Identifying the Physical Identity of an Individual through Wastewater-Based Epidemiology

FURI Projects

Identifying the Physical Identity of an Individual through Wastewater-Based Epidemiology

Wastewater-Based Epidemiology (WBE) is a developing field that allows scientists to collect and monitor data about waste from a wide range of sources: ranging from household wastewater to collecting community

Expression of Non-Native Inorganic Carbon Transporters in E. coli for Improved Succinate Production

Engineering bacteria provides a sustainable route for the production of succinate, an important platform chemical. The E. coli strain KJ122 can produce up to 80 g/L succinate, but is potentially

Optimizing the Design of Structural Joints for Use in Composite UAV Structures

With the increasing availability of prefabricated composite spars, there is an opportunity to integrate these products into the structure of small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). In using these composite spars,

FURI researcher Joy Agus.

Heat Transfer Modeling of Solid-State Fermentation Bioreactors to Produce Medicine in Space Habitats

This project seeks to determine the most optimal design for growing penicillin through solid-state fermentation (SSF) bioreactors. SSF is a promising method used to grow fungi, which can produce antibiotics

The Application of Four Bar Linkages in a Passive Robotic Balancing Mechanism

The objective of this research is to create a system of four bar linkages to produce a passive robotic balancing mechanism. This system can be used to help educate primary

Effect of Durability on Multiscale Properties of Interphase and Delamination Using AFM and Novel Facture Toughness Characterization Techniques on Carbon Fiber Samples Under Accelerated Aging Conditions for up to 7 Years

Composites are known for their outstanding wear resistance, excellent mechanical performance-to-weight ratio, and high thermal resistance. However, the performance of a composite depends on several factors including loading stress, fiber

Design, Optimization and Control of a Soft Pneumatic Actuator

Soft robotics has seen many exciting applications in human-robot interaction, search and rescue, and even space exploration. Increasing efforts are being made to predict and simulate the behavior of soft

Robot Intent Signaling Using Augmented Reality

Human-robot collaborations are ubiquitous ranging from assembly lines, autonomous vehicles, medical procedures, etc. In such systems, humans and robots work in shared spaces to accomplish a joint task. Successful implementation

A Soft Drone for Whole Body Perching

With limitations of the pneumatic bending actuator on slow activation time and limited rigidity for housing motors, we proposed a design modification on the drone arms to include bistable materials

Engineering a Photosynthetic Microbe for Chemical Production

Through genetic engineering, scientists can manipulate microbial metabolism to maximize the production of a certain chemical. Cyanobacteria have previously been engineered to produce a wide variety of chemicals. That said,

Fracture and Toughness Analysis of CNT Network Interphase Properties in DRY Buckypaper Membrane Using Atomic Force Microscopy

The purpose of this research is to understand the macroscale fracture toughness of carbon nanotube network interphase in DRY Buckypaper membrane at the nanoscale level using atomic force microscopy. Obtaining

A Novel Query Efficient Algorithm for Active Covering

This research considers the problem of active covering with the goal of the learner sequentially querying a dataset so that all positive examples have been labeled. The classification of data

FURI researcher Dominic Varda

Engineering Water Disinfection via On-Site Electrochlorination and Electrochlorine Breakpoint

On-site electrochlorination is a promising solution for decentralized water treatment since it is easy to operate and sustains long-term disinfection. This work investigated the impact of electrocatalyst selection on active

Investigating the Strength of Placebo Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) on Motor Training

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a form of non-invasive brain stimulation thought to initiate cortical excitability. While tDCS has been shown to alter motor learning, the extent to which

Analysis of Previously Published Works Focused Around SLAM to Develop an Autonomous Self-Driving Formula Electric Vehicle

The research is focused around using and modifying previously existing algorithms to allow for the ability to equip a formula electric vehicle with self-driving capabilities. The approach that will be

FURI student Sritharini Radhakrishnan

Characterization of Synaptic Electronic Devices for Brain-Inspired Computing Systems

The project, a continuation from Spring 2022, seeks to answer the research question: Is hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), a layered two-dimensional (2D) material, a promising candidate to implement brain-inspired (neuromorphic)

Quantification of Shoulder Joint Impedance Based on Various Arm Postures

In this study, we utilize a shoulder exoskeleton robot, which makes use of a 4-bar spherical parallel manipulator (4B-SPM) that has inherently low inertia and as a result can provide

Adapting Mass Manufacturing Methods to Develop Living Hinges for Foldable Robotics

Polyethylene binders and folders have a living hinge built into them which can be applied to developing foldable robots. By exploiting this knowledge, the cost of materials and the complexity

Engineering Corynebacterium glutamicum with Malonate Pathway for Optimizing Flavonoid Production

This project seeks to address the question: What is the effect of expressing a malonate pathway in C. glutamicum strains on naringenin output? Findings suggest the optimal MatC induction with

Kaycee Nienhuis and MORE student Radhika Ganapathy

Mars Data Exploration

The purpose of this research project is to build a data pipeline to process the high-resolution images produced by various cameras (Mastcam-Z, Navcam, Hazcam, etc.) on the Perseverance rover. The

Transcriptomic Assays of Immunometabolic Enhancers

Aging-related diseases are primarily metabolic, leading to long-term inflammation, but in drug discovery, immunometabolism remains difficult to assess and often relies on expensive and low throughput methods like mass spectroscopy

Effect of Depth of Large-Sized Buried Carbon Nanotubes (CNT) Network and Interphase on the Contact Response in AFM Nanoscale Characterization

Understanding of the CNT network interphase will help in facilitating the manufacturing of stronger and tougher composites that are employed in aerospace, space, and defense sectors. Finite Element simulations are

Development of an in vitro Model for the Identification of Volatile Biomarkers Differentiating Streptococcus pneumoniae infection of Human Lung cells

Pneumonia remains one of the leading causes of global mortality affecting 2.49 million people annually due to poor diagnostic measures. One of the bacterial strains contributing to this mortality rate

Engineering Bacteria to Depolymerize PET Plastics to Combat Pollution

Accumulation of plastic waste in oceans and landfills increasingly threatens life due to fragmentation into microplastics. Annually, it is estimated 359 million tons of plastic are produced, 150-200 million tons

Neural Networks Implementation on Embedded Devices

For this project, the goal is to understand the constraints of deploying a neural network model onto an embedded system. The idea is to train a model and deploy it

Metrics Validation for Automated Vehicle Operational Safety

One of the biggest questions facing the safe deployment and commercialization of automated driving system (ADS)-equipped vehicles (AVs) today is, “What level of operational safety performance is required compared to

Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds Specific to the Treatment of Small Cell Lung Cancer by Cisplatin and Etoposide

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths globally, claiming 1.59 million lives annually. Numerous efforts have been made to reduce mortality, however, 33% of small cell lung cancer

Weibull Analysis of CNT Network Interphase Thickness in 2D Buckypaper Membrane

The researcher will manufacture a carbon nanotube (CNT) network in a 2D buckypaper membrane. The researcher will use Peak Force Quantitative Nanomechanical Mapping (PFQNM) to measure the interphase thickness between

Assessment of Mode I/II Fracture Technique (NASA) and Novel Fracture Technique at ASU

Polymer matrix composite performance weaknesses are largely caused by delamination, which is a mode failure originating from a combination of normal and shear stresses, or Mode I and Mode II,

Studying the Stress Strain Properties of Auxetic Structures

In the past few decades, a new kind of structure made out of certain patterns was discovered that was porous and presented a negative Poisson’s ratio. Because of this unique

VivyNet: A New Approach to Creating AI-Generated Music

This FURI semester, this project focuses on experimenting with the concatenation of pre-trained encoder and decoder checkpoints to quickly perform task-specific tasks. Our research has uncovered possible ways that can

3D Printing of Kirigami Conductors

Kirigami is utilized in the manufacturing industry to improve durability, versatility, and elongation. These kirigami structures are 3D printed with an Ender Pro printer and a conductive filament. The Japanese

Passive Exoskeleton for Sit-To-Stand and Stand-To-Sit Transfer

Imagine the possibility of a cure for one of the most prevalent problems associated with aging. Numerous individuals experience difficulty getting out of bed, sitting, or performing normal tasks due

Manthan Chelenahalli Satish

Vehicle Speed Estimation from 3D Object Detection for Surveillance Cameras

One of the key components of an intelligent transportation system is the ability to detect and track vehicles from traffic surveillance cameras. This research project showcases a monocular 3D object

Investigating Data Collection and Aggregation for Improving Collective Intelligence

Research suggests that harnessing the wisdom of crowds is a valuable endeavor to reach a more comprehensive understanding of situations and improve decision-making. That is, intelligently aggregating the estimations or

Design and Implementation of Non-Overshooting MPC with Terminal Cost/Constraints for Vehicle Lateral Stability Control

An effective method to guarantee vehicle safety is to design a vehicle driving safety algorithm that limits its states within a predefined stability region without passing the boundaries. A non-overshooting

Movement and Quantification of E. coli in a Managed Aquifer Recharge Site

This study quantifies Escherichia coli (E. coli) in water sources in a managed aquifer recharge site and characterizes its movement through clay loam. E. coli is a typical fecal indicator bacteria in wastewater, and

Carbon/Carbon Composites: Manufacturing, Structures and Property Relationships

A limitation in the aerospace industry is the lack of lightweight materials that can withstand high temperatures without losing their mechanical robustness for applications in supersonic/hypersonic flights. The current generation

FURI researcher Micayla Corker.

Recyclable Thiol-ene Polymers via Thiol-Disulfide Exchange Reaction

The basis of this project is a reprocessable photopolymer made up of a UV-induced thiol-ene network. The introduction of a tetra functional thiol into the structure, pentaerythritol tetrakis (PETMP), improves

Investigation of Chemically Recyclable Thiol-ene Crosslinked Photopolymers

Traditional hydrocarbon-based plastics are unable to be chemically recycled. The purpose of this research is to develop similar materials that do not pose the same environmental hazard as conventional plastics.

Contact-Based Navigation and SLAM Using Collision-Resilient UAVs

This research intends to develop a novel navigation algorithm for Collision-Resilient Quadcopters (CRQ), which are quadcopters that can take collisions and still maintain stable flight. This algorithm will enable the

Urban Climate Data Visualization and Exploration Tool

This project aims to develop a user-friendly, open-source, web-based visualization and exploration interface in WebGL to map and analyze urban climate data. The tool will allow users to freely explore

Vat Photopolymerization of Smart Meta-Structures with Highly Removable and Recyclable Supportable Polymers

Vat photopolymerization technology can print three-dimensional objects with high precision and fast speed. For interlocked structures, a significant amount of additional support is required in order to ensure the overhanging

An Integrative Personalized Wearable Indirect Calorimeter

A personal indirect calorimeter allows everyone to assess energy expenditure (metabolic rate or metabolism (kcal/day)) through breath analysis, thus enabling accurate determination of a person’s total caloric intake needs for

Electrically Assisted Vat Photopolymerization of Bioinspired Hierarchical Structures with Hydrophobicity Enhancement

Air-retaining is attracting increasing attention for various applications. Salvinia exhibit stable and long-term air retention because of the unique combination of smooth hydrophilic patches on elastic eggbeater structures decorated with

Assistant Professor Ayan Mallik and FURI researcher Saif Elsaady.

Cybersecurity of Onboard Charging Systems for Electric Vehicles

Throughout this independent and thesis-based research, the ramifications of software attacks on electronic hardware in an electric vehicle (EV) are thoroughly investigated in an effort to present the appropriate guidance

Nonisothermal Melt Crystallization Behavior of Semicrystalline Polymers Monitored Using an In Situ Fluorescence Technique

The melt crystallization of semicrystalline thermoplastics is a physical process that dictates the key characteristics of the resulting materials. In this study, a fluorescence technique was developed to monitor the

Dual-Component Structure for Selective Pollutant Decomposition via Photocatalysis

As the population increases, there will inevitably be a greater generation of waste, which necessitates the long-term need for waste treatment. A consequence of waste treatment facilities is the production

Impact of Human Body Shape on Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient

People are exposed to a variety of thermal environments every day. Understanding and predicting an individual’s heat stress and strain potential in various thermal environments is crucial. Previous human thermal

Engineering Corynebacterium glutamicum with Malonate Pathway for Optimizing Flavonoid Production

This project seeks to address the question: What is the effect of expressing a malonate pathway in C. glutamicum strains on naringenin output? It is hypothesized that overexpressing the MatB

Testing the Effect of Water Temperature and Disinfectants on Biofilm Formation by Different Bacteria in Different Pipe Materials

With the increase in world population, waterborne diseases are also increasing. Drinking water distribution systems (DWDS) biofilms can harbor pathogens, and opportunistic pathogens such as Legionella spp. and E. coli

Removal of Acetaminophen from Water Using Electrochemical Analysis

Active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) are exposed to the environment during their use, manufacturing, and disposal. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), APIs have proven to be detrimental to human

Use of Octopus Arm Muscle for Bioinspired Soft Robotic Arm

The purpose of the octopus project research at the BIRTH Lab is to determine the functionality of each muscle layer in an octopus. Electromyography (EMG) signals are quantitatively analyzed for complex

Driving Safety Performance Assessment Metrics for ADS-Equipped Vehicles and Scenarios Testing

One of the biggest questions facing the safe deployment and commercialization of automated driving systems (ADS)-equipped vehicles ​(AVs) today is “What level of driving safety performance is required compared to

Vat Photopolymerization of Smart Meta-Structures with Highly Removable and Recyclable Supportable Polymers

Current vat photopolymerization (VPP) technology can print three-dimensional (3D) objects with high precision and fast speed. For complex computer-aided design (CAD) mega-structures, a significant amount of additional support structures are

Assessment of Mode I/II Fracture Technique (NASA) and Novel Fracture Technique at ASU

Polymer matrix composite performance weaknesses are largely caused by delamination, which is a mode failure originating from a combination of normal and shear stresses, or Mode I and Mode II,

Micropatterning of Nanoparticles via Multi-Phase Direct Ink Writing (MDIW)

3D printing is an advanced manufacturing strategy for nanocomposite manufacturing due to rapid prototyping, limited material wastage, high processing speed, and customization. This study demonstrated the design and development of

Development of In-Line Inspection (ILI) Robot for Pipeline Using Structural Health Monitoring Using Computer Vision and Deep Learning Techniques

Through this study, a novel in-line inspection robot for the detection of defects in gas pipelines is proposed, which would help in automating the structural health monitoring process. With the

Automated Magnetic Core Loss Tester

Core loss characteristics in magnetic materials play a critical role in the design of power electronic converters. Manufacturer-provided data on core loss characteristics are often collected over a limited operating

Engineering Electrified Water Disinfection via On-Site Electrochlorination

On-site electrochlorination appears as a promising solution since it produces long-lasting disinfecting species and does not require complex operation. This work investigates the impact of electrocatalyst selection on chlorine electrogeneration.

Effect of Durability on Multiscale Properties of Interphase and Delamination Using AFM and Novel Facture Toughness Characterization Techniques on Carbon Fiber Samples Under Accelerated Aging Conditions for up to 7 Years

Composites are known for their outstanding wear resistance, excellent mechanical performance-to-weight ratio, and high thermal resistance. However, the performance of a composite depends on several factors including loading stress and

Correlations Between Deep Brain Stimulation of the Subthalamic Nucleus, Blood Flow, Oxygenation, and Neural Activity

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a method of neuromodulation in which implanted electrodes produce electrical impulses for the treatment of neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease (PD), epilepsy, and dystonia. DBS

Engineering of a Microbe for the Sustainable Production of Environmentally Friendly Solvents

Due to the growing concerns of petroleum and its negative effects, alternative solvents like ethyl lactate are sought out to replace common petroleum-based solvents. Ethyl lactate, a naturally biodegradable ethyl

Low Power Intrusion Detection By Measuring Electric Field Disturbances

Currently, many intrusion detection systems employ infrared detection as a means of detecting intrusive behaviors in a certain area. While effective in a controlled environment, the main flaws of these

RNA’s Higher Order Structure and Its Effect on Stability and Function for Medical Application

Research in this study investigates whether the structural motif Degradation Tuning Ribonucleic Acid (dt-RNA) enhances the function of aptamers for COVID-19 testing kits and increases the stability of mi-RNA. This

A Causal Approach to Predicting Medical Conditions in Machine Learning

A causal approach to machine learning is currently being investigated to better explain, understand, and apply machine learning models. The focus of this study is to use this causal approach

Short and Aligned Fiber Filament for 3D-Printed, High-Performance Composites

Oriented-fiber reinforced composites had played a major role in the application of high-performance materials and the demand for them is growing. But there are still challenges in designing a method

Optimization of PEG-Polyurethane Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG)-Polyurethane polymers are currently being used in tissue regeneration scaffolds, heart valves, and wound healing applications. Targeting specific PEG-Polyurethane properties can address the clinical needs mentioned above.

Exploratory Data and Root Cause Analysis for Semiconductor Testing

The aim of this research is to analyze the data from electrical tests performed on the components of transistors at the Flexible Electronics and Display Center of ASU. The purpose

Open-Source Cost-Effective 3D-Printed Anthropomorphic Neuroprosthetics

An anthropomorphic neuroprosthetics arm is a bionic arm that will help people replicate much of the function of a native human arm. Artificial limbs are essential to improve the quality

Creative Frameworks: Leveraging Deep Learning and Data Analysis to Create Accessible Artistic Technologies

Generative adversarial networks are used to create visuals from textual inputs, allowing a user to create artwork with only a keyboard. GANs can be extended by recycling the output image

Multiphase 3D Printing with Shape Memory Property for Untethered Actuation

Nanocomposite polymers are a class of materials known for their customizability and vast applicability in the additive manufacturing industry. Shape Memory Actuators (SMAs) are a nanocomposite subset that has become

Creative Frameworks: Leveraging Deep Learning and Data Analysis to Create Accessible Artistic Technologies

Auditory analysis based on musical information and text lyrics, and flexible light controls through mediums such as keyboard input or motion capture can be used as input to an end-to-end

Fine-Tuning Pre-Trained Models to Determine Model Superiority for Enhanced Medical Image Diagnosis

The biggest challenge in computer-aided diagnosis remains the slow nature of the data annotation process. No large-scale evaluation has performed a comparison on the many pre-trained models in existence. In

Secure Tracing With Dendrite Vision: Computer Vision Methods For Matching Dendritic Identifiers Within The Supply Chain

Dendrites are fascinating branching structures that exhibit randomness, yet they are unique, non-repeatable, and identifiable with the right algorithmic innovations. The question this research aims to answer is how can

Geochemically Inspired Synthesis of Mesoporous Silica

This project seeks to synthesize mesoporous silica by using the abundant mineral forsterite as a silica source. It was found that mesoporous silica can be synthesized from forsterite, with the

Movement and Quantification of E. coli in a Managed Aquifer Recharge Site

This study quantifies Escherichia coli in water sources in a managed aquifer recharge site and characterizes E. coli movement through clay loam. E. coli is a fecal indicator bacteria found

Assaying the Effect of Knock-Down of Ubiquitin-Specific Proteases in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare but aggressive cancer that resides in the pleural space surrounding the lungs. The median survival rate for MPM remains poor even with existing

Chemotherapeutic Drug-Conjugated Microbead Technology for Selective Binding with Methylated and Unmethylated Small DNA in the Application of Disease Detection and Biomanufacturing

In a previous study, it was discovered that aminoglycoside-derived cationic polymer microbeads (also called Amikabeads) have significant binding affinity toward negatively charged plasmid DNA due to coulombic interactions. The purpose

Analyzing Parameters Optimum for a Highly Sensitive Analyte Sensor in a Point of Care Medical Device

Existing analyte measurement techniques are error-prone, time-consuming, and expensive. Hence, a handheld medical device capable of accurately measuring the amount of analyte (as low as 10 micromolar) in the blood

Elucidating the Role of Ultraviolet Weathering and Biofilm Formation on the Adsorption of Micropollutants onto Microplastics

When released into the environment, plastics undergo mechanical abrasion and ultraviolet (UV) exposure that leads to the formation of microplastics. These microplastics, when present as a mixture with other contaminants,

FURI researcher Susanna Westersund.

Treated Waste Plastics: A Solution for Enhancing the Performance of Concrete Construction

The environment today is facing concerns about the over-accumulation of plastics in landfills as well as excessive CO2 emissions. Containers and packaging take up approximately 15 million tons each year,

Using Kinematic Analysis to Identify Loci of Improvement During Functional Motor Skill Training

Improvement in the efficiency, accuracy, and timeliness of a functional motor task likely correlates to an improvement in related motions of daily life (Winstein and Stewart, 2006). The functional motor

Using Batched Rays to Enable Higher Resolution Reconstruction of Computed Tomography Images

In our work, we tried to enable the reconstruction of high-resolution computed tomography (CT) images using implicit neural networks which usually require access to large amounts of graphics processing unit

Variable Stiffness as Control Scheme for Enhancing Active Ankle Foot Orthosis

During walking, the human ankle accommodates for surface irregularities during the stance phase by changing its mechanical impedance to a stiffness dominant joint. To prevent discomfort to an ankle-foot orthosis

Analysis of Additively Manufactured Sintered Wicks for Use in Developing Heat Pipes

The development of additively manufactured sintered wicks and heat pipes will allow for the design and creation of integrated heat sinks and pipes in designs not possible through standard manufacturing

Object Detection and Tracking for a Pursuit-Evasion Scenarios

Counter-UAV systems are growing popular day by day. As the rise of drones has its benefits, but also raises the risks of potential threats when handled in unlawful activities or

Quantifying the Trends in Wind Speed and Wind Power Potential in Arizona

The task of analyzing long-term wind speed trends across Arizona initially began with sorting data to show what the long-term wind speed trends across Arizona are. Through collection and analysis

Viability of Magnets and Robotics on Advanced Surgeries

This project aims to utilize magnets and a robot capable of great precision in order to determine new techniques that will improve the efficacy of minimally invasive surgeries. Through sensory

Effect of Bimodal Sensory Integration on Reactionary Impulsivity

This research investigates the utilization of neural summation resulting from multisensory integration during action inhibition. Combining the race model inequality, which implies neural summation from bimodal stimuli, with the stop

Researching Reusable Water Bottle Cleaning Techniques to Provide Sustainable and Safe Access to Clean Water for the Homeless Population in the Phoenix Area

The GCSP Clean Water Research Team seeks to find a sustainable solution to water accessibility for the homeless population of Phoenix while also preventing the spread of COVID-19. The portion

Financial, Logistical, and Environmental Analysis of Reusable Water Bottle Filling and Cleaning Device for the Homeless Population in Phoenix

The research project analyzed the financial viability of a proposed drinking water filling and bottle cleaning station. A mathematical model was developed to compare costs of the proposed solution under

Autonomous Driving World Map Auto-Generation for CARLA Simulator Using OpenStreetMap

Nowadays, Autonomous Driving Systems (ADS) is a fast-growing field of research. High-fidelity simulation environments ease the assessment of Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) in different safety-critical domains. However, the currently available simulation

Lesion Detection using Three-Dimensional CBCT Image Segmentation using Deep Learning

The goal of this project is to implement an efficient and accurate 3D semantic segmentation on Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) dental imaging for accurate lesion detection using a 3D U-Net

Designing an Automated Soldering Station to Solder Copper-Ribbons onto PV Cells

Soldering tin-coated copper ribbons (300 µm round) on photovoltaic cells (~200 microns thick) requires precise control of temperature, soldering speed, and the applied force. Additionally, the tabbing needs to be

Characterizing CO₂ Utilization Rates Across Different Cyanobacteria Strains under Varying Light Intensities by a Novel Mass Balance Approach

Cyanobacteria and its complex photosynthetic systems have been a prime target for synthetic biologists and their molecular engineering tools for the last couple of decades. However, characterizing meaningful CO2 removal

Efficient Adsorption of the Macronutrients with the Help of Graphene and Oxidized Derivatives

The project will be dealing with three different types of Graphene and its oxidized nanomaterials, namely Graphene (Gr), Graphene Oxide (GO) and reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO), under different loading conditions

Development of Biomimetic Nanoparticles for Highly Efficient CRISPR Delivery

Recent advances in genome engineering, namely Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9 gene editing, have revolutionized biomedical research and hold promise for treating genetic disorders. However, inefficient delivery and

Decentralized Multiagent Reinforcement Learning

With the rise of big data, Distributed Computing methods have become the backbone of large systems. Contextualizing problems in a multiagent paradigm enables one to capitalize on the high scalability

Characterizing Postural Stability During Smartphone Use on Dynamically Unstable Environments

Past studies have shown negative effects of smartphone usage on standing postural balance, but mostly focused on traditional tasks like calling or texting. As part of modern life, smartphones are

Improving Fabrication of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

One of the most promising technologies for creating power without emissions is Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) because it uses oxygen and hydrogen to create electricity with the only byproduct

Design of Mixed-Signal Circuit Board for RRAM (Resistive Random-Access Memory) Crossbar Testing

Memristors are newly utilized devices that hold variable resistances based on input voltages. This unique characteristic allows for a faster, more power-efficient implementation of the dot-product computation compared to traditional

Using 3D Printing to Develop a Placenta-on-a-Chip Model

Placental trophoblasts support fetal growth and survival, but the behavior of these cells is challenging to study in vivo and in two-dimensional culture systems. In this project, we investigate the

Improvement of the MaRTiny: A Low-Cost Thermal Sensing Device

Future trends of climate change coupled with urban population growth indicate the need for reducing human exposure to extreme weather and heat. Extreme heat strains human health and people’s ability

Detecting and Analyzing Physical Movements Using Machine Learning

The hardware detects the movement of the user and utilizes a neural network to recognize correct movement patterns. Previous research used data imported from infrared scanners in order to build

Optimal Task-Allocation Algorithms for Multi-Tethered (MuTheR) Robots: Traditional Versus Timing Formulation

This project compared two optimization-based formulations for solving multi-robot task allocation problems with tether constraints. The first method used the common multiple traveling salesman formulation and implemented an algorithm over

Investigation of a Solar Adsorption Refrigeration Unit

Solar adsorption refrigeration functions through alternating cycles of adsorption and desorption to achieve the cooling effect required. Unlike vapor-compression refrigerators which utilize electricity to function, this one primarily uses solar

Characterization of Adhesive Peptide Binding Efficacy in SPAAC and Michael-Type Addition PEG Hydrogels to Support Encapsulated Pancreatic Islet Cell Viability

A promising treatment for Type 1 diabetes is encapsulation of pancreatic islet cells in hydrogels, which may prevent transplant issues, like immune rejection. These hydrogels can be modified to promote

Biomedical engineering graduate student Emmanuella Tagoe works with Professor Marco Santello.

Investigating How Training Improves Dexterous Finger Force Control

Many activities of daily living like buttoning shirts or threading a needle require dexterous control of appropriate forces (or movement) of individual fingers. However, intending to move one finger is

Using Machine Learned Forces and Energies to Improve Quantum Mechanical Simulations

Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations have been used for decades to predict the chemical properties of compounds and materials. While DFT calculations are highly chemically accurate, they are computationally costly

Professor Pedro Peralta and aerospace engineering major Jake Trenter

Optimization of Compression Cell Geometry to Maximize Pressure Generation in Elastomers During Total Scattering Experiments via Finite Elements

Polyurea is an elastomer that has shown unique properties under large compressive stresses indicating that it may be a promising armor coating material. High-pressure testing at a synchrotron will utilize

Voice Command Object Localization with Spatial Audio and IoT Devices

Delivering spatial audio through speakers, rather than headphones that deliver audio directly to the ears, produces the issue of crosstalk, where sounds from each of the two speakers reach the

Radiative Sky Cooling from Visibly Transparent High-Emissivity Glass Window

While natural light is desired for buildings, unwanted heat is simultaneously gained through windows, which burdens the building energy consumption for cooling, in particular, during the hot summer in Phoenix.

Filtering MRI Images to Improve Pharmacokinetic Modeling of GdDO3NI in Brain Tumors

Pharmacokinetics involves the study of the movement of exogenous chemicals such as drugs and imaging agents through the body. Modeling the passage of a hypoxia targeting imaging agent using Magnetic

Enhanced Collaboration Through Group-Based Virtual Reality Experiences

This framework aims to enhance productivity and education in multi-user virtual reality. A classroom setting is used to show how education can be impacted, such as when an instructor splits

Characterization of Synaptic Electronic Devices for Brain-Inspired Computing Systems

The project seeks to address the research question: Is hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), a layered two-dimensional (2D) material, a promising candidate to implement brain-inspired (neuromorphic) computing devices and circuits? To

Graph-Guided Assembly and Typing of the HLA Alleles from RNA-seq Data

Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLA) are encoded by a polymorphic set of genes where even a single base change can impact the function of the body’s immune response to foreign antigens

Analyzing the Features and Efficacy of Classification Models for Physiological Stress Prediction

Stress prediction in law enforcement can serve to better prepare officers for the intensity of their work. To further understand the physiological triggers that induce stress, the use of machine

Fatigue Analysis of Additively Manufactured Ti-6Al-4V for Biomedical Applications: Permanent Bone Screws

Additively manufactured (AM) materials are being used increasingly in many industries, specifically the health sector. AM materials are highly advantageous as they can be quickly produced and are custom-created to

Further Calibration and Reconfiguration of Single-Stage Gas Gun for Impact Studies

In this study, features of a single-stage gas gun at the Adaptive Intelligent Materials & Systems Center are reconfigured to achieve the optimum performance of the system with consistent results.

Assessment of Quali and Takayanagi Models for Evaluation of 2D Membrane Mechanical Properties

This project aims to quantitatively assess the modulus of elasticity of carbon fiber nanotube 2D membranes using Quali and Takayanagi mathematical models and comparing the mechanical properties calculated using those

3D Printing Ultra-High-Performance Concrete

The research team developed an Ultra-High-Performance Concrete (UHPC) blend that retained significant mechanical strength for 3D printing applications. The blend consists of type II/V Portland cement and fly ash, limestone,

Development of URCHIN: An Autonomous Multi-Agent Framework for Extraterrestrial Exploration and Geological Sample Collection

Current surface exploration swarm vehicle concepts have been designed to navigate the environment specific to their proposed mission destination, resulting in a design that is too dependent on its use-case

Modeling Deviation in Bending Direction of a Soft Arm Manipulator Using Regressive Neural Networks

The compliant nature of a soft robot’s material and design offers certain challenges when it comes to modeling and control. The lack of rigid structures allows the system to bend

3D-Printed Electroactive Hydrogel-Based Microgripper for Biomedical Applications

Hydrogels are 3D interconnected systems of polymer chains that can soak and store liquid, this characteristic makes them supple and soft. Electroactive hydrogel-based microgrippers respond to stimuli and demonstrate the

Improving Quorum Sensing by Multi-Level Controller in Cyanobacteria Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

The objective of this study was to characterize an array of control mechanisms to strictly regulate inducible gene expression in cyanobacteria. To achieve this regulation, multiple constructs encoding secondary structures

Christabel Wireko Arthur

Synthesis of a Janus Particle with Gold Nanoparticles and Vesicle-like Mesoporous Silica

A Janus Particle is a special type of nano or microparticle whose surface has two or more distinct physical and chemical properties. The aim of this research is to explore

Assessment of Native Chain-Elongating Microorganisms in Aquifer Materials from a Superfund Site

Chlorinated ethene contamination is present at hundreds of sites around the U.S. and threatens the health and quality of living in many communities. Complete reductive dechlorination of chlorinated ethenes to

Passive Exoskeleton for Sit-To-Stand and Stand-To-Sit Transfer

Imagine the possibility of a cure for one of the most prevalent problems associated with aging. Numerous individuals experience difficulty getting out of bed, sitting, or performing normal tasks due

Investigation of Inflammation Behavior of Aminoglycoside-Based Polymer Library

We will investigate the inflammation response an in vivo sample has upon varying polymers. This will include, but will not be limited to, polymers such as: Neomycin-GDE Polymer (NG), Paromomycin-GDE

A Decision Support System for Urban Canopy Selection

This project focuses on developing an interactive web interface that evaluates the effectiveness of various shade structures based on certain parameters. During this semester, the interface has been improved by

Engineering Corynebacterium glutamicum for the Production of Naringenin

In this work, the research team has engineered Corynebacterium glutamicum with the metabolic pathway for the production of naringenin, a natural anti-Alzheimer’s, an anti-bacterial, and anticancer medicine. The engineered strain

Aerospace engineering major Parin Trivedi

CFD Visualization Using Augmented Reality

With the field of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) evolving, several solvers are developed to obtain parameters in a flow. However, interpreting and visualizing this data remains slightly difficult. Techniques such

Gait and Balance Comparison Between Young and Elderly Adults: Minimizing Fall Risk

IMUs (Inertial Measurement Units) are commonly used to monitor patients who are prone to falls. With the help of these devices, the research team will simultaneously collect data on both

Sample Preparation and Microstructure Characterization of Novel Ceramic Matrix Composites

Accurate assessment of the performance of ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) requires capturing inherent manufacturing-induced flaws including defects, voids, and pre-existing cracks. Comprehensive microstructure characterization along with uncertainty quantification are necessary

Engineering of a Microbial Host for the Secretion of Biomass-Degrading Enzymes

Lignin, a naturally occurring biopolymer composed of aromatic carbons, can serve as a feedstock for the sustainable production of several valuable chemicals otherwise obtained from crude oil. However, because it

Determining the Chemical Composition of Toner Used by ASU Photocopiers

This project seeks to analyze the physical properties and chemical composition of the toner used by ASU photocopying machines. Because current paper recycling processes require toner to be removed from

Raphael David poses at a farmer's market.

Optimizing Vendor Mix at the Downtown Phoenix Farmers Market

Farmers markets (FMs) serve an important role in local food economies. FMs are multi-scalar operations that involve a number of decision-makers: farmers, market managers, and local residents. FMs provide economic

Transfecting B35 Neuroblastoma Cells with Optogenetic Protein for Micropipette Excitation

Subthreshold events are essential because they provide the foundation for neuroplasticity, adjusting the likelihood of reaching an action potential threshold. These events may be visualized on a microscope platform with

Monocular 3D Object Detection for Traffic Analysis

Recognizing and localizing objects in the 3D space is crucial for a more accurate representation of the environment for various use cases. While significant progress has been achieved with expensive LIDAR systems,

The Effects of Carbon Nanotube (CNT) Network Interphase and Properties in Buckypaper Membrane on Fracture Toughness Using Atomic Force Microscopy

Understanding the CNT interphase is crucial in discovering potential uses for the multifunctional nanomaterial. Nanocomposites such as CNT are relatively new multifunctional materials that can be utilized in many promising

Investigation of Mechanical Strength of Alkali-Activated Mine Tailing

Mining activities are inevitable for industrialization, but mine tailing disposal creates a severe environmental impact. Identifying the applications of mine tailings as potential secondary raw materials would help develop better

Characterization of Trophoblast Derived Exosomes to Engineer an Immunomodulatory Macroencapsulation Device for Cell Therapies

Trophoblasts are cells that populate the human placenta and release extracellular vesicles called exosomes, involved in cell-to-cell communication. Trophoblasts are believed to be involved in site-specific immunomodulation and their exosomes

Viability and Metabolic Function of INS-1E Cells in Synthetic PEG Hydrogels Suitable to Injection Molding Biofabrication

Pancreatic islet encapsulation has the potential to reverse Type 1 diabetes by protecting transplanted beta cells from immune-cell destruction while allowing passive diffusion of nutrients through a synthetic non-degradable hydrogel

Modeling Saffman-Taylor Instability to Guide Material Selection for Dendritic Identification Tags

Saffman-Taylor instability is a fluid dynamics phenomenon that can be used to create dendritic formations that are structurally unique. These dendrites can be used as identification tags, with their distinctive

Selective Adsorption of CO2 in Mg-MOF-74 Under Humid Conditions

Metal-organic frameworks, also known as MOFs, can be artificially synthesized, and Mg-MOF-74 has been selected. The research analyzes the carbon dioxide adsorption selectivity among ambient air and the functional ability

High Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Additively Manufactured Thin Wall Inconel 718

The research team is examining the High Cycle Fatigue (HCF) behavior of thin wall Inconel 718 samples created with additive manufacturing. This is accomplished through the constant-force cyclic testing of

Statistical Analysis of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Network Properties in Low Weight Percentage Nanocomposite Materials

The network properties of multiwalled carbon nanotubes in low weight percentage nanocomposites have never been investigated before. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) based Peak Force Quantitative Nanomechanical Mapping (PFQNM) was employed

Understanding Novel Physical Properties of One-Dimensional Disordered Hyperuniform Metamaterials

Disordered hyperuniformity (DHU) is a recently discovered state of matter that demonstrates exciting physical properties. By creating a computer model that represents DHU the research team hopes to demonstrate the

Mechanical systems engineering major Nathan Fonseca (right) with Assistant Professor Kenan Song.

3D-Printing Ceramic-Based Solid-State Electrolytes

The current lab production of Solid-State Electrolyte (SSE) for lithium-ion batteries is limited to planar geometries and random porosities. Although SSE has shown improvements, it still faces dendrite propagation issues.

Expanding Injection Molding Biofabrication to Generate Complex Three-Dimensional Cell Encapsulation Geometries

Encapsulation is a promising technology to deliver cell-based therapies to patients safely and with reduced need for immunosuppression. Macroencapsulation devices are advantageous due to their ease of retrieval, and thus

Evaluation of Shrinkage Cracking in Slab-Wall Systems

Concrete develops strength rapidly after mixing and is highly influenced by temperature and the curing process. The material characteristics and the rate of property development, along with the exposure conditions,

Assistive Technology for the Visually Impaired for Navigating Cluttered Environments

Several assistive devices and products have been made available in the market in the past few years for the visually impaired. These devices provide feedback to the user through senses

Virtual Testing Environment for Flexible Drone Flight Simulation and Design Analysis

The use of flexible drones has increased in recent years and testing these designs takes time and effort, because virtual testing environments are rarely available. This project aims to make

A Soft Drone for Whole Body Perching

With the increase in demand for drones with high endurance times for surveillance operations, the current mechanisms proposed in literature include rigid graspers to help perch the drones on various

Nitish Jolly (right) and Ayan Mallik.

Multi-Constraint Optimization and Co-Design of a 2-MHz All-GaN based 1kW 96% Efficient LLC Converter

With the objective of minimizing the power losses in a 2 MHz LLC resonant converter, a novel multi-variable multi-constraint design optimization algorithm is developed and analyzed in this manuscript. Intricately

Simulating Scarcity in Virtual Reality

In this research project, the researcher aims to assess the viability of virtual reality (VR) as a means of creating poverty simulations so as to allow later efforts to take

Trophoblast-On-Chip Model

The maternal-fetal interface is challenging to investigate in in vivo models due to species-specific differences in placental development and ethics evaluating placental development in humans during gestation. The research team

Enhanced Control of Microbial Cometabolism of Organic Pollutants

Trichloroethene (TCE) is a ubiquitous groundwater contaminant worldwide. Aerobic cometabolism is a possible bioremediation approach for diffuse TCE plumes. This research evaluates TCE cometabolism (using propane and oxygen as substrates)

Near-Field Radiative Heat Transfer Between Hexagonal Boron Nitride Nanotubes

Radiative heat transfer between two planar surfaces can exceed blackbody limits when its separation distance is less than the characteristic wavelength of thermal radiation. In this MORE research, preliminary mathematical

Development of an in vitro Model for the Identification of Volatile Biomarkers of Pneumonia

Pneumonia remains one of the leading causes of global mortality affecting 2.49 million people annually due to poor diagnostic measures. In recent years, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have emerged as

Weibull Analysis of Dry CNT Network Interphase Thickness in 2D Buckypaper Membrane

The researcher will manufacture a dry carbon nanotube (CNT) network in a 2D buckypaper membrane. The researcher will use Peak Force Quantitative Nanomechanical Mapping (PFQNM) to measure the interphase thickness

Assessing the Effect of Overparameterization in Quantum Neural Networks

Current quantum devices aim to leverage quantum mechanical features in tandem with classical computing resources to iteratively solve high-value problems even the best supercomputers would be incapable of. For instance,

Boosting TCR and Epitope Binding Affinity via Supervised Contrastive Loss

In this paper, the research team investigates using Supervised Contrastive Loss (SCL) instead of Cross Entropy Loss (CEL) as the loss optimization function in existing machine learning models that are

Sensing Crystallinity During Non-Isothermal Melt Crystallization Processes in Semicrystalline Polymers

Our research group recently developed a fluorescence technique for sensing the melting transitions of semi-crystalline thermoplastics and has been extended to an in-situ study of non-isothermal melt crystallization by monitoring

An Inexpensive and Simple Optical Sensor System for Lab-Based Rapid Testing

With the uncertainty and high-risk nature of infectious diseases, rapid testing is needed to protect the community from an epidemic. A new antigen testing method using Gold Nano-Particles (AuNP) is

Quantification of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in a Managed Aquifer Recharge System

Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) offers sustainable replenishment of groundwater resources using treated wastewater effluent. Antibiotic Resistance Genes (ARGs) may withstand wastewater treatment, conferring the ability of bacteria to resist antibacterial

Energy Absorption of Standard and Origami-Inspired Honeycomb Structures

The goal of this experiment was to examine the energy absorption properties of origami-inspired and standard honeycomb structures varying the materials and wall thickness. The results indicate that origami-inspired structures

Computer science major Benjamin Joseph L. Herrera (left) is developing VivyNet, a tool that lets anyone create music from poems with artificial intelligence, with Assistant Professor Yezhou Yang (left).

VivyNet: A New Approach to Creating AI-Generated Music

Advances in machine learning (ML) have allowed researchers to simulate human behaviors. One such behavior is content generation. This field of artificial media creation is difficult to perfect as there

Synthesis and Characterization of PEG-Polyurethane for Biomedical Applications

Poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG)-Polyurethane polymers are currently being investigated for biomedical applications such as tissue regeneration, heart applications, and wound healing. Improving the overall properties of PEG-Polyurethane can address a

Flow Visualization of Laminar Mixed Convection in Transparent 3D-Printed Channels

This study investigates the spatiotemporal instabilities of mixed convection in horizontal channels through 3D printing of transparent channels and dye injection flow visualization. Flow channels are printed using a digital

Assessing Visuospatial Function Using the Shepard-Metzler Mental Rotation Task in an Online 3D Mode

Over the years, the Shepard-Metzler Mental Rotation Task (MRT) has proven to be a reliable tool for assessing people’s visuospatial ability. This study will compare the online 3D MRT to

Drainage Flow of a Viscous Compressible Fluid (Gas) from a Small Curved Narrow Conduit

Current natural gas reserves lie trapped in dense rocks. As such, to access these gas resources efficiently, a better understanding of its production mechanisms is required. The research starts with

3D Printing of Bioinspired Damage-Tolerant Ceramic Matrix Composite

Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are known for their durability, stiffness, and high-temperature tolerance whereas the problem with these CMCs includes the lack of mechanical flexibility and ability to withstand superior

Molten Salt Screening for Electrically Enhanced CO2 Splitting with Ceria

Ceria (CeO2) can be used to split CO2 in a two-step thermochemical process. Oxygen vacancies are formed in the ceria by endothermic reduction at high temperatures. CO2 is used to

Optimizing the Design of Structural Joints for Use in Composite UAV Structures

The structural design of small UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles) remains an under-explored area of research in the realm of aircraft design. While composite structures are becoming more prolific in industry,

Disaggregation of Time Series Energy Consumption Data of Residential Buildings Using Data Analytics Approaches

Buildings, consuming ~40% of U.S. total energy, exhibit significant operational inefficiencies leaving an opportunity to implement various energy-efficiency measures. Time series building energy data analyses in the past gave insights

Effectiveness of Waist Vibrotactile Feedback for Improving Posture Balance

This research verifies the effectiveness of improving posture stability through vibrotactile biofeedback under oscillatory circumstances, which is simulated by the force platform. Subjects were asked to perform a quiet stance

Effect of Fused Deposition Modeling Printing Parameters on Mechanical and Thermal Behavior of PLA/Nanodiamond Composite

Poly Lactic Acid (PLA), a thermoplastic polymer is well known for its biocompatibility, making it ideal for the manufacturing of biomedical devices. However, the current applications of PLA are limited

Implementation of Mechanophores into Shape Memory Polymers to Create Self-Sensing, Self-Healing Composite Materials

Previous work incorporated mechanophore, a material that undergoes chemical or physical response under mechanical stress, into an epoxy resin to create a composite that emits fluorescence under stress. This fluorescence

Assessing Organic Farm Nutrient Management

The United States Department of Agriculture provides requirements for a farm operation to become certified organic, but how do these regulations influence nutrient management? There is insufficient evidence to show

Analysis of Small Cell Lung Cancer-Specific Volatile Organic Compounds in Hypoxic Conditions

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths globally, where 84% of cases are diagnosed late when treatments are no longer effective. Limitations in current diagnostic tools have resulted

Flexible Fractal-Inspired Metamaterial for Head Imaging at 3 Tesla MRI

The noninvasiveness and increased tissue contrast of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) make it an advantageous diagnostic tool relative to its contemporaries, such as CT and PET scans. In high-field MRI,

Covalent-Organic-Framework Polymerization and its Crystallinity

Covalent Organic Frameworks (COFs) are a new class of crystalline and porous polymers constructed by covalently linking organic monomers into 2D or 3D ordered networks. Due to their high surface-area-to-volume

Chemically Recyclable Poly(Thiol-Ene) Elastomers

Conventional petroleum-based polymers are not biodegradable, or easily recyclable. The goal of this research is to synthesize crosslinked photopolymers via thiol-disulfide exchange reactions. These materials may be synthesized by a

Monte Carlo Simulations of Dense Particle Packings: Applications to Material Self-Assembly and Batteries

There is interest in pursuing solid-state batteries as an alternative to the liquid/polymer gel batteries mostly used today. Sintering has been proposed to process solid-state batteries, but powdered particles can

Lignocellulosic Characterization of a Sulfate-Reducing Biochemical Reactor Treating Mining-Influenced Water

Sulfate-reducing biochemical reactors (SRBRs) are a passive treatment method for acidic mining-influenced water (MIW) from active and abandoned mine sites. In an SRBR, microbial communities degrade lignocellulosic substrate, producing electron

Recycling of Plastic Waste for Additive Manufacturing

Due to energy, economic, and logistical difficulties, the poor polymer recycling rate remains a difficulty for humanity today. The usage of thermoplastic materials in the industrial and public open-source additive

Providing Comprehensive Therapy for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder by Using a Virtual Reality Application

The research question that this project seeks to address, is the following. Is it possible to create an immersive virtual reality system for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), capable

Chemical engineering graduate student Anna Mangus conducts research as part of the MORE program.

Cryogenic Electron Tomography and 3D Reconstructions of the Intracellular Extracellular Nanowire Interface of Geobacter Sulfurreducens

Geobacter sulfurreducens are bacteria that use cellular respiration to naturally convert carbon substrates into harvestable electricity. Important morphological information of two structures involved in this process remains to be elucidated:

Crosslinked Polyethylene (XLPE) Recycling via Foam Engineering

Only 16% of plastic products are recycled annually, and polyolefin polymers are at the top of plastic production. Polyolefin polymers include high-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE),

Unintentional Costs of Vehicle Alert Modality for Driving Hazards

The current research aims to better understand how the modality of in-vehicle alerts affects attention allocation for identification and response to simultaneously occurring driving hazards. The research will use a

Automated Traffic Incident Detection and Driver Behavior Analysis

Nowadays, there are over 260 million registered vehicles in the United States (most of them are passenger vehicles), and as a result, road safety is an important issue for everyone.

Automated Traffic Incident Detection and Driver Behavior Analysis

Nowadays, there are over 260 million registered vehicles in the United States (most of them are passenger vehicles), and as a result, road safety is an important issue for everyone.

Energy Absorption in Aperiodic Cellular Materials

Aperiodic cellular materials are an instance of a patterned cellular material in which randomness is introduced into the geometry generation. This change in cellular design can be used to distribute

An Analysis of Callisto Insertion Methods for a Spacecraft Utilizing a Space Elevator Trajectory

Investigating possible solutions to high entry velocities associated with the usage of a space elevator launch system for a mission to the Jovian moon of Callisto is crucial to feasibility.

A Systematic Study on Quantifying Bias in GAN-Augmented Data

Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) can be used to augment the amount of information in datasets. However, upon training on certain datasets, GANs can magnify already existing biases in them. In

Identification of Critical Habitat for Western Yellow-billed Cuckoos Through an Operations Research Modeling Approach

The Yellow-billed Cuckoo is a riparian obligate species in Western North America, meaning that its survival is tied to the health of riparian ecosystems. Degradation of suitable habitat due to

Effects of Crosslinker Molecular Weight on Mechanoresponsive Polymer Nanocomposites

This project aims to improve the performance of a previously researched nanocomposite which fluoresces when physically damaged/strained. Shortening the amine crosslinker used is hypothesized to increase crosslink density and cause

Jupiter Orbital Transfer/Colonization

With the utilization of a space elevator, the distant reaches of the solar system can finally be prospected for human colonization. The Jovian moon Callisto provides the best chance of

Effect of Bimodal Sensory Integration on Reactionary Impulsivity

This research investigates the utilization of neural summation resulting from multisensory integration during action inhibition. Combining the race model inequality, which implies neural summation from bimodal stimuli, with the stop

Curved Implementation in a Variable Impedance Controller for a Robotic Ankle Joint

The research conducted in this project seeks to expand the applicability of a recently introduced and experimentally verified variable impedance controller which dynamically modulates both damping and stiffness to inject

Optimization of Uniaxial Testing Apparatus for Micro-Scale Material Systems

Common methods of testing mechanical properties of micro-scale systems need a collection of specialized parts that are costly and difficult to set up. A new uniaxial testing apparatus that has

Combined Effect of Variable Stiffness and Damping Controller to Correct and Augment Ankle Motion

Human walking is associated with exertion that results in muscle fatigue. Fatigue is an important parameter that determines the deviation of abnormal gait. But accurate forces to an abnormal gait

Antimicrobial Effect of Sulfidized Silver Nanoparticles After a 17 Day Continuous Operation in a Reverse Osmosis Membrane Module for Biofouling Control

Silver is used for the in-situ formation of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) on thin-film composite reverse osmosis membranes to mitigate biofilm formation. A concentration of 10 mM NaNO3 with Na2S

Nucleic Acid Delivery from 3D-Printed Scaffolds

3D printing/bioprinting and gene activated matrix are promising techniques to fabricate scaffolds with well-controlled and patient-specific structures and gene delivery for tissue engineering. In this study, we developed derivatives of

Electrically Assisted 3D Printing of PEDOT:PSS Film for Solar Cell Fabrication

Solar cells built using PEDOT:PSS represent a possible new way forward for solar cell technologies. One of the current dilemmas with widespread use of solar cell technology is that large-scale

Margarito Hernandez Fuentes

Assaying the Effect of Knock-Down of Ubiquitin-Specific Proteases in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare but aggressive cancer that resides in the pleural space surrounding the lungs. While treatment options are available, the median survival rate for MPM

Quantifying the Trends in Wind Speed and Wind Power Potential in Arizona

The task of analyzing long-term wind speed trends across Arizona initially began with sorting data to show what the long-term windspeed trends across Arizona are. Through collection and analysis of

Extended Kalman Filter Based Sensor Fusion for State Estimation of a Soft Robot Arm

Soft robots could be used directly with humans without the danger that is inherently associated with rigid robots. Currently, one major issue with soft robots is the lack of reliable

Characterization of Octopus Arms Using EMG Studies

Soft robotics incorporates physically flexible bodies and electronics into robots to achieve organic movements for carrying out tasks. The octopus is a soft-bodied animal and bioinspired insights can be gained

Designing an Affordable Torsional Spring for a Rotary Series Elastic Actuator

Rotary Series Elastic Actuators are commonly used in rehabilitation exoskeletons due to their inherent compliance creating a level of safety and comfort. Designing and manufacturing torsional springs for this purpose

Transient Cryothermal Measurements for Fast Dynamic Radiative Cooling

This project aims to achieve sub-second transient cryothermal measurements of radiative coatings by iterating upon an existing custom cryostat platform. The modifications include suspension of the sample holder within the

Understanding Effects of Water Solvation on Adsorption of Selenate on Alumina

Selenate is a soluble oxo-anion frequently found in water, which at high concentrations can have a toxic effect on human health and the environment. Alumina is an effective adsorbent material

Gil Ruiz and his son work on a FURI project.

Providing Comprehensive Therapy for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder by Using a Virtual Reality Application

The research question that this project seeks to address, is the following. Is it possible to create an immersive virtual reality system for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), capable

Chemotherapeutic Drug-Conjugated Microbead Technology for Selective Binding with Methylated and Unmethylated Small DNA in the Application of Disease Detection and Biomanufacturing

In a previous study, it was discovered that aminoglycoside-derived cationic polymer microbeads (called Amikabeads) have significant binding affinity towards negatively charged plasmid DNA due to coulombic interactions. The purpose of

Treated Waste Plastics: A Solution for Enhancing the Performance of Concrete Construction

The environment today is facing concerns about over-accumulation of plastics in landfills as well as excessive CO2 emissions. Containers and packaging take up approximately 15 million tons each year, and

Identifying Novel Low-Cost Current Collector Materials for Fuel Cells

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) are devices that convert hydrogen and oxygen into water and electricity. Current collection is a big challenge for these devices because the electrodes are often

Real-Time Object Detection Using Image and Lidar Data

Lidar and camera sensor data are utilized, along with an object detection model, to recognize vehicles and their distances from the sensor system. This research project would help drivers by

Ideal Conditions for Reactive Extraction of Ethyl Acetate with lipase Novozym 435

Optimizing the extraction of desirable solvents with enzymes will help develop a sustainable biological model for producing esters.

Calibration of Single-Stage Gas Gun for Low Velocity Impact Studies

Through a series of experiments and adjustments, a single-stage gas gun at the Adaptive Intelligent Materials and Systems Center is calibrated for accurate and consistent use when launching projectiles at

Assessing Spectrophotometry for Regenerative Medicine Biomanufacturing Biomonitoring

Regenerative medicine utilizes living cells to replace or repair damaged or diseased tissue. Living cells are constantly changing and reacting to their environment, therefore the manufacturing process to get those

Development of CRISPR Interference Constructs to Modulate the Phenotypic Switch of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

Previous studies highlight the critical role that upregulation of Kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) plays in promoting the pathological phenotype of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). This FURI project adopted a

Light-Activated Sealants for Internal Organ Repair and Healing

Current techniques for internal organ sealing and repair can cause additional trauma, may lack adhesive properties, or cause an inflammatory response. The focus of this study is to develop a

Direct Ink Writing of Nanocomposite Polymers for Shape Memory Actuation

The research will develop a multiphase composite direct ink writing 3D printing process using two dissimilar polymer and nanoparticle solutions. The fabricated samples possess shape memory, which means that after

The Impact of Ambient Temperatures on Power System Transmission and Distribution

The motivation behind this research is to identify a relationship between ambient temperatures and power system efficiency, specifically within transmission and distribution (T&D) elements, to suggest methods to create a

Analysis of Additively Manufactured Sintered Wicks for Use in Developing Heat Pipes

The development of additively manufactured sintered wicks and heat pipes will allow for the design and creation of integrated heat sinks and pipes in designs not possible through standard manufacturing

Directly Relating Magnetic Resonance Electrical Impedance Tomography (MREIT) Data to Membrane Conductivity during Neural Activity In Vitro

This research is concerned with analyzing a new type of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) called magnetic resonance electrical impedance tomography (MREIT) which may be able to be used to more

3D Printing of Bioinspired Damage-Tolerant Ceramic Matrix Composite

Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are known for their durability, stiffness, and high-temperature tolerance whereas the problem with these CMCs includes the lack of mechanical flexibility and ability to withstand superior

Air Pollution Control Using Cool Coat Surface Technology

This project explores how specific hydrocarbons interact and chemically react over surfaces. The chemistries of common gaseous hydrocarbons are investigated over common infrastructure materials coated with a temperature-regulating (cool coating)

Inference of Brain Morphology From Spatial Gene Expression

The Allen Brain Atlas offers an atlas of gene expression across the whole mouse brain, but spatial transcriptomic datasets are beyond direct interpretation. Reducing dimensionality with principal component analysis (PCA)

S. Saketha Ramunajam Samavedam

Imaging Methods to Augment Human Vision Beyond Direct Line-of-Sight with mmWaves

This project is aimed at developing a robust classification and reconstruction mechanism capable of accurately estimating and correcting the position of objects that are hidden behind line-of-sight obstacles. This is

Enhanced Air Dehumidification Using Stretchable Tubing

Dehumidifiers are essential household appliances in many tropical regions of the world, where high ambient humidity can lead to negative health effects ranging from physical discomfort to mold-related sicknesses. Common

Graph-Guided-Assembly and Typing of the HLA Alleles from RNA-seq Data

The HLA, Human Leukocyte Antigens, are encoded by a polymorphic set of genes where even a single base change can impact the function of the body’s immune response to foreign

Annika Wines

Electrocatalytic Reduction of Nitrate via Nickel Foam Modified with Copper-Cobalt Nanoparticles for Ammonia Selectivity

The standard Haber-Bosch process to produce ammonia (NH3) for use in agriculture applications is both energy and resource-intensive. This research advances a cost-effective alternative to ammonia production using catalytic activity

Exploring the Extreme Structural Parameters of Hyperbolic Metamaterials

Hyperbolic metamaterials (HMMs) are nano-engineered metal-dielectric composites that feature extraordinary wave-vector dispersion and spontaneous emission engineering. These properties count strongly on the structural parameters such as unit cell size and

Harnessing Zika Virus to Access the Neuroimmune System

Neuroinflammation has been implicated in nearly every neurodevelopmental, and degenerative disease, yet the capability to manipulate neuroimmune cell types remain limited. Microglia, a neuroimmune cell type, have developed a resistance to

Active Vibration Protection for Rocket Electronics

This research explores the ability to use control algorithms and AI to stabilize electronics in a rocket payload bay. Since the payload is often quite delicate (expensive satellites, robotics, and

Maya Muir (left) works with her mentor Assistant Professor Ariane Middel (right).

A Decision Support System for Urban Canopy Selection

As record heatwaves are being seen across the globe, new tools are needed to support urban planners when considering infrastructure additions. This project focuses on developing an interactive web interface

Immunomodulatory Exosome Loaded Synthetic Hydrogels for Cell Encapsulation

Pregnancy is a natural phenomenon where tissue types of different antigen signatures co-exist without eliciting an immune response from the host. Immunomodulation occurs in a site-specific manner at this interface

Determining an Optimal Task-Allocation Algorithm for Multi-Tethered Rover (MuTheR) Systems

Multi-tethered rover (MuTheR) systems present an improved way to explore the terrain in lunar and planetary missions by utilizing the teamwork and buddy-system advantages associated with robots physically connected together.

3D-Printed Jet-Based Cooling Heat Exchanger for Electronic Devices

This project explores the potential of 3D-printed jet-based cooling heat exchanger, also called 3D-printed jet cooler, to cool electronic devices. Unlike traditional metal-based jet coolers, this 3D-printed jet cooler will

Engineering of Light-Based Promoters with PACE and eVOLVER Continuous Culture Hardware

Phage-assisted continuous evolution (PACE) is a revolutionary new method to rapidly engineer new genes and proteins, but the method requires extensive automation and expensive chemical inducers for precise control of

The Mechanical Performance of Functional Material Fabricated via Structural Beams Based Photopolymerization

Explore the tensile and compress mechanical property of Stereolithography (SLA) 3D printing in vertical and horizontal directions which can help the further design with industrial structure engineering. Find the relationship

FURI researcher Tina Sindwani

Impact of Gamification on Student Motivation and Success in Engineering Courses

The research question that this project seeks to answer is the impact of gamification in two engineering courses, one at the freshman level and the other junior, on students’ overall

Sustainable Foam Engineering of Crosslinked Polyethylene (XLPE) Thermal Insulation Recycling

Crosslink Polyethylene (XLPE) is a thermoset that degrades carbon dioxide (CO2) before reaching its melting point. Annually, 450 tons of XLPE end up on landfills from electrical cables in Arizona

Engineering of a Microbial Host for the Degradation of Recalcitrant Biomass

Developing a microbial platform for the breakdown of recalcitrant biomass will enable the sustainable production of valuable chemicals.

Unintentional Costs of Vehicle Warning Modality for Driving Hazards

The current research aims to better understand how the modality of in-vehicle alerts affects attention allocation for identification and response to simultaneously occurring driving hazards. The research will use a

Identification of Critical Habitat for Western Yellow-billed Cuckoos Through an Operations Research Modeling Approach

The Yellow-billed Cuckoo is a riparian obligate species in Western North America, meaning that its survival is tied to the health of riparian ecosystems. Degradation of suitable habitat due to

Autonomous Vehicle Object Detection on LiDAR Point Cloud Using Deep Learning Model

In order to improve the current advanced driver assistant system, more accurate input information of the vehicle’s surround is required. The project serves to improve this input information as LiDAR

An Analysis of Callisto Insertion Methods for a Spacecraft Utilizing a Space Elevator Trajectory

Investigating possible solutions to high entry velocities associated with the usage of a space elevator launch system for a mission to the Jovian moon of Callisto is crucial to feasibility.

Passive Haptic Learning as a Reinforcement Modality for Information

The possibility of passively absorbing new information while engaging in other activities calls for attention especially in today’s culture where time is valued the most. This topic is generally called

Towards the Development of a Longitudinal Rehabilitation Study for Postural Stability in Children with Cerebral Palsy

Studying how children with cerebral palsy balance under certain circulstances will inform future rehabilitation methods.

Data Offloading in 5G Wireless Networks

Implementation and testing of data offloading in 5G wireless networks can be accomplished using Software Defined Radio (SDR). Machine learning classification techniques can be applied to identify receiver locations, then

Drug Delivery in the Brain Using Iontophoresis through Microscale Pipettes to Modulate Single Cell Function

The need for controlled drug administration has become increasingly critical for the treatment of neurological diseases. Iontophoresis, a technique that uses current to move molecules, has been explored. The goals

Development of a Feedback-Based Control Algorithm for Maximum Power Point Tracking through Load Management

Load Managing photovoltaic (PV) system is proven to be an efficient systematic approach to extract the maximum available PV power. The project focuses on developing a feedback-based control algorithm and

Study of Direct, Jupiter Insertion Orbits from Space Elevators

Space elevators have the potential to launch thousands of interplanetary missions within the next 5 decades. The extensive amount of opportunities to explore the solar system allows for a large

Effectiveness of Algal-Derived MgO-Biochar Nanocomposites for Nitrate and Phosphate Removal from Water

With limited fresh water available on Earth, pollutants such as fertilizer run-off and sewage create high nutrient levels of nitrogen and phosphorous that threaten the future of safe, drinkable water.

Bioengineering Corynebacterium glutamicum for the Synthesis of Short-Chain and Long-Chain Esters

Optimizing bioreactors to produce similar products to petrochemicals would help industries to be more sustainable.

Jupiter Orbital Transfer/Colonization

With the utilization of a space elevator, the distant reaches of the solar system can finally be prospected for human colonization. This project will determine that the Jovian moon Callisto

Enabling Horizontal Burrowing of a Multi-Segment Soft Robot

The objective of the research is to design a horizontal self-burrowing soft robot. Previous research has shown that inducing forward horizontal burrowing involves breaking the time-reversal symmetry of the robot

Removal of Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) from Water by Ion Exchange (IX)

Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are toxic anthropogenic compounds widely used in the industry due to their stability, persistence, and repellency. One reliable mechanism recently adapted for the removal of the so-called

Development of a Genome Editing Tool to Target Modulation Genes In Vascular Smooth Muscle Tissue

Vascular stenosis, a pathology characterized by plaque buildup in arteries, is associated with a biological hallmark: the phenotypic switch from a quiescent contractile to a proliferative synthetic phase of vascular

Inference of Brain Morphology from Spatial Gene Expression

The Allen Brain Atlas offers an atlas of gene expression across the whole mouse brain, but spatial transcriptomic datasets are beyond direct interpretation. Reducing dimensionality with principal component analysis (PCA)

Synthesis of Porous Carbons Using Disposed Facemasks for the Recovery of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Nutrients from Wastewater

High levels of nutrients in water such as nitrogen and phosphorus impact the survival of aquatic ecosystems and threaten water resources. Other pollutants in water include plastic, which has been

Enabling Circular Economies of Recyclable Materials Through Matrix Completion

An integral part in improving our recycling process is the development of circular economies. One of the major hindrances to the development of circular economies is the incompleteness of commodity

Hydrolysis of Cellulose With Engineered Recombinant Bacillus Subtilis

Engineering bacteria to convert cellulose into glucose will allow for cheaper utilization of biomass to make sustainable fuels.

Engineering of Light-Based Promoters with PACE and eVOLVER Continuous Culture Hardware

Phage assisted continuous evolution (PACE) is a revolutionary new method to rapidly engineer new genes and proteins, but the method requires extensive automation for precise control of gene expression. The

Light-Activated Sealants for Internal Organ Repair and Healing

Current techniques for internal organ sealing and repair can cause additional trauma, may lack adhesive properties, or cause an inflammatory response. The focus of this study is to develop a

High-Speed 3D Printing of Electroactive Hydrogel for Soft Robotics

A new method of additive manufacturing called Projection Micro Stereolithography (PμSL) has made fabricating micro-scale designs more convenient, and is capable of printing high-resolution electroactive hydrogel parts from photosensitive liquid

Energy Absorption in Aperiodic Cellular Materials

Aperiodic cellular materials are an instance of a patterned cellular material in which randomness is introduced into the geometry generation. This change in cellular design can be used to distribute

Learning Complex Behaviors from Simple Behaviors: An Analysis of Behavior-Based Modular Design for RL Agents

In this research, I present an algorithm that aims at combining behavior such that the resulting behavior has characteristics of each individual behavior. This approach has been inspired by subsumption

Lily Baye-Wallace demonstrates a hip exosuit

A Soft Robotic Hip Exosuit (SR-HExo) to Enable Entrainment during Human Locomotion

Over 7 million American stroke survivors require gait rehabilitation due to initial or persistent mobility deficits. Expansion of the “basin of entrainment” is a rehabilitative practice that improves gait uniformity

Emma Lieberman works on her Grand Challenges Scholars Program project.

Genetically Engineering the Microalgae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to Sequester Arsenic from Contaminated Groundwater: ASU International Genetically Engineered Machine Competition Project

Arsenic contamination in groundwater is a serious problem in local rural communities: ~20.7% of wells in Arizona exceed the safe concentration of 10ppb. Prolonged exposure to this contamination can cause

A Systematic Study on Quantifying Bias in GAN-Augmented Headshot Data

Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) can be used to augment the amount of information in datasets. However, upon training on certain datasets, GANs can magnify already existing biases in them. In

Mounika Kakarla (right) and faculty mentor Assistant Professor Kenan Song

Manufacture of 3D Printed Composite Structures via Multiphase Direct Ink Writing

Although additive manufacturing is a rapid prototyping technology, the printing resolution for most commercial printers are limited to microscales, especially the lack of high-resolution structural control in the case of

Simulation-Guided Preparation of 3D In Vitro Models with Predictable Oxygen Distribution

Tissue oxygenation is an emerging area of study as scientific literature suggests hypoxia playing a key role in the progression of various diseases including cancer, stroke, and traumatic injuries. This

CK2 Phosphorylation of Tom22: Conserved or Convergently Evolved?

The translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane (TOM) complex is the gateway into mitochondria. Phosphorylation of the receptor, Tom22, by the kinases CK1 and CK2 in both animals and fungi

Designing an Affordable Torsional Spring for a Rotary Series Elastic Actuator

Rotary Series Elastic Actuators are commonly used in rehabilitation exoskeletons due to their inherent compliance creating a level of safety and comfort. Designing and manufacturing torsional springs for this purpose

Perspective Variant Preference-Based Learning with Quadcopter Swarms

Preference-based learning allows for non-expert users to interact with reinforcement learning agents in a way that they can shape their behaviors. This work intends to push the current implementations of

Effects of Crosslinker Molecular Weight on Mechanoresponsive Polymer Nanocomposites

Polymer nanocomposites are the subject of continual promising research due to their multifunctionality and tunability in a wide range of consumer and industrial materials. This research project aims to improve

Synthesis and Characterization of Immunomodulatory Microparticles for the Induction of Tolerance Against Dietary Antigens

Given that metabolism can control immune cell function1 and that the presentation of an antigen by anti-inflammatory dendritic cells can lead to the expansion of anti-inflammatory immune responses2, this project

Understanding Machine vs Human Generated Text in News Articles

The aim of this research is to create a model that can take a text input to classify the content of the message into two categories, Machine Generated and Human

Development and Validation of a Custom Soft-Body FEA Simulator for Rapid Prototyping

This study focuses on the development of a soft-bodied finite element analysis (FEA) simulator for the purpose of early phase prototyping. This simulator facilitates rapid generation of design concepts in

Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Polyethylene

The effects of catalytic hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of polyethylene with different catalysts on HTL product distribution will be investigated. The research will help SRP eliminate plastic waste from electrical cable

A Comparison of CRISPR/Cas-Derived Genome Editing Methods for hPSCs

Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 systems are a vital gene-editing tool for generating in vitro disease models. Since its debut, many CRISPR-derived editing techniques have been created to increase

Monitoring Upright Posture in Individuals with Parkinson’s Disease: Foundations for a System to Provide Real-Time Feedback

Stooped posture is one of the main characteristic features in Parkinson’s Disease (PD). While the severity of stooped posture (SP) varies from person to person, research has shown that the

Cell Viability of Insulin-Producing Cells After Injection Into Complex Hydrogel Shapes in Macroencapsulation Device

This project investigates an injection molding device for complex hydrogel geometries to macroencapsulate donor islet cells. The injection process requires that cells be mixed with hydrogel and injected into the

Understanding the Impact of the Tempo of Distractions on Cognitive Ability

In order to provide students with the best education, it is critical to understand what distractors may affect their cognitive abilities. The research focuses on understanding whether patterned or randomly

Designing Personalized Assistive Technology for Student with Cerebral Palsy

One of the symptoms of Cerebral Palsy (CP) is the lack of spatial awareness due to the inability to respond well to visual cues. This project seeks to augment visual

Using Machine Learning to Quantify Colorimetric Assays from Cell Phone Photos

Finding a method to objectively quantify results of colorimetric assays without special equipment is important to increasing the accessibility and portability of point-of-care testing. Point-of-care testing is inexpensive, has quick

Modeling and Control of Rocket Ascent in a Vertical Plane

This project uses a simplified model of a thrust vector-controlled rocket in ascent to design and analyze control systems for such a rocket. The dynamical system describing a rocket in

Solar Membrane Desalination

The project focusses on controlling scaling resistance in solar membrane distillation by monitoring the role of temperature, hydrodynamic conditions and concentration polarization. The researcher hypothesized that the maximum solar water

Factors that Influence Ankle Stiffness During the Stance Phase of Walking

Understanding human joint mechanical impedance — a measurement reflecting stiffness, damping, and inertia — is a potentially useful metric for diagnostic purposes that can also aid in the design of

Simulation-Guided Preparation of 3D In Vitro Models with Predictable Oxygen Distribution

Tissue oxygenation is an emerging area of study as knowledge suggests that hypoxia plays a key role in the progression of various diseases including cancer, stroke, and traumatic injuries. This

Alternative Promoter Usage Using Transcription Start Sites

With relatively small genomes, many species have evolved mechanisms for diversifying their transcriptome (set of messenger mRNA transcripts in a given cell). One of the mechanisms to do so is

Evaluating How Empathy Optimizes Transparency and Trust in pHRI

This research investigates how a robot’s empathy, the ability to allow humans to misunderstand a robot’s intent, optimizes the transparency and trust in the Human-Robot Interaction (HRI). The robot is

Development of a Genome Engineering Approach for the Modulation of Vascular Phenotypes

Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of death for cardiovascular diseases and the phenotypic switch of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) mediated by the upregulation of KLF4 contributes to the progression

Prototyping of a 5G Ad-Hoc Cellular System on Hardware Kits

This research focuses on the development of a self-correcting 5G ad-hoc cellular network that will connect both fixed and wireless users, regardless of location. A localization proof-of-concept will be prototyped

A Novel Approach to Perform Rank-One Updates in Machine Learning

The fact that ML algorithms can suffer from significant rounding errors and affect their output has received little attention. Moreover, techniques for avoiding rounding errors tend to be computationally expensive.

Employing Deep Learning and GPS Outdoor Positioning for Vision-Aided mmWave Beam Prediction

This project is aimed at utilizing machine learning frameworks to develop an optimized beam training model, capable of predicting the optimal direction of mmWave signal at a considerable success probability,

Establishing a Testing Method for Axially Continuous Graphene-Coated Copper Wire in High Power Transmission Applications

Electrical power systems in the modern era are being utilized in sectors like transportation, aerospace, and communication for purposes which demand increasing miniaturization capability, current carrying capacity, and environmental stability.

The Impact of External Factors on Multiple-Choice Exams

The purpose of this research project is to utilize statistical analysis techniques to evaluate how exam composition impacts the performance of students on multiple-choice exams. The factors specifically in question

Investigation of Reactive Oxidative Stress Using a Uniaxial Stretch Model to Simulate Physiological Micromotion Induced Cyclic Strain on Brain

Physiological micromotion, such as breathing and vascular pulsations, has a significant impact on the reliability of implants used in neuromodulation therapies. Micromotion-induced stresses and strain are hypothesized to impact neuronal

Parth Khopkar and Heni Ben Amor

Control and Coordination of Multi-Robot Swarm Systems

Robot swarms show great promise in performing complex tasks in areas ranging from search and rescue to interplanetary exploration and yet controlling the behaviors of these swarms effectively is an

Effect of Impurities on Shock-Induced Phase Transformations in Silica Glasses

Silica glasses are an important component for protecting personal and equipment on battlefields. Impact pressures generated by modern weapons can cause silica glass to crystallize from its original amorphous state

Schlieren Optics and Photoacoustic Imaging Development

The purpose of the research is to shorten diagnostic times by developing a new real-time Photoacoustic Microscopy imaging technique. Photoacoustic microscopy can target naturally occurring absorbers as well as exogenous

panCanSYGNAL

A web application has been developed to provide data and statistics for comprehensive gene regulatory network of the deadly cancer malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). The web application was enhanced to

Jesus Pena and Jay Oswald

The Effectiveness of Hands-On Demonstrations on Understanding Statics Principles

This project seeks to determine whether 3D demonstrations can effectively increase the comprehension of fundamental engineering principles for sophomore students. A physical demonstration was fabricated using acrylic plastic in which

Electrocorticography Array for Simultaneous Measurement of Local Field Potentials and Tissue Oxygenation

Nervous tissue is known to be extremely vulnerable to discontinuities of oxygen and energy substrates. The brain must have a constant supply of energy to prevent abnormal behavior because the

Dean Spyres and Mayo Clinic staff.

3D Printed Indirect Ophthalmoscope Accessory for Mobile Device

Ophthalmoscopes are integral to diagnosing a variety of eye conditions, however, they often come at a hefty cost and are not generally portable making access limited. With the increase in

How Does Simulated Physiological, Cyclic Stretch Affect Oxygen Demand at Neural Interfaces?

Neuromodulation devices are a very important therapeutic tool for many neurological disorders such as in deep brain stimulation for Parkinson’s disease. It is important to know how biological and mechanical

Investigation of Stokes Number Effects on Particle-Laden Flows

The goal of this FURI project is to find the particle characteristics that lead to a significant increase to the overall mass flow rate of particle-laden turbulent channel flow. Simulations

Investigating the Effect of Silver Oxide (AgOx) Layer on the Optical and Electrical Properties of a Perovskite-Based Structure/Device

In recent years, perovskite solar cells (PVSCs) have emerged as highly promising solar advancements. This is due to their highly cost-effective manufacturing processes while demonstrating excellent performance. However, the commercialization

Synthesis of 2D Transition Metal Oxides

Metal oxides have known bulk properties but many of them have not been synthesized in atomically thin or two-dimensional (2D) forms, which can enable new properties and functionality. Materials take

Auto-generation of Spatial SQL Queries

In the recent past, there has been an increase in AI-based systems built to make human database interactions seamless, but they rely on interaction sessions that are extremely small. The

Traffic Analysis with Drone Videos

Recent advances in drones for consumer and professional applications have enabled a wide range of video-based analysis tasks in the air, including urban landscape survey, farmland area counting, and crop

Modeling Mechanical Properties of Fibrous, Polymer Scaffolds as a Function of Fiber Alignment

Musculoskeletal tissues, ranging from tendon to cartilage to bone, contains an extracellular matrix with unique fiber alignments and mechanical properties. Designing tissue engineered scaffolds that mimic these tissue properties is

Modulating Gait Symmetric Adaptation via Split-Belt Treadmill Distortion and Explicit Visual Feedback Distortion and Evaluating the Aftereffects of Adapted Step Length Symmetry

Following neurological disease or injury, such as stroke, it is common for patients to lose functionality and coordination of their lower limbs. Rehabilitation techniques, such as gait training, are widely

Mini Containers Research Project

The Mini Containers Research project aims to reduce the food waste and carbon footprint of the current technologies used for transporting fresh produce by creating individual environmentally controlled containers that

Metabolic Engineering for Robust Natural Product Biosynthesis in C. glutamicum

In this work, a pathway within C. glutamicum was to be engineered to produce a flavonoid naringenin. Towards this, as a first step, 4 different plasmid vectors must be constructed

A Fluorescent Technique for Sensing Melt Transitions of Semi-Crystalline Polymer Thin Films

This research focuses on understanding the melting temperature and crystallization behavior at the interface of multi-layer semi-crystalline polymeric thin films using a location-specific fluorescence technique. The change in emission light

Transfecting B35 Neuroblastoma Cells with Near Infrared Protein for Photoacoustic Detection

Viewing biological processes at depth in tissues is essential for the study and diagnosis of neurodegenerative and neurological diseases. Despite recent advancements, current optical techniques are restricted to an imaging

Investigation on the Adsorption of Selenium Oxo-Anions on Hematite and Alumina Surfaces

Selenium oxo-anions are toxic substances present in drinking water, these can be removed by using Hematite and Alumina as the adsorbent materials. Density Functional Theory is used to understand the

5-DOF Simulations for Parametric Assessment of Missile Engagement Envelope

Surface-to-air missiles engage airborne targets. Upon initial detection, the missile is launched and guided toward the target within a lethal radius around the target, in which its warhead can ensure

Photoacoustic Imaging with Schlieren Optics to Provide Real-Time Imaging

Wide-field photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) images are challenging to display in real-time because these images are reconstructed from multiple one-dimensional scans. This delay limits both research and clinical applications for PAM.

Mixed Reality Hardware for Hands On Virtual Science Labs

Virtual reality and its integration into online education could make online lab courses better reflect an in-person lab experience. There is a great opportunity for virtual remote education, especially since

Analysis of Biomolecules Using a Novel Sapphire-Supported Nanopore

Solid-state nanopores are a revolutionary technology first devised in the early 1990s that allow researchers to conduct biomolecule analysis, with a potential for fast and low-cost diagnostics. Conventional solid-state nanopores

DSL Interface for Spatio-Temporal Perception Logic Specifications

With the rise of autonomous driving systems (ADS), the need for validating the efficacy of the perception subsystems utilized becomes more apparent. The use of Spatio-Temporal Perception Logic (STPL) permits

Data Offloading in 5G Wireless Networks

Implementation and testing of data offloading in 5G wireless networks can be accomplished using Software Defined Radio (SDR). Developing a working system through SDR requires overcoming inherent challenges, including compensating

Building a Regulatory Network to Explore the Immune Landscape of Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma is a rare and deadly cancer that typically consists of tumors in the pleural cavity of the lungs. This research showcases a regulatory network using the previously built SYGNAL

Reprocessable Thermoset Photopolymers in 3D Printing Application

A UV photoinduced step-growth cross-linked network that incorporates dynamic disulfide linkages into the backbone is reported. Multifunctional enes and thiols are used to create a polymer network via photoinduced radical-mediated

Phosphorus Accumulation in the Gilbert Riparian Preserve Aquifer Recharge Ponds

The objective of this project was to quantify the phosphorus accumulation in the aquifer recharge infiltration ponds at the Gilbert Riparian Preserve and determine if those levels are cause for

CUR Decomposition Method for Dimensionality Reduction of High Dimensional Alloy Data

High Entropy Alloys have potential for application in structural and aerospace industries due to their desirable material properties. These alloys consist of five or more elements, leading to a large

Design of a Controller for a Lizard Inspired Tube Inspection Robot

In this work, a smart force feedback controller is designed for a Lizard Inspired Tube Inspection (LTI) robot that has force-sensitive sensors embedded in its fingers. The primary function of

Neighboring Single Atoms Catalyst Acceleration of Hydrodehalogenation of Organic Pollutants — An Ab Into Study with Pt Catalyst

Organohalides are toxic materials present in water that are poisonous to living organisms. A common method for decontamination is through hydrodehalogenation using a noble metal catalyst such as Pt and

Control of Tissue Homeostasis, Tumorigenesis, and Degeneration by Coupled Bidirectional Bistable Switches

The Hippo signaling pathway plays a key role in determining organ size and maintaining tissue homeostasis through regulation of apoptosis and cell proliferation. Disrupting the balance between these biological processes

Testing Method of Soft Actuator

Elderly around the world have been diagnosed with mobility impairment due to various diseases that cause weak joints and muscles. The Kaiteki Project proposes a wearable hybrid robotic system that

Statistical Modeling of Drug Release from Spherical Surface-Degrading Particle Batch

Drug-eluting microparticles have been identified as a method of drug delivery capable of delivering controlled local treatment over time. To address the need of adhering to strict drug delivery standards,

Enhancing Natural Genetic Transformation in Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 via Multimeric Integration

Cyanobacteria are photosynthetic organisms and reliable sources of renewable feedstocks. Specifically, Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 is a marine strain of Cyanobacteria that is naturally capable of foreign DNA uptake. Replicating

Analyzing the Effects of Conduction, Convection, and Radiation in a Rotary Drum

Rotary drums are tools used extensively in chemical manufacturing industries for heating and drying chemical batches. The objective of this study is to analyze the efficiency of different forms of

Antimicrobial Effect of Sulfidized Silver Nanoparticles After a Three-Month Operation Period in a Reverse Osmosis Module for Biofouling Control

Silver is used for the in-situ formation of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) on thin-film composite reverse osmosis membranes to mitigate biofilm formation. Different concentrations (10-1, 10-3, and 10-5 M) of Na2S to

Autonomous Online PID Tuning Algorithm and Implementation on a Knee Exoskeleton

Proportional-Integral-Derivative controllers (PID) are widely used in rehabilitation robotics and the ability to tune the controllers in the presence of unmodelled nonlinearities is essential to the performance of the controller.

RF (Radio Frequency) Micro-Coil Design for Small Animal MRI

The research question to be answered by this project would be whether the developed RF (Resonance Frequency) coil could generate the frequency of 297 MHz that is required to operate

Maintaining Long Term Adherence to BRIDGES Protocols

mHealth Apps, also known as Mobile Health Applications, refers to the “use of mobile and wireless technologies to support the achievement of health objectives,” according to the World Health Organization.

Sonication-Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis of B4C Nanosheets for Fabrication of a Solar Steam Generator

A solar steam generator is a device that uses solar energy to produce steam in order to desalinate and purify water. More efficient and cheaper materials are needed to absorb

The Effect of Sleep Deprivation on the Startle Response

The reticulospinal system of the brain is responsible for learning motor skills. As humans age, the quality and quantity of sleep continually decreases leading to memory and learning deficits. In

Development of a Wearable Hybrid-PassiveAnkle-Foot Orthosis for Rehabilitative and Assistive Applications

During normal walking, there is significant power required in the ankle to propel the body forward near toe-off. In the case of the elderly or those with neuromuscular disorders, this

Cost and Lead Time Reduction of Replacement Piping Using Additive Manufacturing

Metal 3D printing has grown up from its research stage to the fabrication for a wide range of commercial functional applications. Metal 3D printing is now popular in industries to

Propagation of Interictal Spikes in Epilepsy

Interictal spikes are typically regarded as a sign of epilepsy, although their precise role in epilepsy remains vague. This study explores the spatiotemporal dynamics of sequences of interictal spikes in

Expanding Gene Expression Tools in Cyanobacteria

Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002, a marine strain of cyanobacteria is a great candidate as a cell factory for production of value-added chemicals, such as 2,3-butanediol due to its rapid growth

Performing Phenotypical Studies For An Adaptable Multi-Modality pH-Sensitive Nanoprobe for Real-Time Monitoring of Engineered Cells and Tissues

A versatile technology for the assessment of cell and tissue viability in different culture systems remains a concern in the biomanufacturing industry. Through this project, the research team studied the

Adsorptive CO2 Capture from Ambient Air by Zeolites

Carbon emissions are at an all-time high and there are ways to mitigate pollution but few viable carbon negative solutions. Zeolitic carbon capture is a cheap and highly effective method

3D Printing of Energy-Free Liquid Transport Microchips with Bioinspired Hierarchical Structures

Energy-free liquid transport has become an attractive research topic for a variety of industries due to its simplicity and its effectiveness. Traditional liquid transport is not ideal since it requires

Additive Manufacturing of Polymeric Material with Metallic Structures via Electrically Assisted Stereolithography

Metallic structures on polymer surfaces are gaining a lot of interest due to their unique applications such as ICs, antennas, and metamaterials. Most additive manufacturing (AM) can only fabricate 3D

Assessing Technology Best Suited for Regenerative Medicine Biomanufacturing Biomonitoring

Regenerative medicine utilizes living cells to replace or repair damaged or diseased tissue, but the manufacturing process to get those cells is unlike typical manufacturing. Living cells are constantly changing

Synthesis on 2D Quantum RTe3 and Characterization to Confirm its CDW States

In the Rare-earth-Tri-telluride family, RTe3s [R=La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Er, Ho, Tm] the emergence of Charge Density Waves (CDWs) has been under investigation for a long time

Construction of Plasmid DNA for the Heterologous Expression of Ester Forming Enzymes

Developing a microbial system that increases the production of sustainable solvents like ethyl lactate has environmental and economic impacts. Prior bioinformatics analysis showed ATF1, ATF2 and LgATF1 to be potential

Evaluation of Algae-Derived Carbon Adsorbents for Direct CO2 Capture from Ambient Air

One potential solution to the looming threat of radical global warming is carbon capture with algae-derived carbon adsorbents because of their low production cost. Once synthesized, algae-derived carbon adsorbents will

Detection of Irradiated Foods Packed in Plastic and Glass Using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Spectrometry

Food irradiation is performed to improve the safety of foods by reducing pathogenic microorganisms. Many foodstuffs are irradiated to preserve and prolong their life span. Though a standard symbol exists,

Flux Balance Analysis of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 for the Production of D-lactate

Flux Balance Analysis (FBA) is a computational approach to simulate the flux of metabolic pathways in genome-scale metabolic networks in organisms such as cyanobacteria. COBRA toolbox is used to predict

MXene Particle Synthesis and Their Scalability

The objective of the research is to synthesize MXene (Ti3AlC2) nanoparticles of a few microns in lateral dimension, without surface defects for microscale patterning. The in-situ HF (LiF + HCl)

Real Time Visualization of Magnetic Field Lines for Educational Purposes

Being able to detect and visually map the magnetic field lines would be of interest for both educational and industrial applications. These magnetic field lines describe the direction of the

Alexis Hocken

Characterizing Nanocomposites for Customizable Cartilage Replacements

The properties and characteristics of photocurable nanocomposites can be tailored to mimic those of various tissues and/or cartilage, allowing the bio-inspired synthetic material to replace them. The long-term goal of

Smith Pittman and Michelle Young.

Use of Rabbit Fecal Matter for Lignin Degradation in Wastewater Treatment Systems

This research investigates a method of biologically pretreating lignin using bacteria obtained from rabbit fecal samples, as rabbit diets consist largely of lignocellulose. Under anaerobic conditions, these microbes are expected

Online Prediction for Vision-based Active Pursuit using a Domain Agnostic Offline Motion Model

The use of a Long Short-Term Memory Network-based domain-agnostic predictive pursuit agent is proposed as an alternative to conventional methods such as Kalman Filtering. The empirical results from the pursuit-evasion

Simultaneous Microscale Optical Spectroscopy and Thermoreflectance Analysis

This research will study temperature-dependent spectral properties at the microscale by combining a microscope setup for Microscale Optical Reflection and Transmission (MORT) that analyzes light spectrum and the Scanning Laser

The Use of a Virtual Cane for Improving Standing Postural Stability

This study introduces a virtual cane (VC) device for improving standing balance. Unlike typical canes, VC does not provide any physical support but haptic feedback to help users adjust their

Study Examining Human Postural Stability with Perturbations Applied Utilizing Dual-Axis Robotic Platform

This study investigated the impacts of 2-dimensional oscillatory perturbations on human standing balance. A dual-axis robotic platform was utilized to apply oscillatory perturbations and evaluate the subject’s postural stability during

Ambient Ozone Removal Using Cement-Based Materials

Urbanization has increased air pollution in the lower atmosphere, thereby calling for the development of methods of active and passive air pollutant removal from the troposphere. Work was undertaken to

Model-on-Demand (MoD) Estimation for Behavioral Intervention Optimization

This project explores the use of Model-on-Demand (MoD) estimation to model noisy, nonlinear time series data. MoD estimation has been examined for two applications: (1) a continuously-stirred tank reactor and

Engineering High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and inexpensive source of energy as compared

Electrically Assisted 3D Printing of PEDOT:PSS Film for Solar Cell Fabrication

PEDOT:PSS based solar cells are a promising renewable energy source. They have exhibited high energy efficiency while still maintaining stability. The problem with these types of solar cells is that

Electrically Assisted 3D Printing of Perovskite Film for Solar Cell Fabrication

This research project aims to control the density and morphology of the 3D printed nanofilm for optimum energy conversion efficiency. To fabricate individual solar cell layers, an additive manufacturing (AM)

Engineering Bacteria to Secrete Cellulases for Breaking Down Cellulose into Glucose

Cellulases are enzymes that are crucial for the breakdown of cellulose into glucose, the primary carbon source in bacterial systems. However, the current method of using commercial cellulases is very

Structural Beam Based Stereolithography for Rapid Continuous Additive Manufacturing

Conventional traditional manufacturing involves enormous waste materials and consumes a lot of energy and time. Additive Manufacturing technologies provide a sustainable manufacturing environment and possess the ability to produce parts

TEM Image Simulations of Structural Dynamics on CeO2-supported Pt Catalysts

In time-resolved series of TEM images taken of supported nanoclusters in gas environments, it is observed that the nanoparticles can undergo dynamic structural reconfigurations that give rise to unique contrast

Accurate Timing Reference Using GPS Signal and Arduino

As the backbone of many critical infrastructure systems, assured Position, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) is crucial to maintaining our national security. In the battlefield environment, the availability of devices that

Determine Failure Mode and Bending Load Capacity of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Composite Square Tubes for Design of Support Structure of Small UAS (Unmanned Aerial System)

Research was performed on the failure modes and governing equations for composite materials under tension and compression in the areas of local panel buckling, shear stress, compressive yield stress, crippling,

Directly Relating Magnetic Resonance Electrical Impedance Tomography (MREIT) Data to Membrane Conductivity during Neural Activity In Vitro

This research is concerned with analyzing a new type of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) called magnetic resonance electrical impedance tomography (MREIT) in an effort to be able to use it

Kylie Welch and David Allee

Implementing Bio-Inspired Frequency Detection on an FPGA

Similar to how animals use signals of varied frequencies to detect and locate objects, a fast Fourier transform (FFT) will allow for an efficient way to analyze signals. Implementation of

Adversarial Attacks on Autonomous Driving with Physically Realizable Patterns

Following the physical adversarial attacks faced by Deep Neural Networks (DNNs), controllers learned using such DNNs with Reinforcement Learning (RL) approach are also vulnerable particularly in risk-sensitive areas such as

3D Printed Jet-Based Cooling Heat Exchanger for Electronic Devices

This project explores the potential of a 3D-printed jet-based cooling heat exchanger, also called a 3D-printed jet cooler, to cool electronic devices. Unlike traditional metal-based jet coolers, this 3D printed

FPGA Powered Infrared Imaging of Hypersonic Missiles

This research project explores the applicability of low-altitude hypersonic missile detection using artificial intelligence (AI) implemented on a field-programmable gate array (FPGA). The ability to defend against hypersonic missiles depends

A Systematic Study of Pooled Testing Procedures for SARS-CoV-2

Testing is an invaluable method used to monitor and limit the spread of COVID-19. However, global shortages of reagents and instruments make it difficult to perform routine high-volume testing. Studies

Pandemic Agent-Based Modeling in a Learning Environment

The objective of this project is to design and model transmission dynamics of COVID-19 in a closed learning environment for the purpose of analyzing and comparing methods for alternative classroom

Designing a Low-Cost and Power-Efficient DC-Biasing System for Reconfigurable Reflective Surfaces in the Terahertz Spectrum

The motivation behind the group’s research is to fabricate the physical structures for implementing a new type of frontier in wireless sensing and communication. To achieve this, a rugged yet

Lower Motor Neuron Degeneration Following Traumatic Brain Injury

This project aims to determine the extent that traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects lower motor neuron (LMN) degeneration and neurodegeneration within the cervical region of the spinal cord post TBI.

Fabrication of Oxide-Inclusions in Liquid Metal

The goal of this work is to create a new class of multiphase liquid metal pastes with designable properties through the incorporation of solid and liquid additives. Liquid metals represent

Size-Tunable Polymeric Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery after Traumatic Brain Injury

Five million people in the United States live with disabilities caused by traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI can break down the blood-brain barrier (BBB), the membrane that regulates what enters

Kelvin Tan

Algorithms for Maximum Power Point Tracking through Load Management

Load Managing photovoltaic (PV) system is proven to be an efficient systematic approach to extract the maximum available PV power. The direct-coupled load-managing PV system controls and matches the number

Using Cyanophycin Production as a Screening Method for Cyanophycin Synthetase Activity

This project’s motivation is to determine a method of measuring the amount of Cyanophycin (CGP) produced in E. coli cultures that express native Cyanophycin Synthetase (CphA). CGP is an amino

Metabolite-based Cancer Vaccine to Modify Immunometabolism and Prevent Melanoma Growth in Aging Mice

Cancer vaccines generate robust antigen-specific anti-tumor responses by adjuvant-mediated induction of high energy-consumption state in immune cells. Unfortunately, this elevated and sustained energy immunometabolism mediated activation of immune cells is

Weight and Moment Estimations for Small Fixed-Wing UAVs

Currently the weight of small UAVs cannot be accurately estimated by the commonly used empirical equations that were derived for full-sized aircraft. As weight and their related moments of inertia

Microneedles for Basal Cell Carcinoma

This project proposes a new method in delivering vismodegib, a chemotherapy drug that is taken orally for the treatment of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). BCC therapeutics in chemotherapy tend to

Vibro-Thermal Device for Socio-Emotional Communication through Pattern Generation

Touch plays an essential social role in fostering and maintaining emotional communication in human relationships, which has changed due to the current pandemic. The research team proposes to create a

Lauren Lossner

Interictal Spike Depolarization in the Neocortex: Relationship to Action Potential Inactivation

Evaluated how local voltage changes due to interictal spikes impact action potential firing using intracellular recordings and the Hodgkin-Huxley model. The Hodgkin-Huxley model showed inactivated action potentials being generated by

Modeling the Complexity of Sankey Diagrams

In this project, the team is developing a model to quantify the complexity of Sankey diagrams, which are a type of visualization technique that shows flow between groups. To do

Reducing Air Pollutants and Analyzing the Products of Nitric Oxide Conversion Over Photocatalytic Cementitious Materials

Societal development has created a significant rise in air pollutants, resulting in the need for a system that can assist in its reduction. Titanium dioxide, a photocatalytic material that is

Developing Robust Defenses for Deep Neural Networks

As the use of deep learning in computer vision becomes integrated in many technologies including self-driving cars, electronic banking, and security systems, attackers are seeking to exploit weaknesses that are

Electro-Spun Pretreatment Membranes for Heavy Metal Ions Removal

Pretreatment membranes can be utilized for a wide variety of filtration applications and can remove biological to inorganic foulants. A promising strategy to produce pretreatment membranes is through electrospinning, which

Testing Method of Soft Actuator

Elderly around the world have been diagnosed with mobility impairment due to various diseases that cause weak joints and muscles. The Kaiteki Project proposes a wearable hybrid robotic system that

Modeling Mechanical Properties of Fibrous, Polymer Scaffolds as a Function of Fiber Alignment

Musculoskeletal tissues, ranging from tendon to cartilage to bone, contains an extracellular matrix with unique fiber alignments and mechanical properties. Designing tissue engineered scaffolds that mimic these tissue properties is

Drone Security

The objective of the research project is to determine if an IR camera is capable of being mounted on a standard off the shelf DJI Spark drone. The first experiment

Standard Technique Development for Rad Hard Electronics

With the increase in commercial space travel and companies attempting to go further into space, engineers are looking for ways to make electronics more resistant to ionizing radiation through radiation

Machine Learning Model for Classifying Colorimetric Assays

The focus of this study is to design a machine learning model that can classify alcohol test strips as positive or negative from cell phone photos taken under non-standard conditions.

Synthesis of Covalent Organic Frameworks (COFs) for the Purpose of Encapsulating and Releasing Tuberculosis Drugs

Drug delivery methods can be demanding on the patient and require them to administer drugs on their own. This is demanding and tedious on the individual. Covalent Organic Frameworks (COFs)

Enhancing Mechanical Properties of Cement Beams with UV-Irradiated Polypropylene

Steel is used to strengthen concrete used for infrastructure. Concrete is composed mostly of cement, water, and aggregates. While most of these ingredients are sourced naturally, cement must be manufactured;

Implementing creative ways of generating SQL Queries in a Data Exploration Session

The objective of this research is to develop creative ways of generating SQL queries during a Data Exploration session. This research aims to develop  efficient methods of collecting human interactions

Ligand-functionalized Microbeads for Preferential Binding of Methylated and Unmethylated DNA

In the previous study polymer microbeads (namely Amikabeads) were developed which contain a monomer (Amikacin Hydrate) and a cross linker (PolyEthylene Glycol Diglycidyl Ether or PEGDE). This research is looking

Solar Membrane Desalination

The project focusses on controlling scaling resistance in solar membrane distillation by monitoring the role of temperature, hydrodynamic conditions and concentration polarization. The researcher hypothesized that the maximum solar water

Germanium Dioxide: Development of Synthesis Techniques

Germanium dioxide has known bulk properties but has not been synthesized in a thin film form. Materials take on vastly different properties when they are on the nano-scale. These have

Aircraft Performance Data Acquisition

Considering the applications and popularity of electric fixed-wing UAVs are growing, it is critical to quickly obtain performance data on aircraft platforms to verify and optimize design. Research is conducted

Atmospheric Water Capture and the Effects on Organic Matter

During natural water disasters, conventional water supplies may be inaccessible or unsafe for use. However, the atmosphere, which contains 3.4 quadrillion gallons of water, serve as an obtainable source for

Study of the Effects of Polydispersity on Vortex Tubes

This study explores polydispersity as a method of mitigating vortical flows. A cluster of particles with ranging sizes will be dispersed in the core of a vortex to observe the

An Investigation on the Humans behind Robocalls In The Telephone Ecosystem

This study dives into the robocall ecosystem to find more about the humans behind spam phone calls and their economic models using robocalls. Spam telephone calls rampant occurrence shows a

Development and Validation of a Custom Soft-Body FEA Simulator for Rapid Prototyping

This study focuses on the development of a soft-bodied finite element analysis (FEA) simulator for the purpose of early phase prototyping. This simulator facilitates the rapid generation of design concepts

Improving the Design Freedom and Mechanical Properties of Carbon Fiber

Composite materials, specifically carbon fibers, are becoming more common in applications that require high tensile strength and modulus. Typically, carbon fiber is given structure by its long continuous fibers; however,

panCanSYGNAL

A web application has been developed to provide data and statistics for comprehensive gene regulatory network the deadly cancer malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). The web application was enhanced to include

Pet Diagnostic Health Harness

The objective of this project is to design a product with the capability of gathering health diagnostics from a pet and relaying that information to its owners. The goal is

Visualizing Spatio-Temporal Data

The research question is “How can Spatio-temporal data be visualized on a graphical plot within the Lampy project of the DataSystems’ Lab?” By using high-level Python libraries and data set

Environmental Perception Based Human Intent Inference in Autonomous Cars

Social Value Orientation (SVO) is a measure of ones’ preference to allocate rewards between themselves and another person.  Previous research in human modeling for autonomous driving has incorporated SVO estimation

Developing an Automatic Potable Water Chlorinator in Response to Varying Water Conditions

Chlorination is the most common approach to disinfecting water, however in underserved communities lacking appropriate training and technology, it is often difficult to maintain the optimal concentration of chlorine. To

Dye Filtration of Electrospun MOF Fibers

The objective of this research is to demonstrate the effect of polymer type on the filtration properties of electrospun MOF fibers. HKUST-1 and UiO-66 are both ultraporous metal-organic frameworks with

System Support for Protecting Visual Privacy in Augmented Reality

As augmented reality mobile applications become more ingrained in everyday life, so do privacy concerns regarding these applications, the objective of the proposed research is the development of a framework

A Novel Use of GAN’s to Efficiently Simulate Fracture in Polymer Composites

Can a neural network be used to speed up finite element analysis in certain material simulations? The researchers built a pipeline to generate thousands of finite element analysis maps and

Zion Basque works with faculty mentor Ryoyu "Fish" Wang

Ali’i CFG: Improving the Accuracy and Completeness of Control Flow Graphs on Binary Programs

With the growing use of software across the globe, the need for automated security auditing of software has never been more critical. One of the pillars that support automated security

Evaluating Collective Intelligence Strategies for Visual Detection

This work investigates how different methods of soliciting and aggregating input from multiple people best inform visual detection tasks. A crowdsourced experiment is developed which asks hundreds of study participants

A Continuation of the Exploration of the Connection Between Particulate Composition and Mean Granule Size

Pharmaceuticals are an integral part of many peoples’ lives and while billions of dollars are poured into research and development little is known about the effect of process variables on

Constructing a Chlorine Sensor For Use In Developing Nations

Chlorination is the most common approach to disinfecting water, however, it requires a precise concentration level to work effectively. Determining how much chlorine to add is often difficult for these

Kristin Huber

Assessment of Injury Induced Blood Brain Barrier Disruption and Necroptosis via Development of Rapid Data Analysis Pipeline

Previous modes of image analysis were determined to be unfit for efficient usage in laboratory analysis tasks. Improvements were made upon the Java application created during Summer 2020 FURI, including

Ligament Breakup in a Sheer Flow

The goal of this research is to create a database of how a string of fluid, or ligament, breaks up into droplets due to an external flow. With this database,

Radiative Heat Transfer Measurement at Nanoscale Vacuum Gaps

Near-field thermal radiation across nanoscale vacuum gaps is predicted to achieve heat flux that exceeds blackbody limit. The objective of this project is to experimentally demonstrate the super-Planckian radiative heat

Studying Solar Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion

Solar thermophotovoltaic (STPV) energy conversion is seen as a viable option for efficiently converting sunlight to electrical energy. A selective absorber-emitter absorbs the concentrated solar radiation and selectively releases infrared

Neural ODE Modeling for Many-Body Interactions

Neural Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs) present a new pathway for the reversible modeling of many-body systems, including those for the predictive analysis of particle interactions. Such modeling can determine destination

A Novel Approach to Perform Rank-one Updates in Machine Learning

Data proliferation has made Machine Learning (ML) algorithms ubiquitous. However, the fact that ML algorithms can suffer from significant rounding errors and affect their output has received little attention. Moreover,

Utilizing 13C Tracing to Determine Metabolic Pathways

Understanding the metabolic pathways by which carbon substrates are assimilated is an important quest in metabolic engineering. The first experiment was performed to analyze the assimilation paths for labeled and

Standardizing Evaluation of Human-Computer Interaction in VR Olfactory Applications

Olfactory appeals in virtual reality (VR) systems create more immersive experiences ideal for medical, military, and extreme environment training. However, smell is still rather underdeveloped compared to visual, auricular, and

Atomic Dynamics of Platinum Nanoparticles on Cerium Oxide Catalysts

In time-resolved series of TEM images taken of supported nanoclusters in gas environments, it is observed that the nanoparticles can undergo dynamic structural reconfigurations which give rise to unique contrast

Mixed Reality Hardware for Hands On Virtual Science Labs

Virtual reality and its integration into online education could make online lab courses better reflect an in person lab experience. There is a great opportunity for virtual remote education especially

Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Plastic Waste

The hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of waste plastics with algae and different catalysts will allow for the study of the effect of feedstocks on the HTL product distribution and help SRP

Evaluation of Algae-Derived Carbon Adsorbents for Direct CO2 Capture from Ambient Air

One potential solution to the looming threat of radical global warming is carbon capture with algae-derived carbon adsorbents because of their low production cost. After algae-derived carbon adsorbents have been

Study the Mechanical Properties of Stereolithography 3D printed Polymer Nanodiamond Composite

The goal of this project is to study the mechanical properties of Nanodiamond (ND) fillers in nanocomposite resin for Stereolithography (SLA) 3D printers. In pursuit of this goal, three specific

Characterization of the CNT Agglomerate Interphase in a Three-Phase Nanocomposite

This research explores the inhomogeneous interphase properties of three-phase polymer matrix composites (PMC). PFQNM was utilized to detect an abrupt transition in reduced modulus from 8-10 GPa to 4-7 GPa

RF (Radio Frequency) Micro-Coil Design for Small Animal MRI

The research question to be answered by this project would be whether the developed RF (radio frequency) coil could generate the frequency of 297 MHz that is required to operate

Understanding the Impact of the Frequency of Distractions on Cognitive Ability

It is critical to understand what frequency distractors may affect students’ cognitive abilities. The research focuses on understanding whether patterned or randomly-timed audio distractions have a more considerable impact on

Adsorptive CO2 Capture from Ambient Air by Zeolites

Carbon emissions are at an all time high and there are ways to mitigate pollution but few viable carbon negative solutions. Zeolitic carbon capture is a cheap and highly effective

Control and Coordination of Multi-Robot Swarm Systems

Robot swarms show great promise in performing complex tasks in areas ranging from search and rescue to interplanetary exploration and yet controlling the behaviors of these swarms effectively is an

Sabrina Cervantes Villa

The Effect of Deep-Level Reasoning Questions in Digital Learning Resources

Many online learning environments follow a structure that offers students digital learning resources to explore independently, followed by an assessment to test student comprehension of the resources. Student comprehension is

3D Printing of Stainless-Steel Replacement Piping for Corrosive and Low-Pressure Environments

Corrosion is one of the foremost causes of stainless-steel (SS 316L) pipeline failures. In phase II, the corrosion performance of welded Selective Laser Melting (SLM) printed structure is studied along

Engineering Safe Nanocomposite Materials: Role of Interactions Between Graphene Oxide-Silver Nanocomposite with Microcystis aeruginosa

Nanocomposites are the combination of multiple nanomaterials in a composite structure. Their great popularity has created a clear challenge in terms of nanosafety and risk assessment. Therefore, it is necessary

Simulation Framework for Driving Data Collection and Object Detection Algorithms to Aid Autonomous Vehicle Emulation of Human Driving Styles

Identifying objects and estimating the volume enclosed by these objects is a critical index in determining the viability of autonomous vehicles (AVs) and is crucial for inculcating safety measures. Including

Low-Cost and Power-Efficient Terahertz Reconfigurable Reflective Surfaces for Imaging and Wireless Communications

The motivation behind the group’s research is to fabricate the physical structures for implementing a new type of frontier in wireless sensing and communication. While several aspects of the design

The Use of Spatial Audio as a Navigation Aid for the Visually Impaired

Spatialized audio gives the user the perception that there is sound coming from a source in a 3D environment. Meteor Studio has developed an algorithm that enables the spatialization of

A Comparison of CRISPR/Cas-Derived Genome Editing Methods for hPSCs

Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 systems are a vital gene editing tool for generating in vitro disease models. Since its debut, many CRISPR-derived editing techniques have been created

Determining the Effects of Sound Frequencies and Periodicities as Patterned Distractions on a Student’s Cognitive Ability

To provide students with an optimal education, it is critical to understand what traits of distractors affect their cognitive abilities. The research focuses on understanding what frequency at which audio

The Role of Pressure During Quenching on Shock-Induced Phase Transformations in Silica Glass

An in-depth understanding of the shock-compression behavior of silicate glasses is vital to the development of plate glass used for armor applications. This research intends to increase our understanding of

A Benchmarking Framework for Data-Driven Compressive Sensing

The objective of the research is to develop a benchmarking framework with a unified API and benchmarks to allow researchers in this field to quantitatively evaluate new algorithms. To achieve

Concrete Canoe Fabrication and Competition

The Concrete Canoe competition consists of student-led university teams who design, construct, present, and race a full-size canoe made of lightweight concrete. The ASU ASCE Concrete Canoe team will work

A Variable Thermal Feedback Mixed-Reality Haptic Interface for Virtual Fluid Interactions

The goal of this research project is to recreate haptic fluid sensations, specifically modeling the thermal properties of chemical fluid interactions. This research fits into the development of virtual remote

Neighboring Single Atoms Catalyst Acceleration of Hydrodehalogenation of Organic Pollutants: An Ab Initio Study with Pt Catalyst

Organohalides are toxic materials present in water which are poisonous to living organisms. A common method for decontamination is though hydrodehalogenation using noble metal catalyst such as Pt and Pd.

3D Printing of Iron Oxide Based Anode with Bioinspired Structures for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Lithium-ion batteries (LIB) have become an attractive power source for a variety of electronic devices due to lightweight, high energy density, and multiple recharge capability. Conventional nanomaterial fabrication methods of

Testing Method of Soft Actuator

Elderly around the world have been diagnosed with mobility impairment due to various diseases that cause weak joints and muscles. The Kaiteki Project proposes a wearable hybrid robotic system that

Optimizing Heat Transfer in a Rotary Drum

Rotary drums are tools that play a vital role for heat transfer in the chemical processing industry because they distribute heat uniformly to particles in a particle bed. The energy

Virtual Testing to Determine the Behavior of Orthotropic Materials

Composites are gaining popularity in the aerospace, automotive, and civil industries since their properties are attractive for products in these fields. The focus of this research is to develop a

Incorporating Fluorescent Nanoprobe Emulsions in Hydrogels for Non-invasive Oxygen Measurement

The long-term goal of this research is to transplant encapsulated beta cells into a diabetic recipient and eliminate insulin injections. Beta cells succumb easily to hypoxic environments. To test oxygen

Towards Automated Identification of Cancer Immunotherapy Targets: Prediction of Binding Affinity of T Cell Receptor and Antigens Using Graph-Guided Deep Neural Network

Cancer can be treated through immunotherapy, a personalized treatment to train a person’s own body to create an immune response towards cancer cells. The problem arises in understanding when a

Silver Analysis on Stainless Steel 316 Coated Aluminum Oxide Used for Water Systems on Spacecrafts

Stainless Steel 316L and its reaction with Ag+ were investigated because of its use as a biocide in potable water systems on spacecraft. The objective of this study is to

Photoacoustic Microscopy with Schlieren Optics to Provide Real-Time Imaging

Wide-field photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) images are challenging to display in real-time because these systems only gather one dimensional depth scans per laser pulse. Reconstructing these images is time consuming since

Predicting Flow Function of Bulk-Solids and Powders at Different Size Ranges and Moisture Conditions

The purpose of the research is to model the flowability of bulk-solids/powders, thereby helping in the industrial handling and processing of such substances to be more efficient and sustainable. Flowability

Characterization and Modeling of Ankle Impedance During the Stance Phase of Walking

Understanding human joint mechanical impedance – a measurement reflecting stiffness, damping, and inertia – is a potentially useful metric for diagnostic purposes that can also aid in the design of

Examining the Anti-Proliferative Properties of DUB Inhibitors in Primary Mesothelioma Cells

Mesothelioma is a rare and deadly cancer that typically consists of tumors in the pleural cavity of the lungs. A CRISPR/Cas-9 knockout screen was performed to study the effect of

Develop a 3D Printable Nanodiamond Polymer Nanocomposite Resin towards Fabrication of Low Cost Thermally Conducting Devices

Nanocomposite (NC) resins have demonstrated its capability to improve properties of parts fabricated by stereolithographic (SLA) additive manufacturing (AM) thus fostering their end-use application. Nanodiamond (ND) filled acrylate polymers have

Study on Human Postural Stability During Upright Standing Using Novel Two-Axis Robotic Platform

Quantifying human standing stability under 2-dimensional (2D) dynamically unstable environments is critical since those environments are related to falling and its consequences. This study investigates the standing stability under 2D

Emma Bonham works in the Keep Phoenix Beautiful Community Garden

Assessing Urban Agricultural Practices in the Desert Cities

Is there a mismatch between urban farmers’ perceptions of their farm’s environmental sustainability and its actual environmental impact? Focusing on the use of water and nutrients on each farm as

Design, Modeling, and Control of a Single-Axis Self-Balancing Platform

Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) are electronic devices that use a combination of at least an accelerometer and a gyroscope to measure position and orientation. The objective of

Non-Toxic Nucleation and Passivation of Silver Nanoparticles on Stainless Steel for Biofouling Control

This project proposes to improve the long-term performance of silver-based surface coatings used for biofouling control on various surfaces. The research includes the generation of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) on

Utilizing Density Functional Theory to Compute the Efficacy of a Rippled Janus Structure for use in Optoelectronics

The search for more efficient and effective optoelectronics gives hope to find a breakthrough technology that can vastly increase the practicality of green technologies. Through the study of Janus, asymmetric,

Deuterium Metabolic Imaging of Physiological Levels of Glucose

The aim of this project is to identify literature in which supports the idea that Deuterium Metabolic Imaging (DMI) can be applied to detect normal physiological levels of glucose. There

Intelligent Surfaces for 5G and Beyond Wireless Communications

In the modern era of wireless communication, beam steering is the pillar for efficient communication in 5G applications. Multibit Reflectarray antenna achieves reconfigurability by using RF switches (PIN diodes) and

Engineering High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and inexpensive source of energy as compared

Microbial Engineering for the Production of Ethyl Lactate

Esters and their precursors are economically viable hydrocarbons, especially known for their biodegradable properties. With the aim of synthesizing these green chemicals through a greener process we chose a biocatalysis

Flux Balance Analysis

Flux Balance Analysis (FBA) is a computational approach to simulate the flux of metabolic pathways in genome-scale metabolic networks in organisms such as cyanobacteria. COBRA toolbox is used to predict

Improvement of Uniaxial Testing Apparatus for Micro-Scale Material Systems

Common methods of testing mechanical properties of micro-scale systems need a collection of specialized parts that are costly and difficult to set up. A new uniaxial testing apparatus that has

Adventures of Stolen Credentials

Criminals in underground markets pose a huge threat to society by secretly sharing and/or selling account credentials from platform-to-platform in a short amount of time. With the number of account

Creation of a Computational File for Calculating Drug Release from Degradable Spherical Gel Batch

Drug-eluting particles have been identified as a method of drug delivery capable of delivering steady local treatment over time. To address the need of adhering to strict drug delivery standards,

Development of A Photo-Responsive Moisture-Absorbent Composite for Atmospheric Water Extraction

Atmospheric water extraction technology, utilizing adsorbents to provide fresh water to tackle the crisis of water resource shortage, holds promise but currently suffers from excess required energy. To address power

Can Shocks Produced from Perturbed Bimaterial Interfaces be Used to Estimate Dynamic Strength?

The objective of this research is to perform careful experimental measurements of propagation of perturbed shock waves in metallic samples to estimate dynamic strength. Relationships derived from hydrocode simulations will

How Center of Gravity Location and the Sizing of Control Surfaces Affect Aircraft Stability

The motivation behind this project is to investigate how to size an aircraft’s control surface in relation to the center of gravity for aircraft stability. Finding a working balance between

Investigation of a polyether urethane-based polymer for promoting bone tissue healing

Interest in the field of tissue engineering is rapidly increasing due to its role in providing a platform for regenerative medicine and tissue repair solutions. In particular, there is a

Metal-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for Rapid Thermal Cycling

The objective of current research is to improve the rapid thermal cycling capabilities and the mechanical ruggedness of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) by investigating reactor geometries and cell supports.

Multi-Modal Communication Between Human and Robots through Virtual and Augmented Reality

The goal of this project is to enable multi-modal communication with human-robot teams. This study will demonstrate a way to incorporate spatial and temporal cues to enhance human-robot communication with

Development of the SmartPad System for Energy Expenditure Detection

Energy Expenditure (EE) is the energy organisms utilize to carry out their cognitive and physical actions. A mismatch between EE, energy storage, or energy intake can lead to a variety

Aircraft Performance and Propulsion Data Acquisition

Analysis of propulsion efficiency and aerodynamic performance is not typically done for small scale aircraft in flight conditions. Determining such performance can influence design changes for the airframe and propulsion

The Development of Geometries for a Passive Check Valve in Patients with Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus (HCP) is a medical condition where an excess amount of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) accumulates within the ventricles of the brain. As CSF accumulates, it exerts pressure on the brain.

Investigation on the Adsorption of Selenium Oxo-anions on Alumina and Hematite Surfaces

Selenium, in form of oxo-anions – Selenate and Selenite, has been identified as a toxic substance present in drinking water. Researchers have found that metal oxides nanoparticles such as Hematite

Enzyme-Induced Carbonate Precipitation Using Fresh Urine and Calcium-Rich Zeolites

Enzyme-induced carbonate precipitation (EICP) is a soil cementation technique that utilizes free urease enzyme to hydrolyze urea into carbonate ions; in the presence of calcium ions, calcium carbonate is precipitated.

Investigating PEG-Polyurethane for Biomedical Applications

PEG-Polyurethane is being used for biomedical applications such as in catheters, heart valves and in tissue regeneration including bone. Improvements in the polymer’s properties are needed to specifically facilitate different

Characterizing Cellular Response to Topological Features on a Nanoscale Utilizing Monolithic Quartz Contact Guidance Chips

The surface that cells grow on has a significant impact on their behavior. Studies have proven that cells orient themselves relative to topographical features even down to nanoscales, a phenomenon

Reproducibility and Extraction of Complex Hydrogel Geometry Fabrication in 3D Printed Injection Molds

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the destruction of pancreatic islet cells which results in patients no longer generating their own insulin. Islet cell transplantation via macroencapsulation

Effect of Iron-Impregnated Biochar on Water Contaminant Adsorption Capabilities

The objective of this project is to analyze biochar’s ability to purify water. It is hypothesized that biochar is effective in removing heavy metal contaminants with the addition of iron

Replication of a Two-Axis Robotic Platform for Improved Ankle Characterization and Postural Stability Studies

Understanding the human ankle and neuromuscular disorders like multiple sclerosis and stroke are very important in field of rehabilitation and lower-limb prostheses. This research tracks the replication of a two-axis

Hyunglae Lee and Connor Phillips

Muscle Response During Multidirectional Interaction with a Variable Damping Controlled Ankle Robot

Robotic exoskeletons have tremendous potential for implementation in defense, industrial factories, and medical rehabilitation. However, current systems rely primarily on negative damping controllers which although safe, are very slow and

Observing Effect of Orientation, Location, and Threshold of TMS Coil on Motor Cortex Activation

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a form of non-invasive brain stimulation proven to have various clinical applications. This study examined the effects of (1) the TMS coil orientation during stimulation

Zwitterionic Poly (Arylene Ether Sulfone) Membranes for Treatment of Reverse Osmosis Brine by Pervaporation

RO, a commercial process to produce freshwater from seawater produces concentrated brine solutions which cannot be further purified by RO. The aim of this research is to purify RO brine

Engineering Novel Microbead Encapsulated Three Dimensional Tumor and Stem Cell Models for Regenerative Medicine

Two-dimensional culture and entrapment of cells have been long studied using ECM-induced, cell-signaling induced, and biochemical-induced modes. But the significant efforts in recent years have demonstrated the advantage of three-dimensional

Design and Optimization of Hybrid Fuel with Complex Bioinspired Geometries for Controllable Combustion Efficiency

More than 539 million tons of coal are consumed to generate energy each year. Due to the fabrication limitation, there is little research on the relation of combustion efficiency and

Developing a Screening Method in Preparation for Directed Evolution of Cyanophycin Synthetase

This project’s motivation is to determine if the enzyme cyanophycin synthetase (CphA) can be engineered to incorporate non-natural amino-acids in its active site to produce novel variants of cyanophycin, a

Modifying the Structure and Capacitive Performance of Holey Graphene by Microwave-Thermal Pretreatment

The purpose of this project is to research the effect of microwave pretreatment on the size, population and distribution of nanosized holes as well as the relationship between pretreatment conditions

Sonication-Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis of B4C Nanosheets for Fabrication of a Solar Steam Generator

A solar steam generator is a device that uses solar energy to produce steam in order to desalinate and purify water. More efficient and cheaper materials are needed to absorb

Design of High-Frequency Large Intelligent Surfaces Using Reflectarrays

With advancing technology, there has been a constant demand for increased cellular data rate and connectivity as number of connected users is expected to be 28.5 billion by 2022. This

Variable Impedance Control of the Robotic Ankle Joint

This study introduces a variable impedance controller for implementation in wearable robots. The controller applies a range of robotic damping and stiffness to the coupled human-robot system based on the

The Effects of Heat Treatment on the Drug Loading of Poloxamer Micelle Structures

The research motivation was to study the effects of heat treatment on the drug loading of poloxamer micelle structures. This project also investigated the stability of the heat-treated micelles in

Characterizing Nanocomposites for Customizable Cartilage Replacements

The properties and characteristics of photocurable nanocomposites can be tailored to mimic those of various tissues and/or cartilage, allowing the bio-inspired synthetic material to replace them. The long-term goal of

Activation Energy Extraction of Electrodeposit Growth in Nanoionic Materials and Devices

This research project is focused on chalcogenide-based materials which function as an electrolytic layer in nanoionic devices. In depositing this electrolytic layer between metal electrodes, the movement of metal cations

Creation of AD-Relevant Isogenic Lines with CasMasTREE

Since 1901, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) claims at least 5.5 million individuals each year, making it the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Due to the pandemic, research

Leveraging on Deep Learning to Predict the Optimal Beam Index Using Wireless Sensing Localization

The demand for communication networks with high capacity rate will be fulfilled with the recent developments of 5G technology. But then this technology utilizes mmWave systems, which has the following

Making Portable and Less Expensive Fluorescence-Based Spectrometer for Monitoring the Quality of Olive Oil

Olive oil is a source of vitamins to aid in the proper growth and healthy growth of the human system, however, determining the quality of olive oil with a cheap

A Novel Use of GAN’s to Efficiently Simulate Fracture in Polymer Composites

Can a neural network be used to speed up finite element analysis in certain material simulations? The researchers have built a pipeline to generate thousands of finite element analysis maps

Design and Testing of 3D Printed Multimaterial Structures for Energy Absorption

The objective of this study was to design, manufacture and test multi-material 3D printed cellular structures under compression, to evaluate their suitability as energy absorbers. The role of wall thickness

Developing an Automatic Potable Water Chlorinator in Response to Varying Water Conditions

Chlorination is the most common approach to disinfecting water, however in underserved communities lacking appropriate training and technology, it is often difficult to maintain the optimal concentration of chlorine. To

Building a Portable and Less Expensive LED-Based Fluorescence Spectrometer for Evaluating the Quality of Food

Public interest in food quality and production has increased in recent decades. This relates to the development and increased industrialization of the food supplying chain. As a result, there is

Risk Analysis and Efficiency Evaluation of Varying Terminal Connectors Use in Photovoltaic Systems

This research outlines the benefits, drawbacks, and risks of using different battery terminal connecters in photovoltaic systems; in relation to the Shonto Solar project. Based on initials findings from an

Developing a Solar Powered Automatic Chlorine Sensor For Use in Developing Nations

Chlorination is the most common approach to disinfecting water, however it requires a precise concentration level to work effectively. Determining how much chlorine to add is often difficult for these

Study of the Interaction of Vortex Tubes with Suspended Dust Particles

Vortex stability is a key area of interest. Vortical flows over aircraft wings at high angle of attack can enable the aircraft to perform maneuvers that are impossible otherwise. On

Target Detection Using Algorithmic Matter

Synth cells are micro-scale robots with limited computation power and memory, but can work together to perform complex tasks. It has been shown that synth cells can converge to a

Risk Analysis of Antibiotic Resistant Genes Transferred to Raw Vegetables via Land Application of Biosolids

In agriculture, various forms of recycled water are utilized to compensate for the scarcity of freshwater, including wastewater reuse in the form of biosolids. However, biosolids pose risks to human health and

Rapid Assessment of Geographic Information Systems(GIS) to Mini-Grids

Off-grid electrification strategies, including mini-grids, are needed to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goal 7 of affordable, clean, and modern energy for all. The design of these mini-grids usually takes

The Development of Geometries for a Passive Check Valve in Patients with Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus (HCP) is a chronic, congenital neurological disorder. Faulty arachnoid granulations inhibit the draining of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) across the interior subarachnoid space leading to an accumulation of CSF in

Decreasing Water Usage and Increasing Income for Vietnamese Small Farmers: Modeling Plant Stress with Handheld Infrared Thermometers

The EPICS (Engineering Projects in Community Service) Vietnam Smart Ag team is designing a handheld infrared device to aid small farmers with their irrigation practices in order to reduce water

Learning and Sampling from the Causal Graph of Multi Categorical Distributions Via the Generative Adversarial Network

Machine learning is being used to solve many problems, trying to generate multi categorical data is one of the challenges the researchers faced. The researcher team has proposed a new

Understanding the Effects of Gait Adaptation from the Combination of Visual and Split-Belt Distortion

Split-belt distortion is one method of increasing the effectiveness of traditional treadmill rehabilitation, where the patient recovers more quickly through targeted rehabilitation of their paretic leg. Visual distortion has been

Characterization of the CNT Agglomerate Interphase in a Three-Phase Nanocomposite

This research explores the inhomogeneous interphase properties of three-phase polymer matrix composites (PMC) using PeakForce Quantitative Nanomechanical Mapping (PFQNM) technique. An abrupt transition in reduced modulus from 6-10 GPa to

A Benchmarking Framework for Data-Driven Compressive Sensing

The objective of the research is to develop a benchmarking framework with a unified API to allow researchers to quantitatively evaluate new compressive sensing algorithms.To achieve fair and extensive comparisons,all

Molecular Dynamic Simulations on Shocked Silica Glass

It is believed that a relationship exists between the cooling rates of molten glass and properties during high pressure shock. To test the hypothesis, LAMMPS molecular dynamic simulations was carried

The Effect of Deep-Level Reasoning Questions in Digital Learning Resources

Previous research has shown that student comprehension is affected by organization of information, such as deep reasoning questions used as scaffolds. This study investigates the deep reasoning question effect with

Develop a 3D Printable Nanodiamond Polymer Nanocomposite Resin towards Fabrication of Low Cost Thermally Conducting Devices

Nanocomposite (NC) resins have demonstrated its capability to improve properties of parts fabricated by stereolithographic (SLA) additive manufacturing (AM) thus fostering their end use application. Nanodiamond (ND) filled acrylate polymers

Directed Evolution for Biological Sensors

Complex synthetic biology methods demand the integration of continuous culture, directed evolution, and positive/negative selection methods. To achieve this in a single platform, the research team built an open source

Ligament Breakup in a Sheer Flow

The goal of this research is to create a database of how a ligament, or a string of fluid, breaks up into droplets from an external flow. To create a

Phage Assisted Continuous Evolution (PACE) with PhiX174

Phage assisted continuous evolution (PACE) is the most current and advanced method of protein engineering, allowing for accelerated development and complex functions. The research team sought to explore opportunities for

Synthesis of Covalent Organic Frameworks (COFs) for the Purpose of Encapsulating and Releasing Glaucoma Drugs

Drug delivery methods can be demanding on the patient and require them to administer drugs on their own. This is demanding and tedious on the individual. Covalent Organic Frameworks (COFs)

Practical Applications for Fluorescence Spectroscopy

The research is aimed at exploring diverse applications of fluorescence spectroscopy. Using a portable inexpensive (<$ 20.00) UV/VIS/IR optical spectrometer system designed by the SciHub laboratory, the research focused on

Three-Dimensional Fracture Analysis of Viscoelastic Pavement Materials Using the Generalized Finite Element Method

Pavements are among the key transportation infrastructures that department of transportation agencies spare a significant part of their budget to build and maintain. There is a need to better understand

3D Printing of Stainless-Steel Replacement Piping for Corrosive and Low-Pressure Environments

Corrosion is one of the foremost causes of stainless-steel (SS 316L) pipeline failures. Process water containing salts and ions reacts with surfaces causing pitting corrosion leading to frequent failures. Selective

Extending the Use of a Portable Spectrometer to Measurement of Photo-Luminescence

The research focused on designing a variant of a portable device (spectrometer) that can possibly help in identifying the nature of an object/substance. For example, identifying whether someone’s skin is

Object Detection With Sensor Fusion and Embedded Systems

As the technology available for autonomous vehicles advances, car manufacturers are looking for ways to implement Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems (ADAS) economically. Both in terms of cost and energy used. This

Real Time Multimodal Classification for Social Media Notifications

Aim of this research is to create a model that can take either image, text or both to classify the content of the message into different categories in real time.

Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Waste Sorting Systems

The objective of this research is to explore the feasibility of integrating artificial intelligence (AI) into waste sorting systems. The functionality, strengths, limitations, and applicability of AI in waste sorting

Experimental Study of Optical Force Measurement Techniques

The objective of this project is to experimentally measure the optical force reflected by a sample using two methods of measurement. One tuning fork-based and one laser-cantilever optical force measurement

Predicting Flow Function of Bulk-Solids and Powders at Different Size Ranges and Moisture Conditions

The purpose of the research is to model the flowability of bulk-solids/powders, thereby helping in the industrial handling and processing of such substances to be more efficient and sustainable. Flowability

Development of A Photo-Responsive Moisture-Absorbent Composite for Atmospheric Water Extraction

Atmospheric water extraction utilizing adsorbent to provide fresh water shows promise but currently suffers from energy intensive. To address power concern, a hybrid adsorbent consisting of a hygroscopic material, a

Towards Automated Identification of Cancer Immunotherapy Targets: Prediction of Binding Affinity of T Cell Receptor and Antigens Using Graph-Guided Deep Neural Network

Cancer can be treated through immunotherapy, a personalized treatment to train a person’s own body to create an immune response towards cancer cells. The problem arises in understanding when a

Novel Solid Fuel Fabrication using Direct Ink Writing based Additive Manufacturing

Coal is one of the largest sources of energy consumption in the world. However, current manufacturing methods have become increasingly difficult in meeting the requirements of fuel material fabrication in

3D Printing of Iron Oxide Based Anode with Bioinspired Structures for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Lithium-ion batteries (LIB) have become an ideal power source for electronic devices due to their high energy density and recharge capability. Conventional fabrication methods of LIBs anodes encounter a bottleneck

Enzyme-Induced Carbonate Precipitation Using Fresh Urine and Calcium-Rich Zeolites

Enzyme-induced carbonate precipitation (EICP) is a soil cementation technique that utilizes free urease enzyme to hydrolyze urea into carbonate ions; in the presence of calcium ions, calcium carbonate is precipitated.

Violin Vibrato Video Imaging: A Novel Method to Generate Frequency Iterations Using Convolutional Neural Networks

The violin vibrato is an artistic modulation of a violin’s pitch that gives the tone of the instrument a desired aesthetic effect. Using computer vision techniques, the purpose of this

Fast Growing Cyanobacterial Strains for Biochemical Production

Cyanobacteria are photoautotrophs that are used and studied for the production of sustainable biochemicals but are not typically used for large scale production because of their low growth rate compared

Electrospun Pretreatment Membranes

Reverse osmosis (RO) is a well-researched technology among the pressure driven processes to produce potable water and RO membranes are susceptible to fouling that hinders the efficiency. Therefore, this work

Design and Optimization of Hybrid Fuel with Complex Bioinspired Geometries for Controllable Combustion Efficiency

More than 539 million tons of coal are consumed to generate energy each year. Due to the fabrication limitation, there is little research on the relation of combustion efficiency and

Multi-modal Communication Between Human and Robots through Virtual and Augmented Reality

The goal of this project is to enable multi-modal communication with human-robot teams. This study will demonstrate a way to incorporate spatial and temporal cues to enhance human-robot communication with virtual

SCARLESS Sample Return

SCARLESS is a rover design that utilizes helically grousered wheels to traverse the unknown terrain of small bodies in the solar system. In one direction of travel, these wheels act

Investigating PEG-Polyurethane as the Basis of Bone Scaffolding Technology

Bone scaffolding technology assists in the repair of major segmental bone injuries by mimicking the structure and function of the natural bone extracellular matrix. Potential for design improvement can be

Investigating the Impact of Environmental Features on Multi-Agent Communication

Traditional reinforcement learning methods have been challenging to apply to multi-agent settings, thanks to the nonstationarity of the environment, until recently. This project aims to employ such multi-agent RL methods

Adaptable Multi-Modality Nanoprobes for Non-Invasive Real-Time Monitoring of Engineered Cells and Tissues

A versatile method for assessing cell and tissue viability in different culture systems remains a concern in the large-scale biomanufacturing industry. In this project, the research team utilizes the advantages

Engineering of a Microbial Host for the Production of Aromatic Chemicals

Many valuable chemicals utilized in society, such as medicines and cosmetics, have an aromatic structure and traditionally require many unsustainable components in production. Obtaining aromatic carbon instead from biomass would

Effect of Particle and Environmental Variables on Flowability of Granular Materials

The purpose of this research is to attempt to design a set of characterization tools to relate granular material physical properties to their performance properties. Different forms of organic materials

Visual and Output-Based Improvements of a MATLAB Program for Dynamic Light Scattering Applications

The research motivation was to improve a MATLAB program that provided correlation coefficient and size distribution outputs for a sample run through a DLS (Dynamic Light Scattering) machine. Research methods

System Support for Protecting Visual Privacy in Augmented Reality

As augmented reality mobile applications become more ingrained in everyday life, so do privacy concerns regarding these applications, the objective of the proposed research is the development of a framework

Assessment of Injury Induced Blood Brain Barrier Disruption and Necroptosis via Development of Rapid Data Analysis Pipeline

The goal of the project completed by the researcher was to establish a Java program that aids in the efficiency and accuracy of traumatic brain injury (TBI) scan analysis. Current

Improvements on the design of spinneret extruder

The objective of this research is to design of spinneret (extruder) that can consistently produce small diameter carbon fibers (CF) using the island-in-the-sea configuration.

Mechanism of NOx Conversion Over Photocatalytic Cement

Constituent(s) found in cement that may impact the production of nitrous oxide. Understanding what these materials are may gain perspective on how to mechanism for avoiding nitrous oxide production.

Microjet and Vibration Assisted (MVA) Fluidized Bed

A novel Microjet and Vibration Assisted (MVA) fluidized bed, that enhances the fluidization quality of nanosized particles by increasing the fluidized bed height, is used to enable improved control of

Sensing and Controls of an Assistive Knee Exoskeleton

Assistive exoskeletons are an increasingly valuable rehabilitation tool for patients with neurological damage. However, high level assistive control of exoskeletons remains a challenge. Many different sensors must work in concert

Efficient Plant-Health Analysis Through Cost-Effective Image Processing With Broad Applications

Traditionally, farmers would sample their crops by sectioning their land and running sample tests to ensure the productivity of their crops. Not only this method is time-consuming and costly, it also comes with inaccuracies as it would be impossible to cohesively analyze every single plant.

Pretreatment membranes to prolong the lifetime of reverse osmosis membrane

Pretreatment membranes can be utilized to prolong the lifetime of reverse osmosis membranes and to remove biological and inorganic foulants from water feedstocks. A promising strategy to produce pretreatment membranes

Preparing a method to measure near field radiative heat transfer between two surfaces

The following research project involves preparing a method to measure near field radiative heat transfer between two surfaces, and then extracting real data measurements of such heat transfer. This will

Health Optimization of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 Mutant for Microbial Electro-Photosynthesis

The primary objective of this research is to optimize the cell health of cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 mutant lacking photosystem II used in Microbial Electro-photosynthesis (MEPS), where electrons are delivered

Aperiodic Surface-Based Structures for Additive Manufacturing

The motivation of this research project is to develop a method to design aperiodic surface-based structures for additive manufacturing. Once the designs are created their behavior will be studied using

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep-brain-stimulation (DBS), which is a clinical intervention for Parkinson’s disease, research was done on development of a system which would use cerebral blood flow rates and their changes to optimize

AIChE Chemical Engineering Car – 2020 Western Regional Conference

ASU’s Chemical Engineering Car (ChemE Car) Team is competing this semester at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) Western Regional Conference. Our aim is to power and stop a

Project RealWheel

A product design experience for our team, and a STEM challenge designed to sustain curiosity, inspire responsibility for learning, and keep the instructor’s workload in mind. STEM standing for Science,

Arteriovenous Malformations

Arteriovenous Malformations (AVM) are tangles of blood vessels connecting arteries and veins in the brain, that disrupt blood flow and can cause irreversible brain damage. Treating AVMs is currently flawed,

Liquid-Fueled Micro-Combustors for Portable Power Generation

Combustion in microscales have received extensive interest in the past decade due to up to 100 times higher energy densities of hydrocarbon fuels as compared with those of the conventional

Underwater Robotics

Underwater Robotics at Arizona State is designing and constructing an autonomous robot that can navigate and manipulate objects underwater. Building this robot has allowed team members to create value in

SolarSPELL BMET Library

Across the world, clinics and hospitals receive donated medical equipment. Oftentimes, the donated equipment has no user or repair manuals, and thus are unusable in places that most need it.

SolarSPELL BMET Library

Across the world, clinics and hospitals receive donated medical equipment. Oftentimes, the donated equipment has no user or repair manuals, and thus are unusable in places that most need it.

SolarSPELL BMET Library

Across the world, clinics and hospitals receive donated medical equipment. Oftentimes, the donated equipment has no user or repair manuals, and thus are unusable in places that most need it.

SolarSPELL BMET Library

Across the world, clinics and hospitals receive donated medical equipment. Oftentimes, the donated equipment has no user or repair manuals, and thus are unusable in places that most need it.

SolarSPELL BMET Library

Across the world, clinics and hospitals receive donated medical equipment. Oftentimes, the donated equipment has no user or repair manuals, and thus are unusable in places that most need it.

From Tattoos to Microchipping: Perceptions and Attitudes Around Body Modification

Socially Attentive Autonomous Vehicles

The computational cost of determining the action sequence in high traffic areas such as changing lanes on a highway or merging into lanes can be computationally costly. Rather than computing

Ant-Inspired Control Strategies for Collective Transport by Dynamic Teams with Temporary Leaders

Ant groups often work together to transport food and materials back to their nests. In some cases, the group exhibits leader-follower behaviors where a single ant guides the entire group

Learning Deep Neural Interaction Policy for ExoSkeleton Control

The purpose of this research is to develop a deep-learning-based approach to control a custom-built hip exoskeleton. A key component is to leverage learning-based techniques to adapt across different walking

Kinetics of Dynamic Damage Growth in Metals from Characterization and Simulations of Shock Loading Experiments

Understanding the mechanisms of damage evolution (spall) in metallic materials undergoing shock loading is key to predicting the performance of armor systems. Simulations of polyhedral voids will be performed using

Particle Entrainment in Convection Scenarios

In this study, dust entrainment and aerosol dynamics within the formation of dust devils are investigated numerically. Particles lying on the boundary are resolved in a periodic Rayleigh-Benard convection to

Multiple-channel Signal Detection in the Presence of Phase Distortion

Sensor networks are important in security and environmental remote sensing applications, including remote detection of air, space, surface, or underwater vehicles and natural resource deposits. This research has established that

Investigation into regeneration methods of desiccants for vacuum desiccant cooling

Personal cooling has many medical, defense, industrial, and recreational uses. Many methods being used are heavy, cumbersome, and uncomfortable. Vacuum desiccant cooling has the potential for being a lightweight, energy-efficient,

Efficient Methodology for Assessing and Improving Secure Shredding Bin Service Sizing

Salt River Project (SRP) has been working towards its intensive sustainability goals by repurposing all paper waste through a third party vendor that securely shreds all paper and then recycles

Making Portable and Less Expensive LED Based Spectrometer for Monitoring the Quality of Fruits and Water Content

The fruit and vegetable sector plays a significant role in farm income enhancement, and sustainable agriculture globally. Unfortunately, this sector usually goes through post-harvest losses. Visual inspection of the fruits

Target Detection Using Algorithmic Matter

Synth cells are micro-scale robots with limited computation power and memory, but can work together to perform complex tasks. It has been shown that synth cells can converge to a

Vector Tiles in Geospatial Mapping

The research question is “How can vector tiles and maps be used in DataSys lab’s creation, the GeoSpark software, to provide the most user-friendly interface possible?” In order to determine

Utilizing PVAD Algorithm for Detecting Network Anomalies

Detecting network anomalies is a critical part of maintaining security and reliability within computer networks. The goal of this experiment is to investigate the multivariate data characteristics of normal, anomalous,

Activity-Dependent Neuroplasticity Model in Response to Applied Electrical Stimulation

This research is investigating the effect of applied electric potential on synaptic plasticity in neural networks. Applied current can activate neurons in a manner that can induce activity-dependent plasticity, i.e.

Using Stem Cells and Hyaluronic Acid Hydrogels to Increase Cortical Plasticity Following TBI

Advances in stem cell technology have shown promise for treating traumatic brain injury (TBI). We tested the effects of injecting neural stem cells embedded in a hyaluronic acid hydrogel on

Evaluation of Mechanical Properties of Composites

Composites are used in a wide variety of applications, from cars to spacecraft, from jets to missiles. It is necessary to understand the strength and durability of such materials to

Investigation of the Practicality of Evaporation Prevention for the Central Arizona Project

The Central Arizona Project (CAP) is a 336-mile system that moves water from the Colorado River near Lake Havasu, AZ to the south of Tucson, AZ. Over 80% of Arizona’s

Three-dimensionally (3D) Printed Bio-inspired Hydrophobic Surfaces for Improving Spray Cooling Technique

This study investigates a 3D printing process for bio-inspired structures and their application in spray cooling. This research used a micrometer-scale, digital light processing 3D printing technique to fabricate arrays

3D printed Oscillating Flow Mixers to Enhance Heat Transfer in Liquid Cooling Channels

Heat transfer enhancement technique is an area of considerable interest, contributing to advances in heat exchangers and thermodynamic systems. This research investigates advanced passive vortex generators, i.e., oscillating flow mixers,

Optimizing and Scaling an Automated Sampling System to Improve Quantification of CO2 Utilization in Cultures of Engineered Cyanobacteria

Measuring changes in concentration within a dynamic system can be accomplished with a simple Arduino powered system. Currently, the system is utilized in cyanobacteria CO2 fixation experiments, where the fixation rates

Input-elicitation Methods for Crowdsourced Human Computation

“Collecting human data from crowdsourcing is problematic due to cognitive biases, varying worker expertise, and varying levels of subjective scales. In this work, we investigate the effectiveness of input-elicitation systems

Surface Roughness in Metal Additive Manufacturing: Towards Accurate Measurement of Relevant Metrics

The goal of this research is to determine which surface roughness metrics are the most important for predicting fatigue in Metal Additive Manufacturing (3D printing). A Keyence Optical Scanning Microscope

Complementary Wireless Vision Test Bed

The next generation of high frequency 5G wireless communications will allow high data rate communication. However, operating at these frequencies poses challenges such as (i) the sensitivity to blockages which

Engineering, Border Walls and Wildlife

The purpose of this study is to research and assess engineering considerations of the impact of border barriers on wildlife. This study focuses on if or how engineers and their

The Future of Non-lethal Solutions

The union of weapons research and development and engineering is one as old as the role of the engineer itself. As many engineering career paths converge with national and domestic

Development of A Polymer Composite With Conductive Abilities For Sensor Application

This research project investigates the effect of the ratio of conductive nanofiller to elastomer in a conductive polymer matrix. This research uses a polymer composite made with carbon nanotubes and

Robot Artist

The research question states how we can extract data on an artist’s artwork – mark-making methodology, in order to recreate the original art using a robot. The researcher studied digital

The Filtration Properties of Electrospun MOF Fibers

The objective of this research is to demonstrate the efficacy of electrospun metal organic frameworks (MOFs) for use in charged dye filtration in aqueous solutions. HKUST-1 and ZIF-8 will both

Active Self-Boring Robots that Enable Next Generation Dynamic Underground Wireless Sensing Networks

Self-boring robots address sustainability goals by decreasing environmental impact, improving subterranean mobility, and enabling dynamic underground wireless sensing networks. Extensive literature reviews have been done exploring helical screw conveyors as

Raman Spectrometry Conclusions as an Example of Intuitive Software

There is a lack of accessibility in Raman spectrometry (used to detect the presence of compounds in provided samples). It was determined that by creating a software which aided in

Develop Polymer Composite from Silica Aerogel for Heat Insulation

Many homes use heaters and air conditioners depending on the time of the year therefore there is a need for some insulation to maintain the temperature within the homes. The

Biochar’s Ability to Remove Escherichia Coli

The research question addressed was how effective biochar is as a soil amendment for the removal of Escherichia Coli (E. coli). Biochar is created through pyrolysis – heating biomass in

Propulsion Data Acquisition

The research team’s interest in this project is prompted by the lack of knowledge on electric aircraft performance. Research is conducted via the development of instruments onboard a miniature electric

Cross Contamination Prevention on Mars Rovers

Mars rovers have been launched to perform experiments on Mar which are focused on preventing contaminants from interfering with the study of the planet. This research will be specifically looking

Analysis of PMMA Plastic Zone Size

In this project, the size of the plastic zone in polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) was measured as it changes with respect to temperature.  A windowed fixture was developed to hold heating

Tuning the Hydrophilicity and Porosity of Electrospun Membranes for Pretreatment in Water Filtration

The reverse osmosis (RO) water treatment process is a well-researched technology among the pressure driven processes to produce potable water. RO membranes are susceptible to fouling and scaling. This work

Silicon Netting for Surgical Organ Isolation

Laparotomies surgeries are performed to explore and examine a patient’s abdominal cavity to diagnosis any issues or complications a patient may present with. An issue with laparotomy surgeries is maintaining

Through-Thickness Interphase Characterization of PMC

Mechanical properties of a polymer matrix composite (PMC) are driven by the local interphase properties. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), using the technique of Peak Force Quantitative Mechanical Nanomechanical Mapping (PF

Learning Unknown Physics Behind Cellular Dynamics Using Time-Variant Neural Network

The objective of the research is to develop a modified Hamiltonian ordinary differential equation neural network (MHODE) that models the dynamics of a multi body system with non-conservative energy. This

Investigation of Novel Composite Reinforced with Mechanophore-Enhanced Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Mechanophores, described as molecules that emit visible change when induced to force, have been proposed as a potential solution for damage precursor detection in fiber-reinforced polymers. Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotubes were

Quantifying Students’ Understanding of the Engineering Design Process

The engineering design process (EDP) is one of the most important concepts that students learn and practice applying in their first year engineering courses. The goal of this research is

Is Artificial Intelligence a Burden in a Changing Environment

Although there have been many recent advancements in artificial intelligence (A.I.) learning, the capacity to make assumptions is necessary to reduce the time, data, and error it takes in order

Improving Data Rate for 5G Systems using USRP Kits

In this research project, machine learning is utilized for channel estimation. Channel gains can be manually estimated, but the downside of manually calculating estimating the channels is that it is

MedTech Surgical Device Innovation for Trapped Lung

Trapped lung is a condition in which the lung cannot expand fully due to a fibrous “peel” that restricts expansion. There are no surgical devices designed specifically for fibrous tissue

Analysis of Fracture Speed Under Changing Temperatures

Poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA) is a brittle material at room temperature, but experiences property changes when under temperature and tensile load. The research team utilized this change in mechanical property for

Silver Analysis on Stainless Steel 316 used for water systems in spacecrafts

Stainless Steel 316 and its reaction with Ag ions were investigated because of the use it has in potable water systems on spacecrafts. The objective of this study is to

Creating a Multi-Modal Near Infrared Photoacoustic Fluorescence Microscopy System for In Vivo Imaging

Current optical imaging techniques have a limited penetration depth based on the high attenuation of visible light in biological tissue. Fluorescent and photoacoustic microscopy are methods currently used to explore

Researching UV Treated Plastics Used as an Additive in Cement to Mitigate Plastic Waste and Improve Mechanical Performance

Steel reinforced concrete is used in a large portion of the world’s construction designs; however, the production of​ cement, a primary concretes ingredient, contributes significant carbon emissions to the environment.

Design and Characterization of Variable Stiffness Soft Actuators for Lateral Ankle Support

This research explores the design of a soft robotic ankle-foot orthosis (SR-AFO) exosuit designed to support the ankle in the inversion and eversion directions without restricting motion in the dorsiflexion

Is the Demand for Tesla Worth It? Investigating the Life Cycle Assessment and Long-Term Effects of Upstream Emissions from Battery Electric Vehicles

Tesla’s CEO claims that their solar fueled fleet of battery electric vehicles (BEV) will guide the company to ‘carbon neutrality’. This research aims to determine whether Tesla is producing BEVs with

Gait Sensing using Fabric based Soft Inflatable Actuators and Force Haptic Feedback

The physical therapists commonly make use of their visual prowess to ensure that the patients adapt correct walking patterns by observing for postural abnormalities and cuing when necessary. For better

Fracture Propagation in Glassy Polymers Due to Temperature Differentials

The objective of this project is to determine how fracture behavior in glassy materials changes when there is a temperature gradient across the width of a crack front. Initially, dynamical

Facilitated Transport of Contaminants by Microplastics in Soil Media

Microplastics (MPs) have become emerging pollutants on agricultural land, where they occur in soils due to the degradation of plastic mulches. The ability of MPs to adsorb organic and heavy

A Probabilistic and Confidence-Driven Approach to Theory of Mind Models in Autonomous Agents

By nature, humans can be very unpredictable with their actions, which makes it difficult to create a perfect Theory of Mind (ToM) model to attempt to predict those actions. Having

Investigating Factors to Provide Sustained Release of Ketorolac in Temperature-Responsive Hydrogels

Local delivery of anesthetics are a safer alternative to postoperative pain management than opioids, which can have addictive and dangerous side-effects. This research aimed to address postoperative pain via sustained,

Bicycle Rider Pose Estimation from Physical Human-Robot Interaction Forces

Riding a bicycle requires simultaneous balance and navigation, which may be difficult or even impossible for persons with disabilities. This may be partly alleviated by providing active balance and steering

Effect of Growth-Feedback on Adaptive Synthetic Gene Circuits

Synthetic gene circuits are designed with different network topologies to give cells specific functions. These functions are affected by circuit-host interactions such as resource competition, cell growth-mediated feedback, and metabolic

Combined Interfacial and Solvothermal Synthesis to Study the MOF Growth Process

Solvothermal synthesis is a method of producing chemical compounds and is commonly applied to synthesize metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). MOFs are a class of crystalline porous materials with the traits of

Magnetic Needle Steering for Minimally Invasive Surgery

This research aims to provide surgeons with a way to conduct more complex surgeries with increased precision and control in a minimally invasive manner. By utilizing a robotic arm to

Machine Learning and Dimensionality Reduction to Accelerate DFT Simulations of Material Properties and Enable Computational Material Design

This research is focused on applying machine learning to create an alternative to computationally expensive DFT and MD simulations of material properties. We specifically investigate the utility of graph neural

Analyzing the Effect of Contact Resistance on the Temperature Field Evolution During Resistance Spot Welding

Resistance spot welding is used to join metal sheets together by sandwiching workpieces between two electrodes passing a high current through the assembly which generates resistive heating that melts the

Engineering Safe Carbon Nanomaterials: Role of Morphology and Surface Chemistry in the Interactions of Carbon Nanomaterials with Microorganisms

This project focuses on the effect of surface chemistry on the interactions of graphene oxide (GO) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with Microcystis aeruginosa, a freshwater cyanobacteria species. A dose-response was

Utilizing Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors (HDACi) to Alleviate Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Pathology

Following traumatic brain injury (TBI), the body initiates pro-inflammatory responses which in excess, may lead to neurodegeneration. Recent studies report histone deacetylases (HDAC) as a key player in modulating neuroinflammation,

Investigation of Contact Angle Effect for Analyzing Interphase Properties in Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite Materials

This experiment studied the performance of the most common methods of nanoscale material characterization on polymer matrix composites (PMC). This lightweight, and high strength material is used in critical structures

Development of the SmartPad System for Energy Expenditure Detection

Energy Expenditure (EE) is the energy organisms utilize to carry out their cognitive and physical actions. A mismatch between EE, energy storage, or energy intake can lead to a variety

Anisotropic Friction in Soft Burrowing Robots

The research team has chosen soft robotics for a self-burrowing robot. A successful design requires to overcome the increasing amount of force that comes with burrowing into soil and the

The Application of PVDF in Noise Attenuating Window Films

The primary goal of this project was to design a window film that can attenuate unwanted incoming noise from an enclosed space. PVDF, or poly(vinylidene fluoride), was chosen as the

Finding and Predicting Defects in CIGS Cells Using Varied Temperature and Spectroscopy

Photovoltaic solar cells are becoming an increasingly important part of electric power generation. A high efficiency is key to economic viability. Some new solar cell materials have unknown defects that

Drone Swarms in Search and Rescue Operations

The last decade has seen an increase in research of autonomous vehicles. This research tries to tackle autonomy in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) by specifically designing decentralized controllers for platooning.

An Investigation of the Different Approaches of Autonomous Traversal

The objective of this research is to design an algorithm that helps a mobile robot navigate in unmapped terrain through the aid of computer vision, GPS coordinates and path planning.

Blame All vs. Blame Me in AVs

Due to the increasing desire to make the roads safer with the innovation in autonomous vehicles (AVs), it is imperative to understand what information should go into a vehicle’s control

Verification of Ratiometric pH Sensing PHPMA-Derived Polymer in Human Neuronal Tissue Models.

Assessment of the cellular microenvironment is important to examine organ and cell function. The PHPMA-derived polymer can be used as in-line method to use pH levels to test the cellular

Thermodynamic Cycle and Efficiency Analysis of the Thermal Hydraulic Engine

About 20-50% of industrial processes input energy is lost as waste heat. The thermal hydraulic engine relies on the thermodynamic properties of supercritical CO2 to efficiently perform work. The research

Atmospheric Water Capture Using Photothermal Nano-Enabled Desiccants

The atmosphere could serve as an obtainable source for drinking water to solve municipal and natural water disasters that make conventional water supplies inaccessible and not safe for use. In

Open-Source Radiation Hardening Test Structure

With the increase in commercial space travel and companies attempting to explore further into space, engineers are looking for ways to make electronics more resistant to ionizing radiation through radiation

Optimization of Cyanobacteria Cultures

Cyanobacteria are photoautotrophs that can be developed as sustainable platforms for production of various biochemical products. To determine the growth pattern a growth curve was created for a cyanobacterium Synechocystis

Towards a Software Package that Improves Planning of Great Artery Heart Defect Surgeries

Great artery heart defects (GAHDs) are a trio of severe congenital defects that cause poor systemic oxygen delivery, ventricular enlargement, and is fatal if untreated. All three of the conditions

Exploring the Connection Between Particulate Composition and Mean Granule Size

Pharmaceuticals are an integral part of many peoples’ lives and while billions of dollars are poured into research and development little is known about the effect of process variables on

How Control Surface Sizing Affects an Aircraft Stability and Preformance

The motivation behind this project is to explore how the sizing of an aircraft’s control surface affects its stability and performance. Multiple tail configurations were created and analyzed using Vorlax.

VEX U PYRO Robotics

As the world grows increasingly complex, there is an even greater need for individuals equipped with the knowledge and skills to tackle tough problems by gathering information, evaluating it, and

Efficient Naringenin Flavonoid Biosynthesis via Metabolically Engineered Corynebacterium glutamicum

Flavonoids are valuable compounds naturally occurring in plants and fungi with properties useful for pharmaceuticals. However, previous biosynthesis studies and current methods of extracting and synthesizing the compounds are expensive

Hydrolysis of Biomass Derived Cellulose and Hemicellulose with Engineered Bacillus Subtilis Strains

The modern transition away from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources has increased the need for sustainable biofuels. Current industrial processes use biofuels derived from cellulose and hemicellulose; however, these

Controlling Silver Release from Antimicrobial Surface Coatings for Biofouling Control

Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) can be used as surface coatings to control the spread of microorganisms due to the high antimicrobial activity of silver ions (Ag+). However, over long periods of

Automated Design of Graded Material Transitions for Educational Robotics Applications

This project is studying the impact that graded material transitions have on the performance of multi-material components. The researchers have generated a set of tensile test samples that represent multiple

Engineering of High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and inexpensive source of energy as compared

High Speed 3D Printing of Portable Microscope Lens via Micro-Continuous Liquid Interface Printing

The aim of this research is to be able to 3D-print an optical lens via micro-Continuous Liquid Interface Printing (µCLIP). Manufacturing lenses right now is a lengthy process, it takes

Experimentally Validated DEM Simulations for Conduction Based Heat Transfer in Rotary Drums Filled with Monodispersed Particles at Slow Rotational Speed

Discrete Element Method (DEM) simulations validated by experiments are being carried out to understand and quantify the heat transfer by conduction in rotary drums filled with mono-dispersed particles ranging from

Analyzing Sensor Quantization of RAW Images for Visual SLAM

Visual simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) is an emerging technology that enables low-power devices with a single camera to perform robotic navigation. Most visual SLAM algorithms are tuned for images

Allocation of Funds in Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation Operations

This research is focused on identifying and improving the fund allocation process in case of natural disasters. The research question is what fund allocation strategies and practices would minimize the

Design Optimization of the Active Ankle-Foot Orthosis (AAFO)

The objective of this project was to optimize a rigid, motorized ankle-foot orthosis (afo) to assist in the rehabilitation process for people suffering from neuromuscular conditions that impair ankle-foot mobility.

Bioengineered Space-Like Protein Crystals on Earth: Implications to Regenerative Medicine

Regenerative medicine (RM) shows the possibility to regenerate 3D tissue and organs from cells given an appropriate extracellular microenvironment. A better understanding of the structure-function relationship between cell surface proteins,

Oral Drug Delivery Vehicle for Prevention of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic joint-inflammatory autoimmune disease that affects 0.5-3.3% of the population worldwide. This project aims to engineer an oral drug delivery system that can modulate intestinal

Design of High-Frequency Large Intelligent Surfaces using Reflectarray Antennas

With advancing technology, there has been a constant demand for increased cellular data rate and connectivity as number of connected users is expected to be 28.5 billion by 2022. This

ASCE Concrete Canoe Construction and Competition

The Concrete Canoe competition consists of student-led university teams who design, construct, present, and race a full-size canoe made of lightweight concrete. The ASU ASCE Concrete Canoe team will work

Experimental Study of Optical Force Modulation using Tunable Materials

The objective of this project is to experimentally measure the optical force reflected by a sample with tunable optical properties such as vanadium dioxide. A tuning fork based optical force

Measurement of High-Temperature Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion

Thermophotovoltaic (TPV) energy conversion is seen as a viable option for efficiently converting heat to electrical energy. A thermal source heats a selective emitter, which in turn releases narrowband thermal

The Effects on Lower Motor Neuron Degeneration and Neurodegeneration Within the Cervical Region of the Spinal Cord Twenty-Eight Days Post Traumatic Brain Injury

This project’s motivation is to determine the extent that traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects lower motor neuron degeneration and neurodegeneration within the cervical region of the spinal cord twenty-eight days

Quantification of Tissue Oxygenation to Improve Encapsulated Cell Viability In Vivo

The long-term goal of this research is to transplant encapsulated beta cells into a diabetic recipient and eliminate insulin injections. Beta cells succumb easily to hypoxic environments. To test oxygen

Photosynthetic Fixation of Fermentation Off Gases

Controlling the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere is a major challenge facing global environmental sustainability. Fermentation off gases consist of mostly CO2 and are a major byproduct

American Society of Civil Engineering

The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) is an organization that allows students to learn technical skills by being hands-on with civil engineering projects. ASCE hosts the Pacific Southwest Conference

Instrument Design for Aircraft Performance Measurement

The research team’s interest in this project is prompted by the lack of knowledge of electric aircraft performance. Research is conducted via the development of instruments onboard an electric aircraft

Epileptic Seizure Detection and Prediction

Epilepsy is the 3rd most common neurological disorder in the United States. Despite continuous research efforts, 30% of those with epilepsy have uncontrolled seizures, and its unpredictability can become disabling.

Cas9 Mediated Adenosine Transient Reporter for Editing Enrichment

CRISPR/Cas9 systems can be used to edit induced pluripotent stem cells to create nearly any genomic edit for disease-modeling. However, there is no readily available phenotype to enrich for edited

An Expandable Retractor Tool for Increasing Available Working Space During Neurosurgery

An estimated 23,890 adults in the United States will be diagnosed with cancerous tumors of the brain and spinal cord in 2020.  However, while tubular retractors allow neurosurgeons to reach

Basilisk Lizard Interactions with Fluid Environments

Robotic systems have difficulties traversing and interacting with complex deformable terrains (i.e. sand, mud, and water). However, the basilisk lizard can transition easily from one to another. This research will

Needle Tracking System

The motivation for the project is to design a method for tracking a needle, steered by permanent magnets, inside the human body while performing targeted drug delivery. A small tube

Heat Transfer in a Rotary Drum with Focus on Radiation Heat Transfer

A radiation setup for the rotary drum has been in development for some time. With the radiation mode of heat transfer, the effects of that mode of heating can be

New Process with Flexible Perovskite Solar Cell

In the 21st century, the applications of wearable devices are already extended beyond the scope of predicting gambling results. In practice, it has been widely applied in various fields like

Flexible MOF based Ammonia Sensor

The research question for this FURI project is to determine the effectiveness of an ammonia detecting sensor through usage of metal-organic frameworks. The metal-organic frameworks used in this project change

Development of Active Movement-Damping Mechanism for Implementation in Knee Brace

It is projected that 100,000 people rupture their anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) annually in the U.S. Knee braces are commonly used in conjunction with intensive physical therapy to aid the

Synthesis and Characterization of Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework-4 (ZIF-4) Film

ZIF-4, or rather, zinc imidazolate framework – 4, is a metal organic framework that can be used for many purposes including separating mixtures through adsorption processes. One application of ZIF-4

Reflectarray Antenna for Future Wireless Communication

With the incredible demand of bandwidth for wireless communication systems, moving to the millimeter waves (>30 GHz) in the radio spectrum is the need for the future generation. Reflectarray antenna

Ankle Flexion Data as a Differentiative Measure in Orthotic Device Prescription for Stroke Survivors

Gait and balance impairments are well-known consequences of a stroke that causes nearly half of the 6.5 million stroke survivors in the U.S. to fall. Ankle Foot Orthoses (AFOs) are

Modeling of Environment Dependent Modulation of Ankle Impedance During Walking

The motivation for this research is to model the impedance of the human ankle during walking in variable environments. In order to characterize ankle impedance, subjects walk over a robotic

A Self-Fluctuating Prosthetic AirActuator Liner With A Soft Memory Foam Design for Lower Limb Amputees to Improve Comfort, Stability, and Fluctuation in Prosthetic Sockets

This research can help amputees with constant fluctuation of volume inside the sockets, rather from amputation, prolonged walking, or exercising. The idea behind this device with an emphasis on comfort

Variable Impedance as Control Scheme for Enhanced Performance and Stability of Active Ankle Foot Orthosis

Human walking is associated with exertion that results in muscle fatigue. This fatigue is a key parameter in determining deviation of an abnormal gait. But, accurate forces to an abnormal

Development of a Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Control System For Hand Muscle Therapy

Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) have healthy muscle cells but the communication between the muscle and brain has been lost. Muscles that are paralyzed or partially paralyzed can be

Neural ODE Modeling for Many-Body Interactions

Neural Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs) present a new pathway for the reversible modeling of many-body systems, including those for the predictive analysis of particle interactions. Such modeling can determine destination

Mechanoresponse Activity in Polymer Nanocomposites

Phase change polymers are a class of polymer materials used by the US Army to make lightweight and energy-storing materials needed in various equipment. The aim of this research was

Using a Wireless Electronic Platform as Part of a Smart Knee Brace to Aid Rehabilitation and Prevent Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reinjury in Athletes

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are one of the most common knee injuries among American athletes with up to 250,000 incidents per year. The objective of this project was to

Temporal Specificity of the Binding Potential of CDR3 Peptides to Traumatic Brain Injury

The goal of this project is to discover new biomarkers for traumatic brain injury (TBI) in hopes of improving diagnostic tools for this condition. Immunohistochemical evaluation will be used to

Analysis of Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Forces to Prevent ACL Tears

There are approximately 200,000 ACL tears a year solely in the United States. With such a high volume of ACL injuries occurring every year, it is vital to find a

Modeling and Analysis of Electrical Power Systems for Resilience

Microgrids are rapidly increasing in demand as a solution to provide electricity to one billion people living in remote areas of the world. However, the scale of this demand cannot

Using Structural Density Gradients to Optimize the Strength-to-Weight Ratios of 3D Printed Parts

In order to optimize the strength and weight of an object undergoing additive manufacturing, it is necessary to give the object an appropriate internal inlay structure; however, traditional inlays distribute

Effect of Particle and Environmental Variables on Flowability of Granular Materials

The purpose of this research is to attempt to design a novel set of characterization tools to relate granular material physical properties to their performance in handling and conversion operations.

Engineering an Encapsulated 3D Tumor Dormancy Model In Vivo Using NRAS-Mutant Melanoma Cells

Two-dimensional entrapment of tumor cells to study dormancy has been studied before using ECM-induced, cell signaling-induced, biochemical-induced, etc. modes for cancers such as prostate, lung, colorectal, pancreatic, etc. in vitro,

Fabricate Holey Structure to Improve Capacitive Performance of Graphene

Drilling nanosized holes on the graphene basal plane can improve its capacitance and create an efficient ion transport pathway. To take advantage of this effect, the holey graphene-based electrode was

X-Ray Tomography Analysis Correlating Pit Growth and Rolling Conditions in a High-Performance Aluminum Alloy

Aluminum alloys are commonly used for engineering applications due to their high strength to weight ratio and low cost; however, saltwater environments can shorten parts’ longevity by causing pitting corrosion.

Connecting the Dots: Towards Automated Dataset and Visualization Recommendation from News Articles

In this project, the team is investigating the efficacy of automatically recommending data visualizations to accompany a news story, even when there is no explicit data provided. To do this,

Computational and Experimental Studies of Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids in Organic Solutions for MET Sensor Devices

This research focuses on further understanding on how molecular dynamic interactions affect the chemical properties of ionic liquid solutions for the optimization of a molecular electronic transducer-based seismometer for low-temperature

Quantifying Muscular Response During Physical Human-Robot Interaction With a Variable Damping Controller

Robotic exoskeletons have tremendous potential for implementation in defense, industrial factories, and medical rehabilitation. However, current systems rely primarily on negative damping controllers which although safe, are very slow. In

Thermo-Responsive pNIPAAm-Based Polymers for Endovascular Brain Aneurysm Repair

Each year, approximately 30,000 people in the United States experience a ruptured brain aneurysm. A current treatment is endovascular therapy, which use coils and/or stents to divert blood flow. poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)

Efficient Policy Iteration Architecture for Learning Rollout Policy in POMDP

The research project considers an infinite horizon discounted dynamic programming problem with finite state and control space under partial observability. These problems are hard due to the curse of dimensionality.

DNA Repair Capacity of NRAS-Mutant Melanoma 3D Spheroids Under Oxidative Stress and DNA Repair Inhibition

B-Raf inhibitor resistance in NRAS-mutant melanoma cells results in poor prognosis and aggressive clinical behavior. Currently, there is a need for therapies that circumvent this resistance in NRAS-mutant melanoma. This research describes

Extraction of Silver via Electrowinning for Solar Panel Recycling

The purpose of the experiment is to develop a process for the extraction of silver from a hydrofluoric acid solution using electrowinning. The goal was to develop a method that

Utilizing Density Functional Theory to Compute the Efficacy of a Practical Material for Industrial Direct Air Capture via a Copper Metal Organic Framework

In this study, a possible answer to the growing problem of climate change is given via density functional theory calculations on a copper-based metal organic framework, more specifically on a

Monodispersity of PLGA Microparticles

In microsphere drug delivery systems, the monodispersity of microparticle determine the rate of drug release and the rate of biodegradation, which are important for patient health. This experiment looked into

Activation Energy Extraction of Electrodeposit Growth in Nanoionic Materials and Devices

Applied nanoionics is a field that involves the practical use of nanoionic materials and devices. The research focuses on chalcogenide-based electrolytes that support the growth of metallic dendrites. By growing

Optimizing Placement of Generation Assets in Microgrids

This project evaluates methodologies to size and cost off-grid electrification projects. Often sites are selected for development with only information that is insufficient to justify engineering decisions and financial backing.

How Does the Dynamic Strength of a Material Affect the Velocity of Particles at a Perturbed Shock Front and Can This Be Used to Estimate Dynamic Strength in Solids?

The objective of this work is to investigate the relationship between the temporal evolution of particle velocity at different locations of a perturbed (rippled) shock front and the dynamic strength

Biosynthesis of Ethyl Lactate with Escherichia coli as a microbial host

Ethyl lactate is a common green solvent (listed by DOE), currently derived industrially from petrochemicals. Biosynthesis of ethyl lactate would further increase its sustainability if, for example, obtained from E.

Understanding the Effects of Gait Adaptation from the Combination of Visual and Split-Belt Distortion

Split-belt distortion increases the effectiveness of traditional treadmill rehabilitation through targeted rehabilitation of their paretic leg. Visual distortion is another method that has been used in previous studies to greatly

Modification of Synthetic Hydrogel Chemistry to Generate Complex Macroencapsulation Device Geometries

Islet cell replacement via transplantation is a promising therapy to restore blood glucose regulation in patients afflicted by type 1 diabetes mellitus, but is limited by the need for multiple

Loperamide Encapsulated Nanoparticles for Evaluating Blood Brain Barrier Permeability Post-Experimental Traumatic Brain Injury

Due to traumatic brain injury (TBI) presenting with extensive treatment challenges, this study created nanoparticles to evaluate the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics associated with drug delivery in a compromised blood-brain barrier. Loperamide encapsulated

Functionality of Octopus Arm Muscles

The purpose of this research project is to determine the functionality of each muscle group in an octopus arm. Quantitatively tracking the complex motion and electromyography signals produced by an

RASCAL Lunar Mobility

This project is motivated by NASA’s Revolutionary Aerospace Systems Concepts and Academic Linkage (RASCAL) competition to demonstrate the feasibility of a reconfigurable lunar rover. Preceding astronaut arrival, this rover shall

2D Variable Damping Control of the Robotic Ankle Joint to Improve Trade-off between Agility and Stability and Reduce Effort

This study introduces a two-dimensional variable damping controller for implementation in wearable robots. The controller applies a range of robotic damping between negative and positive to the coupled human-robot system.

Discovering Factors That Drive the Migration of Immune Cells Into Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Tumors

The goal of this research was to map the network of interactions influencing immune cell migration. A series of filters were applied to a transcriptional regulatory network to prioritize a

Flow Visualization and Heat Transfer in Micro-Polymer Tubes

This study investigates the flow and heat transfer properties of 3D printed, millimeter-scale polymer tubes. This work starts with a series of manufacturability tests to determine the smallest sizes of

Experimental Demonstration of Tunable Near-field Radiative Heat Transfer Exceeding Blackbody Limit with VO2 Thin Films

While near-field radiation exceeding the blackbody limit is a growing topic among researchers today, there is still little research done on how to fully take advantage of this energy. By

Numerical Characterization of Pseudoshock Oscillatory Behavior

This work utilizes the ANSYS Fluent Computational Fluid Dynamics solver to characterize the unsteady motion of the “shock-train” forming in the isolator portion of a scramjet combustion system. Characterization of

Electrolyzer Application of a Load-Managing PV System

The purpose of this research was to determine the effectiveness of electrolyzers implemented within a load-managing PV system. The electrolyzers replace the initial system’s test resistors, which have shown power

Steady-State Measurements of Near-Field Radiative Heat Transfer between Ultra-Flat Thin-Film Materials

The radiative heat transfer between two objects is conventionally limited by Planck’s radiation law. When the gap spacing becomes smaller than the characteristic thermal wavelength, it is possible to greatly

Development of Surgical Device to Aid in the Decortication Procedure for a Trapped Lung

Infections, pulmonary embolisms, autoimmune disorders, lung cancer, and surgeries can lead to a fibinous pleuritic, or inflammation of the membrane that surrounds the lungs. This can trap the lung, preventing

Reproducibility and Completeness of Complex Hydrogel Geometry Fabrication in 3D Printed Injection Molds

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the destruction of pancreatic islet cells which results in patients no longer generating their own insulin. Islet cell transplantation via macroencapsulation

Targeting B-cell lymphoma through the use of CAR macrophages

B cell lymphoma is a cancer of the white blood cells, which develops when the body starts making abnormal B cells. Abnormal B cells hinder the body’s ability to fight

Aerodynamically Optimal Nose Cone Geometry for Supersonic Flight at Varying Altitudes

Supersonic flight poses significant challenges on rockets designed for maximum range. The HELIOS Rocketry at ASU aims to be the first student-led university organization to launch a rocket to the

Experimental Analysis on the Effect of Human Learning on Physical Human-robot Interaction

To develop robots that effectively interact with humans, it is important to understand how humans teach and learn in different scenarios. The research aims to collect data for pairs of

Radiation Hardening Test Platform

The space environment exposes electronics to gamma radiation which disrupts proper circuit functionality if not properly protected against. This research is on a radiation-hardened test structure for a CMOS process,

Evaluating the Efficiency of a Cold Trap Condenser

Pervaporation is promising a membrane process for purification of highly saline waters beyond the capacity of conventional processes such as reverse osmosis. This project is specifically studying the efficiency of

Characterization of Glass Beads: Flowability and Angle of Repose Part II

Characterization of particulate process and product design is a difficult field because of the unique properties and behaviors of particles that differ from gasses and liquids. The purpose of this

Phase-field modeling of electromigration-mediated hillock growth in copper interconnects

Miniaturization of device dimensions comes at the cost of increasing microelectronic integrated circuit complexity and operating current densities. The high current densities impart momentum to metal ions triggering atomic diffusion

Investigating the Role of Astrocytes on GSC Invasion In A 3D Microfluidic Vascular Tumor Model

Glioblastoma Multiforme is the most aggressive cancer that begins within the brain. They can either start from normal brain cells or develop from an existing low-grade astrocytoma, and are housed

Metabolic Engineering for Ethyl Lactate Production in E.coli

Ethyl lactate is a compound with great potential as a biodegradable solvent with no current efficient means of production. This research aims to create a sustainable pathway for ethyl lactate

Dust Entrainment and Dust Devils

In this study, dust entrainment and aerosol dynamics within the formation of dust devils are investigated numerically. A dust entrainment scheme based on local velocities is implemented in the canonical

Wireless ECoG (Electrocorticography) for Intra-operative Neurophysiological Monitoring

Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is the most common central nervous system tumor with short life expectancy and only a limited number of patients survive more than three years following diagnosis. During

Collecting Data to Determine if Startle Correlates to a Successful Step Response in Stroke Survivors

This research involves processing data to understand if startle is linked to the mechanics of a proper step response in order to prevent falls in stroke survivors. The research team’s

Adversarial Attacks in Reinforcement Learning for Autonomous Vehicle Control

Autonomous vehicles are believed to be the next disruptive technology, but there is evidence that their marriage with AI may be complicated since the current intelligent systems are not robust

Artificial Intelligence in Smart Grid Data Analysis

The solar energy system is connected to the Smart Grid data more than ever before. Learning from previous data and predicting future data will be necessary in the future. Solar

Design, Characterization and Prototyping of Smart Windows with Thermochromic Thin-Film Coatings

The creation of a smart window that allows solar thermal radiation to pass through when the temperature is cool but prevents solar thermal radiation from passing through at high temperatures

Experimental Demonstration of Tunable Near-field Radiative Heat Transfer Exceeding Blackbody Limit with VO2 Thin Films

While near-field radiation exceeding the blackbody limit is a growing topic among researchers today, there is still little research done on how to fully take advantage of this energy. By

Optimization of Future Urban Mobility Systems

Urban mobility is a fundamental component to society that is instrumental to its efficiency while enabling its inhabitants. Researching the potential for optimization of these urban mobility systems could lead

Lizard Inspired Pipe Testing Robot

The objective of the research is to design four-finger under-actuated gripper which can be used for lizard inspired robot to climb and perform non-destructive testing of boiler pipes. To achieve

Soft Robotic Elephant Trunk

The purpose of this research project is to study how to utilize hydrogels to create three-dimensional motion in tube-like robots. While similar structures can be found in snakes and prehensile

Towards Portability of Pneumatic Wearable Devices using Low-Volume Inflatable Actuator Composites and a Portable Pneumatic Source

Common drawbacks of pneumatically-actuated soft wearable devices include tethered air supplies and slow actuation speeds. The design of efficient and portable soft-pneumatic systems necessitates new soft actuators and pneumatic sources.

Thermogalvanic Brick

The huge amount of waste heat and the constant demand for electric energy makes this an appreciable research topic, yet at present there is no commercially viable technology to harness

Investigation of Sex Differences in 2-Dimensional Ankle Stiffness During Upright Standing

Studies have shown a huge gender gap in ankle stability and increased incidence of ankle injury in females as compared to males, however, there is little information regarding the neuromuscular

Developing a Multimodal Node Graph Tool

This overall research serves to create a tool to improve accessibility to node graphs for students that are blind or visually impaired. The tool will implement a multimodal approach utilizing

Streamlining Rocketry: How to Cut Costs Without Compromising Performance

The objective was to design, simulate, and launch a rocket for Spaceport America Cup 2019. This design was focused on developing new manufacturing processes that would cut costs and streamline

Kinetics of Dynamic Damage Growth in Metals from Characterization and Simulations of Shock Loading Experiments

Understanding the mechanisms for damage nucleation and growth is key to developing reliable models to estimate and predict the performance of armor and defense systems. Simulations of spherical and polyhedral

BrainTracker mHealth Application: Monitoring the Comorbidities of Pediatric Neurological Disorders

Children with chronic disorders such as epilepsy are at an increased risk for cognitive and psychosocial problems. Clinical assessments of these comorbidities are resource-intensive and typically not gathered from a

SAE Baja Sun Devil Racing

Sun Devil Racing (SDR) is a student-run organization that competes annually in the Society of Automotive Engineers Baja Competition. Members of SDR are challenged to take knowledge from the classroom

Designing Better Wireless Experiments through Screening

Today’s computer networks are complex engineered systems. Due to the large number of parameters available, an important question is Which parameters should be selected for experimentation?  Screening experiments are conducted

Innovative Additive Manufacturing 3D — Hovercraft Vehicle Disaster Relief System

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) has designed and manufactured a remote-control hovercraft vehicle using additive manufacturing techniques that will collect a payload for rapid delivery to a set

Investigating the Performance of 3D-printed Sorbents for Direct Air Capture of CO2

Since the industrial revolution around 1750, global emissions of CO2 have increased more than 46% being the major cause of global warming. In this research the moisture driven-cycle for direct

Autonomous Car Capable of Navigation and Interaction with Other Vehicles

The goal of this research project is to apply different model discrimination techniques (passive and active) to a pair of autonomous cars to create a “real-world” simulation to test how

Functionality of an Octopus Arm

The purpose of this research project is to determine the functionality of each muscle group in an octopus arm. Quantitatively tracking the complex motion and electromyography signals produced by an

Studying the potential of Immersed Boundary Methods by Simulating a Complicated Object in a Numerical Wind Tunnel

The objective of this project is to show the potential of the Immersed Boundary Methods by compiling and running an in-house Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code, called NGA, and simulating

Multivariate Analysis for Irrigation with Reclaimed Chlorinated Water

Gray water requires less filtration than black water, due to significantly fewer particles and organic material. This smaller requirement makes gray water much easier to reclaim. Chlorination has been shown

Development of a Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Control System For Hand Muscle Therapy

Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) have healthy muscle cells but the communication between the muscle and brain has been lost. Muscles that are paralyzed or partially paralyzed can be

Dynamic Thermal Measurements of Tunable Radiative Coatings for Space Applications

The objective of this project is to further the understanding of tunable radiative coatings such as vanadium dioxide. In order to explore this material, a thermal measurement system was developed

Robot Navigation using Wireless Signals in an Indoor/Outdoor Environment

This research is performed to enable aerial robots to navigate through indoor environments using wireless signals. This provides an important supplementary capability to vision and LiDAR-based approaches since wireless signals

Dynamic Thrust Testing Tools

The goal of this project is creating tools to more effectively and economically measure dynamic thrust, a measure of how the propulsive forces of an aircraft change with airspeed. By

Magnetic Needle Steering for Minimally Invasive Surgery

This research aims to provide surgeons with a way to conduct more complex surgeries with increased precision and control in a minimally invasive manner. By utilizing a robotic arm to

Removing Selenium Oxoanions from Water Using Layered Double Hydroxides in Chitosan Beads

Water treatment is a major environmental and societal area of study. This research will help in creating water treatment processes that are more selective for selenate over other oxoanions in

Thermal Creep Resistant Nickel Super Alloys with Nontraditional Alloying Elements

Nickel-based super alloys are useful because of their ability to maintain their mechanical properties at elevated temperatures. The goal of the project is to study the effects of yttrium and

The Impact of a Startling Acoustic Stimulus and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Reaction Times in Unimpaired Older Adults

An unexpected loud noise known as a Startling Acoustic Stimulus (SAS) can cause a startle reflex response, which has been shown to enhance movement in stroke patients [1, 2, 3].

Graphical User Interface for Control of a Drone Swarm and Collision Avoidance

The purpose of this project is to investigate the question “Does haptic feedback with visual feedback offer better boundary control for robot swarms than just visual feedback?” Moving large swarms

Electrolyzer Application of a Load-Managing PV System

The purpose of this research was to determine the effectiveness of electrolyzers implemented within a load-managing PV system. The electrolyzers branch the system’s loads from test resistors, which have shown

Fabrication of High-performance Carbon Fibers

Mechanical properties of carbon fibers are dependent on the continuity, density and interfacial action of the hierarchical graphitic structures. The presence of voids formed during crystallization due to the random

Combined Interfacial and Solvothermal Synthesis to Study the MOF Growth Process

Solvothermal synthesis is a method of producing chemical compounds and is commonly applied to synthesize metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). MOFs are a class of crystalline porous materials with the traits of

Role Adaptation in Robots for Effective Physical Human-Robot Interaction

Modern robotic devices are required to perform certain tasks where they need to teach actions to humans through haptic/physical interactions, e.g., rehabilitative robots. For achieving that, a simulation study, with

Computational and Experimental Studies of Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids in Organic Solutions for MET Sensor Devices

The goal for this research is to gain further understanding of how molecular dynamic interactions affect the chemical properties of ionic liquid solutions for the optimization of molecular electronic transducer-based

Silica Aerogel as Fireproofing Material for Transformer Firewall

Transformer fire is an alarming occurrence that hits an electric utility. It is a threat to human life on-site and outside a power plant. The aim of this research is

Finding and Predicting Defects in CIGS Cells Using Varied Temperature and Spectroscopy

Photovoltaic solar cells are becoming an increasingly important part of electric power generation. High efficiency is key to economic viability. Some new solar cell materials have unknown defects that can

Integration of Renewables and Cost-Efficient Technologies in Transmission Expansion Planning

Extreme weather events can cause blackouts by damaging the electric network. While peak loads are projected to increase over time, the transmission capacity of current-carrying lines is estimated to reduce

Damage Modes of Carbon Nanotubes Embedded in Epoxy-Resin polymeric Material

Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) have extraordinary mechanical, electrical, optical and thermal properties closely related to their shape and deformation, creating a wide potential of applications. However, enough investigation has not been

Proposed Enhancements to Pavement ME Design: Improved Consideration of the Influence of Subgrade Soils Susceptible to Shrink/Swell on Pavement Performance

A hypothesis has been put forward that the seasonal variation in moisture demands of vegetation growing in the vicinity of the pavement has adverse effects on the subgrade through shrink/swell

Optimum Methods of Nanoscale Material Characterization for Analyzing Interphase Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials

This experiment studied the performance of the most common methods of nanoscale material characterization on polymer matrix composites (PMC). This lightweight and high-strength material is used in critical structures such

Optimization of Mixed-Mode Bending Fixture

The research team was focused on the goal of improving the characterization of a modified mixed mode bending (MMB) fixture. Finite element analysis was used on the fixture to analyze

Electrochemical Process for Metal Recovery from End of Life Photovoltaic Modules

The goal of this project is to develop a process for recycling old photovoltaic modules to prevent waste modules from being scrapped. This recycling process will reduce the space taken

Wireless, Fully Passive, Multi-Channel Neural Recorder

One in five people in the United States alone suffer from neurological damage which can lead to complications such as cerebral palsy, Parkinson’s disease, and many other disorders. However, while

Design, Characterization and Manufacturing of Solid-core/Porous-shell Fiber Structures

The goal of this research is the development of a composite fibre impregnated with titania for high throughput and cheap water disinfection. These composite fibers are composed of a solid

Metal-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for Rapid Thermal Cycling

The objective of current research is to improve rapid thermal cycling and mechanical ruggedness of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) by investigating various fuel cell geometries and supports. For this

Epileptic Seizure Detection and Prediction

Epilepsy is the third most common neurological disorder in the United States. Despite continuous research efforts, 30% of those with epilepsy have uncontrolled seizures, and its unpredictability can become disabling.

Using Salmonella as a pH-modulator to Explore the Tumor Microenvironment

Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation are expensive, painful, and often ineffective, as they compromise the patient’s immune system. Genetically-modified Salmonella typhimurium (GMS) strains, however, have been proven to

Radiative Cooling Performance in LiF Samples and Observed Cooling of PVF Samples of Differing Thicknesses

Radiative cooling is a passive cooling method that uses space as a heat sink, making it an attractive area of study for cooling photovoltaics. The research group wanted to identify

Steady-State Measurements of Near-Field Radiative Heat Transfer between Ultra-Flat Thin-Film Materials

The total radiative heat transfer between two objects is limited by Planck’s radiation law. However, when the gap spacing between the two objects becomes smaller than the characteristic thermal wavelength,

A Self-Fluctuating Actuator Air Prosthetic Liner With Memory Foam Design for Lower Limb Amputees to Improve Comfort, Stability, and Fluctuation in Prosthetic Sockets:

The question being presented is could this device replace stump socks as well as socket fillers to help amputees with the constant volume fluctuation inside their sockets, rather fresh amputation,

A Force-Tracking Restraint System for Novel Movement and Sensation in Virtual Reality

Despite significant advancements in the visual side of virtual reality (VR) due to improved headset technology, physical movement and sensation in VR have yet to be effectively implemented. The physical

Modification of Synthetic Hydrogel Chemistry to Generate Complex Macroencapsulation Device Geometries

Islet cell replacement via transplantation is a promising therapy to restore blood glucose regulation in patients afflicted by type 1 diabetes mellitus, but is limited by the need for multiple

Hydrolysis of Biomass Derived Cellulose and Hemicellulose with Engineered Bacillus subtilis Strains

Limited fossil fuel sources have increased the need for sustainable biofuels. While biofuel industry uses sugars derived from cellulose and hemicellulose as carbon feedstock, the process to degrade and utilize

Lensless Cameras: Simulation and Prototype Development

Lensless cameras are an emerging technology, which capture images without a lens. Our vision is to build low-cost lensless cameras, less than fifty-dollars with scotch-tape, as the optical element and

ASCE Concrete Canoe Development and Testing

The Concrete Canoe competition consists of student-led university teams who design, construct, present, and race a full-size canoe made of lightweight concrete. The ASU ASCE Concrete Canoe team will work

Study of How Yeast Transport in Membrane Protein

Protein transporter Sul1 and Sul2 in yeast is similar to those in human gene family SLC26. Thus, identifying the mutations in Sul1 and Sul2 can guide scientists to discover what

X-Ray Tomography Analysis Correlating Pit Growth and Rolling Conditions in a High-Performance Aluminum Alloy

Aluminum alloys are commonly used for engineering applications due to their high strength to weight ratio and low cost. However, saltwater environments shorten parts’ longevity by causing pitting corrosion. X-ray

Interphase Properties of Carbon Nanotube Composites

The material properties and thickness of the interphase must be characterized to better understand nanocomposites. The composite samples analyzed in this work consist of carbon nanotubes (CNT), carbon fiber, and

Towards Autonomous Thermal Imaging Robots for Heat Sensing

Heat poses a major health risk that particularly affects cyber-physical infrastructures in cities. Heat-sensing maps can be used to reduce overexposure risks to humans. In this research project, we analyze

Synthesis of Calcium Phosphate Nanoparticles with the Inclusion of Metabolites and Ovalbumin

Cancer is a life-threatening disease that involves uncontrolled cell growth. This project aims to inhibit glucose metabolism that feeds the cancer cells and cause the cells to proliferate by using

Utilizing Acetate as a Carbon Source for Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 Mutant for Microbial Electro-Photosynthesis

The primary objective of this research is to study the effectiveness of utilizing acetate as a carbon source in the culturing of cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 mutant lacking photosystem II.  This

The Efficiency of the Cold Trap Condenser in a Pervaporation Membrane Process

Pervaporation is promising a membrane process for purification of highly saline waters beyond the capacity of conventional processes such as reverse osmosis. This project is specifically studying the efficiency of

Discovering Factors that Drive the Recruitment of Macrophages to Glioblastoma Multiforme Tumor Cells

Currently, the researcher is working to produce a list of biological factors that may drive immune cell migration to Glioblastoma tumor cells. Discovering these factors may lead to improved quality

End-Burning Vortex Flow Pancake Hybrid Rocket Engine

Hybrid rocket engines offer the following advantages over other rocket propulsion methods; ease of storing oxidizer, throttling capability, and reignition capability. An end-burning vortex flow pancake motor is considered in

SWE National Conference

The WE19 conference is the national Society of Women Engineers conference held every year for both collegiate and professional members. There are a variety of events that go on throughout

Design and Programming a Smart Camera for a Drone to Collect and Process Images of Crops to Provide Cost-Effective Plant-Health Analysis

The objective of this project is to find a practical and cost-effective solution for gathering preliminary plant-health information. The goal is to conduct research using RGB (red, green, blue) images

Development of Electrospun 3D Biomaterials

The motivation for the research conducted over the summer semester was to understand the mechanical properties of three-dimensional electrospun rolled scaffolds made from Polycaprolactone. To determine how scaffold thickness may

Analysis of Potential High Speed Rail Technology to Connect Arizona, Nevada and California

The goal of this research is to provide a transportation plan for a high-speed rail system to connect major cities in the Southwest, specifically in Arizona, Nevada and California. Due

Lizard Inspired Tube Inspection Robot

The environmental conditions within the boiler tube can be highly aggressive, which can alter the microstructure of tubing. Electromagnetic sensors have the capability to scan through these tubes and detect

Bioproduction of renewable ethylene from an engineered cyanobacterium

Current ethylene production from fossil fuels is the largest CO2-emitting process in the chemical industry. Bioproduction produces ethylene through consumption of CO2 via photosynthesis. Advancements in bioproduction of ethylene is

Metabolic Engineering of Corynebacterium glutamicum for the Conversion of Biomass Derived Aromatics to Chrysin

The objective of the research project is to recombine the genetic pathway to produce naringenin and pinocembrin in Corynebacterium glutamicum, flavonoids found in plants. To modify the pathway, genes coding for

Regression analysis of lithium-ion battery degradation data

The focus of this research is to carry out regression analysis to discover the factors that significantly contribute to the life cycle of the lithium-ion cells using the degradation data.

Needle Tracking System

The motivation for the project is to design a method for tracking a needle, steered by permanent magnets, inside the human body while performing targeted drug delivery. A small tube

Effects of Startle-Evoked Movement Associated with Learning a Novel Motor Task

Startle-evoked movement (SEM) is shown to trigger a fast and accurate motor task. The learning process and the startle response are involved with the same circuitry within the brain, yet

Engineering High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacteria

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and cheaper source of energy as compared

Desert WAVE

Desert WAVE (Women in Autonomous Vehicle Engineering), sponsored by the Si Se Puede Foundation, will compete in the RoboSub competition for the second time in 2020. Their AUV (Autonomous Underwater

Stress-Responsive Reinforced Composites via Functionalization of Carbon Fiber

Mechanophores, described as molecules that emit detectable change when induced to force, have been proposed as a potential solution for damage precursor detection in fiber-reinforced polymers. The objective is to

Streamlining Rocketry: How to Cut Costs Without Compromising Performance

The objective was to design, simulate, and launch a rocket for Spaceport America Cup 2019. This design was focused on developing new manufacturing processes that would cut costs and streamline

Ankle Flexion Data as a Differentiative Measure in Orthotic Device Prescription for Stroke Survivors

Gait and balance impairments are well-known consequences of a stroke that causes nearly half of the 6.5 million stroke survivors in the U.S. to fall. Ankle Foot Orthoses (AFOs) are

Developing Parallel and Efficient Algorithms For Compact Similarity Joins

Similarity join is a fundamental operation in data cleaning and integration. The objective of this research is to study, design and implement a distributed and scalable Compact Similarity Join operator for

Development of Biomanufacturing Unit Operations for Human Cell Therapy (HCL) Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMP)

Regenerative medicine (RM) is an emerging technology being developed by scientists, engineers, and clinical specialists to revolutionize medicine. As humans lose tissues and organs due to injury or disease, it

The Optimal Waste Reduction (OWR) Tool

In order to understand economic, social, and environmental impacts of recycling, i.e., the triple bottom line, people rely on the Waste Reduction Model (WARM), a descriptive modeling tool developed by

Comparative Segmentation in Lead-Free Solders for Damage Mitigation in Microelectronics

The main motivation is that lead-free solder (SnCu) are used extensively in microelectronics. There are risks associated with replacing lead solders with SnCu because they are not well understood so

Treatment of Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Clots Through Histotripsy

Acute upper gastrointestinal (GI)  bleeding results in 20,000 deaths annually in the United States. The issue with acute upper GI bleeding is locating and removing an excessive amount of blood

NASA Space Grant Robotics

NASA Space Grant Robotics is in the process of creating underwater robots that can be used for deep sea diving. This would replace divers, as well as reduce the risk

PYRO Robotics – Rossum Rumblers Robotics Club

The VEX Robotics Competition, presented by the Robotics Education & Competition Foundation, is one of the world’s largest robotics competitions. Each year, an engineering challenge is presented to the elementary,

ConCreate: Designing an Additively Manufacturable Concrete Mix with Recycled Glass

Concrete is the most widely used material in the world.  It is also a large contributor to global CO2 emissions and industrial mineral extraction.  Additive manufacturing, or 3D printing, has

Treatment of Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Clots Through Histotripsy

Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding results in 20,000 deaths annually in the United States. The current issue is in locating and removing an excessive amount of blood clots obstructing the location

The Adaptive Omphalocele Protective Device

The Adaptive Omphalocele Protective Device is a novel medical device created in partnership with Phoenix Children’s Hospital (PCH), which helps families safely transport their children born with an omphalocele birth defect. An

Tuning Excimer Concentrations While adding Quantum Dot and Phosphor Conversion Layers to Improve Efficiency, Lifetime, and Color Quality of Blue Light in Organic Light Emitting Diodes

This project investigated methods of efficiently replicating white light by emitting blue light as a primary light source and adding targeted wavelengths of amber light as a secondary source. The

NASA Space Grant Robotics

NASA Space Grant Robotics is in the process of creating underwater robots that can be used for deep sea diving. This would replace divers, as well as reduce the risk

Control of Bipedal Laminate Robot

Determining effective ways to control soft, laminate robotics has been an important issue in soft robotics since its nascent stages. The project focuses on the development and control of a

Robust Consensus in Multi Robot Systems Using Wireless Signals

Securing robot teams against malicious activity is crucial as these systems accelerate towards widespread societal integration. Researchers derive a framework for securing multi-agent consensus against the Sybil attack by using

Design and Control of a Soft Robotic Ankle-Foot Orthosis

For physical therapists working with patients with foot and ankle injuries, it is imperative that they have mechanical help with the rehabilitation process. However, existing solutions are cumbersome and stationary.

Lowering Image Sensor Reconfiguration Latency on Android

Mobile systems would benefit from the ability to make a tradeoff between image resolution and power consumption when doing vision tasks. While less resolution lowers task accuracy it also saves

Octopus Arm Muscles in Relation to Arm Use for Bioinspired Robotics

The objective is to study the musculature of Octopus arms for use in Bioinspired Robotics.  Previous literature presents the idea of uniform muscle layering. The lab has found this not

Cranial Crown: A Pediatric Headset for Transcranial Doppler

Transcranial doppler can be used to detect seizure and stroke during cardiac surgery. There is currently no feasible transcranial doppler headset for use on pediatric patients in the operating room.

Research for development of A Self-Fluctuating Actuator Air Prosthetic Liner with Memory Foam Design for Lower Limb Amputees to Improve Comfort, Stability, and Fluctuation in Prosthetic Sockets:

The research question that is being proposed is whether an air-based device can address volume fluctuation inside a prosthetic socket for lower limb amputees. The main objective will be to

Motorcycle Helmet Blind Spot Monitoring

Motorcycle safety has been improving in recent years with better designed protective gear and the integration of certain vehicle technologies like anti-lock braking systems into motorcycles. But there is still

Collapsible, Large Scale 3D Printer

Medical professionals and relief workers around the world are faced with new and complex challenges regarding their patients’ health. Additive Manufacturing has the capability to assist with many of these

Pivot Irrigation Misalignment (PIMA) System Project

Pivot irrigation systems are typically a quarter mile long and rotate about a field to irrigate crops. Approximately every fifty meters, there are towers that help move the system. When

Adaptive Sampling

Modern smartphone cameras capture high-resolution images, containing millions of pixels. However, computer vision tasks operate effectively on images of much lower resolution. The research team seeks to implement an adaptive

The Dynamic Reconfiguration of Solar Cells on Spacecrafts

Currently, spacecraft solar arrays can degrade from 20-50% in power producing capability over a 15-year mission, making it unfeasible for current state-of-the-art designs to access the full power available from

Development of MOF/Graphene Aerogel Composite for Ammonia Adsorption and Sensing

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a class of crystalline materials which have properties useful for gas separation, purification, and storage. While these MOFs can be extremely selective with the molecules they

Scaling a Helicon Plasma Thruster for CubeSat Applications

Electric thrusters provide high propellant efficiency to give spacecraft the capability of large maneuvers at the cost of a low propellant mass. This project aims to design a compact helicon

Measuring the Heat of Combustion of Biomass Pellets

Pellets have higher density and greater hardness than other types of biomass which enable easier transportation and storage. This research aims to investigate the amount of energy released and ash

Investigating the Role of SP5 in WNT Signaling Using an In-Vitro Model of Neural Patterning

This project attempts to better understand how the WNT transcriptional program is affected by β-catenin and SP5 by developing an in vitro model of neural patterning. This signaling pathway uses

Wideband Microwave Radar for Autonomous Navigation

This research aims to develop a deeper knowledge of how radar systems are used for autonomous navigation. Small on chip radar systems can be implemented in various technologies, such automobiles,

Battery Decay Rate and Life Cycle in Lithium-Ion Polymer Batteries

The objective of the research project is to determine the baseline life cycle and battery decay rate of a lithium-ion polymer battery in drones. The first experiment had the drone

LensCap

Augmented reality computing environments further the richness of the mobile experience by providing applications a continuous vision experience, where visual information continuously provides context for applications. In a modern mobile

Accidental Bragg Reflectors

When creating thermal insulating films, it was discovered that they produce colors. Since the films had layers, it was concluded that they were acting as Bragg reflectors- mechanisms with layers

Composite Bricks from Fungus Mycelium and Carbon Nanomaterials for Sustainable Multi-functional Structures

Sustainable building materials are necessary to meet current needs without compromising future generations. Bricks from fungus mycelium are a recent and promising alternative to replace concrete bricks. Mycelium is the

Benchmarking Dehumidifiers as Atmospheric Water Generators in Tempe, AZ

The goal was to benchmark the performance and quality of water collected from the air using common household dehumidifiers as atmospheric water generators. It is found that for between $13

Vertical Control for Underwater Robotics

Underwater lateral robotic manipulation is used for multidimensional maneuverability for underwater vehicles. Bio-inspired mechanisms were built and tested for buoyancy and lateral position control for an underwater robot. To create

Toward Understanding and the Development of a Thermoelectric Generator

Waste heat is a large problem for all who are interested in energy conservation; large quantities of energy are lost in the form of heat through the process of power

Robotic Mapping using WiFi

In the near future, robots will be required to autonomously navigate in increasingly unstructured and complex environments, such as indoors or underground, where GPS may not be available. There have

Developing a Model to Detect and Analyze the Presence of Important Emergency Care Factors via Twitter

Analyzing social media can offer insights into a wide range of topics that are commonly discussed online, providing valuable insights for tracking emergency care factors – medical conditions which may

Inducing Structural Stability by use of Dampeners on Structural Systems affected by Earthquakes

Structural systems often fail at the cost of livelihood of their inhabitants due to their inability to properly dampen seismic forces. The objective of this research project is to discover

Designing A Control System to Adjust Surface Roughness of an Airfoil

This research focused on investigating flow control using surface roughness along the leading edge of an airfoil. The current design will entail a system that can accurately predict flow separation

Removal of Hydrocarbons in Solar Drying System

The focus of this research is to provide a sustainable system to manage food production by developing a food preservation system. Drying removes moisture from food so unwanted contaminants can’t

Nanoscale Material Characterization of Polymer Matrix Composites Under Hygrothermal Conditions

This experiment analyzed the structural capabilities of polymer matrix composite (PMC) samples after many years of exposure to hygrothermal conditioning. This strong, form-adaptive, lightweight material is suitable for use on

Experimental Study of Solar Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion Enhanced with Selective Metafilm Coatings

A solar thermophotovoltaic (STPV) system requires three key components to directly convert solar energy to electricity: a solar absorber, a hot emitter, and a thermophotovoltaic (TPV) cell. Recently, Prof. Liping

A Comparative Study of Simulations and Experimental Testing on Screw-Propelled Vehicle in a Lunar Simulant

Screw-propelled vehicles are effective in difficult environments on earth; however they have not been properly investigated for space application. A better understanding of the terra-mechanics of dirt in lesser gravities

Creating the Most Appropriate Lithium Ion Battery Separator to be used in Stretchable Electronics

This experiment involved finding the most effective organogel that can serve as a separator in Lithium-Ion Batteries. Organogels were chosen because of their flexible, semi-permeable and reliable bendable characteristics which

Automatically Generated Wing Structure Model

The goal of this project is to analyze aircraft wing structure and use the results to construct an algorithm for automatically determining the optimal wing configuration for a given aircraft.

Power-Generating Thermogalvanic Bricks for Waste Heat Utilization from Buildings

The research analyzes the transformation of wasted thermal energy into a usable form through thermogalvanic devices. This technology helps mitigate international growing energy demands. Building energy efficiency is a critical

Adsorption of Copper from Waste Water Using Algae Derived Activated Carbon

The objective of this research is to identify and optimize the process condition for converting microalgae into porous carbon adsorbent for wastewater treatment. The properties of the porous carbons will

Analysis of Sul-1 and Sul-2 Transporters on Sulfur Uptake and Cellular Growth

The goal of this research is to prove that a certain gene in yeast cells provide code for a transport protein that carries sulfur, a necessary nutrient, into the cell.

Metabolic Engineering of Escherichia Coli for the Production of a Biodegradable Solvent

Ethyl lactate is a compound that has a lot of potential to be used as a biodegradable solvent but is only naturally found in small amounts in some biological products.

Understanding the Self-assembly of Metal-organic Supra-molecules

Supra-molecules are large “hollow” molecules typically composed of small rigid metal-organic (MO) frameworks which have many potential applications such as gas separation and storage, as well as targeted drug delivery.

Solar Drying with an Oxide Material to Achieve Food Preservation of Crop Production

Many people in different countries around the world depend on producing their own food for sustenance and financial stability. In certain countries, there is an overproduction of food items, thereby

Development of Electrospun Nanofiber Nanoparticle Composites

The research question being explored in this report is whether or not electrospun nanofiber nanoparticle composites (ENNCs) with high loading capacities can be formulated and thermally annealed to form defect

Mobility of Screw Propelled Vehicles in BP-1

Mobility in cohesive granular media is one of the most significant obstacles faced by space robotics systems such as the recently retired Mars rover, Opportunity. Wheeled systems are the standard

Synthesis of Hexagonal Boron Nitride Thin Films

Hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) is a wide band gap semiconductor with graphene-like structure and characteristics. This material has been identified as a potential candidate for diverse electronic, optoelectronic, nanophotonic and

Development of a Low Temperature Ionic Liquid Based Electrolyte System for Planetary Exploration

This research project aims to develop an electrolyte that functions in the extreme environmental conditions of Europa so that a molecular electronic transducer (MET) seismometer can be used to probe

Heat Transfer in a Rotary Drum using Infrared Temperature Measurements

The purpose of the rotary drum project is to understand how different parameters such as particle fill level and rotation rate affect the heat transfer coefficient in all three modes of

Cloning Antibodies to Understand Neurodegenerative Diseases

Neurodegenerative diseases are still widely misunderstood, but are believed to be caused by the production of β-amyloid peptides (Aβ). Single Chain Fragment Variables (scFv) antibodies can be used to eliminate

Radiative Cooling of Semiconductive Materials

One challenge facing solar energy is increasing the efficiency of solar cells, which is impeded by the heat they retain. Cooling these cells via emission of radiation in the Infrared

Production of NorHA Microspheres for Peptide Tethering

Tissue engineering is an essential part of regenerative medicine. For bone regeneration, scaffolds are used as ways for inducing stem cell proliferation/differentiation, and drug delivery. Current scaffolds are bulky and

The Reinforcement Learning Trojan Horse: Data Poisoning in Autonomous Driving Simulations

The objective of this research is to identify the presence of a specific, but potentially catastrophic, mathematical characteristic within a key machine learning aspect of the control system of autonomous

Electro Supn Rolled Scaffolds

The research that is being conducted for this project focuses on turning 2-dimensional electro-spun scaffolds into 3-dimensional scaffolds. Four samples at three different time values. The researcher then transformed these

Ammonia Detection Sensor through Structurally Flexible Metal-organic Frameworks

The research question for this project is to determine the effectiveness of an ammonia detecting sensor through the usage of metal-organic frameworks. The metal-organic frameworks used in this project change

Optimization of Propeller Characteristics for Applications in Wind Tunnel Testing

The purpose of this research is to optimize propeller characteristics for specific desired outputs. However, simulating dynamic properties of propellers is difficult to create in a controlled environment. This research

Engineering of High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacteria

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and cheaper source of energy as compared

Redesign of the Mixed-Mode Fracture Fixture for More Accurate Damage Tolerant Structures

Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs) and nanocomposites have become widely preferred in high application designs, like aircraft, satellites, and other critical components, due to their high strength ratio to their weight.

Freshman Retention in the Fulton Schools of Engineering

The goal of this project is to implement regression models for predicting the likelihood of a freshman student in the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering to return in the

Characterization of Critical Networks using Heterogeneous Data to Create a Comprehensive Characterization of a Robust Critical Network

The objective of this project is to create a data set and tools for analyzing potential risks in critical networks. By focusing on power networks and collecting a series of

Qurry: A Quantum Probabilistic Programming Language

Quantum programming languages are a relatively recent innovation which allows arbitrarily accurate modeling of the physical world. However, these languages are largely still in early development: any lack of true

MisophoniAPP

The purpose of this project is to introduce MisophoniAPP, a new website for managing misophonia. It will briefly discuss the nature of this chronic syndrome, which is the experience of

A Study on Resources Utilization of Deep Learning Workloads

In this research, researchers will study and improve an existing deep RL (reinforcement learning) network, developed by the Google Brain team, that will place deep learning operations of another deep

Various Artificial Intelligence Approaches Demonstrated by Chess

The main goal of this research project was to compare the effectiveness of various artificial intelligence (AI) engines in a measurable environment such as chess. In order to train the

Student Retention in the Fulton Schools

Because of the unending need for engineers, ASU has a vested interest in maintaining and increasing the retention of their first-time freshman engineering students. This research aims to utilize linear

Energy Management in Self-Organizing Particle Systems

Consider a finely-grained computing medium where tasks are collectively executed via distributed algorithms of individual units. Such is the vision of programmable matter, an emerging technology that spans potential real-world

Comparing Protocols for Extracting, Amplifying, and Imaging ApoE ε4 Allele: Preliminary work for understanding Alzheimer’s Disease in asymptomatic individuals

This project aimed to develop a consistent protocol used to effectively image the apolipoprotein E (ApoE) 4 allele, which is a known genetic risk factor for Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). The

Active Thermoregulation for Transtibial Prosthetic Sockets

Transtibial amputation is the most common type of major lower limb amputation.  With approximately 2 million current amputees and 185,000 new cases each year due to vascular diseases (diabetes) in

Modeling Carriers and Biological Specimen Utility of a Molecular Diagnostic Biosensor for Navajo Neurohepatopathy

Navajo Neurohepatopathy (NNH) is caused by a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and is fatal to the 1 in 1,600 Navajo children affected. To confirm positive NNH diagnoses, clinicians need to

Improving Treatment of Varicose Veins through Adjustable Compression

Varicose veins affect about 20% of the United States’ population at some point in their lives, causing swelling, blue or purple discoloration, cramping, itching, and burning. The goal of this project

Characterization of Human Myocardial Tissue Model on a Microfluidic Device

Myocardial infarction is the most prominent cause of heart failure in the U.S. affecting 5.8 million people yearly. Despite the increasing number of affected, there is a lack in understanding

The Effects of Startle Evoked Movement on the Learning Associated with a Novel Finger-Abduction Task

Startle evoked Movement (SEM) has triggered muscle movements in previously paralyzed muscles. Another study has shown improved learning within a one-week training period for individuals completing a novel motor task.

Upper Extremity Orthotic Medical Device to Facilitate Movement for Individuals with Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy is a group of genetic diseases caused by mutations or abnormal genes that progressively results in weakness in or loss of muscle mass. Due to a degradation of

Ultrasound-mediated Drug Delivery with Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-based Polymers

Ultrasound-enhanced polymer degradation is used to improve the quality and rate of polymer degradation and the polymer’s ability to release encapsulated substances. The goal of this research is to study

Development of Flourcent Siloxane Nano-probes as an In-Line Assay of Cell and Tissue Function

 A live method to test the functionality of cell culture and tissue is needed to assess the growth of cells for further in-line applications. Fluorescent oxygen sensing siloxane nanoprobes provide

Novel Nanoparticle System to Treat Traumatic Brain Injury

Each year 5.3 million Americans are living with a traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related disability and another 1.4 million individuals suffer from a TBI. The objective of this project was to

Ultrasound Cleavable Polymers for Reversible Vascular Embolization

Embolization therapy uses either particles, metal coils, or balloons to reduce blood supply to a targeted area, starving cancerous tissues. This proposal focuses on creating a polymer that can change

Using 1H MRI Reporter S-Gal® to Study Senescent and Quiescent Cells

Senescent and quiescent cells are cells that stop proliferating due to a variety of factors, including stress-induced senescence. Recognizing these cells through MR imaging can help detect dormant  cancer tumors.

Impact of Electrospun Nanoscaffold Morphology on Cell Fate to Optimize Tissue Regenerative Response

The research objective is to fabricate tunable electrospun nanoscaffolds and analyze their morphology to determine if it is feasible to design an implantable 3D substrate to induce tissue regeneration. Prototypical

Liquid Embolic Synthesis for Aneurysm Occlusion

The objective of this research is to create an injectable liquid embolic that can degrade as tissue is regenerated for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms. To achieve this, a Michael

A Combined Optical and Electrical Probe for Electrophysiology

Electrical recordings of individual neurons deep within the brain are key to enhancing understanding of neuronal dynamics. Unfortunately, optical microscopy, which is used to visualize neurons during the recording process,

Tyrosine Infused Micro Particles

The goal of this research is to encapsulate tyrosine in microparticles and determine the release rate to find the desired concentration to encapsulate. After designing a protocol to create microparticles,

Optimizing Recombinant Protein Production for Domain Antibodies: Proof-of-Concept

Recent studies in traumatic brain injury (TBI) have found a temporal window where nanometer scale therapeutics can cross the blood-brain barrier into the parenchyma. Development of recombinant antibody production is

Predicting Manufacturing Defects in Plastics due to Geometric Errors

One common flaw in plastic medical instruments is warping and other defects which occurs during the injection or molding process. The objective of this research is to create a model

Development and Assessment of a Diagnostic Tool to Detect and Genotype Navajo Neurohepatopathy

Navajo Neurohepatopathy (NNH) is a fatal genetic disease that impacts 1 in every 1,600 Navajo children below the age of ten. This disease is caused by a single nucleotide polymorphism

Feasibility of Dielectric Elastomer Actuators in Lower Limb Prosthetic

The purpose of this study is to determine the feasibility of using dielectric elastomer actuators (DEA) for powering prosthetic feet. DEAs are essentially a deformable capacitor and previous studies have

Diffusion of Dextran Across a Microfluidic Device Used to Model Native Myocardium

Every year, myocardial infarction (MI) is responsible for over 25% of all global deaths and is expected to increase due to the oncoming obesity epidemic. Despite the unworldly lethality of

Utilizing Siloxane-Based Nanoprobes for the In-Line Monitoring of Neural Progenitor Cells In-Vitro

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is one of the top leading causes of death in the U.S. Cell therapies for AD using neural progenitor cells (NPC) have been tested, but it is

Assistive Walking Device for Gait Disorder Patients

This objective of this research is to create a device that will assist those with drop foot and other ankle-based gait disorders. The device must provide enough assistive force to

Development of an OpenSim Simulation to Identify Time and Force Magnitude Needed at Toe-Off Stage for an Assistive Force Ankle Device

Human walking is a complex and rhythmical activity that comprises of the brain, nerves and muscles. Neuromuscular disorder (NMD) is a broad term that refers to conditions that affect the

Balancing of a Stationary Bicycle Using a Control Moment Gyroscope

By intuition, people steer their vehicles to the desired direction. However, on a bicycle, the gyroscopic force of the front wheel creates an angular momentum that will lean the vehicle

Investigating Application of TPU-Coated Soft Fabric Actuators in Soft Poly-Limbs

The focus of this research is to design and fabricate a Soft Poly Limb (SPL) using soft Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) coated fabric actuators. After several ASTM standard tests, Rockwood’s 200D

Passively Actuated Jump Gliding Wings

This project is investigating the impact curvature, buckling, and anisotropy play when used passively to enhance jumping capability. In this paper we employ a curved laminate structure to allow a

Propellant Mixing in Vortex Cooled Liquid Rocket Engines

As temperatures in the combustion chamber of a liquid rocket engine during use can exceed 5,000 °F, a large portion of development is often focused on cooling. However, by injecting

Additive Manufacturing for the Validation of Biomimetic Design Principles: The Structural Mechanics of Insect Nests

This research is attempting to prove that a comparative study of different insect nests can yield design principles leading to breakthrough reductions in the weight of engineering honeycombs as well

Detection of Heel-Off Initiation Based Correlation Between Ground Reaction Forces and Lower Extremity Surface Electromyography

The objective of this project was to identify heel-off and toe-off during gait based on the correlation between ground reaction forces (GRF) and surface electromyography (sEMG) of lower extremity muscles

Smart Bike Human-in-the-Loop Control

Bicycles are used for daily transportation by a large share of the world’s population; however, riding a bicycle may be inconvenient or impossible for persons with disabilities. The goal of

A New Step Forward

The objective of this project is to develop a device that assists gait.  Assistive devices for a treadmill can help in gait rehabilitation for stroke survivors. This rehabilitation set up

Automated Process Planning for Multi-material Manufacturing

This project is studying methods of automating the planning of multi-material manufacturing processes through the development of a new framework for representing and computing functionally-graded materials for use in rapid

Transparent Conductive Oxide Characterization

The addition of amorphous silicon in silicon heterojunction solar cells cause a loss in electrical conductivity. To compensate, a front and rear layer transparent conductive oxide (TCO) is added to

A Detailed Guide for the Systematic Design and Development of a Research-Grade Differential-Drive Robotic Ground Vehicle

As research in robotics continues to grow, there will be a continuing demand for low-cost robotic research platforms. The purpose of this research is to develop a detailed guide –

Optical Characterization of Silver-Doped Germanium-Chalcogenide Thin-films

The purpose of this research is to optically characterize germanium-based chalcogenide thin films and evaluate how their properties change when the composition is altered and when they are doped with

Wireless Wearable Respiratory Monitor

Respiratory health is something that many people do not consider in their daily life, yet asthma is becoming increasingly more common in people of all ages. In order to properly

Alpha-Loss

Alpha-loss is a tunable loss function with a parameter alpha that bridges log-loss for (alpha = 1) and 0-1 loss for (alpha = infinity). In machine learning literature, the theoretically

Data Enabled Dynamic Thrust Measurement

The objective of this project is to create an apparatus and associated testing standards in order to more effectively measure aircraft propulsion data. The data gathered is useful in choosing

Improving Selenium Oxoanion Removal with Molecular Imprinting

Selenium in water can be toxic to various organisms at very low concentrations. Layered double hydroxides (LDH) have shown promise as nanomaterial sorbents for selenium oxoanions. Due to similarities between

Behavior of Acrylic Plastic at Glass Transition Temperature: Thermal Gradient, Crack Speed

The motivation for research is to investigate material properties of plastic at its glass transition temperature at a crack process zone in order to study differences in crack speed and

Biofuel Production from Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Algae and Salicornia

Fossil fuels have been the primary source of energy in the world for millions of years. However, they are among the top contributors of the carbon dioxide emission in the

Oil Shale Imbibition

The goal of the oil shale imbibition research project is to improve the sustainability of the hydraulic fracturing process. Hydraulic fracturing is a process in which water is forced into

Reducing Drag At High Angles of Attack with a Pimpled Airfoil

The objective of this project is to determine if altering a standard wing with tear-drop shaped pimples can reduce the effects of drag without utilizing expensive technology. To test this

Shale Fracking Waste Characteristics

Fracking processes produce shale waste due the water used to create fractures deep underground to release natural gases being imbibed by the shale rock common in these basins. Characterizing research

Creating a Defect Free Mixed Matrix Membrane using Annealing

The objective of this project is to eliminate the gaps that are formed when nanoparticles bond with polymer membranes in order to improve gas separation with an emphasis on carbon

Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis of Leading Edge Roughness Devices

The objective for this research was to model the effects of a wing with leading-edge roughness device’s on coefficient of lift and drag when at high angles of attack near

Enhancing the Flame Retardancy of Polymers by Coating Nanosheets

Fires cause significant loss of life and financial damage, but current fire-retardant materials produce hazardous byproducts. New fire-retardant materials made from nanomaterials are being pursued. In this project, titanium diboride

Hydrothermal Liquefaction (HTL) of Salicornia to Determine its Potential for Biofuel Production

With the increasing warming of the globe and the ongoing energy crisis, caused by extensive use of conventional fossil fuels, a move toward sustainable and clean energy sources that have

Effects of Pressure on the Volumetric Response (Compressibility) of Elastomers During Ballistic and Dynamic Loading

An important homeland security mission is protecting personnel and infrastructure from dynamic loading. While protective systems are available, improvements on their performance will save lives and infrastructure. Elastomer coatings have

Improving Offset Electrospinning for the Tendon-Bone Junction

Approximately 2 million Americans experience a torn rotator cuff each year. The healthy rotator cuff is a complex tissue consisting of opposing biochemical gradients. This research aids the advancements of

Nanoscale Material Characterization of Polymer Carbon Fiber Interphase using Low Energy Scanning Electron Microscopy

The primary objective of this study is to understand how the low energy scanning electron microscopy can efficiently be used to characterize the nanoscale interphase domain in polymer matrix composite

Glass Bead Flowability Characterization

Characterization of particulate process and product design is a difficult field because of the unique properties and behaviors of particles that differ from gasses and liquids. The purpose of this

Investigating Ceria Morphologies for the Platinum-Ceria Catalyst System

Catalytic converters are essential for reducing harmful automobile emissions of pollutants like carbon monoxide. Platinum-ceria is an important catalytic converter whose performance could be improved by exploring different nanostructures of

Practical Graphical User Interface for Control of a Drone Swarm

The purpose of this project is to investigate the question “Does haptic feedback with visual feedback offer better boundary control for robot swarms than just visual feedback?” Moving large swarms

Collecting Data for Pressure Ulcer Monitoring and Prevention System

In 2014, pressure ulcers affected approximately 2.5 million people in the United States. These blisters form in bony prominences in bed-bound patients. If untreated, these ulcers worsen until they become

Risk Assessment and Terrestrial Plant Toxicity of Remediated Heavy Hydrocarbon Impacted Soil

The objective of the research was to determine the short-term ecological toxicity of ozonation byproducts on seed germination and on the mutagenic properties of bacteria. By helping define the eco-toxicity

Radiation Induced Polymerization of an Acrylate-Based Compound

Radiation toxicity is a significant problem that affects the livelihood of people. On the macroscale, nuclear spillage and contamination in areas of habitat can lead to diseases and birth defects

Magnetic Needle Steering for Minimally Invasive Surgery

The applications of robotics in surgery has allowed medical professionals to perform more complex, minimally invasive surgeries with increased precision and control. While most robotic systems are used simply to

Discovering Tesselations of 2D Piezomagnetic Materials

Two-dimensional Piezomagnetic materials have special properties when placed into certain geometries, and the goal is to find a new one that may define a unique material property. Currently, there are

Metabolic Engineering of Corynebacterium glutamicum for the Conversion of Biomass Derived Aromatics to Chrysin

The objective of the research project is to recombine the genetic pathway to produce chrysin in Corynebacterium glutamicum, a natural flavonoid found in plants. To modify the pathway, genes coding

Hydrolysis of Biomass Derived Cellulose and Hemicellulose with Engineered Bacillus Subtilis Strains

Due to the impending energy crisis that the world is slowly approaching and the push for clean energy, biofuels are in greater demand than ever before. Although biofuels derived from

A Friction/Adhesion Characterization Setup for Bio-Inspired Robotic Applications

The friction/adhesion project’s focus is to test a variety of gripper designs under high loading to improve robotic climbing abilities. This has been achieved through the development of a high-load

Manipulation of Vibrational Modes by Nanostructuring in a SiO2 Thin-Film

In ionic materials, the electron beam in a scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) can excite vibrational modes via long-range Coulomb interactions with the polarized electron cloud in a chemical bond,

Variable Damping Control of Robotic Ankle Joint to Improve the Tradeoff Between Performance and Stability in the Frontal Plane

The growing demand for physically interactive robots for industrial, medical, and military applications is succeeded by a demand for better performing and more transparent human-robot systems. This research explores the

Evaluation of Hopper Discharge Rates of Glass Spheres

The goal of this project is to understand the effect that particle properties, such as size and surface roughness, have on their flow rate through hoppers. Prediction of the flow

Structural Optimization of CubeSat Housing for Pulsed Plasma Thruster (PPT) Modules

CubeSats are small, affordable satellites that carry scientific payloads into space. PPTs (Pulsed Plasma Thrusters) are a method of propulsion that ablates Teflon to produce thrust for CubeSats. These compact

Bioproduction of Renewable Ethylene from an Engineered Cyanobacterium

Current ethylene production from fossil fuel is the largest CO2-emitting process in the chemical industry. Bioproduction produces ethylene through consumption of CO2. Advancements in bioproduction of ethylene is of great

Functional Materials in The Electrocatalytic Treatment of Pollutants From Oil & Gas Industry Wastewater

Persistent organic pollutants(e.g. benzene, phenol, xylenes, etc) in effluents produced by the oil and gas industry are deemed to be health hazards due to their carcinogenic properties. The current conventional

Physical Processes to Reduce BOD Testing Times

This FURI project will align with the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering research theme of sustainability. Although not a direct water treatment process, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) testing is

Study of Exfoliation Steps for Copper 2D MOFs

2D MOFs (metal organic frameworks) have shown promise in applications such as separation, catalysis, and medicine due to their tailorable structure and function, a result of high aspect ratios. This

An Interactive AR/VR Game Framework for Autonomous Quadcopter Development and Pilot Training.

Micro aerial vehicle development processes can be adversely affected during testing and implementation of flight control systems. The purpose of this research is to cut down the time, energy and

Hydrogen Storage Techniques in Fuel Cell Vehicles

Hydrogen is becoming increasingly an important fuel for transportation applications. The storage of hydrogen in fuel cell vehicles has been problematic to date due to low energy density of contemporary

Utilizing Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Conjugated to Biocompatible Gold Nanorods to Enhance Synchronous Beating and Functional Characteristics Similar to in vivo Cardiac Tissue

Myocardial infarction (MI), also known as heart attack, is one of the main causes of death in the United States. Cardiomyocytes derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC-CM) are

Force Measurement of Basilisk Lizard Running on Water

The goal of this research is to characterize the force interactions of a basilisk lizard exhibiting its unique ability to run across a body of water. A rigid testing structure

Investigation of Underlying Mechanisms for the Modulation of Multi-dimensional Ankle Stiffness

Characterization of multivariable ankle stiffness is important for better understanding how the ankle supports lower-extremity functions. The purpose of this research project is to further investigate the underlying mechanisms for

Lizard Inspired Tube Inspection Robot

The environmental conditions within the boiler tube can be highly aggressive, which can alter the micro-structure of tubing. Ultrasonic sensors have the capability to scan through these tubes and detect

Sex Differences in Voluntary Control Dynamics of the Knee and Ankle

Ever since Title IX in 1972, females have been known to have an increasingly higher rate of musculoskeletal injuries occurring while playing sports than in males. This study focuses on

Pore Wetting in Membrane Distillation

Membrane distillation (MD) provides a way to extract water from reverse osmosis (RO) brine with high water recovery and is a potential solution for brine management. However, pore wetting of membranes is a major

Characterization of Flexible Heat Sinks

The heat transfer rate through the thermal boundary layer increases when the hot surface is induced with vibrations. In this project, flexible heatsinks will be developed and characterized. The performance

Applying Developmental Biology Principles to Probe the Mechanisms of Selective Cell Vulnerability in Alzheimer’s Disease Using Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) affects over 5 million individuals in the US. The idea behind selective cell vulnerability in AD and various amyloid-dependent have been postulated. However, such mechanistic studies do

Non-invasive Cellular Detection Using the Photoacoustic Effect

The photoacoustic effect occurs when a target absorbs a specific wavelength of light, resulting in thermal expansion and the production of subsequent pressure waves. This phenomenon can be used in

Senescence Phenotype Analysis of Progerin Induced Alzheimer’s Disease Neural Progenitor Cell Line Using Confocal Microscopy

The caveat of using a human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) model for studying any late onset age progressive disorder like Alzheimer’s Disease (AD), is the loss of age-associated makers

Heat Transfer in a Rotary Drum using Infrared Camera Temperature Measurement

Rotary drums are used industrially for the mixing and heating of particulate materials including pharmaceuticals, food products, and cement. These processes are inefficient due to a lack of understanding of

Detection and Tracking of Objects Outside the Line of Sight of a Camera

Non-line-of-sight (NLOS) imaging is an emerging field of research with applications for autonomous vehicle collision avoidance, search and rescue operations, endoscopy, and others. This problem is challenging because NLOS objects

Formation of Heterostructure Nanoscrolls from 2D Materials for Enhanced Optoelectronic Performance

Semiconducting 2D transition-metal dichalcogenide materials, especially MoS2 and WS2, have been widely researched recently due to their promising characteristics for applications for electronic and optoelectronic devices. Heterostructures of stacked 2D

ML Phase Prediction of High-Entropy Alloys

Researchers apply Machine learning (ML) algorithms to efficiently explore phase selection rules using a comprehensive experimental dataset consisting of 401 different HEAs including 174 SS, 54 IM, and 173 SS+IM

LED Based Camera Pose Estimation

Augmented reality (AR) enhances the user view of the environment by overlaying the virtual information on the physical world, thereby creating an illusion to the user. For creating a good

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