Micropatterning of Nanoparticles via Multi-Phase Direct Ink Writing (MDIW)

Energy

Micropatterning of Nanoparticles via Multi-Phase Direct Ink Writing (MDIW)

3D printing is an advanced manufacturing strategy for nanocomposite manufacturing due to rapid prototyping, limited material wastage, high processing speed, and customization. This study demonstrated the design and development of

Development of In-Line Inspection (ILI) Robot for Pipeline Using Structural Health Monitoring Using Computer Vision and Deep Learning Techniques

Through this study, a novel in-line inspection robot for the detection of defects in gas pipelines is proposed, which would help in automating the structural health monitoring process. With the

Automated Magnetic Core Loss Tester

Core loss characteristics in magnetic materials play a critical role in the design of power electronic converters. Manufacturer-provided data on core loss characteristics are often collected over a limited operating

Designing an Automated Soldering Station to Solder Copper-Ribbons onto PV Cells

Soldering tin-coated copper ribbons (300 µm round) on photovoltaic cells (~200 microns thick) requires precise control of temperature, soldering speed, and the applied force. Additionally, the tabbing needs to be

Improving Fabrication of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

One of the most promising technologies for creating power without emissions is Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) because it uses oxygen and hydrogen to create electricity with the only byproduct

Investigation of a Solar Adsorption Refrigeration Unit

Solar adsorption refrigeration functions through alternating cycles of adsorption and desorption to achieve the cooling effect required. Unlike vapor-compression refrigerators which utilize electricity to function, this one primarily uses solar

Radiative Sky Cooling from Visibly Transparent High-Emissivity Glass Window

While natural light is desired for buildings, unwanted heat is simultaneously gained through windows, which burdens the building energy consumption for cooling, in particular, during the hot summer in Phoenix.

Sample Preparation and Microstructure Characterization of Novel Ceramic Matrix Composites

Accurate assessment of the performance of ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) requires capturing inherent manufacturing-induced flaws including defects, voids, and pre-existing cracks. Comprehensive microstructure characterization along with uncertainty quantification are necessary

A Soft Drone for Whole Body Perching

With the increase in demand for drones with high endurance times for surveillance operations, the current mechanisms proposed in literature include rigid graspers to help perch the drones on various

Nitish Jolly (right) and Ayan Mallik.

Multi-Constraint Optimization and Co-Design of a 2-MHz All-GaN based 1kW 96% Efficient LLC Converter

With the objective of minimizing the power losses in a 2 MHz LLC resonant converter, a novel multi-variable multi-constraint design optimization algorithm is developed and analyzed in this manuscript. Intricately

Near-Field Radiative Heat Transfer Between Hexagonal Boron Nitride Nanotubes

Radiative heat transfer between two planar surfaces can exceed blackbody limits when its separation distance is less than the characteristic wavelength of thermal radiation. In this MORE research, preliminary mathematical

Weibull Analysis of Dry CNT Network Interphase Thickness in 2D Buckypaper Membrane

The researcher will manufacture a dry carbon nanotube (CNT) network in a 2D buckypaper membrane. The researcher will use Peak Force Quantitative Nanomechanical Mapping (PFQNM) to measure the interphase thickness

Optimizing the Design of Structural Joints for Use in Composite UAV Structures

The structural design of small UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles) remains an under-explored area of research in the realm of aircraft design. While composite structures are becoming more prolific in industry,

Disaggregation of Time Series Energy Consumption Data of Residential Buildings Using Data Analytics Approaches

Buildings, consuming ~40% of U.S. total energy, exhibit significant operational inefficiencies leaving an opportunity to implement various energy-efficiency measures. Time series building energy data analyses in the past gave insights

Monte Carlo Simulations of Dense Particle Packings: Applications to Material Self-Assembly and Batteries

There is interest in pursuing solid-state batteries as an alternative to the liquid/polymer gel batteries mostly used today. Sintering has been proposed to process solid-state batteries, but powdered particles can

Chemical engineering graduate student Anna Mangus conducts research as part of the MORE program.

Cryogenic Electron Tomography and 3D Reconstructions of the Intracellular Extracellular Nanowire Interface of Geobacter Sulfurreducens

Geobacter sulfurreducens are bacteria that use cellular respiration to naturally convert carbon substrates into harvestable electricity. Important morphological information of two structures involved in this process remains to be elucidated:

Electrically Assisted 3D Printing of PEDOT:PSS Film for Solar Cell Fabrication

Solar cells built using PEDOT:PSS represent a possible new way forward for solar cell technologies. One of the current dilemmas with widespread use of solar cell technology is that large-scale

Transient Cryothermal Measurements for Fast Dynamic Radiative Cooling

This project aims to achieve sub-second transient cryothermal measurements of radiative coatings by iterating upon an existing custom cryostat platform. The modifications include suspension of the sample holder within the

Identifying Novel Low-Cost Current Collector Materials for Fuel Cells

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) are devices that convert hydrogen and oxygen into water and electricity. Current collection is a big challenge for these devices because the electrodes are often

Enhanced Air Dehumidification Using Stretchable Tubing

Dehumidifiers are essential household appliances in many tropical regions of the world, where high ambient humidity can lead to negative health effects ranging from physical discomfort to mold-related sicknesses. Common

Exploring the Extreme Structural Parameters of Hyperbolic Metamaterials

Hyperbolic metamaterials (HMMs) are nano-engineered metal-dielectric composites that feature extraordinary wave-vector dispersion and spontaneous emission engineering. These properties count strongly on the structural parameters such as unit cell size and

3D-Printed Jet-Based Cooling Heat Exchanger for Electronic Devices

This project explores the potential of 3D-printed jet-based cooling heat exchanger, also called 3D-printed jet cooler, to cool electronic devices. Unlike traditional metal-based jet coolers, this 3D-printed jet cooler will

Development of a Feedback-Based Control Algorithm for Maximum Power Point Tracking through Load Management

Load Managing photovoltaic (PV) system is proven to be an efficient systematic approach to extract the maximum available PV power. The project focuses on developing a feedback-based control algorithm and

Mounika Kakarla (right) and faculty mentor Assistant Professor Kenan Song

Manufacture of 3D Printed Composite Structures via Multiphase Direct Ink Writing

Although additive manufacturing is a rapid prototyping technology, the printing resolution for most commercial printers are limited to microscales, especially the lack of high-resolution structural control in the case of

Establishing a Testing Method for Axially Continuous Graphene-Coated Copper Wire in High Power Transmission Applications

Electrical power systems in the modern era are being utilized in sectors like transportation, aerospace, and communication for purposes which demand increasing miniaturization capability, current carrying capacity, and environmental stability.

Investigating the Effect of Silver Oxide (AgOx) Layer on the Optical and Electrical Properties of a Perovskite-Based Structure/Device

In recent years, perovskite solar cells (PVSCs) have emerged as highly promising solar advancements. This is due to their highly cost-effective manufacturing processes while demonstrating excellent performance. However, the commercialization

Analyzing the Effects of Conduction, Convection, and Radiation in a Rotary Drum

Rotary drums are tools used extensively in chemical manufacturing industries for heating and drying chemical batches. The objective of this study is to analyze the efficiency of different forms of

Sonication-Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis of B4C Nanosheets for Fabrication of a Solar Steam Generator

A solar steam generator is a device that uses solar energy to produce steam in order to desalinate and purify water. More efficient and cheaper materials are needed to absorb

3D Printing of Energy-Free Liquid Transport Microchips with Bioinspired Hierarchical Structures

Energy-free liquid transport has become an attractive research topic for a variety of industries due to its simplicity and its effectiveness. Traditional liquid transport is not ideal since it requires

Additive Manufacturing of Polymeric Material with Metallic Structures via Electrically Assisted Stereolithography

Metallic structures on polymer surfaces are gaining a lot of interest due to their unique applications such as ICs, antennas, and metamaterials. Most additive manufacturing (AM) can only fabricate 3D

Synthesis on 2D Quantum RTe3 and Characterization to Confirm its CDW States

In the Rare-earth-Tri-telluride family, RTe3s [R=La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Er, Ho, Tm] the emergence of Charge Density Waves (CDWs) has been under investigation for a long time

MXene Particle Synthesis and Their Scalability

The objective of the research is to synthesize MXene (Ti3AlC2) nanoparticles of a few microns in lateral dimension, without surface defects for microscale patterning. The in-situ HF (LiF + HCl)

Electrically Assisted 3D Printing of PEDOT:PSS Film for Solar Cell Fabrication

PEDOT:PSS based solar cells are a promising renewable energy source. They have exhibited high energy efficiency while still maintaining stability. The problem with these types of solar cells is that

Electrically Assisted 3D Printing of Perovskite Film for Solar Cell Fabrication

This research project aims to control the density and morphology of the 3D printed nanofilm for optimum energy conversion efficiency. To fabricate individual solar cell layers, an additive manufacturing (AM)

3D Printed Jet-Based Cooling Heat Exchanger for Electronic Devices

This project explores the potential of a 3D-printed jet-based cooling heat exchanger, also called a 3D-printed jet cooler, to cool electronic devices. Unlike traditional metal-based jet coolers, this 3D printed

Fabrication of Oxide-Inclusions in Liquid Metal

The goal of this work is to create a new class of multiphase liquid metal pastes with designable properties through the incorporation of solid and liquid additives. Liquid metals represent

Kelvin Tan

Algorithms for Maximum Power Point Tracking through Load Management

Load Managing photovoltaic (PV) system is proven to be an efficient systematic approach to extract the maximum available PV power. The direct-coupled load-managing PV system controls and matches the number

Standard Technique Development for Rad Hard Electronics

With the increase in commercial space travel and companies attempting to go further into space, engineers are looking for ways to make electronics more resistant to ionizing radiation through radiation

Radiative Heat Transfer Measurement at Nanoscale Vacuum Gaps

Near-field thermal radiation across nanoscale vacuum gaps is predicted to achieve heat flux that exceeds blackbody limit. The objective of this project is to experimentally demonstrate the super-Planckian radiative heat

Studying Solar Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion

Solar thermophotovoltaic (STPV) energy conversion is seen as a viable option for efficiently converting sunlight to electrical energy. A selective absorber-emitter absorbs the concentrated solar radiation and selectively releases infrared

Study the Mechanical Properties of Stereolithography 3D printed Polymer Nanodiamond Composite

The goal of this project is to study the mechanical properties of Nanodiamond (ND) fillers in nanocomposite resin for Stereolithography (SLA) 3D printers. In pursuit of this goal, three specific

3D Printing of Iron Oxide Based Anode with Bioinspired Structures for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Lithium-ion batteries (LIB) have become an attractive power source for a variety of electronic devices due to lightweight, high energy density, and multiple recharge capability. Conventional nanomaterial fabrication methods of

Optimizing Heat Transfer in a Rotary Drum

Rotary drums are tools that play a vital role for heat transfer in the chemical processing industry because they distribute heat uniformly to particles in a particle bed. The energy

Develop a 3D Printable Nanodiamond Polymer Nanocomposite Resin towards Fabrication of Low Cost Thermally Conducting Devices

Nanocomposite (NC) resins have demonstrated its capability to improve properties of parts fabricated by stereolithographic (SLA) additive manufacturing (AM) thus fostering their end-use application. Nanodiamond (ND) filled acrylate polymers have

Utilizing Density Functional Theory to Compute the Efficacy of a Rippled Janus Structure for use in Optoelectronics

The search for more efficient and effective optoelectronics gives hope to find a breakthrough technology that can vastly increase the practicality of green technologies. Through the study of Janus, asymmetric,

Intelligent Surfaces for 5G and Beyond Wireless Communications

In the modern era of wireless communication, beam steering is the pillar for efficient communication in 5G applications. Multibit Reflectarray antenna achieves reconfigurability by using RF switches (PIN diodes) and

Metal-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for Rapid Thermal Cycling

The objective of current research is to improve the rapid thermal cycling capabilities and the mechanical ruggedness of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) by investigating reactor geometries and cell supports.

Aircraft Performance and Propulsion Data Acquisition

Analysis of propulsion efficiency and aerodynamic performance is not typically done for small scale aircraft in flight conditions. Determining such performance can influence design changes for the airframe and propulsion

Design and Optimization of Hybrid Fuel with Complex Bioinspired Geometries for Controllable Combustion Efficiency

More than 539 million tons of coal are consumed to generate energy each year. Due to the fabrication limitation, there is little research on the relation of combustion efficiency and

Modifying the Structure and Capacitive Performance of Holey Graphene by Microwave-Thermal Pretreatment

The purpose of this project is to research the effect of microwave pretreatment on the size, population and distribution of nanosized holes as well as the relationship between pretreatment conditions

Sonication-Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis of B4C Nanosheets for Fabrication of a Solar Steam Generator

A solar steam generator is a device that uses solar energy to produce steam in order to desalinate and purify water. More efficient and cheaper materials are needed to absorb

Design of High-Frequency Large Intelligent Surfaces Using Reflectarrays

With advancing technology, there has been a constant demand for increased cellular data rate and connectivity as number of connected users is expected to be 28.5 billion by 2022. This

Activation Energy Extraction of Electrodeposit Growth in Nanoionic Materials and Devices

This research project is focused on chalcogenide-based materials which function as an electrolytic layer in nanoionic devices. In depositing this electrolytic layer between metal electrodes, the movement of metal cations

Risk Analysis and Efficiency Evaluation of Varying Terminal Connectors Use in Photovoltaic Systems

This research outlines the benefits, drawbacks, and risks of using different battery terminal connecters in photovoltaic systems; in relation to the Shonto Solar project. Based on initials findings from an

Rapid Assessment of Geographic Information Systems(GIS) to Mini-Grids

Off-grid electrification strategies, including mini-grids, are needed to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goal 7 of affordable, clean, and modern energy for all. The design of these mini-grids usually takes

Develop a 3D Printable Nanodiamond Polymer Nanocomposite Resin towards Fabrication of Low Cost Thermally Conducting Devices

Nanocomposite (NC) resins have demonstrated its capability to improve properties of parts fabricated by stereolithographic (SLA) additive manufacturing (AM) thus fostering their end use application. Nanodiamond (ND) filled acrylate polymers

Experimental Study of Optical Force Measurement Techniques

The objective of this project is to experimentally measure the optical force reflected by a sample using two methods of measurement. One tuning fork-based and one laser-cantilever optical force measurement

3D Printing of Iron Oxide Based Anode with Bioinspired Structures for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Lithium-ion batteries (LIB) have become an ideal power source for electronic devices due to their high energy density and recharge capability. Conventional fabrication methods of LIBs anodes encounter a bottleneck

Design and Optimization of Hybrid Fuel with Complex Bioinspired Geometries for Controllable Combustion Efficiency

More than 539 million tons of coal are consumed to generate energy each year. Due to the fabrication limitation, there is little research on the relation of combustion efficiency and

Microjet and Vibration Assisted (MVA) Fluidized Bed

A novel Microjet and Vibration Assisted (MVA) fluidized bed, that enhances the fluidization quality of nanosized particles by increasing the fluidized bed height, is used to enable improved control of

Preparing a method to measure near field radiative heat transfer between two surfaces

The following research project involves preparing a method to measure near field radiative heat transfer between two surfaces, and then extracting real data measurements of such heat transfer. This will

Health Optimization of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 Mutant for Microbial Electro-Photosynthesis

The primary objective of this research is to optimize the cell health of cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 mutant lacking photosystem II used in Microbial Electro-photosynthesis (MEPS), where electrons are delivered

AIChE Chemical Engineering Car – 2020 Western Regional Conference

ASU’s Chemical Engineering Car (ChemE Car) Team is competing this semester at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) Western Regional Conference. Our aim is to power and stop a

Liquid-Fueled Micro-Combustors for Portable Power Generation

Combustion in microscales have received extensive interest in the past decade due to up to 100 times higher energy densities of hydrocarbon fuels as compared with those of the conventional

Investigation into regeneration methods of desiccants for vacuum desiccant cooling

Personal cooling has many medical, defense, industrial, and recreational uses. Many methods being used are heavy, cumbersome, and uncomfortable. Vacuum desiccant cooling has the potential for being a lightweight, energy-efficient,

Evaluation of Mechanical Properties of Composites

Composites are used in a wide variety of applications, from cars to spacecraft, from jets to missiles. It is necessary to understand the strength and durability of such materials to

Three-dimensionally (3D) Printed Bio-inspired Hydrophobic Surfaces for Improving Spray Cooling Technique

This study investigates a 3D printing process for bio-inspired structures and their application in spray cooling. This research used a micrometer-scale, digital light processing 3D printing technique to fabricate arrays

3D printed Oscillating Flow Mixers to Enhance Heat Transfer in Liquid Cooling Channels

Heat transfer enhancement technique is an area of considerable interest, contributing to advances in heat exchangers and thermodynamic systems. This research investigates advanced passive vortex generators, i.e., oscillating flow mixers,

Development of A Polymer Composite With Conductive Abilities For Sensor Application

This research project investigates the effect of the ratio of conductive nanofiller to elastomer in a conductive polymer matrix. This research uses a polymer composite made with carbon nanotubes and

Develop Polymer Composite from Silica Aerogel for Heat Insulation

Many homes use heaters and air conditioners depending on the time of the year therefore there is a need for some insulation to maintain the temperature within the homes. The

Analyzing the Effect of Contact Resistance on the Temperature Field Evolution During Resistance Spot Welding

Resistance spot welding is used to join metal sheets together by sandwiching workpieces between two electrodes passing a high current through the assembly which generates resistive heating that melts the

Finding and Predicting Defects in CIGS Cells Using Varied Temperature and Spectroscopy

Photovoltaic solar cells are becoming an increasingly important part of electric power generation. A high efficiency is key to economic viability. Some new solar cell materials have unknown defects that

Thermodynamic Cycle and Efficiency Analysis of the Thermal Hydraulic Engine

About 20-50% of industrial processes input energy is lost as waste heat. The thermal hydraulic engine relies on the thermodynamic properties of supercritical CO2 to efficiently perform work. The research

Exploring the Connection Between Particulate Composition and Mean Granule Size

Pharmaceuticals are an integral part of many peoples’ lives and while billions of dollars are poured into research and development little is known about the effect of process variables on

Hydrolysis of Biomass Derived Cellulose and Hemicellulose with Engineered Bacillus Subtilis Strains

The modern transition away from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources has increased the need for sustainable biofuels. Current industrial processes use biofuels derived from cellulose and hemicellulose; however, these

Experimentally Validated DEM Simulations for Conduction Based Heat Transfer in Rotary Drums Filled with Monodispersed Particles at Slow Rotational Speed

Discrete Element Method (DEM) simulations validated by experiments are being carried out to understand and quantify the heat transfer by conduction in rotary drums filled with mono-dispersed particles ranging from

Design of High-Frequency Large Intelligent Surfaces using Reflectarray Antennas

With advancing technology, there has been a constant demand for increased cellular data rate and connectivity as number of connected users is expected to be 28.5 billion by 2022. This

Experimental Study of Optical Force Modulation using Tunable Materials

The objective of this project is to experimentally measure the optical force reflected by a sample with tunable optical properties such as vanadium dioxide. A tuning fork based optical force

Measurement of High-Temperature Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion

Thermophotovoltaic (TPV) energy conversion is seen as a viable option for efficiently converting heat to electrical energy. A thermal source heats a selective emitter, which in turn releases narrowband thermal

Photosynthetic Fixation of Fermentation Off Gases

Controlling the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere is a major challenge facing global environmental sustainability. Fermentation off gases consist of mostly CO2 and are a major byproduct

Instrument Design for Aircraft Performance Measurement

The research team’s interest in this project is prompted by the lack of knowledge of electric aircraft performance. Research is conducted via the development of instruments onboard an electric aircraft

Heat Transfer in a Rotary Drum with Focus on Radiation Heat Transfer

A radiation setup for the rotary drum has been in development for some time. With the radiation mode of heat transfer, the effects of that mode of heating can be

New Process with Flexible Perovskite Solar Cell

In the 21st century, the applications of wearable devices are already extended beyond the scope of predicting gambling results. In practice, it has been widely applied in various fields like

Reflectarray Antenna for Future Wireless Communication

With the incredible demand of bandwidth for wireless communication systems, moving to the millimeter waves (>30 GHz) in the radio spectrum is the need for the future generation. Reflectarray antenna

Modeling and Analysis of Electrical Power Systems for Resilience

Microgrids are rapidly increasing in demand as a solution to provide electricity to one billion people living in remote areas of the world. However, the scale of this demand cannot

Fabricate Holey Structure to Improve Capacitive Performance of Graphene

Drilling nanosized holes on the graphene basal plane can improve its capacitance and create an efficient ion transport pathway. To take advantage of this effect, the holey graphene-based electrode was

Extraction of Silver via Electrowinning for Solar Panel Recycling

The purpose of the experiment is to develop a process for the extraction of silver from a hydrofluoric acid solution using electrowinning. The goal was to develop a method that

Optimizing Placement of Generation Assets in Microgrids

This project evaluates methodologies to size and cost off-grid electrification projects. Often sites are selected for development with only information that is insufficient to justify engineering decisions and financial backing.

Flow Visualization and Heat Transfer in Micro-Polymer Tubes

This study investigates the flow and heat transfer properties of 3D printed, millimeter-scale polymer tubes. This work starts with a series of manufacturability tests to determine the smallest sizes of

Experimental Demonstration of Tunable Near-field Radiative Heat Transfer Exceeding Blackbody Limit with VO2 Thin Films

While near-field radiation exceeding the blackbody limit is a growing topic among researchers today, there is still little research done on how to fully take advantage of this energy. By

Electrolyzer Application of a Load-Managing PV System

The purpose of this research was to determine the effectiveness of electrolyzers implemented within a load-managing PV system. The electrolyzers replace the initial system’s test resistors, which have shown power

Steady-State Measurements of Near-Field Radiative Heat Transfer between Ultra-Flat Thin-Film Materials

The radiative heat transfer between two objects is conventionally limited by Planck’s radiation law. When the gap spacing becomes smaller than the characteristic thermal wavelength, it is possible to greatly

Aerodynamically Optimal Nose Cone Geometry for Supersonic Flight at Varying Altitudes

Supersonic flight poses significant challenges on rockets designed for maximum range. The HELIOS Rocketry at ASU aims to be the first student-led university organization to launch a rocket to the

Evaluating the Efficiency of a Cold Trap Condenser

Pervaporation is promising a membrane process for purification of highly saline waters beyond the capacity of conventional processes such as reverse osmosis. This project is specifically studying the efficiency of

Phase-field modeling of electromigration-mediated hillock growth in copper interconnects

Miniaturization of device dimensions comes at the cost of increasing microelectronic integrated circuit complexity and operating current densities. The high current densities impart momentum to metal ions triggering atomic diffusion

Artificial Intelligence in Smart Grid Data Analysis

The solar energy system is connected to the Smart Grid data more than ever before. Learning from previous data and predicting future data will be necessary in the future. Solar

Experimental Demonstration of Tunable Near-field Radiative Heat Transfer Exceeding Blackbody Limit with VO2 Thin Films

While near-field radiation exceeding the blackbody limit is a growing topic among researchers today, there is still little research done on how to fully take advantage of this energy. By

Thermogalvanic Brick

The huge amount of waste heat and the constant demand for electric energy makes this an appreciable research topic, yet at present there is no commercially viable technology to harness

Dynamic Thermal Measurements of Tunable Radiative Coatings for Space Applications

The objective of this project is to further the understanding of tunable radiative coatings such as vanadium dioxide. In order to explore this material, a thermal measurement system was developed

Dynamic Thrust Testing Tools

The goal of this project is creating tools to more effectively and economically measure dynamic thrust, a measure of how the propulsive forces of an aircraft change with airspeed. By

Electrolyzer Application of a Load-Managing PV System

The purpose of this research was to determine the effectiveness of electrolyzers implemented within a load-managing PV system. The electrolyzers branch the system’s loads from test resistors, which have shown

Computational and Experimental Studies of Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids in Organic Solutions for MET Sensor Devices

The goal for this research is to gain further understanding of how molecular dynamic interactions affect the chemical properties of ionic liquid solutions for the optimization of molecular electronic transducer-based

Finding and Predicting Defects in CIGS Cells Using Varied Temperature and Spectroscopy

Photovoltaic solar cells are becoming an increasingly important part of electric power generation. High efficiency is key to economic viability. Some new solar cell materials have unknown defects that can

Integration of Renewables and Cost-Efficient Technologies in Transmission Expansion Planning

Extreme weather events can cause blackouts by damaging the electric network. While peak loads are projected to increase over time, the transmission capacity of current-carrying lines is estimated to reduce

Damage Modes of Carbon Nanotubes Embedded in Epoxy-Resin polymeric Material

Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) have extraordinary mechanical, electrical, optical and thermal properties closely related to their shape and deformation, creating a wide potential of applications. However, enough investigation has not been

Electrochemical Process for Metal Recovery from End of Life Photovoltaic Modules

The goal of this project is to develop a process for recycling old photovoltaic modules to prevent waste modules from being scrapped. This recycling process will reduce the space taken

Metal-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for Rapid Thermal Cycling

The objective of current research is to improve rapid thermal cycling and mechanical ruggedness of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) by investigating various fuel cell geometries and supports. For this

Radiative Cooling Performance in LiF Samples and Observed Cooling of PVF Samples of Differing Thicknesses

Radiative cooling is a passive cooling method that uses space as a heat sink, making it an attractive area of study for cooling photovoltaics. The research group wanted to identify

Steady-State Measurements of Near-Field Radiative Heat Transfer between Ultra-Flat Thin-Film Materials

The total radiative heat transfer between two objects is limited by Planck’s radiation law. However, when the gap spacing between the two objects becomes smaller than the characteristic thermal wavelength,

Hydrolysis of Biomass Derived Cellulose and Hemicellulose with Engineered Bacillus subtilis Strains

Limited fossil fuel sources have increased the need for sustainable biofuels. While biofuel industry uses sugars derived from cellulose and hemicellulose as carbon feedstock, the process to degrade and utilize

Interphase Properties of Carbon Nanotube Composites

The material properties and thickness of the interphase must be characterized to better understand nanocomposites. The composite samples analyzed in this work consist of carbon nanotubes (CNT), carbon fiber, and

Towards Autonomous Thermal Imaging Robots for Heat Sensing

Heat poses a major health risk that particularly affects cyber-physical infrastructures in cities. Heat-sensing maps can be used to reduce overexposure risks to humans. In this research project, we analyze

Utilizing Acetate as a Carbon Source for Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 Mutant for Microbial Electro-Photosynthesis

The primary objective of this research is to study the effectiveness of utilizing acetate as a carbon source in the culturing of cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 mutant lacking photosystem II.  This

End-Burning Vortex Flow Pancake Hybrid Rocket Engine

Hybrid rocket engines offer the following advantages over other rocket propulsion methods; ease of storing oxidizer, throttling capability, and reignition capability. An end-burning vortex flow pancake motor is considered in

Regression analysis of lithium-ion battery degradation data

The focus of this research is to carry out regression analysis to discover the factors that significantly contribute to the life cycle of the lithium-ion cells using the degradation data.

Streamlining Rocketry: How to Cut Costs Without Compromising Performance

The objective was to design, simulate, and launch a rocket for Spaceport America Cup 2019. This design was focused on developing new manufacturing processes that would cut costs and streamline

Comparative Segmentation in Lead-Free Solders for Damage Mitigation in Microelectronics

The main motivation is that lead-free solder (SnCu) are used extensively in microelectronics. There are risks associated with replacing lead solders with SnCu because they are not well understood so

Tuning Excimer Concentrations While adding Quantum Dot and Phosphor Conversion Layers to Improve Efficiency, Lifetime, and Color Quality of Blue Light in Organic Light Emitting Diodes

This project investigated methods of efficiently replicating white light by emitting blue light as a primary light source and adding targeted wavelengths of amber light as a secondary source. The

Lowering Image Sensor Reconfiguration Latency on Android

Mobile systems would benefit from the ability to make a tradeoff between image resolution and power consumption when doing vision tasks. While less resolution lowers task accuracy it also saves

Adaptive Sampling

Modern smartphone cameras capture high-resolution images, containing millions of pixels. However, computer vision tasks operate effectively on images of much lower resolution. The research team seeks to implement an adaptive

The Dynamic Reconfiguration of Solar Cells on Spacecrafts

Currently, spacecraft solar arrays can degrade from 20-50% in power producing capability over a 15-year mission, making it unfeasible for current state-of-the-art designs to access the full power available from

Scaling a Helicon Plasma Thruster for CubeSat Applications

Electric thrusters provide high propellant efficiency to give spacecraft the capability of large maneuvers at the cost of a low propellant mass. This project aims to design a compact helicon

Measuring the Heat of Combustion of Biomass Pellets

Pellets have higher density and greater hardness than other types of biomass which enable easier transportation and storage. This research aims to investigate the amount of energy released and ash

Battery Decay Rate and Life Cycle in Lithium-Ion Polymer Batteries

The objective of the research project is to determine the baseline life cycle and battery decay rate of a lithium-ion polymer battery in drones. The first experiment had the drone

Accidental Bragg Reflectors

When creating thermal insulating films, it was discovered that they produce colors. Since the films had layers, it was concluded that they were acting as Bragg reflectors- mechanisms with layers

Toward Understanding and the Development of a Thermoelectric Generator

Waste heat is a large problem for all who are interested in energy conservation; large quantities of energy are lost in the form of heat through the process of power

Experimental Study of Solar Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion Enhanced with Selective Metafilm Coatings

A solar thermophotovoltaic (STPV) system requires three key components to directly convert solar energy to electricity: a solar absorber, a hot emitter, and a thermophotovoltaic (TPV) cell. Recently, Prof. Liping

Creating the Most Appropriate Lithium Ion Battery Separator to be used in Stretchable Electronics

This experiment involved finding the most effective organogel that can serve as a separator in Lithium-Ion Batteries. Organogels were chosen because of their flexible, semi-permeable and reliable bendable characteristics which

Synthesis of Hexagonal Boron Nitride Thin Films

Hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) is a wide band gap semiconductor with graphene-like structure and characteristics. This material has been identified as a potential candidate for diverse electronic, optoelectronic, nanophotonic and

Development of a Low Temperature Ionic Liquid Based Electrolyte System for Planetary Exploration

This research project aims to develop an electrolyte that functions in the extreme environmental conditions of Europa so that a molecular electronic transducer (MET) seismometer can be used to probe

Heat Transfer in a Rotary Drum using Infrared Temperature Measurements

The purpose of the rotary drum project is to understand how different parameters such as particle fill level and rotation rate affect the heat transfer coefficient in all three modes of

Radiative Cooling of Semiconductive Materials

One challenge facing solar energy is increasing the efficiency of solar cells, which is impeded by the heat they retain. Cooling these cells via emission of radiation in the Infrared

A Study on Resources Utilization of Deep Learning Workloads

In this research, researchers will study and improve an existing deep RL (reinforcement learning) network, developed by the Google Brain team, that will place deep learning operations of another deep

Propellant Mixing in Vortex Cooled Liquid Rocket Engines

As temperatures in the combustion chamber of a liquid rocket engine during use can exceed 5,000 °F, a large portion of development is often focused on cooling. However, by injecting

Transparent Conductive Oxide Characterization

The addition of amorphous silicon in silicon heterojunction solar cells cause a loss in electrical conductivity. To compensate, a front and rear layer transparent conductive oxide (TCO) is added to

Biofuel Production from Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Algae and Salicornia

Fossil fuels have been the primary source of energy in the world for millions of years. However, they are among the top contributors of the carbon dioxide emission in the

Shale Fracking Waste Characteristics

Fracking processes produce shale waste due the water used to create fractures deep underground to release natural gases being imbibed by the shale rock common in these basins. Characterizing research

Hydrothermal Liquefaction (HTL) of Salicornia to Determine its Potential for Biofuel Production

With the increasing warming of the globe and the ongoing energy crisis, caused by extensive use of conventional fossil fuels, a move toward sustainable and clean energy sources that have

Discovering Tesselations of 2D Piezomagnetic Materials

Two-dimensional Piezomagnetic materials have special properties when placed into certain geometries, and the goal is to find a new one that may define a unique material property. Currently, there are

Hydrolysis of Biomass Derived Cellulose and Hemicellulose with Engineered Bacillus Subtilis Strains

Due to the impending energy crisis that the world is slowly approaching and the push for clean energy, biofuels are in greater demand than ever before. Although biofuels derived from

Manipulation of Vibrational Modes by Nanostructuring in a SiO2 Thin-Film

In ionic materials, the electron beam in a scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) can excite vibrational modes via long-range Coulomb interactions with the polarized electron cloud in a chemical bond,

Structural Optimization of CubeSat Housing for Pulsed Plasma Thruster (PPT) Modules

CubeSats are small, affordable satellites that carry scientific payloads into space. PPTs (Pulsed Plasma Thrusters) are a method of propulsion that ablates Teflon to produce thrust for CubeSats. These compact

Hydrogen Storage Techniques in Fuel Cell Vehicles

Hydrogen is becoming increasingly an important fuel for transportation applications. The storage of hydrogen in fuel cell vehicles has been problematic to date due to low energy density of contemporary

Lizard Inspired Tube Inspection Robot

The environmental conditions within the boiler tube can be highly aggressive, which can alter the micro-structure of tubing. Ultrasonic sensors have the capability to scan through these tubes and detect

Characterization of Flexible Heat Sinks

The heat transfer rate through the thermal boundary layer increases when the hot surface is induced with vibrations. In this project, flexible heatsinks will be developed and characterized. The performance

Formation of Heterostructure Nanoscrolls from 2D Materials for Enhanced Optoelectronic Performance

Semiconducting 2D transition-metal dichalcogenide materials, especially MoS2 and WS2, have been widely researched recently due to their promising characteristics for applications for electronic and optoelectronic devices. Heterostructures of stacked 2D

ML Phase Prediction of High-Entropy Alloys

Researchers apply Machine learning (ML) algorithms to efficiently explore phase selection rules using a comprehensive experimental dataset consisting of 401 different HEAs including 174 SS, 54 IM, and 173 SS+IM

AFM Cantilever Based Near Field Radiation Heat Transfer Measurement

Planck’s theory of blackbody radiation imposes a limit on the maximum radiative transfer between two objects at a given temperature. The objective of the project is to measure the near

Energy Harvesting: Capacitor Design

Mankind has an unsustainable impact on planet Earth. It is necessary to develop alternative energy sources. The goal is to develop a more durable supercapacitor that can harvest high-voltage electrostatic

Investigation of Braziers Effect in Polymer Matrix Composite Tubes

The advancing field of material science has yielded many beneficial products, one of which is developing new polymer matrix composites. The challenge lies in characterizing material properties of polymer matrix

Current-Voltage Characteristics of Electrochromic Materials for Application on Smart Window Photovoltaic Cells

Throughout this semester, the researcher has prepared code with the programming tool, MATLAB, to produce current-voltage curves based on different formulas of inks. These inks will be applied to photovoltaic

Vortex Flow Pancake Hybrid Pancake Engine

Hybrid rocket engines offer the following advantages over other rocket propulsion methods; ease of storing oxidizer, throttling capability, and reignition capability. A single fuel disk configuration of an end-burning vortex

To Study the Effects of Co-doping Ceria with 2+/5+ Dopants for Thermochemical Splitting of Water

Thermochemical water splitting can occur by concentrating solar energy on a metal oxide to generate hydrogen gas, a clean high energy fuel.  This research examines suitable dopants to enhance the

Understanding Kinetics of Surface Reactions Involved in Thermochemical Water Splitting With Doped Ceria-Rich Surfaces by use of First Principles Methods and Transition State Theory

Recently it has been experimentally determined that Zirconium (Zr) doped Ceria surfaces promote redox reactions associated with Thermochemical Water Splitting (TWS) while other dopants like Gadolinium (Gd) and Praseodymium (Pr)

Refinement of Electrolyte Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Application

Over the course of this research, electrolyte materials for use in solid oxide fuel cells are investigated with the overall goal of making them a more viable renewable energy source.

X-ray topography method for solar cell deflection, cracking and stress measurements

Collecting data on solar cell cracking and stress will prevent power loss and failure in solar cells.

Toward Understanding and the Development of a Thermoelectric Generator

Excess heat can be used as a clean, alternative form of energy for power plants and car engines.

Thermal Analysis of a Thermogalvanic Brick

Developing a way to use the temperature difference inside and outside of a building to generate energy could reduce energy demands.

SRP Polytechnic Solar Utilization

Examining the Polytechnic campus’s energy infrastructure will allow ASU to understand how it can implement more renewable energy sources.

Solar Energy prediction

Studying deep learning algorithms can lead to better solar energy prediction and management.

S.H.E.I.L.D. Particulate Coatings

Creating a coating to allow single-paned windows to act as efficient, expensive double-paned windows will save energy and increase buildings’ comfort levels at lower cost.

Optimizing and Evaluating Real-time Illumination Estimation for Mixed Reality

Power-efficient real-time illumination estimation will improve the appearance of mobile virtual reality worlds.

Optical Characterization of Band Diagram Properties of Germanium-Chalcogenide and Silver Doped Thin-Films

Understanding the physical properties of thin films is the key to implementing them in useful devices.

Machine Learning Models for Accelerating Discovery and Design of Energy-Related Materials

Effective utilization of machine learning could accelerate the discovery of new energy-related materials.

Monolithic silicon module manufacturing

Developing a new low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell module configuration will transform the way power is generated on a terawatt scale.

Near-Field Radiative Heat Transfer Measurements between Two Parallel Flat Surfaces with LabVIEW Controlled Tip-Tilt Platform

Developing a method to measure heat transfer will aid in understanding thermal energy harvesting and waste recovery.

Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Micro-algae to Produce Liquid Biofuels

Optimizing algae-derived biofuels will reduce production costs and create a competitive, carbon-neutral alternative to fossil fuels.

Failure Analysis of Electrically Conductive Adhesive Interconnects in Photovoltaic Modules

Investigating the lifespan of electrical conductive adhesives in solar power module design could lead to more efficient and viable solar modules.

Extreme Fast Charging-Capable EV Modeling

Studying extreme fast-charging systems in electric vehicles can lead to increased range and faster charging times.

Experimental Study of Solar Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion Enhanced with Selective Metafilm Coatings

Analyzing the effectiveness of a metafilm coating for solar thermophotovoltaics could lead to more efficient solar energy generated from heat.

Development of a Solar Powered Ground-Based Research Vehicle with an On-board Solar Management System

Creating a hybrid solar-powered test vehicle to optimize on-board solar power usage can lead to efficient solar-electric hybrid vehicles.

Energy Harvesting: Capacitor Design

Developing a supercapacitor that can harvest and store energy will turn damaging high-voltage discharge into an energy source.

Engineering Bacillus Subtilis for the Direct Hydrolysis of Cellulose and Hemicellulose

Optimizing biofuel production with bacteria and enzymes will make biofuels a cheaper and more feasible energy source.

Developments of Low-Temperature Ionic Liquid-Molecular Solvent Electrolyte Systems for a MET Seismometer

Increasing electrolytes’ operating temperature ranges would allow devices to be used in extreme low temperatures.

Design And Mechanical Analysis Of Thermogalvanic Brick

Utilizing the temperature difference across brick walls of buildings to generate energy can cut down energy consumption.

Battery Decay Rate and Life Cycle in Lithium-Ion Polymer Batteries

Studying the decay rate and life cycle of drone batteries will help educate people on how to get the most out of their batteries.

AFM Based Near Field Radiation Heat Transfer Measurement

Understanding near-field radiative heat transfer could lead to advances in microelectronics, optical data storage and energy conversion devices.

Add-On V2V System for Modern Vehicles

Enabling current vehicles to communicate with each other and with infrastructure can make them safer and more fuel efficient.

An investigation to find the most appropriate organogel serving as a lithium ion battery separator that’s compatible with stretchable electronics.

Studying bendable organogels’ properties can lead to efficient and durable stretchable lithium batteries.

Helicon Plasma Thruster Design Optimization for CubeSat Applications

Analyzing thrust, exhaust velocity and efficiency of a thruster for small spacecraft will allow for optimization help optimize electric propulsion systems.

Functionalizing Zirconium-MOFs via Exchange of Low-Valence State Cations

Studying materials that can be used for gas separation can lead to new industrial carbon capture methods.

Catalytically Active Tungsten Diselenide (WSe2) for Artificial Photosynthesis

Developing artificial photosynthesis can lead to higher efficiency of hydrogen energy generation and storage.

Ab Initio Playing Pentagon Puzzles

Exploring the properties of 2D nanomaterials could lead to new methods of energy harvesting and storage.

Ultrasound-Enhanced Desorption

Ultrasound has the ability to enhance the performance of sorption heat pumps, which have the potential to be zero emission air-conditioning and refrigeration systems. The challenge in this is to

Process Gas Analysis on Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Algae

The objective of this study was to quantify the non-nitrogen elements of the off gas produced during the hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) process using algal feedstock. The principle product of HTL

Turbulent Drag Reduction in Pipes by Spanwise Wall Oscillations

Pipe flow is crucial for transporting industrial fluids over large-scale distances. A good example is the Alaskan North Slope pipeline, which transports crude oil hundreds of miles from the drilling

Pulsed Plasma Thruster Magnetic Field Study

A pulsed plasma thruster (PPT) is a type of compact thruster designed for small satellites ideal for precise attitude changes in a vacuum. The principle describing the thrust is the

Building a Vapor Phase Photoreactor for Photocatalytic Water Splitting

This project’s purpose is to construct a reactor capable of exposing photocatalyst nanoparticles to water vapor and light so hydrogen production can be assessed under mixed thermal and photon stimuli.

Characterization of Flow Properties of Wet Particle Using the FT4 Powder Rheometer

This project investigated the influence of moisture contents on the flow properties and behavior of particles to determine the powders’ flowability, compressibility, and shear stress. Three sizes of glass beads,

Design of a Fully-Actuated Self-Driving Car

Autonomous vehicles recently show great possibilities to improve transportation safety and efficiency. This project seeks to expand on the current generation of autonomous vehicles by making them fully actuated with

Computational Pathways to the Optimal Design of Polymer Processing Routes

A comprehensive understanding of the influence of different processing parameters and how they influence morphological self-assembly is required to enable controllability in manufacturing block copolymers (BCP). The overarching vision of

Enhancing Inorganic Carbon Absorption and Fixation by Cyanobacteria using Amine Absorbents

The development of sustainable efforts to capture carbon dioxide emissions are important to mitigate the effects of climate change. Bioprocesses from cyanobacteria are a promising technology to fix CO2 into

The Effects of Shear Modulus on Fouling Rates

Fouling is the deposition of any undesired material on heat transfer surfaces. Annually, fouling in heat exchanges causes an industrial country to lose approximately 0.25% of their gross domestic product

Development of a Ground Robot with a Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) Capability

The objective of this research is to build a ground robotic vehicle that can determine complete localization and mapping an unknown environment using LiDAR. Current project accomplishments include increased comprehension

Optimizing Control Strategies for Hybrid Electric Vehicles to Reduce Fuel Consumption and Idling Times

More contemporary vehicles are being sold as hybrid-electric models that use the combination of a combustion engine and an electric motor. Additionally, future vehicles are expected to be integrated with

Fracture Toughness vs. Salt Content of Ice

This experiment was performed to determine the relationship between the salt content of ice and its critical fracture toughness. Water at different salinities was frozen and tested using a three-point

Novel Solar Array Interface Electronics for Maximum PV Power Extraction

Current technology in solar arrays does not allow for the full amount of power produced to be utilized. The purpose of this project is to analyze the performance of current

Sunc-Voc Measurements of Semi-Transparent Perovskite Solar Cells

Understanding solar cell technology allows researchers to develop more efficient devices to collect the sun’s energy. This project focuses on quantifying the parasitic series resistance in perovskite solar cells as

Effects of Plasticizers on Solid Rocket Propellant Adhesion

The goal of this research is to characterize the mechanical properties of composite solid rocket propellants as they relate to two plasticizers: Dioctyl Adipate (DOA) and Isodecyl Pelargonate (IDP). Specifically,

Adhesion of Octopus Bimaculoides

The suckers of an octopus have amazing adhesive properties both in and out of water. There are some relationships and questions that the research into suction of the octopus bimaculoides

Centrifugal Compressor with Thrust Vector Control for UAV Propulsion

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) capable of Vertical Takeoff and Landing (VTOL) require a high thrust to weight ratio. This research aims to determine the relevance of centrifugal compressors with thrust

Converting Industrial Combustion Byproducts to Liquid Transportation Fuels and Environmentally Friendly Nitrogen-containing Compounds

The implementation of carbon capture and storage systems (CCS) has played a crucial role in the pursuit of sustainable sources of energy, but the risks of leakages have become a

Perovskite Surface Analysis

The primary objective of this research is to eliminate optical loses in perovskite silicon tandem solar cells. To understand the characteristics of the solar cell, the research required an accurate

Porous Silica Films as Thermally Insulating Coatings on Windows

The deposition of transparent, porous silica films as thermally insulating coatings on windows will help reduce energy costs in buildings and homes. 90% porous silica has been characterized for its

Development of a Battery Management & Charging System for Autonomous UAVs

The objective of this project is to create a novel battery charging and management solution for a fleet of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for long term deployments. A contact charging-equipped

CoP Fleet Performance and Environmental Impact Evaluation

As the technology of Electric Vehicles (EVs) improves, city governments are becoming interested in updating their current fleet vehicles to reduce the environmental footprint. The objective of this research is

Viability Study for a 2-Degree-of-Freedom Canfield Joint for Spacecraft Attitude Control Aplication

This project concerns itself with the development of a Canfield Joint for improved spacecraft attitude control. Current methods rely on a gimballed approach, where multiple different rocket motors fire from

In situ SEM testing for Fatigue Crack Growth: Mechanical Investigation of Titanium

The objective of this project is to characterize crack growth that occurs in titanium alloys, specifically Grade 5 Ti-6Al-4V, by applying cyclic tensile loading and measuring the crack growth and

Selective Electro-Fermentation of Scenedesmus Acutus

The goal of this research is to develop a flat-plate reactor, which is a type of Microbial Electrolysis Cell (MEC), to maximize the degradation of proteins and carbohydrates while conserving

ZIF-71/PDMS Mixed Matrix Membranes for Acetone-Butanol-Ethanol Separations by Pervaporation

Zeolitic imidazole frameworks (ZIF) are known to improve membrane performance in biofuel separation. This research studies ZIF-71/polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) mixed matrix membrane performance in pervaporation of acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) solutions. Membranes with

Next Generation Composite Polymer Solid Electrolytes

Solid lithium lanthanum zirconate (LLZO) shows to be a promising candidate to replace dangerous liquid electrolytes and increase overall battery properties to meet our increasing need for energy storage. This

Photochemical Transformation on Plasmonic Nanoparticles Via Resonant Radiated-Induced Heating

Stable coupled interactions between interfaces of plasmonic nanomaterials and electromagnetic fields have governed photophysical processes amplified by light-matter interaction. To illustrate underlying physical mechanisms responsible for chemical activity, plasmon-mediated photocatalysis

Convective Heat Transfer in a Rotary Drum

The goal of this research project is to understand how convective heat transfer affects granular materials in a rotary drum. This was accomplished by studying two different variables and controlling

Development of ZnSnON as a Potential Earth Abundant Solar Cell Material

This work focuses on growing ZnSnON via deposition from zinc oxide and tin oxide targets in a reactive nitrogen environment as a potential inexpensive solar material. The deposition chamber growth

Finite Element Modeling of Micro-scale Bending Testing of Nuclear Reactor Materials

Structural reliability of nuclear fuels is key for the development of safer nuclear reactors. In this work, mechanical behavior of Uranium Dioxide (UO2) is investigated by developing finite element (FE)

Nanoporous Morphology of Dealloyed Parent Phase Ordered and Disordered Cu3Au Alloys

Nanoporous gold (NPG) has found revolutionary applications in energy and biomedicine-related fields. Despite this, there is little understanding of the detailed self-organization process during dealloying, which develops the bicontinuous solid-void

Using CFD Tools to Determine Aerodynamic Forces and Moments of Floating Objects in Engineering Applications

Many engineering applications involve the interaction between a fluid flow and a moving body, such as an airplane or a frisbee. Numerical simulations using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solvers can

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