials produce hazardous byproducts. New fire-retardant materials made from nanomaterials are being pursued. In this project, titanium diboride

Nanoscale Material Characterization of Polymer Carbon Fiber Interphase using Low Energy Scanning Electron Microscopy

The primary objective of this study is to understand how the low energy scanning electron microscopy can efficiently be used to characterize the nanoscale interphase domain in polymer matrix composite

Glass Bead Flowability Characterization

Characterization of particulate process and product design is a difficult field because of the unique properties and behaviors of particles that differ from gasses and liquids. The purpose of this

Investigating Ceria Morphologies for the Platinum-Ceria Catalyst System

Catalytic converters are essential for reducing harmful automobile emissions of pollutants like carbon monoxide. Platinum-ceria is an important catalytic converter whose performance could be improved by exploring different nanostructures of

Risk Assessment and Terrestrial Plant Toxicity of Remediated Heavy Hydrocarbon Impacted Soil

The objective of the research was to determine the short-term ecological toxicity of ozonation byproducts on seed germination and on the mutagenic properties of bacteria. By helping define the eco-toxicity

Metabolic Engineering of Corynebacterium glutamicum for the Conversion of Biomass Derived Aromatics to Chrysin

The objective of the research project is to recombine the genetic pathway to produce chrysin in Corynebacterium glutamicum, a natural flavonoid found in plants. To modify the pathway, genes coding

A Friction/Adhesion Characterization Setup for Bio-Inspired Robotic Applications

The friction/adhesion project’s focus is to test a variety of gripper designs under high loading to improve robotic climbing abilities. This has been achieved through the development of a high-load

Evaluation of Hopper Discharge Rates of Glass Spheres

The goal of this project is to understand the effect that particle properties, such as size and surface roughness, have on their flow rate through hoppers. Prediction of the flow

Bioproduction of Renewable Ethylene from an Engineered Cyanobacterium

Current ethylene production from fossil fuel is the largest CO2-emitting process in the chemical industry. Bioproduction produces ethylene through consumption of CO2. Advancements in bioproduction of ethylene is of great

Functional Materials in The Electrocatalytic Treatment of Pollutants From Oil & Gas Industry Wastewater

Persistent organic pollutants(e.g. benzene, phenol, xylenes, etc) in effluents produced by the oil and gas industry are deemed to be health hazards due to their carcinogenic properties. The current conventional

Physical Processes to Reduce BOD Testing Times

This FURI project will align with the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering research theme of sustainability. Although not a direct water treatment process, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) testing is

Study of Exfoliation Steps for Copper 2D MOFs

2D MOFs (metal organic frameworks) have shown promise in applications such as separation, catalysis, and medicine due to their tailorable structure and function, a result of high aspect ratios. This

An Interactive AR/VR Game Framework for Autonomous Quadcopter Development and Pilot Training.

Micro aerial vehicle development processes can be adversely affected during testing and implementation of flight control systems. The purpose of this research is to cut down the time, energy and

Pore Wetting in Membrane Distillation

Membrane distillation (MD) provides a way to extract water from reverse osmosis (RO) brine with high water recovery and is a potential solution for brine management. However, pore wetting of membranes is a major

Heat Transfer in a Rotary Drum using Infrared Camera Temperature Measurement

Rotary drums are used industrially for the mixing and heating of particulate materials including pharmaceuticals, food products, and cement. These processes are inefficient due to a lack of understanding of

Reduction in Soot Emission with Micro-Combustion

This study aims to analyze the effect of temperature on critical sooting equivalence ratio, precursor formation, soot inception and growth. A propane/air mixture at atmospheric pressure with temperatures ranging from

Proof of Concept Development of a Powered-Descent Guidance Mechanism in Small Rockets

As investment into the commercial space industry accelerates, the industry is challenging engineers to improve the sustainability of space flight. Space flight merchants seek to reuse launch vehicles as many

Development of a Multiple Linear Regression Model to Reduce the Appearance of High-energy Consuming Regressors in Manufacturing Environments

The focus of this research is the development of a multiple linear regression model to discover the factors that significantly contribute to overall energy consumption in manufacturing environments and to

Synthesis and Characterization of Dual-Phase Inorganic Membranes

Over a third of CO2 emissions in the U.S can be traced to fossil fuel combustion. The impact of this harmful greenhouse gas can be mitigated with carbon capture and

Waste Plastic-based and Biomimetic Multifunctional Coatings

Developing plastic coatings from waste plastic would decrease plastic waste and increase industrial reuse of plastics.

The self-assembly of metal-organic supra-molecules

Investigating the structure of “hollow” molecules could lead to applications in gas separation and storage.

Tear-drop Pimples Added to NACA 0012 Airfoil for Drag Reduction

Reducing the drag on an airfoil through new designs will lead to better aircraft fuel efficiency.

The effect of corner radius on the mechanical behavior of additively manufactured honeycomb structures

Exploring design modifications of honeycomb structures used in cars and aircraft could improve mechanical performance.

Solar Drying with an Oxide Material to Achieve Food Preservation of Crop Production

Creating a solar food drying system will lead to sustainable food preservation methods with less waste.

Quantifying the Impact of RDE Testing for the State of Arizona

Testing alternative emissions detection methods could benefit Arizona if tailored to the state’s specific needs.

Risk Assessment and Terrestrial Plant Toxicity of Remediated Heavy Hydrocarbon Impacted Soil

Studying the ecological risk of a heavy hydrocarbon removal method will lead to effective and safe oil spill cleanup.

Reductive Dechlorination of Trichloroethene(TCE) Sustained by Microbial Chain Elongation

Improving a bioremediation technique with microbes would clean contaminated sites and also produce valuable byproducts.

Production of Polycatechols using CotA laccase in engineered E.coli strains

Researching bacteria enzyme production could lead to the manufacturing of sustainable bio-plastics.

Photooxidation of Ethanol to Carbon Dioxide through TiO2 coated cement

Understanding the side products generated from a pollution-reducing cement coating will determine its safety.

Oil Shale Imbibition

Studying how oil shale and water interact would allow fracking waste fluids to be reclaimed.

Metabolically Engineering D-Lactate from Corynebacterium Glutamicum

Creating a biodegradable plastic component with bacteria will lead to cost-effective, environmentally friendly plastics.

Melon Preservation with Solar Drying Technology in Rural Panama

Implementing a solar drying system for melons could combat agricultural food waste in Panama.

Mathematical Programming Models and Algorithms for Landscape Connectivity and Compactness in Conservation Planning

Creating a model to optimize land conservation would enable more effective planning and endangered species protection.

Nanoscale Material Characterization of Polymer Matrix Composites Under Hygrothermal Conditions

Analyzing the capabilities of a lightweight, strong material could lead to a replacement for aluminum steel for power plants and spacecraft.

Lightweight Electric Motorcycle

Adapting electric vehicle technology to smaller motorcycles will help move us to more efficient transportation options.

Lateral Control of Underwater Robot

Enabling an underwater robot to move like a fish will help it manage canals and waterways.

Investigation of the Rheological Behavior of Sustainable Alternative Cementitious Binders

Pioneering a new and more efficient cement model will help establish design guidelines for developing sustainable cement.

Investigating the Practicality of Reusable First Stage Rockets

Assessing the cost efficiency of reusable rockets would allow for more cost-efficient space missions.

Hydrogel polymers: An experimental study for forward osmosis desalination

Developing a more energy-efficient desalination method would increase access to fresh water.

Inducing Structural Stability by use of Dampeners on Structural Systems affected by Earthquakes

Modeling earthquake dampening methods will help optimize structural stability systems to prevent catastrophic failures.

How to Make Nanoparticles in a More Environmentally Friendly and Cost-Effective Way

Developing a less harsh method of nanoparticle production will make the process more sustainable and cost-effective.

Fully-actuated self-driving car

Designing a self-driving car that can move sideways will allow for better navigation of dense traffic and increased safety and efficiency.

Finding the optimum cathode size that gives maximum volume of hydrogen peroxide in the Microbial Peroxide Producing Cells.

Optimizing hydrogen peroxide production with microbes will make it more sustainable to produce for industrial applications.

From design to reality of Concrete 3D Printing

Developing and testing 3D-printed cement mixtures can lead to faster construction processes.

Experimental Study to Evaluate the Mechanical Properties of Sustainable Ultra-High Performance Concrete

Testing mix designs for ultra-high-performance concretes could lead to the discovery cheaper, more sustainable concrete.

Effect of Drought Policies on Los Angeles Water Demand

Quantifying policy change effects on water demand will lead to better water management policies during droughts.

Embedded Composite Strain Sensors

Developing nanocomposite strain sensors could extend building life and prevent catastrophic structural failures.

Cutting Tool for Bio-Inspired Robotic Fish

Designing an autonomous robotic fish to cut vegetation in Phoenix waterways will result in cleaner water and less flooding.

Control System for Airfoil Flow Manipulation Devices.

Investigating the effect of an aircraft wing’s surface roughness will lead to decreased fuel consumption.

Crop Analysis Through Photos

Creating a photo analyzing software system to determine crop health could decrease agricultural maintenance and produce costs.

CFD Platooning Efficiency Analysis

Calculating the ideal following distance for platooning heavy-duty vehicles will increase their efficiency.

Automatically generated aircraft wing structure

Creating a tool to generate the most efficient aircraft wing structure will speed up the design process and make flights more efficient.

CFD Analysis of Changing Surface Roughness in Response to Flight Conditions

Analyzing the effect of aircraft surface roughness will inform engineers of ways to increase lift capacity and efficiency.

Composite bricks from fungus mycelium and carbon nanomaterials for sustainable multifunctional structures

Developing bricks out of fungus would lead to a more sustainable type of building material.

Additive Manufacturing for the Validation of Biomimetic Design Principles: The Structural Mechanics of Insect Nests

Analyzing insect nest properties will lead to strong, lightweight structural designs that use fewer natural resources.

A Comparative Study of DEM Simulations with Testing of a Screw-Propelled Vehicle in BP-1

Understanding how a screw-propelled rover moves in extraterrestrial environments could lead to more efficient and cost-effective designs.

Creating metal organic frameworks with controllable particle size could lead to better greenhouse gas adsorption.

Modeling, Analysis & Decision Making for Coupled Water Systems in the Presence of Significance Uncertainty

Simulating a water resource system under significant uncertainty will lead to better water management methods.

Advancements in 3D Printed Concrete

3D-printed concrete can create more cost-effective homes, reduce carbon dioxide footprints and revolutionize the construction industry.

The Utilization of Cross-linked Polymer Mesh in Water Filtration to Increase Efficiency

Water filtration is a primary concern in developing countries with limited clean water access. The maintenance on these processes is also costly due to the short lifespan of filters. The

3D Printing Plastic Recycling Machine

The use of 3D printers is increasing, and it is estimated that by the end of 2018 around 500,000 printers will be sold. With the increasing use of 3D printers

Modeling, Analysis and Decision Making for Coupled Water Systems in the Presence of Significant Uncertainty

The purpose of this research is to improve water management modeling and decision making using intelligent control systems and current state-of-the-art water management techniques. This semester, the research is focused

An Optimization-Based Tool to Assist Conservation Planning Decisions

Conservation planning decisions are essential to preserve biodiversity. However, these decisions are complex due to their multiple attributes which may overload computational solvers. This requires planners to use heuristic procedures

Controlling the Selectivity and Permeability of Graphene-based Membrane by Changing the Oxygen Content of Graphene Oxide Sheets

The purpose of this research was to analyze the relationship between oxygen content of graphene oxide and the efficiency of the material when used for the fabrication of desalination membranes.

3-D Printed Concrete

The objective of this research is to advance the current state of 3-D printed concrete for its use to be industrialized in the future, for faster, cheaper and cleaner construction.

Drivability Optimization of Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) for Automobiles by Additional Sensory Inputs: Experimental

Theoretically, continuously variable transmissions (CVTs) should provide optimal drivability while reducing the energy loss through a smooth gear ratio change. However, even leading companies have not yet achieved the optimal

Leaching and Attrition of Layered Double Hydroxide Sorbents for Selenium Oxoanions

Layered double hydroxides (LDH) show promise as a nanomaterial sorbent for selenium in order to prevent environmental concerns of this element, but they can greatly increase alkalinity and concentrations of

Waste Stream Map of the Phoenix Metropolitan Area

Linear consumption modes are problematic because they are unsustainable. This research aimed to analyze and provide alternative system designs for economic cycles of extraction, production, and disposal demonstrated through dynamic

Scalable Manufacturing Processes for Functionalized UV Transparent Nano-Porous Filament

An efficient and cost-effective method for water purification is achieved by irradiating ultraviolet light on a semiconductor metal-oxide like Titanium Dioxide (TiO2), thereby activating it and releasing electrons that cause

Pressure Differential Sequestration of Ambient Humidity

The research goal is to gauge the effectiveness of collecting water by pressurizing air. The researcher has completed modelling using realistic environmental data. It was found that more than 3

Automotive OEM ESS Evaluation

The objective is to complete a thermal analysis of the current design of an Energy Storage System (ESS) for an Electric Vehicle (EV) of an original equipment manufacturer (OEM) partner

Utilizing Biopolymers with Incorporations of Nanoclays to Develop Sustainable Bioplastics

The primary purpose of this investigation was to ascertain characteristic properties of a multitude of polymers in order to determine a sustainable alternative to thin film food packaging. Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB)

Cost-Effective Surveying Using Multiple Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

This project focuses on taking advantage of the low cost and ease of use of quadcopters for performing topological surveys via an Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) that will autonomously task

Computer Vision Navigation for Robotic Campus Guide

Introducing autonomous systems into complex environments, such as college campuses, presents many challenges in navigation. This research seeks to develop intelligent algorithms for a campus guide robot that utilizes visual

Modular Household Aquaponics for Low-Income Families

Global food production increasingly contributes to environmental and economic strain as the world population increases. The researchers are trying to design and optimize a low-cost, indoor, aquaponics system (this incorporates

Heavy Hydrocarbon Removal using Ozonation Techniques

The objective of the research was to study the efficiency of heavy hydrocarbon removal using ozone gas. The research determined that doses of ozone gas in the soil can break

Micromilling Testbed Interface

The project is focused on building a Human Machine Interface (HMI) that new researchers can easily understand while providing a framework for reconfiguring the set-up in the future. Currently, there

Simulating Interdependent Infrastructure Vulnerability to Projected Demand Increases in Phoenix

Water and power distribution networks are vulnerable to increasing stress as urban populations and ambient temperatures rise. This work identified critical nodes and conditions that produced cascading failures in real-time

An Arizona-Specific, Real-World Driving Emissions Testing Methodology

The research project focuses on developing an Arizona-specific RDE test to corroborate and supplement the laboratory testing used to certify vehicles for sale and operation. The researcher is currently developing

Tomographic Damage Detection

The purpose of this research is using the piezo sensor network to generate data and inverse imaging to create a tomographic damage image of carbon fiber materials. This Lamb wave-base

Silicon Nanoparticle Layers for Use as Glass Insulation

This project seeks to develop layers of silicon nano-particles for deposition onto glass to produce thermal insulation for residential and commercial buildings. Porous silicon nano-particles have been shown to refract

Connectivity Based Reserve Planning Tool

The research aims to provide a modeling tool to be utilized in a reserve planning context to help maintain connectivity (connected landscapes for animal gene flow and migration). There have

AZLoop – Arizona SpaceX Hyperloop Competition Team

The AZLoop Hyperloop team is currently a group of over 100 students, from various backgrounds, working together to develop technology for the next age of transportation.

Swachh-X: Sustainable Recycling Sorter

This project aims toward creating a more sustainable and efficient recycling process mainly for cities. It includes motors, sensors, an interactive interface, and magnetic coils all aimed towards sorting and

Utilization of Neuromorphic Computing Principles for Designing Biological Neurons in CMOS ICs

Since the human brain’s computational capabilities are far beyond that of traditional Von Neumann architectures, neuromorphic computing systems built with hardware designed to function like biological neurons is becoming increasingly

A Productivity Assessment of Pre-Fabrication in Construction

The level of productivity within construction projects can largely influence the labor, resource, and time investment leading up to completion. For this research project, the pre-fabrication and stick-built construction techniques

An Investigation to Find and Characterize an Effective Catalyst for the Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) Cathode That Maximize the Efficiency of Hydrogen Peroxide Production and Reduce its Decomposition Rate

Developing nations are facing severe clean water shortages due to a deficiency in effective wastewater treatment methods. Microbial electrochemical cell (MXC) technology can possibly deliver better freshwater security. MXCs devices

Metabolically Engineering D-Lactate from Corynebacterium Glutamicum

Plastics used today are manufactured from oil, coal, natural gas, and contribute to environmental pollution. An alternative cost-effective bioplastic, “polylactic acid,” can be produced from D-lactate and L-lactate. D-lactic acid

Electromagnetic Ion-Exchange Water Treatment

In the southern United States, water quality varies in its calcium hardness from 80-240 mg/L, which is an excess of minerals in the water. To reduce this excess, salt-based softeners

Disinfection of Water with a UV-Catalyzed TiO2 Reactor

Photocatalysis, or ‘light-powered reaction’, is of growing interest in the water treatment. It is gaining attention due to its simplicity and efficiency in tackling many persistent contaminants that are harder

Soybean Robustness Modeling

The goal of this project is to identify which genes create more consistent yields in soybeans despite extreme temperatures. The research team has so far shown that there is a

Effects of Manufacturing Methods on Piezoresistive Properties in Advanced Carbon Nanotube Based Sensors

The main objective of this research is to characterize the two fabrication techniques for manufacturing carbon nanotube-based sensors and optimize them for piezo-resistive response. The traditional method of fabrication, vacuum

Fabrication of Buckypaper Using 3D printing technology

The scope this FURI research project is to address the time intensive problem of fabricating buckypaper by using fused deposition modeling(FDM). Buckypaper has already shown proven benefits to society due

Reductive Dechlorination of Trichloroethene Sustained by Microbial Chain Elongation

The objective of this research is to test the effectiveness of a novel approach for bioremediation of trichloroethylene (TCE) in soil and groundwater. This approach consists of reducing TCE to

Parametric Design Optimization of Multi-Functional Honeycomb Structures for Additive Manufacturing

The objective of this research is to develop a methodology to extract optimal design parameters (cell wall thickness and the corner radius) in hexagonal honey-comb structures using finite element modeling,

Sunlight-Induced Structural and Functional Changes in Graphene-Based Composite Materials

This project evaluates how the toxicity of a graphene-based material changes over time during sunlight exposure. Dose-response curves were established and half maximal effective concentration (EC50) of GO without sunlight

Microstructure-Based Multiaxial Fatigue Analysis

The research objective is to examine the fatigue strength due to various microstructural features and crystal plasticity theories, and to implement a multiaxial fatigue failure prediction model. The material microstructure

Lightweight Electric Motorcycle Battery

Electric cars are slowly beginning to dominate the gasoline vehicle market. This technology has not been widely explored in smaller applications like electric motorcycles and other recreational vehicles. The research

Mapping Variability in the Medusae Fossae Formation

The Medusae Fossae Formation is an unusual region of Mars, stretching across a part of Mars about the size of the United States, that is characterized by fine-grained deposits and

Shape Memory Polymers Fabricated with Recycled Thermoplastics in 3D Printing

The research goal is to characterize the material properties of shape memory polymers (SMPs) as they are repeatedly broken down and recycled. SMPs have medical and military applications, and can

Strain and Process Development for Detoxifying Biomass

Furfural (2-furaldehyde) is a toxic by-product of lignocellulose, an accessible biomass, and reduces the bioprocess specific growth rates, product yields, and productivities of fermenting bacteria and yeast. C. basilensis, a

In-Situ ABI Testing of Pipeline Materials

About 45 percent of crude oil pipelines in the U.S. are over a half-century old and these pipelines deteriorate gradually. Their integrity is important to avoid leakage, which results in

Fouling performance of ZIF-71/PDMS membrane

The purpose of this research is to work on the free-standing zeolitic imidazolate framework-71 (ZIF-71)/polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) nanocomposite membranes and provide a technical solution to improve the yield of bio-fermentation to

Investigating the Effects of Photocatalytic Cementitious Material on NO

Photocatalytic cementitious materials are useful in changing environmental properties and may be useful in simultaneously decreasing air pollution. This research seeks to understand how the chemicals in car exhaust are

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