Design, Optimization and Control of a Soft Pneumatic Actuator


Design, Optimization and Control of a Soft Pneumatic Actuator

Soft robotics has seen many exciting applications in human-robot interaction, search and rescue, and even space exploration. Increasing efforts are being made to predict and simulate the behavior of soft

Robot Intent Signaling Using Augmented Reality

Human-robot collaborations are ubiquitous ranging from assembly lines, autonomous vehicles, medical procedures, etc. In such systems, humans and robots work in shared spaces to accomplish a joint task. Successful implementation

A Novel Query Efficient Algorithm for Active Covering

This research considers the problem of active covering with the goal of the learner sequentially querying a dataset so that all positive examples have been labeled. The classification of data

Quantification of Shoulder Joint Impedance Based on Various Arm Postures

In this study, we utilize a shoulder exoskeleton robot, which makes use of a 4-bar spherical parallel manipulator (4B-SPM) that has inherently low inertia and as a result can provide

Adapting Mass Manufacturing Methods to Develop Living Hinges for Foldable Robotics

Polyethylene binders and folders have a living hinge built into them which can be applied to developing foldable robots. By exploiting this knowledge, the cost of materials and the complexity

Kaycee Nienhuis and MORE student Radhika Ganapathy

Mars Data Exploration

The purpose of this research project is to build a data pipeline to process the high-resolution images produced by various cameras (Mastcam-Z, Navcam, Hazcam, etc.) on the Perseverance rover. The

Transcriptomic Assays of Immunometabolic Enhancers

Aging-related diseases are primarily metabolic, leading to long-term inflammation, but in drug discovery, immunometabolism remains difficult to assess and often relies on expensive and low throughput methods like mass spectroscopy

Manthan Chelenahalli Satish

Vehicle Speed Estimation from 3D Object Detection for Surveillance Cameras

One of the key components of an intelligent transportation system is the ability to detect and track vehicles from traffic surveillance cameras. This research project showcases a monocular 3D object

Design and Implementation of Non-Overshooting MPC with Terminal Cost/Constraints for Vehicle Lateral Stability Control

An effective method to guarantee vehicle safety is to design a vehicle driving safety algorithm that limits its states within a predefined stability region without passing the boundaries. A non-overshooting

Carbon/Carbon Composites: Manufacturing, Structures and Property Relationships

A limitation in the aerospace industry is the lack of lightweight materials that can withstand high temperatures without losing their mechanical robustness for applications in supersonic/hypersonic flights. The current generation

Contact-Based Navigation and SLAM Using Collision-Resilient UAVs

This research intends to develop a novel navigation algorithm for Collision-Resilient Quadcopters (CRQ), which are quadcopters that can take collisions and still maintain stable flight. This algorithm will enable the

Electrically Assisted Vat Photopolymerization of Bioinspired Hierarchical Structures with Hydrophobicity Enhancement

Air-retaining is attracting increasing attention for various applications. Salvinia exhibit stable and long-term air retention because of the unique combination of smooth hydrophilic patches on elastic eggbeater structures decorated with

Dual-Component Structure for Selective Pollutant Decomposition via Photocatalysis

As the population increases, there will inevitably be a greater generation of waste, which necessitates the long-term need for waste treatment. A consequence of waste treatment facilities is the production

Impact of Human Body Shape on Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient

People are exposed to a variety of thermal environments every day. Understanding and predicting an individual’s heat stress and strain potential in various thermal environments is crucial. Previous human thermal

Testing the Effect of Water Temperature and Disinfectants on Biofilm Formation by Different Bacteria in Different Pipe Materials

With the increase in world population, waterborne diseases are also increasing. Drinking water distribution systems (DWDS) biofilms can harbor pathogens, and opportunistic pathogens such as Legionella spp. and E. coli

Use of Octopus Arm Muscle for Bioinspired Soft Robotic Arm

The purpose of the octopus project research at the BIRTH Lab is to determine the functionality of each muscle layer in an octopus. Electromyography (EMG) signals are quantitatively analyzed for complex

Micropatterning of Nanoparticles via Multi-Phase Direct Ink Writing (MDIW)

3D printing is an advanced manufacturing strategy for nanocomposite manufacturing due to rapid prototyping, limited material wastage, high processing speed, and customization. This study demonstrated the design and development of

Development of In-Line Inspection (ILI) Robot for Pipeline Using Structural Health Monitoring Using Computer Vision and Deep Learning Techniques

Through this study, a novel in-line inspection robot for the detection of defects in gas pipelines is proposed, which would help in automating the structural health monitoring process. With the

Correlations Between Deep Brain Stimulation of the Subthalamic Nucleus, Blood Flow, Oxygenation, and Neural Activity

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a method of neuromodulation in which implanted electrodes produce electrical impulses for the treatment of neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease (PD), epilepsy, and dystonia. DBS

Short and Aligned Fiber Filament for 3D-Printed, High-Performance Composites

Oriented-fiber reinforced composites had played a major role in the application of high-performance materials and the demand for them is growing. But there are still challenges in designing a method

Optimization of PEG-Polyurethane Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG)-Polyurethane polymers are currently being used in tissue regeneration scaffolds, heart valves, and wound healing applications. Targeting specific PEG-Polyurethane properties can address the clinical needs mentioned above.

Fine-Tuning Pre-Trained Models to Determine Model Superiority for Enhanced Medical Image Diagnosis

The biggest challenge in computer-aided diagnosis remains the slow nature of the data annotation process. No large-scale evaluation has performed a comparison on the many pre-trained models in existence. In

Elucidating the Role of Ultraviolet Weathering and Biofilm Formation on the Adsorption of Micropollutants onto Microplastics

When released into the environment, plastics undergo mechanical abrasion and ultraviolet (UV) exposure that leads to the formation of microplastics. These microplastics, when present as a mixture with other contaminants,

Variable Stiffness as Control Scheme for Enhancing Active Ankle Foot Orthosis

During walking, the human ankle accommodates for surface irregularities during the stance phase by changing its mechanical impedance to a stiffness dominant joint. To prevent discomfort to an ankle-foot orthosis

Lesion Detection using Three-Dimensional CBCT Image Segmentation using Deep Learning

The goal of this project is to implement an efficient and accurate 3D semantic segmentation on Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) dental imaging for accurate lesion detection using a 3D U-Net

Characterizing CO₂ Utilization Rates Across Different Cyanobacteria Strains under Varying Light Intensities by a Novel Mass Balance Approach

Cyanobacteria and its complex photosynthetic systems have been a prime target for synthetic biologists and their molecular engineering tools for the last couple of decades. However, characterizing meaningful CO2 removal

Efficient Adsorption of the Macronutrients with the Help of Graphene and Oxidized Derivatives

The project will be dealing with three different types of Graphene and its oxidized nanomaterials, namely Graphene (Gr), Graphene Oxide (GO) and reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO), under different loading conditions

Development of Biomimetic Nanoparticles for Highly Efficient CRISPR Delivery

Recent advances in genome engineering, namely Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9 gene editing, have revolutionized biomedical research and hold promise for treating genetic disorders. However, inefficient delivery and

Investigation of a Solar Adsorption Refrigeration Unit

Solar adsorption refrigeration functions through alternating cycles of adsorption and desorption to achieve the cooling effect required. Unlike vapor-compression refrigerators which utilize electricity to function, this one primarily uses solar

Biomedical engineering graduate student Emmanuella Tagoe works with Professor Marco Santello.

Investigating How Training Improves Dexterous Finger Force Control

Many activities of daily living like buttoning shirts or threading a needle require dexterous control of appropriate forces (or movement) of individual fingers. However, intending to move one finger is

Radiative Sky Cooling from Visibly Transparent High-Emissivity Glass Window

While natural light is desired for buildings, unwanted heat is simultaneously gained through windows, which burdens the building energy consumption for cooling, in particular, during the hot summer in Phoenix.

Modeling Deviation in Bending Direction of a Soft Arm Manipulator Using Regressive Neural Networks

The compliant nature of a soft robot’s material and design offers certain challenges when it comes to modeling and control. The lack of rigid structures allows the system to bend

3D-Printed Electroactive Hydrogel-Based Microgripper for Biomedical Applications

Hydrogels are 3D interconnected systems of polymer chains that can soak and store liquid, this characteristic makes them supple and soft. Electroactive hydrogel-based microgrippers respond to stimuli and demonstrate the

Christabel Wireko Arthur

Synthesis of a Janus Particle with Gold Nanoparticles and Vesicle-like Mesoporous Silica

A Janus Particle is a special type of nano or microparticle whose surface has two or more distinct physical and chemical properties. The aim of this research is to explore

Monocular 3D Object Detection for Traffic Analysis

Recognizing and localizing objects in the 3D space is crucial for a more accurate representation of the environment for various use cases. While significant progress has been achieved with expensive LIDAR systems,

Expanding Injection Molding Biofabrication to Generate Complex Three-Dimensional Cell Encapsulation Geometries

Encapsulation is a promising technology to deliver cell-based therapies to patients safely and with reduced need for immunosuppression. Macroencapsulation devices are advantageous due to their ease of retrieval, and thus

Evaluation of Shrinkage Cracking in Slab-Wall Systems

Concrete develops strength rapidly after mixing and is highly influenced by temperature and the curing process. The material characteristics and the rate of property development, along with the exposure conditions,

Nitish Jolly (right) and Ayan Mallik.

Multi-Constraint Optimization and Co-Design of a 2-MHz All-GaN based 1kW 96% Efficient LLC Converter

With the objective of minimizing the power losses in a 2 MHz LLC resonant converter, a novel multi-variable multi-constraint design optimization algorithm is developed and analyzed in this manuscript. Intricately

Trophoblast-On-Chip Model

The maternal-fetal interface is challenging to investigate in in vivo models due to species-specific differences in placental development and ethics evaluating placental development in humans during gestation. The research team

Near-Field Radiative Heat Transfer Between Hexagonal Boron Nitride Nanotubes

Radiative heat transfer between two planar surfaces can exceed blackbody limits when its separation distance is less than the characteristic wavelength of thermal radiation. In this MORE research, preliminary mathematical

Quantification of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in a Managed Aquifer Recharge System

Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) offers sustainable replenishment of groundwater resources using treated wastewater effluent. Antibiotic Resistance Genes (ARGs) may withstand wastewater treatment, conferring the ability of bacteria to resist antibacterial

Flow Visualization of Laminar Mixed Convection in Transparent 3D-Printed Channels

This study investigates the spatiotemporal instabilities of mixed convection in horizontal channels through 3D printing of transparent channels and dye injection flow visualization. Flow channels are printed using a digital

Assessing Visuospatial Function Using the Shepard-Metzler Mental Rotation Task in an Online 3D Mode

Over the years, the Shepard-Metzler Mental Rotation Task (MRT) has proven to be a reliable tool for assessing people’s visuospatial ability. This study will compare the online 3D MRT to

Drainage Flow of a Viscous Compressible Fluid (Gas) from a Small Curved Narrow Conduit

Current natural gas reserves lie trapped in dense rocks. As such, to access these gas resources efficiently, a better understanding of its production mechanisms is required. The research starts with

Disaggregation of Time Series Energy Consumption Data of Residential Buildings Using Data Analytics Approaches

Buildings, consuming ~40% of U.S. total energy, exhibit significant operational inefficiencies leaving an opportunity to implement various energy-efficiency measures. Time series building energy data analyses in the past gave insights

Effectiveness of Waist Vibrotactile Feedback for Improving Posture Balance

This research verifies the effectiveness of improving posture stability through vibrotactile biofeedback under oscillatory circumstances, which is simulated by the force platform. Subjects were asked to perform a quiet stance

Effect of Fused Deposition Modeling Printing Parameters on Mechanical and Thermal Behavior of PLA/Nanodiamond Composite

Poly Lactic Acid (PLA), a thermoplastic polymer is well known for its biocompatibility, making it ideal for the manufacturing of biomedical devices. However, the current applications of PLA are limited

Implementation of Mechanophores into Shape Memory Polymers to Create Self-Sensing, Self-Healing Composite Materials

Previous work incorporated mechanophore, a material that undergoes chemical or physical response under mechanical stress, into an epoxy resin to create a composite that emits fluorescence under stress. This fluorescence

Assessing Organic Farm Nutrient Management

The United States Department of Agriculture provides requirements for a farm operation to become certified organic, but how do these regulations influence nutrient management? There is insufficient evidence to show

Recycling of Plastic Waste for Additive Manufacturing

Due to energy, economic, and logistical difficulties, the poor polymer recycling rate remains a difficulty for humanity today. The usage of thermoplastic materials in the industrial and public open-source additive

Chemical engineering graduate student Anna Mangus conducts research as part of the MORE program.

Cryogenic Electron Tomography and 3D Reconstructions of the Intracellular Extracellular Nanowire Interface of Geobacter Sulfurreducens

Geobacter sulfurreducens are bacteria that use cellular respiration to naturally convert carbon substrates into harvestable electricity. Important morphological information of two structures involved in this process remains to be elucidated:

Combined Effect of Variable Stiffness and Damping Controller to Correct and Augment Ankle Motion

Human walking is associated with exertion that results in muscle fatigue. Fatigue is an important parameter that determines the deviation of abnormal gait. But accurate forces to an abnormal gait

Nucleic Acid Delivery from 3D-Printed Scaffolds

3D printing/bioprinting and gene activated matrix are promising techniques to fabricate scaffolds with well-controlled and patient-specific structures and gene delivery for tissue engineering. In this study, we developed derivatives of

Extended Kalman Filter Based Sensor Fusion for State Estimation of a Soft Robot Arm

Soft robots could be used directly with humans without the danger that is inherently associated with rigid robots. Currently, one major issue with soft robots is the lack of reliable

Transient Cryothermal Measurements for Fast Dynamic Radiative Cooling

This project aims to achieve sub-second transient cryothermal measurements of radiative coatings by iterating upon an existing custom cryostat platform. The modifications include suspension of the sample holder within the

S. Saketha Ramunajam Samavedam

Imaging Methods to Augment Human Vision Beyond Direct Line-of-Sight with mmWaves

This project is aimed at developing a robust classification and reconstruction mechanism capable of accurately estimating and correcting the position of objects that are hidden behind line-of-sight obstacles. This is

Enhanced Air Dehumidification Using Stretchable Tubing

Dehumidifiers are essential household appliances in many tropical regions of the world, where high ambient humidity can lead to negative health effects ranging from physical discomfort to mold-related sicknesses. Common

Active Vibration Protection for Rocket Electronics

This research explores the ability to use control algorithms and AI to stabilize electronics in a rocket payload bay. Since the payload is often quite delicate (expensive satellites, robotics, and

Immunomodulatory Exosome Loaded Synthetic Hydrogels for Cell Encapsulation

Pregnancy is a natural phenomenon where tissue types of different antigen signatures co-exist without eliciting an immune response from the host. Immunomodulation occurs in a site-specific manner at this interface

Engineering of a Microbial Host for the Degradation of Recalcitrant Biomass

Developing a microbial platform for the breakdown of recalcitrant biomass will enable the sustainable production of valuable chemicals.

Removal of Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) from Water by Ion Exchange (IX)

Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are toxic anthropogenic compounds widely used in the industry due to their stability, persistence, and repellency. One reliable mechanism recently adapted for the removal of the so-called

Enabling Circular Economies of Recyclable Materials Through Matrix Completion

An integral part in improving our recycling process is the development of circular economies. One of the major hindrances to the development of circular economies is the incompleteness of commodity

Learning Complex Behaviors from Simple Behaviors: An Analysis of Behavior-Based Modular Design for RL Agents

In this research, I present an algorithm that aims at combining behavior such that the resulting behavior has characteristics of each individual behavior. This approach has been inspired by subsumption

Lily Baye-Wallace demonstrates a hip exosuit

A Soft Robotic Hip Exosuit (SR-HExo) to Enable Entrainment during Human Locomotion

Over 7 million American stroke survivors require gait rehabilitation due to initial or persistent mobility deficits. Expansion of the “basin of entrainment” is a rehabilitative practice that improves gait uniformity

Mounika Kakarla (right) and faculty mentor Assistant Professor Kenan Song

Manufacture of 3D Printed Composite Structures via Multiphase Direct Ink Writing

Although additive manufacturing is a rapid prototyping technology, the printing resolution for most commercial printers are limited to microscales, especially the lack of high-resolution structural control in the case of

Perspective Variant Preference-Based Learning with Quadcopter Swarms

Preference-based learning allows for non-expert users to interact with reinforcement learning agents in a way that they can shape their behaviors. This work intends to push the current implementations of

Monitoring Upright Posture in Individuals with Parkinson’s Disease: Foundations for a System to Provide Real-Time Feedback

Stooped posture is one of the main characteristic features in Parkinson’s Disease (PD). While the severity of stooped posture (SP) varies from person to person, research has shown that the

Designing Personalized Assistive Technology for Student with Cerebral Palsy

One of the symptoms of Cerebral Palsy (CP) is the lack of spatial awareness due to the inability to respond well to visual cues. This project seeks to augment visual

Factors that Influence Ankle Stiffness During the Stance Phase of Walking

Understanding human joint mechanical impedance — a measurement reflecting stiffness, damping, and inertia — is a potentially useful metric for diagnostic purposes that can also aid in the design of

Alternative Promoter Usage Using Transcription Start Sites

With relatively small genomes, many species have evolved mechanisms for diversifying their transcriptome (set of messenger mRNA transcripts in a given cell). One of the mechanisms to do so is

Evaluating How Empathy Optimizes Transparency and Trust in pHRI

This research investigates how a robot’s empathy, the ability to allow humans to misunderstand a robot’s intent, optimizes the transparency and trust in the Human-Robot Interaction (HRI). The robot is

A Novel Approach to Perform Rank-One Updates in Machine Learning

The fact that ML algorithms can suffer from significant rounding errors and affect their output has received little attention. Moreover, techniques for avoiding rounding errors tend to be computationally expensive.

Employing Deep Learning and GPS Outdoor Positioning for Vision-Aided mmWave Beam Prediction

This project is aimed at utilizing machine learning frameworks to develop an optimized beam training model, capable of predicting the optimal direction of mmWave signal at a considerable success probability,

Investigation of Reactive Oxidative Stress Using a Uniaxial Stretch Model to Simulate Physiological Micromotion Induced Cyclic Strain on Brain

Physiological micromotion, such as breathing and vascular pulsations, has a significant impact on the reliability of implants used in neuromodulation therapies. Micromotion-induced stresses and strain are hypothesized to impact neuronal

Parth Khopkar and Heni Ben Amor

Control and Coordination of Multi-Robot Swarm Systems

Robot swarms show great promise in performing complex tasks in areas ranging from search and rescue to interplanetary exploration and yet controlling the behaviors of these swarms effectively is an

Effect of Impurities on Shock-Induced Phase Transformations in Silica Glasses

Silica glasses are an important component for protecting personal and equipment on battlefields. Impact pressures generated by modern weapons can cause silica glass to crystallize from its original amorphous state

Electrocorticography Array for Simultaneous Measurement of Local Field Potentials and Tissue Oxygenation

Nervous tissue is known to be extremely vulnerable to discontinuities of oxygen and energy substrates. The brain must have a constant supply of energy to prevent abnormal behavior because the

Dean Spyres and Mayo Clinic staff.

3D Printed Indirect Ophthalmoscope Accessory for Mobile Device

Ophthalmoscopes are integral to diagnosing a variety of eye conditions, however, they often come at a hefty cost and are not generally portable making access limited. With the increase in

How Does Simulated Physiological, Cyclic Stretch Affect Oxygen Demand at Neural Interfaces?

Neuromodulation devices are a very important therapeutic tool for many neurological disorders such as in deep brain stimulation for Parkinson’s disease. It is important to know how biological and mechanical

Investigating the Effect of Silver Oxide (AgOx) Layer on the Optical and Electrical Properties of a Perovskite-Based Structure/Device

In recent years, perovskite solar cells (PVSCs) have emerged as highly promising solar advancements. This is due to their highly cost-effective manufacturing processes while demonstrating excellent performance. However, the commercialization

Modulating Gait Symmetric Adaptation via Split-Belt Treadmill Distortion and Explicit Visual Feedback Distortion and Evaluating the Aftereffects of Adapted Step Length Symmetry

Following neurological disease or injury, such as stroke, it is common for patients to lose functionality and coordination of their lower limbs. Rehabilitation techniques, such as gait training, are widely

Reprocessable Thermoset Photopolymers in 3D Printing Application

A UV photoinduced step-growth cross-linked network that incorporates dynamic disulfide linkages into the backbone is reported. Multifunctional enes and thiols are used to create a polymer network via photoinduced radical-mediated

Design of a Controller for a Lizard Inspired Tube Inspection Robot

In this work, a smart force feedback controller is designed for a Lizard Inspired Tube Inspection (LTI) robot that has force-sensitive sensors embedded in its fingers. The primary function of

Control of Tissue Homeostasis, Tumorigenesis, and Degeneration by Coupled Bidirectional Bistable Switches

The Hippo signaling pathway plays a key role in determining organ size and maintaining tissue homeostasis through regulation of apoptosis and cell proliferation. Disrupting the balance between these biological processes

The Effect of Sleep Deprivation on the Startle Response

The reticulospinal system of the brain is responsible for learning motor skills. As humans age, the quality and quantity of sleep continually decreases leading to memory and learning deficits. In

Cost and Lead Time Reduction of Replacement Piping Using Additive Manufacturing

Metal 3D printing has grown up from its research stage to the fabrication for a wide range of commercial functional applications. Metal 3D printing is now popular in industries to

Propagation of Interictal Spikes in Epilepsy

Interictal spikes are typically regarded as a sign of epilepsy, although their precise role in epilepsy remains vague. This study explores the spatiotemporal dynamics of sequences of interictal spikes in

Performing Phenotypical Studies For An Adaptable Multi-Modality pH-Sensitive Nanoprobe for Real-Time Monitoring of Engineered Cells and Tissues

A versatile technology for the assessment of cell and tissue viability in different culture systems remains a concern in the biomanufacturing industry. Through this project, the research team studied the

Additive Manufacturing of Polymeric Material with Metallic Structures via Electrically Assisted Stereolithography

Metallic structures on polymer surfaces are gaining a lot of interest due to their unique applications such as ICs, antennas, and metamaterials. Most additive manufacturing (AM) can only fabricate 3D

Synthesis on 2D Quantum RTe3 and Characterization to Confirm its CDW States

In the Rare-earth-Tri-telluride family, RTe3s [R=La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Er, Ho, Tm] the emergence of Charge Density Waves (CDWs) has been under investigation for a long time

MXene Particle Synthesis and Their Scalability

The objective of the research is to synthesize MXene (Ti3AlC2) nanoparticles of a few microns in lateral dimension, without surface defects for microscale patterning. The in-situ HF (LiF + HCl)

Online Prediction for Vision-based Active Pursuit using a Domain Agnostic Offline Motion Model

The use of a Long Short-Term Memory Network-based domain-agnostic predictive pursuit agent is proposed as an alternative to conventional methods such as Kalman Filtering. The empirical results from the pursuit-evasion

The Use of a Virtual Cane for Improving Standing Postural Stability

This study introduces a virtual cane (VC) device for improving standing balance. Unlike typical canes, VC does not provide any physical support but haptic feedback to help users adjust their

Engineering High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and inexpensive source of energy as compared

Structural Beam Based Stereolithography for Rapid Continuous Additive Manufacturing

Conventional traditional manufacturing involves enormous waste materials and consumes a lot of energy and time. Additive Manufacturing technologies provide a sustainable manufacturing environment and possess the ability to produce parts

Adversarial Attacks on Autonomous Driving with Physically Realizable Patterns

Following the physical adversarial attacks faced by Deep Neural Networks (DNNs), controllers learned using such DNNs with Reinforcement Learning (RL) approach are also vulnerable particularly in risk-sensitive areas such as

Fabrication of Oxide-Inclusions in Liquid Metal

The goal of this work is to create a new class of multiphase liquid metal pastes with designable properties through the incorporation of solid and liquid additives. Liquid metals represent

Vibro-Thermal Device for Socio-Emotional Communication through Pattern Generation

Touch plays an essential social role in fostering and maintaining emotional communication in human relationships, which has changed due to the current pandemic. The research team proposes to create a

A Novel Approach to Perform Rank-one Updates in Machine Learning

Data proliferation has made Machine Learning (ML) algorithms ubiquitous. However, the fact that ML algorithms can suffer from significant rounding errors and affect their output has received little attention. Moreover,

Study the Mechanical Properties of Stereolithography 3D printed Polymer Nanodiamond Composite

The goal of this project is to study the mechanical properties of Nanodiamond (ND) fillers in nanocomposite resin for Stereolithography (SLA) 3D printers. In pursuit of this goal, three specific

Characterization of the CNT Agglomerate Interphase in a Three-Phase Nanocomposite

This research explores the inhomogeneous interphase properties of three-phase polymer matrix composites (PMC). PFQNM was utilized to detect an abrupt transition in reduced modulus from 8-10 GPa to 4-7 GPa

Control and Coordination of Multi-Robot Swarm Systems

Robot swarms show great promise in performing complex tasks in areas ranging from search and rescue to interplanetary exploration and yet controlling the behaviors of these swarms effectively is an

3D Printing of Stainless-Steel Replacement Piping for Corrosive and Low-Pressure Environments

Corrosion is one of the foremost causes of stainless-steel (SS 316L) pipeline failures. In phase II, the corrosion performance of welded Selective Laser Melting (SLM) printed structure is studied along

Simulation Framework for Driving Data Collection and Object Detection Algorithms to Aid Autonomous Vehicle Emulation of Human Driving Styles

Identifying objects and estimating the volume enclosed by these objects is a critical index in determining the viability of autonomous vehicles (AVs) and is crucial for inculcating safety measures. Including

Virtual Testing to Determine the Behavior of Orthotropic Materials

Composites are gaining popularity in the aerospace, automotive, and civil industries since their properties are attractive for products in these fields. The focus of this research is to develop a

Predicting Flow Function of Bulk-Solids and Powders at Different Size Ranges and Moisture Conditions

The purpose of the research is to model the flowability of bulk-solids/powders, thereby helping in the industrial handling and processing of such substances to be more efficient and sustainable. Flowability

Characterization and Modeling of Ankle Impedance During the Stance Phase of Walking

Understanding human joint mechanical impedance – a measurement reflecting stiffness, damping, and inertia – is a potentially useful metric for diagnostic purposes that can also aid in the design of

Develop a 3D Printable Nanodiamond Polymer Nanocomposite Resin towards Fabrication of Low Cost Thermally Conducting Devices

Nanocomposite (NC) resins have demonstrated its capability to improve properties of parts fabricated by stereolithographic (SLA) additive manufacturing (AM) thus fostering their end-use application. Nanodiamond (ND) filled acrylate polymers have

Study on Human Postural Stability During Upright Standing Using Novel Two-Axis Robotic Platform

Quantifying human standing stability under 2-dimensional (2D) dynamically unstable environments is critical since those environments are related to falling and its consequences. This study investigates the standing stability under 2D

Non-Toxic Nucleation and Passivation of Silver Nanoparticles on Stainless Steel for Biofouling Control

This project proposes to improve the long-term performance of silver-based surface coatings used for biofouling control on various surfaces. The research includes the generation of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) on

Intelligent Surfaces for 5G and Beyond Wireless Communications

In the modern era of wireless communication, beam steering is the pillar for efficient communication in 5G applications. Multibit Reflectarray antenna achieves reconfigurability by using RF switches (PIN diodes) and

Engineering High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and inexpensive source of energy as compared

Development of A Photo-Responsive Moisture-Absorbent Composite for Atmospheric Water Extraction

Atmospheric water extraction technology, utilizing adsorbents to provide fresh water to tackle the crisis of water resource shortage, holds promise but currently suffers from excess required energy. To address power

Investigation of a polyether urethane-based polymer for promoting bone tissue healing

Interest in the field of tissue engineering is rapidly increasing due to its role in providing a platform for regenerative medicine and tissue repair solutions. In particular, there is a

Zwitterionic Poly (Arylene Ether Sulfone) Membranes for Treatment of Reverse Osmosis Brine by Pervaporation

RO, a commercial process to produce freshwater from seawater produces concentrated brine solutions which cannot be further purified by RO. The aim of this research is to purify RO brine

Engineering Novel Microbead Encapsulated Three Dimensional Tumor and Stem Cell Models for Regenerative Medicine

Two-dimensional culture and entrapment of cells have been long studied using ECM-induced, cell-signaling induced, and biochemical-induced modes. But the significant efforts in recent years have demonstrated the advantage of three-dimensional

Modifying the Structure and Capacitive Performance of Holey Graphene by Microwave-Thermal Pretreatment

The purpose of this project is to research the effect of microwave pretreatment on the size, population and distribution of nanosized holes as well as the relationship between pretreatment conditions

Design of High-Frequency Large Intelligent Surfaces Using Reflectarrays

With advancing technology, there has been a constant demand for increased cellular data rate and connectivity as number of connected users is expected to be 28.5 billion by 2022. This

Variable Impedance Control of the Robotic Ankle Joint

This study introduces a variable impedance controller for implementation in wearable robots. The controller applies a range of robotic damping and stiffness to the coupled human-robot system based on the

Activation Energy Extraction of Electrodeposit Growth in Nanoionic Materials and Devices

This research project is focused on chalcogenide-based materials which function as an electrolytic layer in nanoionic devices. In depositing this electrolytic layer between metal electrodes, the movement of metal cations

Characterization of the CNT Agglomerate Interphase in a Three-Phase Nanocomposite

This research explores the inhomogeneous interphase properties of three-phase polymer matrix composites (PMC) using PeakForce Quantitative Nanomechanical Mapping (PFQNM) technique. An abrupt transition in reduced modulus from 6-10 GPa to

Develop a 3D Printable Nanodiamond Polymer Nanocomposite Resin towards Fabrication of Low Cost Thermally Conducting Devices

Nanocomposite (NC) resins have demonstrated its capability to improve properties of parts fabricated by stereolithographic (SLA) additive manufacturing (AM) thus fostering their end use application. Nanodiamond (ND) filled acrylate polymers

3D Printing of Stainless-Steel Replacement Piping for Corrosive and Low-Pressure Environments

Corrosion is one of the foremost causes of stainless-steel (SS 316L) pipeline failures. Process water containing salts and ions reacts with surfaces causing pitting corrosion leading to frequent failures. Selective

Predicting Flow Function of Bulk-Solids and Powders at Different Size Ranges and Moisture Conditions

The purpose of the research is to model the flowability of bulk-solids/powders, thereby helping in the industrial handling and processing of such substances to be more efficient and sustainable. Flowability

Development of A Photo-Responsive Moisture-Absorbent Composite for Atmospheric Water Extraction

Atmospheric water extraction utilizing adsorbent to provide fresh water shows promise but currently suffers from energy intensive. To address power concern, a hybrid adsorbent consisting of a hygroscopic material, a

Novel Solid Fuel Fabrication using Direct Ink Writing based Additive Manufacturing

Coal is one of the largest sources of energy consumption in the world. However, current manufacturing methods have become increasingly difficult in meeting the requirements of fuel material fabrication in

Electrospun Pretreatment Membranes

Reverse osmosis (RO) is a well-researched technology among the pressure driven processes to produce potable water and RO membranes are susceptible to fouling that hinders the efficiency. Therefore, this work

Investigating the Impact of Environmental Features on Multi-Agent Communication

Traditional reinforcement learning methods have been challenging to apply to multi-agent settings, thanks to the nonstationarity of the environment, until recently. This project aims to employ such multi-agent RL methods

Sensing and Controls of an Assistive Knee Exoskeleton

Assistive exoskeletons are an increasingly valuable rehabilitation tool for patients with neurological damage. However, high level assistive control of exoskeletons remains a challenge. Many different sensors must work in concert

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep-brain-stimulation (DBS), which is a clinical intervention for Parkinson’s disease, research was done on development of a system which would use cerebral blood flow rates and their changes to optimize

Ant-Inspired Control Strategies for Collective Transport by Dynamic Teams with Temporary Leaders

Ant groups often work together to transport food and materials back to their nests. In some cases, the group exhibits leader-follower behaviors where a single ant guides the entire group

Learning Deep Neural Interaction Policy for ExoSkeleton Control

The purpose of this research is to develop a deep-learning-based approach to control a custom-built hip exoskeleton. A key component is to leverage learning-based techniques to adapt across different walking

Investigation into regeneration methods of desiccants for vacuum desiccant cooling

Personal cooling has many medical, defense, industrial, and recreational uses. Many methods being used are heavy, cumbersome, and uncomfortable. Vacuum desiccant cooling has the potential for being a lightweight, energy-efficient,

Three-dimensionally (3D) Printed Bio-inspired Hydrophobic Surfaces for Improving Spray Cooling Technique

This study investigates a 3D printing process for bio-inspired structures and their application in spray cooling. This research used a micrometer-scale, digital light processing 3D printing technique to fabricate arrays

3D printed Oscillating Flow Mixers to Enhance Heat Transfer in Liquid Cooling Channels

Heat transfer enhancement technique is an area of considerable interest, contributing to advances in heat exchangers and thermodynamic systems. This research investigates advanced passive vortex generators, i.e., oscillating flow mixers,

Development of A Polymer Composite With Conductive Abilities For Sensor Application

This research project investigates the effect of the ratio of conductive nanofiller to elastomer in a conductive polymer matrix. This research uses a polymer composite made with carbon nanotubes and

Tuning the Hydrophilicity and Porosity of Electrospun Membranes for Pretreatment in Water Filtration

The reverse osmosis (RO) water treatment process is a well-researched technology among the pressure driven processes to produce potable water. RO membranes are susceptible to fouling and scaling. This work

Through-Thickness Interphase Characterization of PMC

Mechanical properties of a polymer matrix composite (PMC) are driven by the local interphase properties. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), using the technique of Peak Force Quantitative Mechanical Nanomechanical Mapping (PF

Creating a Multi-Modal Near Infrared Photoacoustic Fluorescence Microscopy System for In Vivo Imaging

Current optical imaging techniques have a limited penetration depth based on the high attenuation of visible light in biological tissue. Fluorescent and photoacoustic microscopy are methods currently used to explore

Gait Sensing using Fabric based Soft Inflatable Actuators and Force Haptic Feedback

The physical therapists commonly make use of their visual prowess to ensure that the patients adapt correct walking patterns by observing for postural abnormalities and cuing when necessary. For better

Bicycle Rider Pose Estimation from Physical Human-Robot Interaction Forces

Riding a bicycle requires simultaneous balance and navigation, which may be difficult or even impossible for persons with disabilities. This may be partly alleviated by providing active balance and steering

Magnetic Needle Steering for Minimally Invasive Surgery

This research aims to provide surgeons with a way to conduct more complex surgeries with increased precision and control in a minimally invasive manner. By utilizing a robotic arm to

Analyzing the Effect of Contact Resistance on the Temperature Field Evolution During Resistance Spot Welding

Resistance spot welding is used to join metal sheets together by sandwiching workpieces between two electrodes passing a high current through the assembly which generates resistive heating that melts the

Utilizing Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors (HDACi) to Alleviate Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Pathology

Following traumatic brain injury (TBI), the body initiates pro-inflammatory responses which in excess, may lead to neurodegeneration. Recent studies report histone deacetylases (HDAC) as a key player in modulating neuroinflammation,

Drone Swarms in Search and Rescue Operations

The last decade has seen an increase in research of autonomous vehicles. This research tries to tackle autonomy in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) by specifically designing decentralized controllers for platooning.

Thermodynamic Cycle and Efficiency Analysis of the Thermal Hydraulic Engine

About 20-50% of industrial processes input energy is lost as waste heat. The thermal hydraulic engine relies on the thermodynamic properties of supercritical CO2 to efficiently perform work. The research

Controlling Silver Release from Antimicrobial Surface Coatings for Biofouling Control

Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) can be used as surface coatings to control the spread of microorganisms due to the high antimicrobial activity of silver ions (Ag+). However, over long periods of

Automated Design of Graded Material Transitions for Educational Robotics Applications

This project is studying the impact that graded material transitions have on the performance of multi-material components. The researchers have generated a set of tensile test samples that represent multiple

Experimentally Validated DEM Simulations for Conduction Based Heat Transfer in Rotary Drums Filled with Monodispersed Particles at Slow Rotational Speed

Discrete Element Method (DEM) simulations validated by experiments are being carried out to understand and quantify the heat transfer by conduction in rotary drums filled with mono-dispersed particles ranging from

Design of High-Frequency Large Intelligent Surfaces using Reflectarray Antennas

With advancing technology, there has been a constant demand for increased cellular data rate and connectivity as number of connected users is expected to be 28.5 billion by 2022. This

Photosynthetic Fixation of Fermentation Off Gases

Controlling the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere is a major challenge facing global environmental sustainability. Fermentation off gases consist of mostly CO2 and are a major byproduct

Cas9 Mediated Adenosine Transient Reporter for Editing Enrichment

CRISPR/Cas9 systems can be used to edit induced pluripotent stem cells to create nearly any genomic edit for disease-modeling. However, there is no readily available phenotype to enrich for edited

Needle Tracking System

The motivation for the project is to design a method for tracking a needle, steered by permanent magnets, inside the human body while performing targeted drug delivery. A small tube

New Process with Flexible Perovskite Solar Cell

In the 21st century, the applications of wearable devices are already extended beyond the scope of predicting gambling results. In practice, it has been widely applied in various fields like

Variable Impedance as Control Scheme for Enhanced Performance and Stability of Active Ankle Foot Orthosis

Human walking is associated with exertion that results in muscle fatigue. This fatigue is a key parameter in determining deviation of an abnormal gait. But, accurate forces to an abnormal

Engineering an Encapsulated 3D Tumor Dormancy Model In Vivo Using NRAS-Mutant Melanoma Cells

Two-dimensional entrapment of tumor cells to study dormancy has been studied before using ECM-induced, cell signaling-induced, biochemical-induced, etc. modes for cancers such as prostate, lung, colorectal, pancreatic, etc. in vitro,

Fabricate Holey Structure to Improve Capacitive Performance of Graphene

Drilling nanosized holes on the graphene basal plane can improve its capacitance and create an efficient ion transport pathway. To take advantage of this effect, the holey graphene-based electrode was

Efficient Policy Iteration Architecture for Learning Rollout Policy in POMDP

The research project considers an infinite horizon discounted dynamic programming problem with finite state and control space under partial observability. These problems are hard due to the curse of dimensionality.

DNA Repair Capacity of NRAS-Mutant Melanoma 3D Spheroids Under Oxidative Stress and DNA Repair Inhibition

B-Raf inhibitor resistance in NRAS-mutant melanoma cells results in poor prognosis and aggressive clinical behavior. Currently, there is a need for therapies that circumvent this resistance in NRAS-mutant melanoma. This research describes

Activation Energy Extraction of Electrodeposit Growth in Nanoionic Materials and Devices

Applied nanoionics is a field that involves the practical use of nanoionic materials and devices. The research focuses on chalcogenide-based electrolytes that support the growth of metallic dendrites. By growing

Loperamide Encapsulated Nanoparticles for Evaluating Blood Brain Barrier Permeability Post-Experimental Traumatic Brain Injury

Due to traumatic brain injury (TBI) presenting with extensive treatment challenges, this study created nanoparticles to evaluate the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics associated with drug delivery in a compromised blood-brain barrier. Loperamide encapsulated

2D Variable Damping Control of the Robotic Ankle Joint to Improve Trade-off between Agility and Stability and Reduce Effort

This study introduces a two-dimensional variable damping controller for implementation in wearable robots. The controller applies a range of robotic damping between negative and positive to the coupled human-robot system.

Targeting B-cell lymphoma through the use of CAR macrophages

B cell lymphoma is a cancer of the white blood cells, which develops when the body starts making abnormal B cells. Abnormal B cells hinder the body’s ability to fight

Experimental Analysis on the Effect of Human Learning on Physical Human-robot Interaction

To develop robots that effectively interact with humans, it is important to understand how humans teach and learn in different scenarios. The research aims to collect data for pairs of

Characterization of Glass Beads: Flowability and Angle of Repose Part II

Characterization of particulate process and product design is a difficult field because of the unique properties and behaviors of particles that differ from gasses and liquids. The purpose of this

Phase-field modeling of electromigration-mediated hillock growth in copper interconnects

Miniaturization of device dimensions comes at the cost of increasing microelectronic integrated circuit complexity and operating current densities. The high current densities impart momentum to metal ions triggering atomic diffusion

Investigating the Role of Astrocytes on GSC Invasion In A 3D Microfluidic Vascular Tumor Model

Glioblastoma Multiforme is the most aggressive cancer that begins within the brain. They can either start from normal brain cells or develop from an existing low-grade astrocytoma, and are housed

Wireless ECoG (Electrocorticography) for Intra-operative Neurophysiological Monitoring

Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is the most common central nervous system tumor with short life expectancy and only a limited number of patients survive more than three years following diagnosis. During

Lizard Inspired Pipe Testing Robot

The objective of the research is to design four-finger under-actuated gripper which can be used for lizard inspired robot to climb and perform non-destructive testing of boiler pipes. To achieve

Towards Portability of Pneumatic Wearable Devices using Low-Volume Inflatable Actuator Composites and a Portable Pneumatic Source

Common drawbacks of pneumatically-actuated soft wearable devices include tethered air supplies and slow actuation speeds. The design of efficient and portable soft-pneumatic systems necessitates new soft actuators and pneumatic sources.

Thermogalvanic Brick

The huge amount of waste heat and the constant demand for electric energy makes this an appreciable research topic, yet at present there is no commercially viable technology to harness

Investigating the Performance of 3D-printed Sorbents for Direct Air Capture of CO2

Since the industrial revolution around 1750, global emissions of CO2 have increased more than 46% being the major cause of global warming. In this research the moisture driven-cycle for direct

Robot Navigation using Wireless Signals in an Indoor/Outdoor Environment

This research is performed to enable aerial robots to navigate through indoor environments using wireless signals. This provides an important supplementary capability to vision and LiDAR-based approaches since wireless signals

Magnetic Needle Steering for Minimally Invasive Surgery

This research aims to provide surgeons with a way to conduct more complex surgeries with increased precision and control in a minimally invasive manner. By utilizing a robotic arm to

Fabrication of High-performance Carbon Fibers

Mechanical properties of carbon fibers are dependent on the continuity, density and interfacial action of the hierarchical graphitic structures. The presence of voids formed during crystallization due to the random

Role Adaptation in Robots for Effective Physical Human-Robot Interaction

Modern robotic devices are required to perform certain tasks where they need to teach actions to humans through haptic/physical interactions, e.g., rehabilitative robots. For achieving that, a simulation study, with

Integration of Renewables and Cost-Efficient Technologies in Transmission Expansion Planning

Extreme weather events can cause blackouts by damaging the electric network. While peak loads are projected to increase over time, the transmission capacity of current-carrying lines is estimated to reduce

Damage Modes of Carbon Nanotubes Embedded in Epoxy-Resin polymeric Material

Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) have extraordinary mechanical, electrical, optical and thermal properties closely related to their shape and deformation, creating a wide potential of applications. However, enough investigation has not been

Proposed Enhancements to Pavement ME Design: Improved Consideration of the Influence of Subgrade Soils Susceptible to Shrink/Swell on Pavement Performance

A hypothesis has been put forward that the seasonal variation in moisture demands of vegetation growing in the vicinity of the pavement has adverse effects on the subgrade through shrink/swell

Design, Characterization and Manufacturing of Solid-core/Porous-shell Fiber Structures

The goal of this research is the development of a composite fibre impregnated with titania for high throughput and cheap water disinfection. These composite fibers are composed of a solid

Lizard Inspired Tube Inspection Robot

The environmental conditions within the boiler tube can be highly aggressive, which can alter the microstructure of tubing. Electromagnetic sensors have the capability to scan through these tubes and detect

Regression analysis of lithium-ion battery degradation data

The focus of this research is to carry out regression analysis to discover the factors that significantly contribute to the life cycle of the lithium-ion cells using the degradation data.

Needle Tracking System

The motivation for the project is to design a method for tracking a needle, steered by permanent magnets, inside the human body while performing targeted drug delivery. A small tube

Wideband Microwave Radar for Autonomous Navigation

This research aims to develop a deeper knowledge of how radar systems are used for autonomous navigation. Small on chip radar systems can be implemented in various technologies, such automobiles,


Augmented reality computing environments further the richness of the mobile experience by providing applications a continuous vision experience, where visual information continuously provides context for applications. In a modern mobile

Study of Exfoliation Steps for Copper 2D MOFs

2D MOFs (metal organic frameworks) have shown promise in applications such as separation, catalysis, and medicine due to their tailorable structure and function, a result of high aspect ratios. This

An Interactive AR/VR Game Framework for Autonomous Quadcopter Development and Pilot Training.

Micro aerial vehicle development processes can be adversely affected during testing and implementation of flight control systems. The purpose of this research is to cut down the time, energy and

Hydrogen Storage Techniques in Fuel Cell Vehicles

Hydrogen is becoming increasingly an important fuel for transportation applications. The storage of hydrogen in fuel cell vehicles has been problematic to date due to low energy density of contemporary

Utilizing Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Conjugated to Biocompatible Gold Nanorods to Enhance Synchronous Beating and Functional Characteristics Similar to in vivo Cardiac Tissue

Myocardial infarction (MI), also known as heart attack, is one of the main causes of death in the United States. Cardiomyocytes derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC-CM) are

Force Measurement of Basilisk Lizard Running on Water

The goal of this research is to characterize the force interactions of a basilisk lizard exhibiting its unique ability to run across a body of water. A rigid testing structure

Investigation of Underlying Mechanisms for the Modulation of Multi-dimensional Ankle Stiffness

Characterization of multivariable ankle stiffness is important for better understanding how the ankle supports lower-extremity functions. The purpose of this research project is to further investigate the underlying mechanisms for

Lizard Inspired Tube Inspection Robot

The environmental conditions within the boiler tube can be highly aggressive, which can alter the micro-structure of tubing. Ultrasonic sensors have the capability to scan through these tubes and detect

Sex Differences in Voluntary Control Dynamics of the Knee and Ankle

Ever since Title IX in 1972, females have been known to have an increasingly higher rate of musculoskeletal injuries occurring while playing sports than in males. This study focuses on

Pore Wetting in Membrane Distillation

Membrane distillation (MD) provides a way to extract water from reverse osmosis (RO) brine with high water recovery and is a potential solution for brine management. However, pore wetting of membranes is a major

Characterization of Flexible Heat Sinks

The heat transfer rate through the thermal boundary layer increases when the hot surface is induced with vibrations. In this project, flexible heatsinks will be developed and characterized. The performance

Applying Developmental Biology Principles to Probe the Mechanisms of Selective Cell Vulnerability in Alzheimer’s Disease Using Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) affects over 5 million individuals in the US. The idea behind selective cell vulnerability in AD and various amyloid-dependent have been postulated. However, such mechanistic studies do

Non-invasive Cellular Detection Using the Photoacoustic Effect

The photoacoustic effect occurs when a target absorbs a specific wavelength of light, resulting in thermal expansion and the production of subsequent pressure waves. This phenomenon can be used in

Senescence Phenotype Analysis of Progerin Induced Alzheimer’s Disease Neural Progenitor Cell Line Using Confocal Microscopy

The caveat of using a human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) model for studying any late onset age progressive disorder like Alzheimer’s Disease (AD), is the loss of age-associated makers

Heat Transfer in a Rotary Drum using Infrared Camera Temperature Measurement

Rotary drums are used industrially for the mixing and heating of particulate materials including pharmaceuticals, food products, and cement. These processes are inefficient due to a lack of understanding of

Detection and Tracking of Objects Outside the Line of Sight of a Camera

Non-line-of-sight (NLOS) imaging is an emerging field of research with applications for autonomous vehicle collision avoidance, search and rescue operations, endoscopy, and others. This problem is challenging because NLOS objects

Formation of Heterostructure Nanoscrolls from 2D Materials for Enhanced Optoelectronic Performance

Semiconducting 2D transition-metal dichalcogenide materials, especially MoS2 and WS2, have been widely researched recently due to their promising characteristics for applications for electronic and optoelectronic devices. Heterostructures of stacked 2D

ML Phase Prediction of High-Entropy Alloys

Researchers apply Machine learning (ML) algorithms to efficiently explore phase selection rules using a comprehensive experimental dataset consisting of 401 different HEAs including 174 SS, 54 IM, and 173 SS+IM

LED Based Camera Pose Estimation

Augmented reality (AR) enhances the user view of the environment by overlaying the virtual information on the physical world, thereby creating an illusion to the user. For creating a good

Reduction in Soot Emission with Micro-Combustion

This study aims to analyze the effect of temperature on critical sooting equivalence ratio, precursor formation, soot inception and growth. A propane/air mixture at atmospheric pressure with temperatures ranging from

AFM Cantilever Based Near Field Radiation Heat Transfer Measurement

Planck’s theory of blackbody radiation imposes a limit on the maximum radiative transfer between two objects at a given temperature. The objective of the project is to measure the near

Video Motion Magnification to Enhance Speech of Patients with Deteriorated Speaking Ability

The project aims at using degraded speech as well as visual information to improve speech generation. ALS and Parkinson’s are one of the more dreadful diseases where people lose the

Deep Learning of Brain Images for Classifying High-Risk Alzheimer’s Disease Population

Researchers investigated that current methods for clinical diagnosis of AD are suboptimal. In recent years, the application of deep learning techniques to AD diagnosis has been broadly investigated due to

Synthesis and Characterization of Dual-Phase Inorganic Membranes

Over a third of CO2 emissions in the U.S can be traced to fossil fuel combustion. The impact of this harmful greenhouse gas can be mitigated with carbon capture and

Active Binocular Vergence-Gaze Control for Visual SLAM

Visual SLAM and active perception are significant in robotic related researches. However, the integration of two lacks exploration. Active control can improve the quality of visual sensor input, potential exploration policy

General Depth Estimation For Machine Vision Using Sparse Depths

The ubiquity of single camera systems in society has made improving monocular depth estimation a topic of increasing interest in the broader computer vision community. Inspired by recent work that

Waste Plastic-based and Biomimetic Multifunctional Coatings

Developing plastic coatings from waste plastic would decrease plastic waste and increase industrial reuse of plastics.

Studying Osteogenesis and Mineralization within Hyperglycemic In Vitro Cell Culture Models

Better understanding the complications of type 2 diabetes will ultimately improve upon current therapies.

SRP Polytechnic Solar Utilization

Examining the Polytechnic campus’s energy infrastructure will allow ASU to understand how it can implement more renewable energy sources.

The effect of corner radius on the mechanical behavior of additively manufactured honeycomb structures

Exploring design modifications of honeycomb structures used in cars and aircraft could improve mechanical performance.

Reductive Dechlorination of Trichloroethene(TCE) Sustained by Microbial Chain Elongation

Improving a bioremediation technique with microbes would clean contaminated sites and also produce valuable byproducts.

Opening Chromatin and Improving CRISPR/Cas9 editing with Engineered Pioneer Factors

Improving efficiency of genetic engineering techniques will reduce the trial and error costs of cell engineering.

Monolithic silicon module manufacturing

Developing a new low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell module configuration will transform the way power is generated on a terawatt scale.

Mathematical Programming Models and Algorithms for Landscape Connectivity and Compactness in Conservation Planning

Creating a model to optimize land conservation would enable more effective planning and endangered species protection.

Investigating Cancer Cell Death and Cell-Signaling Pathways using HSP90 Inhibition and APE1 Inhibition

Studying drug delivery to melanoma cells in 3D models will help understand melanoma survival pathways and provide new treatments.

Hydrogel polymers: An experimental study for forward osmosis desalination

Developing a more energy-efficient desalination method would increase access to fresh water.

Design And Mechanical Analysis Of Thermogalvanic Brick

Utilizing the temperature difference across brick walls of buildings to generate energy can cut down energy consumption.

AFM Based Near Field Radiation Heat Transfer Measurement

Understanding near-field radiative heat transfer could lead to advances in microelectronics, optical data storage and energy conversion devices.

An Interactive AR/VR Game framework for Autonomous Quadcopter Development and Pilot Training.

Creating an augmented or virtual reality drone flight development and training program will save time and costs.

A Comprehensive Study of Sex Difference in Neuromuscular Control of the Knee Joint

Quantifying reasons behind ACL injuries based on sex will increase understanding help develop better rehabilitation methods.

Studying novel radar techniques could help autonomous vehicles track objects.

Functionalizing Zirconium-MOFs via Exchange of Low-Valence State Cations

Studying materials that can be used for gas separation can lead to new industrial carbon capture methods.

Ab Initio Playing Pentagon Puzzles

Exploring the properties of 2D nanomaterials could lead to new methods of energy harvesting and storage.

Design and development of an oxygen-sensitive coating on carbon microelectrode to quantitatively assess pO2 changes around interface using novel siloxane-based MR imaging technique

Creating a novel technology to listen to neurons will help in monitoring the evolution of brain diseases and treatment efficiency.

Stochastic Modeling and Optimization to Improve Identification and Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is the 6th leading cause of death in the United States and affects more than 5 million people. AD can be detected at an early stage through

Evaluating the Effects of a Negatively-Damped Ankle-Foot Orthosis on Gait

The purpose of this research is to investigate the viability of negative damping as a control scheme for a wearable ankle exoskeleton. Negative damping can be thought of as the

Process Gas Analysis on Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Algae

The objective of this study was to quantify the non-nitrogen elements of the off gas produced during the hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) process using algal feedstock. The principle product of HTL

Turbulent Drag Reduction in Pipes by Spanwise Wall Oscillations

Pipe flow is crucial for transporting industrial fluids over large-scale distances. A good example is the Alaskan North Slope pipeline, which transports crude oil hundreds of miles from the drilling

Developing Novel 3D Printed Hydrogel-based Bioinks

The research team is developing a novel 3D printed hydrogel-based bioinks aimed at improving the understanding of and replicating the biochemical and biophysical cues required for musculoskeletal tissue function and

Around the Corner Imaging at Terahertz

This research presents a novel method for imaging objects hidden around corners by exploiting the scattering properties of THz waves. The researchers will modify the backpropagation SAR imaging algorithm to

In Vitro Cell Culture Model on the Influence of Advanced Glycation End-Products and Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of osteoporotic fracture. During prolonged hyperglycemia present in diabetic microenvironments, glucose can react with proteins and/or lipids

Implementation of Self Adjustable Treadmill

Can you walk on a treadmill as comfortably as you would over ground? While this seems challenging, the implementation of a self-paced mode in the instrumented treadmill enables the treadmill

Scalable Manufacturing Processes for Functionalized UV Transparent Nano-Porous Filament

An efficient and cost-effective method for water purification is achieved by irradiating ultraviolet light on a semiconductor metal-oxide like Titanium Dioxide (TiO2), thereby activating it and releasing electrons that cause

Modeling the Voluntary Reflex of the Human Ankle

This research provides a system model for the torque generation of a healthy human ankle undergoing voluntary reflex. This project also provides a physical platform to further study the ankle

Point-of-Care Mutation Detection in Navajo Neurohepatopathy

Navajo neurohepatopathy (NNH) is a fatal genetic disorder often caused by 149G>A mutation in the MPV17 gene. NNH (affecting 1-in-1600 Navajo babies) is characterized by brain damage and liver disease/failure.

Haptic Vision Substitution

The Haptic Vision Substitution Project involves a device that will assist the blind in “feeling” their surroundings. The device that is under research and development consists of a palm-sized vibrating

Chat-Box as Mood Analyzer for Individuals with Social Interaction Disabilities

More than 360 million people worldwide suffer from hearing impairments and autism. They also have a difficult time observing the social world and interpreting it. Similarly, the inherently ambiguous nature

Design of Compact Lower Limb Exoskeleton for Gait Assistance

Robotic Exoskeletons assist patients with impaired mobility due to aging and spinal cord injuries, which is becoming increasingly more prevalent. However, the present exoskeletons are either bulky or do not

Algorithms for Learning, Cooperation and Coordination of Multi Agent Systems in the Presence of Uncertainties

Humans and Robots (Intelligent agents) shall interact more in near future than they have ever before. Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) and Robot-Robot interaction (RRI) inevitably involves scenarios when one is unsure

Wearable Antenna System for Touchless Gesture Recognition and Interaction

This work proposes a novel approach for recognizing gestures by detecting the flexion and extension of tendons in the human hand. A proof of concept is being developed to support

Are Existing Knowledge Transfer Techniques Effective to Train Deep Networks On Edge Devices?

With the emergence of the edge computing paradigm, many edge applications, such as image recognition and augmented reality requires performing machine learning and artificial intelligence workloads on edge devices. Most

Training Deep Neural Networks with Quantization and Structured Sparsity

Deep learning algorithms have shown tremendous success in applications ranging from self-driving cars to medical diagnosis. However, their usage on embedded platforms, such as mobile devices, has been limited due

Development of a Conductive Injectable Hydrogel for Cardiac Tissue Engineering.

Cardiac damage caused by myocardial infarction is irreversible due to the limited regenerative capability of cardiomyocytes. Thus, treatment is challenging. Injectable hydrogels that can accommodate cardiac cells and allow tissue

Development of a Battery Management & Charging System for Autonomous UAVs

The objective of this project is to create a novel battery charging and management solution for a fleet of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for long term deployments. A contact charging-equipped

Large Scale Expansion and Differentiation of Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Neural Progenitor Cells from Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Patients

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is an aggressive neurodegenerative disease that currently presents a significant therapeutic challenge. Human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC) derived neural progenitor cells (hNPCs) offer a potential solution.

Aminoglycoside Polymers in Combination Treatments for Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) Studies

Each year in Arizona, breast cancer causes two deaths and more than 4,600 diagnosed cases. Triple-negative breast cancer is diagnosed in 30% of breast cancer cases. This research involves the

Evaluation of a Soft-Robotic Knee Exosuit for Stair ascent

This research evaluates a soft robotic exosuit worn around the knee joint to assist in ascending stairs for post-stroke and ACL reconstruction rehabilitation. The project goal is to compensate for

Disinfection of Water with a UV-Catalyzed TiO2 Reactor

Photocatalysis, or ‘light-powered reaction’, is of growing interest in the water treatment. It is gaining attention due to its simplicity and efficiency in tackling many persistent contaminants that are harder

Real-time Illumination Estimation for Mobile Augmented Reality

High quality rendering on mobile devices is constrained by lack of resources in terms of processing power and memory leading to low visual fidelity of the rendered scenes. Previous works,

Reductive Dechlorination of Trichloroethene Sustained by Microbial Chain Elongation

The objective of this research is to test the effectiveness of a novel approach for bioremediation of trichloroethylene (TCE) in soil and groundwater. This approach consists of reducing TCE to

Bioresponsive Copolymers of Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) with Enzyme-Dependent Lower Critical Solution Temperatures

Enzyme-degradable hydrogels are desirable for drug delivery and tissue engineering applications because they mimic biological systems. The aim of the project was to synthesize and characterize injectable, bioresponsive and bioresorbable

Compact Terahertz Real-Time Imaging System

The objective of this work is to design a low-profile compact Terahertz (THz) imaging system that can be installed in portable devices, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), and CubeSats. The proposed

Parametric Design Optimization of Multi-Functional Honeycomb Structures for Additive Manufacturing

The objective of this research is to develop a methodology to extract optimal design parameters (cell wall thickness and the corner radius) in hexagonal honey-comb structures using finite element modeling,

ZIF-71/PDMS Mixed Matrix Membranes for Acetone-Butanol-Ethanol Separations by Pervaporation

Zeolitic imidazole frameworks (ZIF) are known to improve membrane performance in biofuel separation. This research studies ZIF-71/polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) mixed matrix membrane performance in pervaporation of acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) solutions. Membranes with

Sunlight-Induced Structural and Functional Changes in Graphene-Based Composite Materials

This project evaluates how the toxicity of a graphene-based material changes over time during sunlight exposure. Dose-response curves were established and half maximal effective concentration (EC50) of GO without sunlight

Strain and Process Development for Detoxifying Biomass

Furfural (2-furaldehyde) is a toxic by-product of lignocellulose, an accessible biomass, and reduces the bioprocess specific growth rates, product yields, and productivities of fermenting bacteria and yeast. C. basilensis, a

Application of Axiomatic Distance Calculation of Incomplete Rankings in Genomics

The purpose of this project is to gain valuable insights about causal relationships between different sets of genes and diseases by designing ranking aggregation methods. The lack of comprehensive data

FURI Totals