Electro-Spun Pretreatment Membranes for Heavy Metal Ions Removal

Pretreatment membranes can be utilized for a wide variety of filtration applications and can remove biological to inorganic foulants. A promising strategy to produce pretreatment membranes is through electrospinning, which creates nanoscale, nonwoven fibrous mats of polymeric materials with an exceedingly high surface area to volume ratio. PVA (poly(vinyl alcohol)) is the choice polymer due […]

Read More…

Testing Method of Soft Actuator

Elderly around the world have been diagnosed with mobility impairment due to various diseases that cause weak joints and muscles. The Kaiteki Project proposes a wearable hybrid robotic system that will assist and support persons in their daily routine. In order to determine if an actuator is acceptable to be implemented on to a person, […]

Read More…

Modeling Mechanical Properties of Fibrous, Polymer Scaffolds as a Function of Fiber Alignment

Musculoskeletal tissues, ranging from tendon to cartilage to bone, contains an extracellular matrix with unique fiber alignments and mechanical properties. Designing tissue engineered scaffolds that mimic these tissue properties is crucial for promoting proper healing after injury. This project will explore how mechanical properties of fibrous scaffolds vary as fiber alignment changes. Specifically, the mechanical […]

Read More…

Drone Security

The objective of the research project is to determine if an IR camera is capable of being mounted on a standard off the shelf DJI Spark drone. The first experiment will be to design and fabricate a housing to mount the hardware to the drone. The next experiment will have the IR camera system mounted […]

Read More…

Standard Technique Development for Rad Hard Electronics

With the increase in commercial space travel and companies attempting to go further into space, engineers are looking for ways to make electronics more resistant to ionizing radiation through radiation (rad) hardening. Current methods are mostly used by government contractors or niche design groups. This research seeks to develop open-source design procedures for creating robust […]

Read More…

Machine Learning Model for Classifying Colorimetric Assays

The focus of this study is to design a machine learning model that can classify alcohol test strips as positive or negative from cell phone photos taken under non-standard conditions. A software algorithm that can objectively determine results from colorimetric assays under non-standard conditions will improve the accessibility and portability of these strips, supporting point-of-care […]

Read More…

Enhancing Mechanical Properties of Cement Beams with UV-Irradiated Polypropylene

Steel is used to strengthen concrete used for infrastructure. Concrete is composed mostly of cement, water, and aggregates. While most of these ingredients are sourced naturally, cement must be manufactured; a process that contributes a substantial amount of carbon emissions. In an effort to reduce the amount of cement used in concrete this research focuses […]

Read More…

Ligand-functionalized Microbeads for Preferential Binding of Methylated and Unmethylated DNA

In the previous study polymer microbeads (namely Amikabeads) were developed which contain a monomer (Amikacin Hydrate) and a cross linker (PolyEthylene Glycol Diglycidyl Ether or PEGDE). This research is looking at the modification of these microbeads with different lipid ligands to modulate the hydrophobicity and their preference of binding towards methylated vs unmethylated plasmid DNA […]

Read More…

Solar Membrane Desalination

The project focusses on controlling scaling resistance in solar membrane distillation by monitoring the role of temperature, hydrodynamic conditions and concentration polarization. The researcher hypothesized that the maximum solar water production efficiency will be found in a medium between scaling resistance and high flux. The objectives of this research are characterizing the tradeoff between flux […]

Read More…

Germanium Dioxide: Development of Synthesis Techniques

Germanium dioxide has known bulk properties but has not been synthesized in a thin film form. Materials take on vastly different properties when they are on the nano-scale. These have been utilized in many ways such as batteries, insulation, medicine, transportation, and optics[1]. Previous research by the Wang Research Group[2] showed that molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) […]

Read More…

Aircraft Performance Data Acquisition

Considering the applications and popularity of electric fixed-wing UAVs are growing, it is critical to quickly obtain performance data on aircraft platforms to verify and optimize design. Research is conducted via the development of modular instruments onboard a miniature electric aircraft platform. These instruments are capable of measuring orientation, position, thrust, angle of attack, altitude, […]

Read More…

Atmospheric Water Capture and the Effects on Organic Matter

During natural water disasters, conventional water supplies may be inaccessible or unsafe for use. However, the atmosphere, which contains 3.4 quadrillion gallons of water, serve as an obtainable source for drinking water. For this technology to be widely applied, there must be an understanding of the impact climate and location have on water yield, energy […]

Read More…

Study of the Effects of Polydispersity on Vortex Tubes

This study explores polydispersity as a method of mitigating vortical flows. A cluster of particles with ranging sizes will be dispersed in the core of a vortex to observe the rate of dissipation and vortex evolution. One main motivation for this study is that vortices affect airport efficiency and persist in the atmosphere in the […]

Read More…

An Investigation on the Humans behind Robocalls In The Telephone Ecosystem

This study dives into the robocall ecosystem to find more about the humans behind spam phone calls and their economic models using robocalls. Spam telephone calls rampant occurrence shows a clear weakness of authentication and security in our telephone systems. Understanding more of how the people behind robocalls work within their environments will allow for […]

Read More…

Improving the Design Freedom and Mechanical Properties of Carbon Fiber

Composite materials, specifically carbon fibers, are becoming more common in applications that require high tensile strength and modulus. Typically, carbon fiber is given structure by its long continuous fibers; however, the fiber reinforcements’ anisotropic nature often requires the fibers to be highly aligned to obtain advantageous material properties. This challenge imposes limitations on the fibers […]

Read More…

panCanSYGNAL

A web application has been developed to provide data and statistics for comprehensive gene regulatory network the deadly cancer malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). The web application was enhanced to include additional experimental information from CRISPR-Cas9 knock-out outgrowth screens. The ultimate goal of the website is to function as a hypothesis knowledge base and hypothesis generator […]

Read More…

Pet Diagnostic Health Harness

The objective of this project is to design a product with the capability of gathering health diagnostics from a pet and relaying that information to its owners. The goal is to use a harness equipped with sensors that can analyze the animal’s heart rate, breathing rate, and temperature. Just as humans’ wearable technology impacts early […]

Read More…

Visualizing Spatio-Temporal Data

The research question is “How can Spatio-temporal data be visualized on a graphical plot within the Lampy project of the DataSystems’ Lab?” By using high-level Python libraries and data set software such as Matplotlib, time-series can be visualized. Likewise, spatial data can be visualized from the shapely library from GeoPanda, another similar software. However, if […]

Read More…

Environmental Perception Based Human Intent Inference in Autonomous Cars

Social Value Orientation (SVO) is a measure of ones’ preference to allocate rewards between themselves and another person.  Previous research in human modeling for autonomous driving has incorporated SVO estimation into their prediction models, however, SVO does not always dictate behavior.  The environment itself can influence behavior and even help to prime SVOs.  The research […]

Read More…

Dye Filtration of Electrospun MOF Fibers

The objective of this research is to demonstrate the effect of polymer type on the filtration properties of electrospun MOF fibers. HKUST-1 and UiO-66 are both ultraporous metal-organic frameworks with known dye filtration properties which will be electrospun with the polymers polystyrene, polyvinyl alcohol, and polyvinylpyrrolidone to compare their effectiveness at the dye filtration of […]

Read More…

System Support for Protecting Visual Privacy in Augmented Reality

As augmented reality mobile applications become more ingrained in everyday life, so do privacy concerns regarding these applications, the objective of the proposed research is the development of a framework that will protect users’ visual data while they are using such applications.The current model separates applications into two distinct processes network and visual, and then […]

Read More…

A Novel Use of GAN’s to Efficiently Simulate Fracture in Polymer Composites

Can a neural network be used to speed up finite element analysis in certain material simulations? The researchers built a pipeline to generate thousands of finite element analysis maps and preprocess the data to be used by machine learning algorithms. Multiple architectures have been trained on the data and their effectiveness was measured. Preliminary data […]

Read More…

Evaluating Collective Intelligence Strategies for Visual Detection

This work investigates how different methods of soliciting and aggregating input from multiple people best inform visual detection tasks. A crowdsourced experiment is developed which asks hundreds of study participants are asked to identify if an object is or is not in an image. Then, aggregation techniques such as majority voting, confidence weighted voting, and […]

Read More…

A Continuation of the Exploration of the Connection Between Particulate Composition and Mean Granule Size

Pharmaceuticals are an integral part of many peoples’ lives and while billions of dollars are poured into research and development little is known about the effect of process variables on the resulting particle size distribution. This project is aimed at discovering the link between different batch compositions of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) and acetaminophen (APAP) and […]

Read More…

Constructing a Chlorine Sensor For Use In Developing Nations

Chlorination is the most common approach to disinfecting water, however, it requires a precise concentration level to work effectively. Determining how much chlorine to add is often difficult for these communities due to limitations in current single-use chlorine concentration testing methods. This research project involves the development and testing of a chlorine sensor that can […]

Read More…

Assessment of Injury Induced Blood Brain Barrier Disruption and Necroptosis via Development of Rapid Data Analysis Pipeline

Kristin Huber
Previous modes of image analysis were determined to be unfit for efficient usage in laboratory analysis tasks. Improvements were made upon the Java application created during Summer 2020 FURI, including heightened automation ability, cell counting, and overlaid signal characterization. The precision tools included in the customizable program allow for time efficient and accurate analysis of […]

Read More…

Ligament Breakup in a Sheer Flow

The goal of this research is to create a database of how a string of fluid, or ligament, breaks up into droplets due to an external flow. With this database, a model can be created to predict how the ligament breaks up in different types of external flow. In order to build the database, a […]

Read More…

Radiative Heat Transfer Measurement at Nanoscale Vacuum Gaps

Near-field thermal radiation across nanoscale vacuum gaps is predicted to achieve heat flux that exceeds blackbody limit. The objective of this project is to experimentally demonstrate the super-Planckian radiative heat transfer with a home-built thermal metrology that uses a laser-heated AFM bi-material probe. The temperature change of the silica microsphere attached to the probe tip […]

Read More…

Studying Solar Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion

Solar thermophotovoltaic (STPV) energy conversion is seen as a viable option for efficiently converting sunlight to electrical energy. A selective absorber-emitter absorbs the concentrated solar radiation and selectively releases infrared radiation toward the photovoltaic cell. This radiation is then absorbed by the cell and converted to usable electricity. This project seeks to study the efficiencies […]

Read More…

Neural ODE Modeling for Many-Body Interactions

Neural Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs) present a new pathway for the reversible modeling of many-body systems, including those for the predictive analysis of particle interactions. Such modeling can determine destination trajectories for cancer cell coupling interactions in the extracellular matrix given respective start or end-points, assisting in targeting potential cell cluster convergence for preventative removal. […]

Read More…

A Novel Approach to Perform Rank-one Updates in Machine Learning

Data proliferation has made Machine Learning (ML) algorithms ubiquitous. However, the fact that ML algorithms can suffer from significant rounding errors and affect their output has received little attention. Moreover, techniques for avoiding rounding errors tend to be computationally expensive. In this research, we address both these issues by developing efficient roundoff error-free algorithms for […]

Read More…

Utilizing 13C Tracing to Determine Metabolic Pathways

Understanding the metabolic pathways by which carbon substrates are assimilated is an important quest in metabolic engineering. The first experiment was performed to analyze the assimilation paths for labeled and unlabeled glucose in E. coli strains engineered for ethanol biosynthesis. Results indicated production of labeled ethanol from the labeled substrate. The second experiment was performed […]

Read More…

Standardizing Evaluation of Human-Computer Interaction in VR Olfactory Applications

Olfactory appeals in virtual reality (VR) systems create more immersive experiences ideal for medical, military, and extreme environment training. However, smell is still rather underdeveloped compared to visual, auricular, and haptic functions in VR because scents are complex in their chemical composition and relation to human emotion, spatial characteristics, and timing. This research project strives […]

Read More…

Atomic Dynamics of Platinum Nanoparticles on Cerium Oxide Catalysts

In time-resolved series of TEM images taken of supported nanoclusters in gas environments, it is observed that the nanoparticles can undergo dynamic structural reconfigurations which give rise to unique contrast features in the image. The purpose of this project is to develop a methodology for understanding how structural dynamics might give rise to experimentally observed […]

Read More…

Mixed Reality Hardware for Hands On Virtual Science Labs

Virtual reality and its integration into online education could make online lab courses better reflect an in person lab experience. There is a great opportunity for virtual remote education especially since the recent COVID pandemic. This project aims to develop a second iteration of a mixed reality device, SWISH (Shifted-Weight Interface of Simulated Hydrodynamics) which […]

Read More…

Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Plastic Waste

The hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of waste plastics with algae and different catalysts will allow for the study of the effect of feedstocks on the HTL product distribution and help SRP convert plastic waste from electrical cable insulators into useful products. The research will address sustainability goals by investigating a solution for plastic waste and producing […]

Read More…

Evaluation of Algae-Derived Carbon Adsorbents for Direct CO2 Capture from Ambient Air

One potential solution to the looming threat of radical global warming is carbon capture with algae-derived carbon adsorbents because of their low production cost. After algae-derived carbon adsorbents have been synthesized, they will be evaluated for their pore textual properties before being pelletized for use in column breakthrough experiments. Once pelletized, their CO2 and N2 […]

Read More…

Characterization of the CNT Agglomerate Interphase in a Three-Phase Nanocomposite

This research explores the inhomogeneous interphase properties of three-phase polymer matrix composites (PMC). PFQNM was utilized to detect an abrupt transition in reduced modulus from 8-10 GPa to 4-7 GPa between agglomerated CNT nanoparticles and surrounding epoxy matrix, respectively. Agglomerate stiffness is found to be related to CNT orientation and density. These results verify the […]

Read More…

RF (Radio Frequency) Micro-Coil Design for Small Animal MRI

The research question to be answered by this project would be whether the developed RF (radio frequency) coil could generate the frequency of 297 MHz that is required to operate a 7T MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scanner by the Larmor frequency. The development of the RF coil frame, the resonating structure and the interfaced circuit […]

Read More…

Understanding the Impact of the Frequency of Distractions on Cognitive Ability

It is critical to understand what frequency distractors may affect students’ cognitive abilities. The research focuses on understanding whether patterned or randomly-timed audio distractions have a more considerable impact on the students’ performance. Pre-existing data will be used to get a better understanding of the effect that audio stimuli have on the subjects’ cognitive abilities. […]

Read More…

Adsorptive CO2 Capture from Ambient Air by Zeolites

Carbon emissions are at an all time high and there are ways to mitigate pollution but few viable carbon negative solutions. Zeolitic carbon capture is a cheap and highly effective method for removing carbon from the atmosphere. Breakthrough behavior is determined by measuring the CO2 & N2 adsorption of zeolite pellets in both batch and […]

Read More…

Control and Coordination of Multi-Robot Swarm Systems

Robot swarms show great promise in performing complex tasks in areas ranging from search and rescue to interplanetary exploration and yet controlling the behaviors of these swarms effectively is an open research problem. This research investigates the control of robot behaviors in a swarm system where robots learn to act in their environment using demonstrations […]

Read More…

The Effect of Deep-Level Reasoning Questions in Digital Learning Resources

Sabrina Cervantes Villa
Many online learning environments follow a structure that offers students digital learning resources to explore independently, followed by an assessment to test student comprehension of the resources. Student comprehension is affected by organization of information such as advance organizers or scaffolds. Previous research has shown that deep reasoning questions are one such discourse scaffold that […]

Read More…

3D Printing of Stainless-Steel Replacement Piping for Corrosive and Low-Pressure Environments

Corrosion is one of the foremost causes of stainless-steel (SS 316L) pipeline failures. In phase II, the corrosion performance of welded Selective Laser Melting (SLM) printed structure is studied along with the mechanical strength using tensile testing. Microscopic characterization is carried out using SEM and measurements of percentage mass loss, modulus, yield strength, and ultimate […]

Read More…

Engineering Safe Nanocomposite Materials: Role of Interactions Between Graphene Oxide-Silver Nanocomposite with Microcystis aeruginosa

Nanocomposites are the combination of multiple nanomaterials in a composite structure. Their great popularity has created a clear challenge in terms of nanosafety and risk assessment. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the toxicological effects to predict their potential health and environmental implications. Microcystis aeruginosa, freshwater cyanobacteria, was used to test a dose-response using concentrations […]

Read More…

Simulation Framework for Driving Data Collection and Object Detection Algorithms to Aid Autonomous Vehicle Emulation of Human Driving Styles

Identifying objects and estimating the volume enclosed by these objects is a critical index in determining the viability of autonomous vehicles (AVs) and is crucial for inculcating safety measures. Including the camera data, exploiting valuable information from high precision instruments like LiDAR has proven to be significantly effective in achieving 3D object detection and classification. […]

Read More…

The Use of Spatial Audio as a Navigation Aid for the Visually Impaired

Spatialized audio gives the user the perception that there is sound coming from a source in a 3D environment. Meteor Studio has developed an algorithm that enables the spatialization of audio through two speakers, which is done by eliminating crosstalk generated from the two speakers. Crosstalk comes from unwanted interference from the opposing audio channel […]

Read More…

A Comparison of CRISPR/Cas-Derived Genome Editing Methods for hPSCs

Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 systems are a vital gene editing tool for generating in vitro disease models. Since its debut, many CRISPR-derived editing techniques have been created to increase editing efficiency and fidelity. While these techniques all improve some aspects of functionality, there are insufficient resources for determining the optimal workflow for […]

Read More…

Determining the Effects of Sound Frequencies and Periodicities as Patterned Distractions on a Student’s Cognitive Ability

To provide students with an optimal education, it is critical to understand what traits of distractors affect their cognitive abilities. The research focuses on understanding what frequency at which audio distractions are presented have a greater impact on the students’ performance. Pre-existing data will be used to determine the effect that the frequencies of audio […]

Read More…

A Benchmarking Framework for Data-Driven Compressive Sensing

The objective of the research is to develop a benchmarking framework with a unified API and benchmarks to allow researchers in this field to quantitatively evaluate new algorithms. To achieve fair and extensive comparisons, all data-driven methods are implemented in PyTorch, and are compared to state-of-the-art model-based methods that are implemented in MATLAB, with a […]

Read More…

Concrete Canoe Fabrication and Competition

The Concrete Canoe competition consists of student-led university teams who design, construct, present, and race a full-size canoe made of lightweight concrete. The ASU ASCE Concrete Canoe team will work for the semester to design a theoretical canoe to be utilized for the 2021-2022 competition. The team will revamp the concrete mix design, create the […]

Read More…

Neighboring Single Atoms Catalyst Acceleration of Hydrodehalogenation of Organic Pollutants: An Ab Initio Study with Pt Catalyst

Organohalides are toxic materials present in water which are poisonous to living organisms. A common method for decontamination is though hydrodehalogenation using noble metal catalyst such as Pt and Pd. However, noble metals are expensive and scarcely present, thus their optimization needs to increase. This can be done by using single or neighboring atom catalyst […]

Read More…

3D Printing of Iron Oxide Based Anode with Bioinspired Structures for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Lithium-ion batteries (LIB) have become an attractive power source for a variety of electronic devices due to lightweight, high energy density, and multiple recharge capability. Conventional nanomaterial fabrication methods of LIBs anodes encounter a bottleneck in controlling geometric morphologies of microstructures, and such limitation causes low energy densities and converting efficiencies. This proposed research is […]

Read More…

Testing Method of Soft Actuator

Elderly around the world have been diagnosed with mobility impairment due to various diseases that cause weak joints and muscles. The Kaiteki Project proposes a wearable hybrid robotic system that will assist and support persons in their daily routine. In order to determine if an actuator is acceptable to be implemented on to a person, […]

Read More…

Optimizing Heat Transfer in a Rotary Drum

Rotary drums are tools that play a vital role for heat transfer in the chemical processing industry because they distribute heat uniformly to particles in a particle bed. The energy consumption for industrial-scale rotary drums is high and methods to improve the overall efficiency of rotary drums have not been fully explored. The purpose of […]

Read More…

Virtual Testing to Determine the Behavior of Orthotropic Materials

Composites are gaining popularity in the aerospace, automotive, and civil industries since their properties are attractive for products in these fields. The focus of this research is to develop a virtual testing framework that could be used as a predictive tool to characterize the behavior of structural composites including failure so that future designs using […]

Read More…

Towards Automated Identification of Cancer Immunotherapy Targets: Prediction of Binding Affinity of T Cell Receptor and Antigens Using Graph-Guided Deep Neural Network

Cancer can be treated through immunotherapy, a personalized treatment to train a person’s own body to create an immune response towards cancer cells. The problem arises in understanding when a cancer cell is recognizable to the body as harmful. The researcher created a graph-guided neural network to predict cellular bindings given major histocompatibility complexes of […]

Read More…

Photoacoustic Microscopy with Schlieren Optics to Provide Real-Time Imaging

Wide-field photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) images are challenging to display in real-time because these systems only gather one dimensional depth scans per laser pulse. Reconstructing these images is time consuming since it requires two-dimensional raster scanning. This delay limits both research and clinical applications of PAM. Schlieren optics is a technique that can visualize sound using […]

Read More…

Develop a 3D Printable Nanodiamond Polymer Nanocomposite Resin towards Fabrication of Low Cost Thermally Conducting Devices

Nanocomposite (NC) resins have demonstrated its capability to improve properties of parts fabricated by stereolithographic (SLA) additive manufacturing (AM) thus fostering their end-use application. Nanodiamond (ND) filled acrylate polymers have observed significant improvement in thermal conduction of the NC. However, studies on SLA AM resins involving ND have been rarely found in literature. The researcher […]

Read More…

Study on Human Postural Stability During Upright Standing Using Novel Two-Axis Robotic Platform

Quantifying human standing stability under 2-dimensional (2D) dynamically unstable environments is critical since those environments are related to falling and its consequences. This study investigates the standing stability under 2D compliance. The two-axis robotic platform was used to simulate different compliant levels in sagittal and frontal planes. Fourteen young healthy subjects were recruited. Participants were […]

Read More…

Assessing Urban Agricultural Practices in the Desert Cities

Emma Bonham works in the Keep Phoenix Beautiful Community Garden
Is there a mismatch between urban farmers’ perceptions of their farm’s environmental sustainability and its actual environmental impact? Focusing on the use of water and nutrients on each farm as described by the farmers through interviews, it is evident that there is some level of disconnect between ideals and practices. This project may aid in […]

Read More…

Design, Modeling, and Control of a Single-Axis Self-Balancing Platform

Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) are electronic devices that use a combination of at least an accelerometer and a gyroscope to measure position and orientation. The objective of this project was to design, construct, model, and control a simple single-axis self-balancing platform for the purpose of testing and comparing methods for modeling sensor […]

Read More…

Non-Toxic Nucleation and Passivation of Silver Nanoparticles on Stainless Steel for Biofouling Control

This project proposes to improve the long-term performance of silver-based surface coatings used for biofouling control on various surfaces. The research includes the generation of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) on stainless-steel, and their subsequent passivation by the formation of desirable forms of silver halides including Ag2S, AgBr and AgI. The Ag/functionalized-Ag structure is proposed to […]

Read More…

Utilizing Density Functional Theory to Compute the Efficacy of a Rippled Janus Structure for use in Optoelectronics

The search for more efficient and effective optoelectronics gives hope to find a breakthrough technology that can vastly increase the practicality of green technologies. Through the study of Janus, asymmetric, atomic structures a new novel structure can be found that exhibits favorable properties for optoelectronics and nanoelectronics. Specifically, through the study of rippled, Janus, dichalcogenide […]

Read More…

Deuterium Metabolic Imaging of Physiological Levels of Glucose

The aim of this project is to identify literature in which supports the idea that Deuterium Metabolic Imaging (DMI) can be applied to detect normal physiological levels of glucose. There is already research that demonstrates detection of super-physiological levels of glucose in large glioblastoma multiform (GBM) brain tumors. However, we want to determine if glucose […]

Read More…

Intelligent Surfaces for 5G and Beyond Wireless Communications

In the modern era of wireless communication, beam steering is the pillar for efficient communication in 5G applications. Multibit Reflectarray antenna achieves reconfigurability by using RF switches (PIN diodes) and thus modulating the impinging electromagnetic waves to the desired direction of user with higher aperture efficiency. At present two-bit unit cell design is in progress […]

Read More…

Engineering High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and inexpensive source of energy as compared to current methods. The research aims to engineer a strain of cyanobacteria that increases L-serine production by mutating regulatory mechanisms that natively inhibit its production, […]

Read More…

Microbial Engineering for the Production of Ethyl Lactate

Esters and their precursors are economically viable hydrocarbons, especially known for their biodegradable properties. With the aim of synthesizing these green chemicals through a greener process we chose a biocatalysis route. Spontaneity of esterification reactions was analysed through a web-based eQuilibrator tool by calculating their Gibbs free energy change. Simultaneous investigation was performed to mine for […]

Read More…

Flux Balance Analysis

Flux Balance Analysis (FBA) is a computational approach to simulate the flux of metabolic pathways in genome-scale metabolic networks in organisms such as cyanobacteria. COBRA toolbox is used to predict the growth rate and production of lactate in the presence of single or multiple substrates in a cyanobacterium, Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. Current results show increased lactate […]

Read More…

Improvement of Uniaxial Testing Apparatus for Micro-Scale Material Systems

Common methods of testing mechanical properties of micro-scale systems need a collection of specialized parts that are costly and difficult to set up. A new uniaxial testing apparatus that has been proposed takes advantage of less costly methods such as 3D printing of a tensile fixture and image reference markers for accurate data acquisition. With […]

Read More…

Adventures of Stolen Credentials

Criminals in underground markets pose a huge threat to society by secretly sharing and/or selling account credentials from platform-to-platform in a short amount of time. With the number of account information being spread in these underground forums growing every year, to bring the percentage increase to a halt, this study will be investigating the pathways […]

Read More…

Development of A Photo-Responsive Moisture-Absorbent Composite for Atmospheric Water Extraction

Atmospheric water extraction technology, utilizing adsorbents to provide fresh water to tackle the crisis of water resource shortage, holds promise but currently suffers from excess required energy. To address power concern, a photo-responsive hybrid gel consisting of a hygroscopic material, a hydrophilic polymer-based hydrogel, and a photosensitive moiety are currently under development. The goal is […]

Read More…

Can Shocks Produced from Perturbed Bimaterial Interfaces be Used to Estimate Dynamic Strength?

The objective of this research is to perform careful experimental measurements of propagation of perturbed shock waves in metallic samples to estimate dynamic strength. Relationships derived from hydrocode simulations will determine optimum experimental geometries that can be used to carry out experiments in these geometries to validate direct numerical simulations of the tests. The findings […]

Read More…

Metal-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for Rapid Thermal Cycling

The objective of current research is to improve the rapid thermal cycling capabilities and the mechanical ruggedness of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) by investigating reactor geometries and cell supports. For this investigation, thermal management of the selected reactor geometry is optimized through computational fluid dynamics, and the resulting flame-assisted fuel cell (FFC) reactor setup […]

Read More…

Development of the SmartPad System for Energy Expenditure Detection

Energy Expenditure (EE) is the energy organisms utilize to carry out their cognitive and physical actions. A mismatch between EE, energy storage, or energy intake can lead to a variety of diseases, and the purpose of this research is to develop a noninvasive medical device, the SmartPad, to monitor an individual’s EE under free-living conditions. […]

Read More…

Aircraft Performance and Propulsion Data Acquisition

Analysis of propulsion efficiency and aerodynamic performance is not typically done for small scale aircraft in flight conditions. Determining such performance can influence design changes for the airframe and propulsion systems to deliver the best results for a given aircraft. The performance and efficiency of these systems can be determined by integrating custom and procured […]

Read More…

Investigating PEG-Polyurethane for Biomedical Applications

PEG-Polyurethane is being used for biomedical applications such as in catheters, heart valves and in tissue regeneration including bone. Improvements in the polymer’s properties are needed to specifically facilitate different types of clinical needs. This research aims to study the structure, function and key properties of Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-polyurethane for biomedical applications due to its […]

Read More…

Characterizing Cellular Response to Topological Features on a Nanoscale Utilizing Monolithic Quartz Contact Guidance Chips

The surface that cells grow on has a significant impact on their behavior. Studies have proven that cells orient themselves relative to topographical features even down to nanoscales, a phenomenon known as contact guidance. A micro/nanotechnology-based biotool called a monolithic quartz contact guidance chip aims to provide a standardized multiplexed testing platform for contact guidance […]

Read More…

Reproducibility and Extraction of Complex Hydrogel Geometry Fabrication in 3D Printed Injection Molds

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the destruction of pancreatic islet cells which results in patients no longer generating their own insulin. Islet cell transplantation via macroencapsulation is a potential therapy to treat type I diabetes in the absence of chronic systemic immunosuppression. The Weaver lab uses synthetic hydrogels to fabricate macroencapsulation […]

Read More…

Replication of a Two-Axis Robotic Platform for Improved Ankle Characterization and Postural Stability Studies

Understanding the human ankle and neuromuscular disorders like multiple sclerosis and stroke are very important in field of rehabilitation and lower-limb prostheses. This research tracks the replication of a two-axis robotic platform in order to provide future research ventures such as, holistic characterization of simultaneous ankle impedance and simulating mechanical environments for postural stability. The […]

Read More…

Muscle Response During Multidirectional Interaction with a Variable Damping Controlled Ankle Robot

Hyunglae Lee and Connor Phillips
Robotic exoskeletons have tremendous potential for implementation in defense, industrial factories, and medical rehabilitation. However, current systems rely primarily on negative damping controllers which although safe, are very slow and unagile. In order to maximize the efficiency of exoskeletons, the damping of the system may change proportional to the acceleration of the user through a […]

Read More…

Engineering Novel Microbead Encapsulated Three Dimensional Tumor and Stem Cell Models for Regenerative Medicine

Two-dimensional culture and entrapment of cells have been long studied using ECM-induced, cell-signaling induced, and biochemical-induced modes. But the significant efforts in recent years have demonstrated the advantage of three-dimensional cultures to better mimic the in vivo physiology of cellular structures and interactions. This project aims to engineer A375 NRAS-mutant melanoma and human Mesenchymal Stem […]

Read More…

Design and Optimization of Hybrid Fuel with Complex Bioinspired Geometries for Controllable Combustion Efficiency

More than 539 million tons of coal are consumed to generate energy each year. Due to the fabrication limitation, there is little research on the relation of combustion efficiency and geometric shape of coal briquette. Nowadays, 3D printing enables the fabrication of objects with complex microstructures. This research uses bioinspired microstructures to design a lightweight, […]

Read More…

Developing a Screening Method in Preparation for Directed Evolution of Cyanophycin Synthetase

This project’s motivation is to determine if the enzyme cyanophycin synthetase (CphA) can be engineered to incorporate non-natural amino-acids in its active site to produce novel variants of cyanophycin, a naturally made biopolymer. E. coli cell cultures expressing the enzyme CphA will be harvested alongside the Wild-Type. Different concentrations of canavanine, a non-natural amino-acid, will […]

Read More…

Modifying the Structure and Capacitive Performance of Holey Graphene by Microwave-Thermal Pretreatment

The purpose of this project is to research the effect of microwave pretreatment on the size, population and distribution of nanosized holes as well as the relationship between pretreatment conditions and electrochemical performance of reduced holey graphene oxide. By studying the cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge/discharge (GCD) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), the nanosized holes […]

Read More…

Design of High-Frequency Large Intelligent Surfaces Using Reflectarrays

With advancing technology, there has been a constant demand for increased cellular data rate and connectivity as number of connected users is expected to be 28.5 billion by 2022. This research focuses on design and implementation of large intelligent surfaces (LIS) using reflectarray antennas that can be implemented for 5G and beyond wireless networks. The […]

Read More…

Variable Impedance Control of the Robotic Ankle Joint

This study introduces a variable impedance controller for implementation in wearable robots. The controller applies a range of robotic damping and stiffness to the coupled human-robot system based on the “user intent.” A wearable ankle robot was used to test this controller, and human experiments were performed to understand and quantify the effects of the […]

Read More…

The Effects of Heat Treatment on the Drug Loading of Poloxamer Micelle Structures

The research motivation was to study the effects of heat treatment on the drug loading of poloxamer micelle structures. This project also investigated the stability of the heat-treated micelles in ideal, saline, and in vivo environments. The micelle structures were formed by heating the solutions at temperatures between 35-65℃ and studied using dynamic light scattering […]

Read More…

Characterizing Nanocomposites for Customizable Cartilage Replacements

The properties and characteristics of photocurable nanocomposites can be tailored to mimic those of various tissues and/or cartilage, allowing the bio-inspired synthetic material to replace them. The long-term goal of this project is to 3D print the replacements so they can be tailored to fit individual patients. Therefore, it is critical that the thermal, mechanical, […]

Read More…

Creation of AD-Relevant Isogenic Lines with CasMasTREE

Since 1901, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) claims at least 5.5 million individuals each year, making it the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Due to the pandemic, research has been limited to examining papers with methods that use a genome editing tool such as the clustered regularly inter spaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR/cas9). […]

Read More…

A Novel Use of GAN’s to Efficiently Simulate Fracture in Polymer Composites

Can a neural network be used to speed up finite element analysis in certain material simulations? The researchers have built a pipeline to generate thousands of finite element analysis maps and preprocess the data to be used by machine learning algorithms. Multiple architectures have been trained on the data and their effectiveness was measured. Preliminary […]

Read More…

Design and Testing of 3D Printed Multimaterial Structures for Energy Absorption

The objective of this study was to design, manufacture and test multi-material 3D printed cellular structures under compression, to evaluate their suitability as energy absorbers. The role of wall thickness and aperiodicity was also evaluated. By combining both stiff and soft materials into one structure, the amount of energy absorbed was increased when compared to […]

Read More…

Building a Portable and Less Expensive LED-Based Fluorescence Spectrometer for Evaluating the Quality of Food

Public interest in food quality and production has increased in recent decades. This relates to the development and increased industrialization of the food supplying chain. As a result, there is a demand for high-quality analytical tools to investigate food quality. The research aims at building a portable less-expensive LED-based fluorescence spectrometer for detecting the quality […]

Read More…

Risk Analysis and Efficiency Evaluation of Varying Terminal Connectors Use in Photovoltaic Systems

This research outlines the benefits, drawbacks, and risks of using different battery terminal connecters in photovoltaic systems; in relation to the Shonto Solar project. Based on initials findings from an FMEA analysis of residential PV systems, it can be concluded that electrical connecters pose the highest risk of failure. Identifying preventative measures against failure modes, […]

Read More…

Developing a Solar Powered Automatic Chlorine Sensor For Use in Developing Nations

Chlorination is the most common approach to disinfecting water, however it requires a precise concentration level to work effectively. Determining how much chlorine to add is often difficult for these communities due to limitations in current single use chlorine concentration testing methods. This research project involves the development and testing of a chlorine sensor that […]

Read More…

Study of the Interaction of Vortex Tubes with Suspended Dust Particles

Vortex stability is a key area of interest. Vortical flows over aircraft wings at high angle of attack can enable the aircraft to perform maneuvers that are impossible otherwise. On the downside, vortices shed by aircrafts, the so-called wingtip vortices, are one of the main factors in limiting airport efficiency and induce contrail cirrus that […]

Read More…

Target Detection Using Algorithmic Matter

Synth cells are micro-scale robots with limited computation power and memory, but can work together to perform complex tasks. It has been shown that synth cells can converge to a specific target in a cyclic system, by testing different policies and communicating with each other. This work will show how this model resembles that of […]

Read More…

Risk Analysis of Antibiotic Resistant Genes Transferred to Raw Vegetables via Land Application of Biosolids

In agriculture, various forms of recycled water are utilized to compensate for the scarcity of freshwater, including wastewater reuse in the form of biosolids. However, biosolids pose risks to human health and the environment due to contaminants such as antibiotic resistant bacteria and their associated genes. This research determines the risk of exposure to antibiotic resistant genes in raw vegetables transferred via […]

Read More…

Rapid Assessment of Geographic Information Systems(GIS) to Mini-Grids

Off-grid electrification strategies, including mini-grids, are needed to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goal 7 of affordable, clean, and modern energy for all. The design of these mini-grids usually takes several months and typically focuses on the sizing of generation assets only. This research is aimed at creating a comprehensive approach to rapidly access and […]

Read More…

The Development of Geometries for a Passive Check Valve in Patients with Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus (HCP) is a chronic, congenital neurological disorder. Faulty arachnoid granulations inhibit the draining of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) across the interior subarachnoid space leading to an accumulation of CSF in the ventricles. Current treatments for HCP involve macroscopic shunts to lower intracranial pressure, but about 50% of these fail within two years of implantation. To […]

Read More…

Decreasing Water Usage and Increasing Income for Vietnamese Small Farmers: Modeling Plant Stress with Handheld Infrared Thermometers

The EPICS (Engineering Projects in Community Service) Vietnam Smart Ag team is designing a handheld infrared device to aid small farmers with their irrigation practices in order to reduce water waste and increase annual income. This research serves to provide essential background for the project by investigating the relationship between canopy temperature, CWSI (crop water […]

Read More…

Understanding the Effects of Gait Adaptation from the Combination of Visual and Split-Belt Distortion

Split-belt distortion is one method of increasing the effectiveness of traditional treadmill rehabilitation, where the patient recovers more quickly through targeted rehabilitation of their paretic leg. Visual distortion has been used in previous studies to greatly impact the effectiveness of gait rehabilitation through visual modulation. Kim et. al. 2012 published a similar study on the […]

Read More…

Characterization of the CNT Agglomerate Interphase in a Three-Phase Nanocomposite

This research explores the inhomogeneous interphase properties of three-phase polymer matrix composites (PMC) using PeakForce Quantitative Nanomechanical Mapping (PFQNM) technique. An abrupt transition in reduced modulus from 6-10 GPa to 4-7 GPa was identified between agglomerated CNT nanoparticles and surrounding epoxy matrix. These results verify the potential for nanofillers to influence bulk matrix properties and […]

Read More…

A Benchmarking Framework for Data-Driven Compressive Sensing

The objective of the research is to develop a benchmarking framework with a unified API to allow researchers to quantitatively evaluate new compressive sensing algorithms.To achieve fair and extensive comparisons,all data-driven methods are implemented in PyTorch,and are compared to state-of-the-art model-based methods with a variety of dataset and parameter setups.The CSGAN algorithm was reimplemented in […]

Read More…

Molecular Dynamic Simulations on Shocked Silica Glass

It is believed that a relationship exists between the cooling rates of molten glass and properties during high pressure shock. To test the hypothesis, LAMMPS molecular dynamic simulations was carried out on glass. The glass was melted, cooled at different rates, then subjected to shocks of various pressures. From experiment no statistically significant relationship was […]

Read More…

The Effect of Deep-Level Reasoning Questions in Digital Learning Resources

Previous research has shown that student comprehension is affected by organization of information, such as deep reasoning questions used as scaffolds. This study investigates the deep reasoning question effect with digital learning resources. Online participants will complete a pre-test, followed by a chapter of text focused on energy conversion. This will be followed by a […]

Read More…

Develop a 3D Printable Nanodiamond Polymer Nanocomposite Resin towards Fabrication of Low Cost Thermally Conducting Devices

Nanocomposite (NC) resins have demonstrated its capability to improve properties of parts fabricated by stereolithographic (SLA) additive manufacturing (AM) thus fostering their end use application. Nanodiamond (ND) filled acrylate polymers have observed significant improvement in thermal conduction of the NC. However, studies on SLA AM resins involving ND have been rarely found in literature. The […]

Read More…

Directed Evolution for Biological Sensors

Complex synthetic biology methods demand the integration of continuous culture, directed evolution, and positive/negative selection methods. To achieve this in a single platform, the research team built an open source multiplexed bioreactor (eVOLVER) and modified it to function as a directed evolution system. Modifications include a turbidostat, for continuous feed of bacteria into experiments, and […]

Read More…

Ligament Breakup in a Sheer Flow

The goal of this research is to create a database of how a ligament, or a string of fluid, breaks up into droplets from an external flow. To create a model of this breakup, different parameters of the ligament will be changed, simulated, and analyzed. By creating this database, it makes further research feasible because […]

Read More…

Phage Assisted Continuous Evolution (PACE) with PhiX174

Phage assisted continuous evolution (PACE) is the most current and advanced method of protein engineering, allowing for accelerated development and complex functions. The research team sought to explore opportunities for PACE with a new phage, PhiX174 and new mechanisms of positive and negative selection. For positive selection, Gene H was chosen because previous literature shows […]

Read More…

Practical Applications for Fluorescence Spectroscopy

The research is aimed at exploring diverse applications of fluorescence spectroscopy. Using a portable inexpensive (<$ 20.00) UV/VIS/IR optical spectrometer system designed by the SciHub laboratory, the research focused on the development of a fluorescence instrument that can detect melanoma skin cancer in humans. The ideal test samples are not used due to the difficulty […]

Read More…

Three-Dimensional Fracture Analysis of Viscoelastic Pavement Materials Using the Generalized Finite Element Method

Pavements are among the key transportation infrastructures that department of transportation agencies spare a significant part of their budget to build and maintain. There is a need to better understand cracking in asphalt mixes used in majority of pavements. The Generalized Finite Element Method (GFEM), provides a computationally efficient platform for simulation and solution of […]

Read More…

3D Printing of Stainless-Steel Replacement Piping for Corrosive and Low-Pressure Environments

Corrosion is one of the foremost causes of stainless-steel (SS 316L) pipeline failures. Process water containing salts and ions reacts with surfaces causing pitting corrosion leading to frequent failures. Selective Laser Melting (SLM) printed SS 316L could be the potential improvement for quicker turnaround time and corrosion performance. Here, the corrosion performance of SLM printed […]

Read More…

Extending the Use of a Portable Spectrometer to Measurement of Photo-Luminescence

The research focused on designing a variant of a portable device (spectrometer) that can possibly help in identifying the nature of an object/substance. For example, identifying whether someone’s skin is cancerous or whether a household supply has gone bad. It was revealed that photoluminescence, a potential means of anomaly detection, is actually feasible in a […]

Read More…

Object Detection With Sensor Fusion and Embedded Systems

As the technology available for autonomous vehicles advances, car manufacturers are looking for ways to implement Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems (ADAS) economically. Both in terms of cost and energy used. This is the motivation that leads into investigating embedded systems to create an ADAS using sensor fusion and deep learning. A system using a NVIDIA Jetson […]

Read More…

Real Time Multimodal Classification for Social Media Notifications

Aim of this research is to create a model that can take either image, text or both to classify the content of the message into different categories in real time. In the past other researchers tried early, late and common space fusion to solve similar problem. In this research model behaves as, if image input […]

Read More…

Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Waste Sorting Systems

The objective of this research is to explore the feasibility of integrating artificial intelligence (AI) into waste sorting systems. The functionality, strengths, limitations, and applicability of AI in waste sorting systems was investigated, and a representative of a prominent AI waste sorting company was interviewed. Based on the findings, an optimized 3D model of an […]

Read More…

Experimental Study of Optical Force Measurement Techniques

The objective of this project is to experimentally measure the optical force reflected by a sample using two methods of measurement. One tuning fork-based and one laser-cantilever optical force measurement system were developed in order to quantify the optical force by two means: an oscillating probe from which distinct frequencies can be measured, and a […]

Read More…

Development of A Photo-Responsive Moisture-Absorbent Composite for Atmospheric Water Extraction

Atmospheric water extraction utilizing adsorbent to provide fresh water shows promise but currently suffers from energy intensive. To address power concern, a hybrid adsorbent consisting of a hygroscopic material, a hydrogel as reservoir and a photo-responsive agent will be designed. Optimized poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) hydrogel network has demonstrated water uptake of 22 g/g at room temperature and […]

Read More…

Towards Automated Identification of Cancer Immunotherapy Targets: Prediction of Binding Affinity of T Cell Receptor and Antigens Using Graph-Guided Deep Neural Network

Cancer can be treated through immunotherapy, a personalized treatment to train a person’s own body to create an immune response towards cancer cells. The problem arises in understanding when a cancer cell is recognizable to the body as harmful. The researcher created a graph-guided neural network to predict cellular bindings given major histocompatibility complexes of […]

Read More…

Novel Solid Fuel Fabrication using Direct Ink Writing based Additive Manufacturing

Coal is one of the largest sources of energy consumption in the world. However, current manufacturing methods have become increasingly difficult in meeting the requirements of fuel material fabrication in terms of energy efficiency and environmental protection. Additive manufacturing demonstrates advantages in building three-dimensional (3D) objects from scratch. The proposed research is to establish a […]

Read More…

3D Printing of Iron Oxide Based Anode with Bioinspired Structures for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Lithium-ion batteries (LIB) have become an ideal power source for electronic devices due to their high energy density and recharge capability. Conventional fabrication methods of LIBs anodes encounter a bottleneck in controlling geometric morphologies of microstructures, and such limitation causes low energy densities and converting efficiencies. This proposed research is motivated to address the current […]

Read More…

Fast Growing Cyanobacterial Strains for Biochemical Production

Cyanobacteria are photoautotrophs that are used and studied for the production of sustainable biochemicals but are not typically used for large scale production because of their low growth rate compared to other cells, such as E-coli. Two newly discovered fast-growing strains of cyanobacteria were studied, Synechococcus elongatus UTEX 2973 and Synechococcus sp. PCC 11901, to verify their capability […]

Read More…

Electrospun Pretreatment Membranes

Reverse osmosis (RO) is a well-researched technology among the pressure driven processes to produce potable water and RO membranes are susceptible to fouling that hinders the efficiency. Therefore, this work aims to fabricate hydrophilic pretreatment membranes by blending two polymers via dual electrospinning process to prevent the effects of fouling. These membranes were subjected to […]

Read More…

SCARLESS Sample Return

SCARLESS is a rover design that utilizes helically grousered wheels to traverse the unknown terrain of small bodies in the solar system. In one direction of travel, these wheels act as screws and are effective in a powdery regolith environment. In the other direction, they act as normal wheels and are robust to rocky terrains. […]

Read More…

Investigating PEG-Polyurethane as the Basis of Bone Scaffolding Technology

Bone scaffolding technology assists in the repair of major segmental bone injuries by mimicking the structure and function of the natural bone extracellular matrix. Potential for design improvement can be made through various polymeric materials to provide more control over its biocompatibility and other mechanical properties. This research aims to study the structure, function and […]

Read More…

Investigating the Impact of Environmental Features on Multi-Agent Communication

Traditional reinforcement learning methods have been challenging to apply to multi-agent settings, thanks to the nonstationarity of the environment, until recently. This project aims to employ such multi-agent RL methods to understand how communication is learned between multiple agents. Specifically, the project aims to investigate what features cause effective communication protocols to be learned by […]

Read More…

Adaptable Multi-Modality Nanoprobes for Non-Invasive Real-Time Monitoring of Engineered Cells and Tissues

A versatile method for assessing cell and tissue viability in different culture systems remains a concern in the large-scale biomanufacturing industry. In this project, the research team utilizes the advantages of nanotechnology to noninvasively monitor the activities of cells and tissues. The team have successfully tested the effectiveness of the nanoprobes in 2D and microcarrier […]

Read More…

Engineering of a Microbial Host for the Production of Aromatic Chemicals

Many valuable chemicals utilized in society, such as medicines and cosmetics, have an aromatic structure and traditionally require many unsustainable components in production. Obtaining aromatic carbon instead from biomass would divert waste and pave the way for the sustainable production of many value-added chemicals. One method of utilizing biomass for this purpose is through the […]

Read More…

Visual and Output-Based Improvements of a MATLAB Program for Dynamic Light Scattering Applications

The research motivation was to improve a MATLAB program that provided correlation coefficient and size distribution outputs for a sample run through a DLS (Dynamic Light Scattering) machine. Research methods included writing code to enhance output visualizations, determining factors that decreased the run time while maintaining output accuracy, and finding limitations of the model. It […]

Read More…

System Support for Protecting Visual Privacy in Augmented Reality

As augmented reality mobile applications become more ingrained in everyday life, so do privacy concerns regarding these applications, the objective of the proposed research is the development of a framework that will protect users’ visual data while they are using such applications. The current model separates augmented reality application in the network process and the […]

Read More…

Assessment of Injury Induced Blood Brain Barrier Disruption and Necroptosis via Development of Rapid Data Analysis Pipeline

The goal of the project completed by the researcher was to establish a Java program that aids in the efficiency and accuracy of traumatic brain injury (TBI) scan analysis. Current modes of completing analysis were time consuming and imprecise. Precision tools involving individual pixel analysis were implemented to optimize the program for Horseradish Peroxidase staining […]

Read More…

Microjet and Vibration Assisted (MVA) Fluidized Bed

A novel Microjet and Vibration Assisted (MVA) fluidized bed, that enhances the fluidization quality of nanosized particles by increasing the fluidized bed height, is used to enable improved control of CO2. Testing is performed by examining the use of different operating modes of the MVA system, including superficial gas flow (a)alone, (b) with vibration, (c) […]

Read More…

Sensing and Controls of an Assistive Knee Exoskeleton

Assistive exoskeletons are an increasingly valuable rehabilitation tool for patients with neurological damage. However, high level assistive control of exoskeletons remains a challenge. Many different sensors must work in concert to both control the exoskeleton, and determine the intention of the human wearer. This project implements an advanced sensor system and control scheme on a […]

Read More…

Pretreatment membranes to prolong the lifetime of reverse osmosis membrane

Pretreatment membranes can be utilized to prolong the lifetime of reverse osmosis membranes and to remove biological and inorganic foulants from water feedstocks. A promising strategy to produce pretreatment membranes is through electrospinning, which creates nanoscale, nonwoven fibrous mats of polymeric materials with a very high surface area to volume ratio. The characteristics of the […]

Read More…

Health Optimization of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 Mutant for Microbial Electro-Photosynthesis

The primary objective of this research is to optimize the cell health of cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 mutant lacking photosystem II used in Microbial Electro-photosynthesis (MEPS), where electrons are delivered to photosystem I via an electrode. Currently, high-intensity light exposure is suspected of affecting cell viability, and the utilization of glucose as an organic carbon […]

Read More…

Aperiodic Surface-Based Structures for Additive Manufacturing

The motivation of this research project is to develop a method to design aperiodic surface-based structures for additive manufacturing. Once the designs are created their behavior will be studied using compression testing. First, a program will be written to enable the 3D geometry files to be tested, then the structures will be 3D printed and […]

Read More…

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep-brain-stimulation (DBS), which is a clinical intervention for Parkinson’s disease, research was done on development of a system which would use cerebral blood flow rates and their changes to optimize the efficacy of stimulation of the subthalamic nuclei (STN) and symptom treatment. In a rodent model, blood flow changes in both the cortical motor and […]

Read More…

AIChE Chemical Engineering Car – 2020 Western Regional Conference

ASU’s Chemical Engineering Car (ChemE Car) Team is competing this semester at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) Western Regional Conference. Our aim is to power and stop a small autonomous vehicle using only chemical reactions and supplementary electronics. Our vehicle generates electricity using Peltier modules (thermo-electric semiconductor tiles) between hot and cold reservoirs. […]

Read More…

Project RealWheel

A product design experience for our team, and a STEM challenge designed to sustain curiosity, inspire responsibility for learning, and keep the instructor’s workload in mind. STEM standing for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. Project RealWheel leverages high-quality instruction and novel engineering to aid STEM instructors in delivering a powerful learning experience for K-12 students. […]

Read More…

Arteriovenous Malformations

Arteriovenous Malformations (AVM) are tangles of blood vessels connecting arteries and veins in the brain, that disrupt blood flow and can cause irreversible brain damage. Treating AVMs is currently flawed, in that embolization occurs while the AVM is being supplied with blood, no effective plug is formed, and embolization is not complete. By designing an […]

Read More…

Liquid-Fueled Micro-Combustors for Portable Power Generation

Combustion in microscales have received extensive interest in the past decade due to up to 100 times higher energy densities of hydrocarbon fuels as compared with those of the conventional batteries. Thus, there has been increasing interest in utilizing the high energy of hydrocarbon fuels in portable power generation systems. One method of generating electricity […]

Read More…

Underwater Robotics

Underwater Robotics at Arizona State is designing and constructing an autonomous robot that can navigate and manipulate objects underwater. Building this robot has allowed team members to create value in the community and themselves by exploring new underwater navigation systems and improving their design skills. The result of building this robot will allow for members […]

Read More…

SolarSPELL BMET Library

Across the world, clinics and hospitals receive donated medical equipment. Oftentimes, the donated equipment has no user or repair manuals, and thus are unusable in places that most need it. The SolarSPELL, which stands for solar-powered educational learning library, is an offline digital library that provides a curated set of information that can be accessed […]

Read More…

SolarSPELL BMET Library

Across the world, clinics and hospitals receive donated medical equipment. Oftentimes, the donated equipment has no user or repair manuals, and thus are unusable in places that most need it. The SolarSPELL, which stands for solar-powered educational learning library, is an offline digital library that provides a curated set of information that can be accessed […]

Read More…

SolarSPELL BMET Library

Across the world, clinics and hospitals receive donated medical equipment. Oftentimes, the donated equipment has no user or repair manuals, and thus are unusable in places that most need it. The SolarSPELL, which stands for solar-powered educational learning library, is an offline digital library that provides a curated set of information that can be accessed […]

Read More…

SolarSPELL BMET Library

Across the world, clinics and hospitals receive donated medical equipment. Oftentimes, the donated equipment has no user or repair manuals, and thus are unusable in places that most need it. The SolarSPELL, which stands for solar-powered educational learning library, is an offline digital library that provides a curated set of information that can be accessed […]

Read More…

SolarSPELL BMET Library

Across the world, clinics and hospitals receive donated medical equipment. Oftentimes, the donated equipment has no user or repair manuals, and thus are unusable in places that most need it. The SolarSPELL, which stands for solar-powered educational learning library, is an offline digital library that provides a curated set of information that can be accessed […]

Read More…

Socially Attentive Autonomous Vehicles

The computational cost of determining the action sequence in high traffic areas such as changing lanes on a highway or merging into lanes can be computationally costly. Rather than computing the Nash Equilibrium on all the cars in the environment, suppose the Nash Equilibrium was computed pairwise rather than on the whole environment. This would […]

Read More…

Learning Deep Neural Interaction Policy for ExoSkeleton Control

The purpose of this research is to develop a deep-learning-based approach to control a custom-built hip exoskeleton. A key component is to leverage learning-based techniques to adapt across different walking behaviors among multiple users. At the core, learning from demonstration (LfD) is used to extract the inherent motion pattern from the user demonstrations during training.  […]

Read More…

Kinetics of Dynamic Damage Growth in Metals from Characterization and Simulations of Shock Loading Experiments

Understanding the mechanisms of damage evolution (spall) in metallic materials undergoing shock loading is key to predicting the performance of armor systems. Simulations of polyhedral voids will be performed using finite element models to investigate material and geometric effects on the growth behavior of these voids. Results will be compared to geometric and crystal orientation […]

Read More…

Particle Entrainment in Convection Scenarios

In this study, dust entrainment and aerosol dynamics within the formation of dust devils are investigated numerically. Particles lying on the boundary are resolved in a periodic Rayleigh-Benard convection to investigate details of entrainment in scenarios analogous to the atmosphere. The details provided by the high-fidelity platform are powerful tools develop models of dust emission […]

Read More…

Multiple-channel Signal Detection in the Presence of Phase Distortion

Sensor networks are important in security and environmental remote sensing applications, including remote detection of air, space, surface, or underwater vehicles and natural resource deposits. This research has established that the performance of multi-channel signal detectors is invariant across several classes of signals, including Gaussian and digitally modulated signals in noise. It is also quantifying […]

Read More…

Investigation into regeneration methods of desiccants for vacuum desiccant cooling

Personal cooling has many medical, defense, industrial, and recreational uses. Many methods being used are heavy, cumbersome, and uncomfortable. Vacuum desiccant cooling has the potential for being a lightweight, energy-efficient, and highly controllable cooling technology, but is limited by the desiccant being saturated with water over time. The purpose of this research is to study […]

Read More…

Making Portable and Less Expensive LED Based Spectrometer for Monitoring the Quality of Fruits and Water Content

The fruit and vegetable sector plays a significant role in farm income enhancement, and sustainable agriculture globally. Unfortunately, this sector usually goes through post-harvest losses. Visual inspection of the fruits and vegetables using the human eyes has been the usual method of inspection of fruitful on a commercial scale. However, this method for fruit quality […]

Read More…

Target Detection Using Algorithmic Matter

Synth cells are micro-scale robots with limited computation power and memory, but can work together to perform complex tasks. It has been shown that synth cells can converge to a specific target in a cyclic system, by testing different policies and communicating with each other. This work will show how this model resembles that of […]

Read More…

Vector Tiles in Geospatial Mapping

The research question is “How can vector tiles and maps be used in DataSys lab’s creation, the GeoSpark software, to provide the most user-friendly interface possible?” In order to determine its compatibility to be used with the constantly changing world of vector maps, tests of run time and interface efficiency trials are to be done […]

Read More…

Utilizing PVAD Algorithm for Detecting Network Anomalies

Detecting network anomalies is a critical part of maintaining security and reliability within computer networks. The goal of this experiment is to investigate the multivariate data characteristics of normal, anomalous, and malicious network behaviors. By converting numerical data to categorical data, the ability to recognize attacks and generate associations becomes more efficient. By using the […]

Read More…

Evaluation of Mechanical Properties of Composites

Composites are used in a wide variety of applications, from cars to spacecraft, from jets to missiles. It is necessary to understand the strength and durability of such materials to determine their usefulness, cost-effectiveness, and how long they can withstand varying conditions and stresses. The goal of this project is to conduct stress-strain analyses on […]

Read More…

Three-dimensionally (3D) Printed Bio-inspired Hydrophobic Surfaces for Improving Spray Cooling Technique

This study investigates a 3D printing process for bio-inspired structures and their application in spray cooling. This research used a micrometer-scale, digital light processing 3D printing technique to fabricate arrays of microstructures inspired by the morphology of lotus leaf, taro leaf, shark skin, and rib pattern. The manufacturability tests for the microstructures were performed to […]

Read More…

3D printed Oscillating Flow Mixers to Enhance Heat Transfer in Liquid Cooling Channels

Heat transfer enhancement technique is an area of considerable interest, contributing to advances in heat exchangers and thermodynamic systems. This research investigates advanced passive vortex generators, i.e., oscillating flow mixers, that can actively mix internal flows, improve convective heat transfer, demonstrates 3-dimensional (3D) printing of a millimeter-scale channel heat sink integrated with flow mixers that […]

Read More…

Optimizing and Scaling an Automated Sampling System to Improve Quantification of CO2 Utilization in Cultures of Engineered Cyanobacteria

Measuring changes in concentration within a dynamic system can be accomplished with a simple Arduino powered system. Currently, the system is utilized in cyanobacteria CO2 fixation experiments, where the fixation rates of multiple cultures can be measured simultaneously. The system employs solenoids in parallel and can be applied for n number of outlet streams, all connected […]

Read More…

Input-elicitation Methods for Crowdsourced Human Computation

“Collecting human data from crowdsourcing is problematic due to cognitive biases, varying worker expertise, and varying levels of subjective scales. In this work, we investigate the effectiveness of input-elicitation systems for a crowdsourced top-k computation task. We develop and run a crowdsourced experiment in Amazon MTurk that prompts users to rank the number of dots […]

Read More…

Complementary Wireless Vision Test Bed

The next generation of high frequency 5G wireless communications will allow high data rate communication. However, operating at these frequencies poses challenges such as (i) the sensitivity to blockages which motivates establishing Line-of-Sight(LOS) connection and (ii) the high beam training overhead resulting from deploying large antenna arrays. To combat these challenges, we propose to leverage […]

Read More…

Engineering, Border Walls and Wildlife

The purpose of this study is to research and assess engineering considerations of the impact of border barriers on wildlife. This study focuses on if or how engineers and their firms make those considerations, such as through design modifications. Barriers can obstruct or impede wildlife movements, which may influence resource acquisition, as well as impact […]

Read More…

The Future of Non-lethal Solutions

The union of weapons research and development and engineering is one as old as the role of the engineer itself. As many engineering career paths converge with national and domestic security applications, it is important that engineers consider the role of non-lethal solutions to meet these challenges. In this research, existing and emerging non-lethal solutions […]

Read More…

Development of A Polymer Composite With Conductive Abilities For Sensor Application

This research project investigates the effect of the ratio of conductive nanofiller to elastomer in a conductive polymer matrix. This research uses a polymer composite made with carbon nanotubes and Poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS). Conductivity tests are performed on different samples to determine the electrical conductivity. Tensile test of the samples is carried out to establish mechanical […]

Read More…

Robot Artist

The research question states how we can extract data on an artist’s artwork – mark-making methodology, in order to recreate the original art using a robot. The researcher studied digital mark-making tools used by artists to obtain the required data. He also studied how robots are controlled – their dynamics and software. He concluded that […]

Read More…

The Filtration Properties of Electrospun MOF Fibers

The objective of this research is to demonstrate the efficacy of electrospun metal organic frameworks (MOFs) for use in charged dye filtration in aqueous solutions. HKUST-1 and ZIF-8 will both be electrospun with the polymer matrimid. A layer of these composite fibers will be used for filtration. Fluorescence spectroscopy will be used to observe less […]

Read More…

Active Self-Boring Robots that Enable Next Generation Dynamic Underground Wireless Sensing Networks

Self-boring robots address sustainability goals by decreasing environmental impact, improving subterranean mobility, and enabling dynamic underground wireless sensing networks. Extensive literature reviews have been done exploring helical screw conveyors as a method of burrowing. Optimal helical parameters for pitch and radius have been calculated to improve performance of screw motion. A reference robot has been […]

Read More…

Raman Spectrometry Conclusions as an Example of Intuitive Software

There is a lack of accessibility in Raman spectrometry (used to detect the presence of compounds in provided samples). It was determined that by creating a software which aided in reducing human error, along with development of a smaller scale hardware, this accessibility issue could be remedied. In this work the researcher developed an algorithm […]

Read More…

Develop Polymer Composite from Silica Aerogel for Heat Insulation

Many homes use heaters and air conditioners depending on the time of the year therefore there is a need for some insulation to maintain the temperature within the homes. The objective of this research was to develop a polymer composite from silica aerogel to be used as heat insulators. The goal was to investigate the […]

Read More…

Biochar’s Ability to Remove Escherichia Coli

The research question addressed was how effective biochar is as a soil amendment for the removal of Escherichia Coli (E. coli). Biochar is created through pyrolysis – heating biomass in the absence of oxygen to create a porous medium. The research question was answered through a series of soil column experiments, in which E. coli […]

Read More…

Propulsion Data Acquisition

The research team’s interest in this project is prompted by the lack of knowledge on electric aircraft performance. Research is conducted via the development of instruments onboard a miniature electric aircraft platform. Instruments equipped measure thrust, angle of attack, orientation, altitude, airspeed, battery current/voltage, motor RPM/torque, and internal temperature. The functional suite of sensors onboard […]

Read More…

Cross Contamination Prevention on Mars Rovers

Mars rovers have been launched to perform experiments on Mar which are focused on preventing contaminants from interfering with the study of the planet. This research will be specifically looking at the sampling process to create a system for the rover to sample at different locations while preventing contaminants from the different locations and from […]

Read More…

Analysis of PMMA Plastic Zone Size

In this project, the size of the plastic zone in polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) was measured as it changes with respect to temperature.  A windowed fixture was developed to hold heating elements near the sample during tensile testing on a precracked fracture specimen.  The size of the plastic zone was measured by digital image correlation as […]

Read More…

Silicon Netting for Surgical Organ Isolation

Laparotomies surgeries are performed to explore and examine a patient’s abdominal cavity to diagnosis any issues or complications a patient may present with. An issue with laparotomy surgeries is maintaining accurate visibility in the abdominal cavity. Along with the current abdominal retractors, lap pads are often crudely used as a cushioning and isolation device. The […]

Read More…

Through-Thickness Interphase Characterization of PMC

Mechanical properties of a polymer matrix composite (PMC) are driven by the local interphase properties. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), using the technique of Peak Force Quantitative Mechanical Nanomechanical Mapping (PF QNM), was utilized to analyze Young’s modulus, adhesion, and topography at different depths of a PMC at the nanoscale. Dynamic Mechanical Analysis testing was completed […]

Read More…

Investigation of Novel Composite Reinforced with Mechanophore-Enhanced Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Mechanophores, described as molecules that emit visible change when induced to force, have been proposed as a potential solution for damage precursor detection in fiber-reinforced polymers. Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotubes were grafted with cinnamoyl mechanophore and embedded into carbon fiber reinforced polymer. The objective was to synthesize an alternative method of grafting that would increase the […]

Read More…

Quantifying Students’ Understanding of the Engineering Design Process

The engineering design process (EDP) is one of the most important concepts that students learn and practice applying in their first year engineering courses. The goal of this research is to develop a method for measuring the understanding of the EDP as demonstrated through concept maps created by students. In order to achieve this, the […]

Read More…

Is Artificial Intelligence a Burden in a Changing Environment

Although there have been many recent advancements in artificial intelligence (A.I.) learning, the capacity to make assumptions is necessary to reduce the time, data, and error it takes in order to approach human learning. An environment that changes enough so small patterns must be predicted to optimally learn is required to promote assumptive behavior. Building […]

Read More…

Improving Data Rate for 5G Systems using USRP Kits

In this research project, machine learning is utilized for channel estimation. Channel gains can be manually estimated, but the downside of manually calculating estimating the channels is that it is highly time-consuming. Therefore, in this project, machine learning algorithms are brought into play to reduce estimation time. The algorithms used throughout the project were designed […]

Read More…

MedTech Surgical Device Innovation for Trapped Lung

Trapped lung is a condition in which the lung cannot expand fully due to a fibrous “peel” that restricts expansion. There are no surgical devices designed specifically for fibrous tissue removal or decortication. This lack of standardization for decortication procedures increases the likelihood of complications and variation from surgeon to surgeon. The team developed a […]

Read More…

Analysis of Fracture Speed Under Changing Temperatures

Poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA) is a brittle material at room temperature, but experiences property changes when under temperature and tensile load. The research team utilized this change in mechanical property for analysis and drew conclusions on various elements of the polymer. The PMMA plates were coated with aluminum to allow electric current to be displaced on […]

Read More…

Creating a Multi-Modal Near Infrared Photoacoustic Fluorescence Microscopy System for In Vivo Imaging

Current optical imaging techniques have a limited penetration depth based on the high attenuation of visible light in biological tissue. Fluorescent and photoacoustic microscopy are methods currently used to explore in vivo tissue samples. However beneficial, these current techniques still lack penetration depth past 2 mm. By utilizing both fluorescence and photoacoustics, and by incorporating […]

Read More…

Researching UV Treated Plastics Used as an Additive in Cement to Mitigate Plastic Waste and Improve Mechanical Performance

Steel reinforced concrete is used in a large portion of the world’s construction designs; however, the production of​ cement, a primary concretes ingredient, contributes significant carbon emissions to the environment. If the mechanical properties of concrete structures could be improved using less cement while mitigating plastic waste, it could prove to be economically viable in […]

Read More…

Is the Demand for Tesla Worth It? Investigating the Life Cycle Assessment and Long-Term Effects of Upstream Emissions from Battery Electric Vehicles

Tesla’s CEO claims that their solar fueled fleet of battery electric vehicles (BEV) will guide the company to ‘carbon neutrality’. This research aims to determine whether Tesla is producing BEVs with more sustainable life cycles than internal combustion engine (ICE) and hybrid (HE) vehicles. A life cycle assessment (LCA) corresponding to the stages of Tesla’s supply […]

Read More…

Fracture Propagation in Glassy Polymers Due to Temperature Differentials

The objective of this project is to determine how fracture behavior in glassy materials changes when there is a temperature gradient across the width of a crack front. Initially, dynamical mechanical testing was conducted to find the glass transition temperature of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) samples. Next, a temperature fixture was created to enclose fracture specimens […]

Read More…

Facilitated Transport of Contaminants by Microplastics in Soil Media

Microplastics (MPs) have become emerging pollutants on agricultural land, where they occur in soils due to the degradation of plastic mulches. The ability of MPs to adsorb organic and heavy metal pollutants may facilitate the transport of these co-existing contaminants. This study investigates the effects of MPs in lead and atrazine mobilization in packed columns […]

Read More…

Investigating Factors to Provide Sustained Release of Ketorolac in Temperature-Responsive Hydrogels

Local delivery of anesthetics are a safer alternative to postoperative pain management than opioids, which can have addictive and dangerous side-effects. This research aimed to address postoperative pain via sustained, localized release of the ketorolac using temperature-responsive gel formulations. Hydrogels containing ketorolac were administered in five release studies at body temperature (37°C). In addition, cloudpoint […]

Read More…

Bicycle Rider Pose Estimation from Physical Human-Robot Interaction Forces

Riding a bicycle requires simultaneous balance and navigation, which may be difficult or even impossible for persons with disabilities. This may be partly alleviated by providing active balance and steering assistance to the rider. To achieve this assistance while still providing free maneuverability, it is necessary to know the position and intent of the rider […]

Read More…

Effect of Growth-Feedback on Adaptive Synthetic Gene Circuits

Synthetic gene circuits are designed with different network topologies to give cells specific functions. These functions are affected by circuit-host interactions such as resource competition, cell growth-mediated feedback, and metabolic burden, possibly giving the circuit new properties. Using computational modeling and experimental verification, 3-node network topologies capable of adaptation were analyzed to observe the effects […]

Read More…

Combined Interfacial and Solvothermal Synthesis to Study the MOF Growth Process

Solvothermal synthesis is a method of producing chemical compounds and is commonly applied to synthesize metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). MOFs are a class of crystalline porous materials with the traits of gas storage, separation and catalysis. Research on these crystal structures require a lot of trial-and-error, however; there are over 60,000 MOF structures discovered and many […]

Read More…

Magnetic Needle Steering for Minimally Invasive Surgery

This research aims to provide surgeons with a way to conduct more complex surgeries with increased precision and control in a minimally invasive manner. By utilizing a robotic arm to control a permanent magnet setup, the corresponding magnetic field direction and magnitude can be precisely controlled. The main objective of this project is to demonstrate […]

Read More…

Machine Learning and Dimensionality Reduction to Accelerate DFT Simulations of Material Properties and Enable Computational Material Design

This research is focused on applying machine learning to create an alternative to computationally expensive DFT and MD simulations of material properties. We specifically investigate the utility of graph neural network in learning Koopman operators for converting nonlinear (atomic) dynamical models into (approximately) linear ones. For n-body dynamics (MD and DFT), we hypothesize that GNNs […]

Read More…

Analyzing the Effect of Contact Resistance on the Temperature Field Evolution During Resistance Spot Welding

Resistance spot welding is used to join metal sheets together by sandwiching workpieces between two electrodes passing a high current through the assembly which generates resistive heating that melts the workpieces together. The primary research question answered is how the contact resistance influences the temperature field evolution of a copper-aluminum-copper stackup during resistance spot welding. […]

Read More…

Engineering Safe Carbon Nanomaterials: Role of Morphology and Surface Chemistry in the Interactions of Carbon Nanomaterials with Microorganisms

This project focuses on the effect of surface chemistry on the interactions of graphene oxide (GO) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with Microcystis aeruginosa, a freshwater cyanobacteria species. A dose-response was done using concentrations of 0 to 100 µg/mL. Results indicate that at 11, 76, and 126 µg/mL, GO, TGO200 and TGO500 decrease chlorophyll content by […]

Read More…

Utilizing Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors (HDACi) to Alleviate Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Pathology

Following traumatic brain injury (TBI), the body initiates pro-inflammatory responses which in excess, may lead to neurodegeneration. Recent studies report histone deacetylases (HDAC) as a key player in modulating neuroinflammation, rendering it as an attractive target for TBI therapeutics. Current HDAC inhibitors (HDACi) has shown efficacious treatment in cancer applications by modulating gene expressions of […]

Read More…

Investigation of Contact Angle Effect for Analyzing Interphase Properties in Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite Materials

This experiment studied the performance of the most common methods of nanoscale material characterization on polymer matrix composites (PMC). This lightweight, and high strength material is used in critical structures such as aircraft and energy generation due to its unique properties. To fully understand the mechanical properties of a PMC, the interphase region between the […]

Read More…

Development of the SmartPad System for Energy Expenditure Detection

Energy Expenditure (EE) is the energy organisms utilize to carry out their cognitive and physical actions. A mismatch between EE, energy storage, or energy intake can lead to a variety of diseases, and the purpose of this research is to develop an automatic, non-intrusive, continuous, and reliable system (the SmartPad System) to monitor an individual’s […]

Read More…

Anisotropic Friction in Soft Burrowing Robots

The research team has chosen soft robotics for a self-burrowing robot. A successful design requires to overcome the increasing amount of force that comes with burrowing into soil and the best way to complete this task is friction. Anisotropic friction on the surface of the robot improves anchoring so that going down will be a […]

Read More…

The Application of PVDF in Noise Attenuating Window Films

The primary goal of this project was to design a window film that can attenuate unwanted incoming noise from an enclosed space. PVDF, or poly(vinylidene fluoride), was chosen as the film material as it exhibits desirable optical properties and when poled, piezoelectric properties that allow for destructive sound interference when voltage is applied. The properties […]

Read More…

Drone Swarms in Search and Rescue Operations

The last decade has seen an increase in research of autonomous vehicles. This research tries to tackle autonomy in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) by specifically designing decentralized controllers for platooning. An extensive review of closely related research inspires the use of state-of-the-art tools like AirSim and RotorS that have been tested for their viability for […]

Read More…

An Investigation of the Different Approaches of Autonomous Traversal

The objective of this research is to design an algorithm that helps a mobile robot navigate in unmapped terrain through the aid of computer vision, GPS coordinates and path planning. An approach that utilizes coordinate frame transformation and the SLAM (Simultaneous Localization and Mapping) method is studied. It provides a way for the robot to […]

Read More…

Blame All vs. Blame Me in AVs

Due to the increasing desire to make the roads safer with the innovation in autonomous vehicles (AVs), it is imperative to understand what information should go into a vehicle’s control decisions. Currently, the research is numerically evaluating a game between two AVs with information asymmetry at an unregulated intersection in order to plot the cost […]

Read More…

Thermodynamic Cycle and Efficiency Analysis of the Thermal Hydraulic Engine

About 20-50% of industrial processes input energy is lost as waste heat. The thermal hydraulic engine relies on the thermodynamic properties of supercritical CO2 to efficiently perform work. The research aims to investigate the amount of input energy that is utilized in a complete cycle of the engine to lift weights. Thus, the actual efficiency […]

Read More…

Atmospheric Water Capture Using Photothermal Nano-Enabled Desiccants

The atmosphere could serve as an obtainable source for drinking water to solve municipal and natural water disasters that make conventional water supplies inaccessible and not safe for use. In order for this technology to be widely applied, there needs to be an understanding of the impact of climate and location on the volume of […]

Read More…

Open-Source Radiation Hardening Test Structure

With the increase in commercial space travel and companies attempting to explore further into space, engineers are looking for ways to make electronics more resistant to ionizing radiation through radiation (radhard) hardening. Current radhard methods are mostly used by government contractors or niche design groups. This research seeks to develop open-source design procedures for creating robust […]

Read More…

Optimization of Cyanobacteria Cultures

Cyanobacteria are photoautotrophs that can be developed as sustainable platforms for production of various biochemical products. To determine the growth pattern a growth curve was created for a cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 in different glass vessels. Further, to improve their photosynthetic efficiency, the cells were refactored with the photosynthetic protein genes. Positive colonies were […]

Read More…

Exploring the Connection Between Particulate Composition and Mean Granule Size

Pharmaceuticals are an integral part of many peoples’ lives and while billions of dollars are poured into research and development little is known about the effect of process variables on the resulting particle size distribution. This project is aimed at discovering the link between different batch compositions of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) and acetaminophen (APAP) and […]

Read More…

How Control Surface Sizing Affects an Aircraft Stability and Preformance

The motivation behind this project is to explore how the sizing of an aircraft’s control surface affects its stability and performance. Multiple tail configurations were created and analyzed using Vorlax. The data was then processed in Excel to calculate key frequencies and relationships between variables. Solving the sizing and stability problem of an aircraft is […]

Read More…

VEX U PYRO Robotics

As the world grows increasingly complex, there is an even greater need for individuals equipped with the knowledge and skills to tackle tough problems by gathering information, evaluating it, and presenting effective solutions. Still, relatively few students are proficient in the core subjects of STEM and even fewer express interest in pursuing these fields beyond […]

Read More…

Efficient Naringenin Flavonoid Biosynthesis via Metabolically Engineered Corynebacterium glutamicum

Flavonoids are valuable compounds naturally occurring in plants and fungi with properties useful for pharmaceuticals. However, previous biosynthesis studies and current methods of extracting and synthesizing the compounds are expensive and harmful to the environment. Metabolic engineering of the industrially relevant bacterium, Corynebacterium glutamicum, is being investigated as a sustainable, economic alternative. By introducing genes […]

Read More…

Hydrolysis of Biomass Derived Cellulose and Hemicellulose with Engineered Bacillus Subtilis Strains

The modern transition away from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources has increased the need for sustainable biofuels. Current industrial processes use biofuels derived from cellulose and hemicellulose; however, these processes are costly and inefficient. The research team is genetically engineering Bacillus subtilis to increase the efficiency of biofuel production such that bacteria are able […]

Read More…

Automated Design of Graded Material Transitions for Educational Robotics Applications

This project is studying the impact that graded material transitions have on the performance of multi-material components. The researchers have generated a set of tensile test samples that represent multiple approaches to creating graded material transitions. These samples were produced using multi-material 3D printing and tested to determine the effect that each transition type has […]

Read More…

Engineering of High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and inexpensive source of energy as compared to current methods. The research aims to engineer a strain of cyanobacteria that increases L-serine production by mutating regulatory mechanisms that natively inhibit its production, […]

Read More…

Experimentally Validated DEM Simulations for Conduction Based Heat Transfer in Rotary Drums Filled with Monodispersed Particles at Slow Rotational Speed

Discrete Element Method (DEM) simulations validated by experiments are being carried out to understand and quantify the heat transfer by conduction in rotary drums filled with mono-dispersed particles ranging from 0.5 mm to 4 mm at slow rotational speeds (below 10 RPM). The focus is on the heat transfer between the drum wall and particles […]

Read More…

Analyzing Sensor Quantization of RAW Images for Visual SLAM

Visual simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) is an emerging technology that enables low-power devices with a single camera to perform robotic navigation. Most visual SLAM algorithms are tuned for images produced through the image sensor processing (ISP) pipeline optimized for highly aesthetic photography. We investigate the feasibility of varying sensor quantization on RAW images directly […]

Read More…

Allocation of Funds in Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation Operations

This research is focused on identifying and improving the fund allocation process in case of natural disasters. The research question is what fund allocation strategies and practices would minimize the problem of last-minute scarcity of resources and efficiently provide temporary accommodations to people in affected regions in case of these disasters. The research team is […]

Read More…

Design Optimization of the Active Ankle-Foot Orthosis (AAFO)

The objective of this project was to optimize a rigid, motorized ankle-foot orthosis (afo) to assist in the rehabilitation process for people suffering from neuromuscular conditions that impair ankle-foot mobility. Using Solidworks, motion capture software, and MATLAB it was possible to develop an Active Ankle-Foot Orthosis (AAFO) of a sufficiently small mass to incorporate into […]

Read More…

Bioengineered Space-Like Protein Crystals on Earth: Implications to Regenerative Medicine

Regenerative medicine (RM) shows the possibility to regenerate 3D tissue and organs from cells given an appropriate extracellular microenvironment. A better understanding of the structure-function relationship between cell surface proteins, known as integrins, and the families of collagens, proteoglycans, and glycoproteins that make up the extracellular matrix (ECM) is crucial in developing RM. Crystallization of […]

Read More…

Oral Drug Delivery Vehicle for Prevention of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic joint-inflammatory autoimmune disease that affects 0.5-3.3% of the population worldwide. This project aims to engineer an oral drug delivery system that can modulate intestinal dendritic cells to prevent the progression of RA. In this research, a microparticle (MP) encapsulating anti-inflammatory agents was coated with an optimal ratio of Eudragit […]

Read More…

Design of High-Frequency Large Intelligent Surfaces using Reflectarray Antennas

With advancing technology, there has been a constant demand for increased cellular data rate and connectivity as number of connected users is expected to be 28.5 billion by 2022. This research focuses on design and implementation of large intelligent surfaces using reflectarray antennas that can be implemented for 5G and beyond wireless networks. The electronic […]

Read More…

ASCE Concrete Canoe Construction and Competition

The Concrete Canoe competition consists of student-led university teams who design, construct, present, and race a full-size canoe made of lightweight concrete. The ASU ASCE Concrete Canoe team will work for the semester to construct the canoe using the previously researched mix design. The team will then present and race the canoe in competition. The […]

Read More…

Experimental Study of Optical Force Modulation using Tunable Materials

The objective of this project is to experimentally measure the optical force reflected by a sample with tunable optical properties such as vanadium dioxide. A tuning fork based optical force measurement system was developed in order to quantify the optical force by an oscillating probe from which the resulting resonant frequency shift can be measured. […]

Read More…

Measurement of High-Temperature Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion

Thermophotovoltaic (TPV) energy conversion is seen as a viable option for efficiently converting heat to electrical energy. A thermal source heats a selective emitter, which in turn releases narrowband thermal radiation above the cell bandgap. This radiation is then absorbed by a TPV cell and converted to usable electricity. This project seeks to develop a […]

Read More…

The Effects on Lower Motor Neuron Degeneration and Neurodegeneration Within the Cervical Region of the Spinal Cord Twenty-Eight Days Post Traumatic Brain Injury

This project’s motivation is to determine the extent that traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects lower motor neuron degeneration and neurodegeneration within the cervical region of the spinal cord twenty-eight days post TBI. The spinal cords will be sectioned and slide mounted for immunohistochemical evaluation. Immunostains will include morphological and cell specific staining to detect neurodegeneration. […]

Read More…

Photosynthetic Fixation of Fermentation Off Gases

Controlling the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere is a major challenge facing global environmental sustainability. Fermentation off gases consist of mostly CO2 and are a major byproduct accompanying the production of biofuels. These can be better controlled and mitigated using complementary heterotrophic and photosynthetic microorganisms. An efficient CO2 delivery system is being […]

Read More…

American Society of Civil Engineering

The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) is an organization that allows students to learn technical skills by being hands-on with civil engineering projects. ASCE hosts the Pacific Southwest Conference (PSWC) every Spring Semester, where students display their completed projects while competing against eighteen other universities in the region. Competitions include the construction of a […]

Read More…

Instrument Design for Aircraft Performance Measurement

The research team’s interest in this project is prompted by the lack of knowledge of electric aircraft performance. Research is conducted via the development of instruments onboard an electric aircraft platform. Instruments equipped measure thrust, angle of attack, orientation, altitude, airspeed, battery current/voltage, motor RPM and internal temperature. The functional suite of sensors onboard the […]

Read More…

Epileptic Seizure Detection and Prediction

Epilepsy is the 3rd most common neurological disorder in the United States. Despite continuous research efforts, 30% of those with epilepsy have uncontrolled seizures, and its unpredictability can become disabling. This project is a continuation from FURI fall 2019 and will analyze EEG, biological, and environmental data to detect, and ultimately predict the oncoming of […]

Read More…

Cas9 Mediated Adenosine Transient Reporter for Editing Enrichment

CRISPR/Cas9 systems can be used to edit induced pluripotent stem cells to create nearly any genomic edit for disease-modeling. However, there is no readily available phenotype to enrich for edited cells. Cas9-Mediated Adenosine Transient Reporter for Editing Enrichment (CasMasTREE) was created to act as a fluorescent reporter for editing featuring a mCherry and green fluorescent […]

Read More…

Basilisk Lizard Interactions with Fluid Environments

Robotic systems have difficulties traversing and interacting with complex deformable terrains (i.e. sand, mud, and water). However, the basilisk lizard can transition easily from one to another. This research will investigate the active (i.e. bipedal gait) and passive (i.e. toe fringes) mechanisms that assist the animal in effectively running on water. Specifically, a fluid dynamic […]

Read More…

Needle Tracking System

The motivation for the project is to design a method for tracking a needle, steered by permanent magnets, inside the human body while performing targeted drug delivery. A small tube will trail the needle while it makes its way to a tumor site and is also used as part of the tracking method. By knowing […]

Read More…

Heat Transfer in a Rotary Drum with Focus on Radiation Heat Transfer

A radiation setup for the rotary drum has been in development for some time. With the radiation mode of heat transfer, the effects of that mode of heating can be studied and compared to previous work of conduction, convection or the pair. This will allow for the development of simulations and models for use in […]

Read More…

New Process with Flexible Perovskite Solar Cell

In the 21st century, the applications of wearable devices are already extended beyond the scope of predicting gambling results. In practice, it has been widely applied in various fields like defense, fitness and more. However, the power supply is still a problem for the wearable device. In that case, it is necessary to develop an […]

Read More…

Flexible MOF based Ammonia Sensor

The research question for this FURI project is to determine the effectiveness of an ammonia detecting sensor through usage of metal-organic frameworks. The metal-organic frameworks used in this project change structure when ammonia is adsorbed into the pores of the material. This change in structure causes a shift in electrical conductivity and is the method […]

Read More…

Reflectarray Antenna for Future Wireless Communication

With the incredible demand of bandwidth for wireless communication systems, moving to the millimeter waves (>30 GHz) in the radio spectrum is the need for the future generation. Reflectarray antenna is a promising solution for achieving it. At present, design of the unit cell is completed with switching network for re-configurability to steer its beam […]

Read More…

A Self-Fluctuating Prosthetic AirActuator Liner With A Soft Memory Foam Design for Lower Limb Amputees to Improve Comfort, Stability, and Fluctuation in Prosthetic Sockets

This research can help amputees with constant fluctuation of volume inside the sockets, rather from amputation, prolonged walking, or exercising. The idea behind this device with an emphasis on comfort and stability can possibly change the world of prosthetics to help amputees with discomfort, pain and fluctuation after amputation, transitioning amputees into a new socket […]

Read More…

Neural ODE Modeling for Many-Body Interactions

Neural Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs) present a new pathway for the reversible modeling of many-body systems, including those for the predictive analysis of particle interactions. Such modeling can determine destination trajectories for cancer cell coupling interactions in the extracellular matrix given respective start or end-points, assisting in targeting potential cell cluster convergence for preventative removal. […]

Read More…

Mechanoresponse Activity in Polymer Nanocomposites

Phase change polymers are a class of polymer materials used by the US Army to make lightweight and energy-storing materials needed in various equipment. The aim of this research was to thermomechanically characterize phase change polymers loaded with varying weight concentrations of metallic nanoparticles. This project will focus on characterizing properties to tailor an optimum […]

Read More…

Using a Wireless Electronic Platform as Part of a Smart Knee Brace to Aid Rehabilitation and Prevent Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reinjury in Athletes

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are one of the most common knee injuries among American athletes with up to 250,000 incidents per year. The objective of this project was to design and build a robust electronic system that can be securely fitted onto a return-to-sport approved knee brace and provides patient data to monitor performance […]

Read More…

Analysis of Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Forces to Prevent ACL Tears

There are approximately 200,000 ACL tears a year solely in the United States. With such a high volume of ACL injuries occurring every year, it is vital to find a way to counteract these injuries. Through the analysis of tibial torque, tibial acceleration, and knee flexion angles, that will be obtained using electrical hardware, the […]

Read More…

Modeling and Analysis of Electrical Power Systems for Resilience

Microgrids are rapidly increasing in demand as a solution to provide electricity to one billion people living in remote areas of the world. However, the scale of this demand cannot be met with conventional engineering practices. Designers need a rapid way to assess geographical, financial, and technical scope when planning development of microgrids. This research […]

Read More…

Fabricate Holey Structure to Improve Capacitive Performance of Graphene

Drilling nanosized holes on the graphene basal plane can improve its capacitance and create an efficient ion transport pathway. To take advantage of this effect, the holey graphene-based electrode was be fabricated successfully by microwave-assisted chemical etching and the microstructure of nanosized holes was observed by SEM. Using the cyclic voltammetry(CV), galvanostatic charge/discharge(GCD) test, it […]

Read More…

Computational and Experimental Studies of Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids in Organic Solutions for MET Sensor Devices

This research focuses on further understanding on how molecular dynamic interactions affect the chemical properties of ionic liquid solutions for the optimization of a molecular electronic transducer-based seismometer for low-temperature space applications. This project will utilize ionic liquids, such as 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium iodide, [BMIM][I], to observe their chemical properties when mixed with organic solvents such as […]

Read More…

Quantifying Muscular Response During Physical Human-Robot Interaction With a Variable Damping Controller

Robotic exoskeletons have tremendous potential for implementation in defense, industrial factories, and medical rehabilitation. However, current systems rely primarily on negative damping controllers which although safe, are very slow. In order to maximize the efficiency of exoskeletons, the damping of the system must change proportional to the acceleration of the user through a variable damping […]

Read More…

Thermo-Responsive pNIPAAm-Based Polymers for Endovascular Brain Aneurysm Repair

Each year, approximately 30,000 people in the United States experience a ruptured brain aneurysm. A current treatment is endovascular therapy, which use coils and/or stents to divert blood flow. poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (pNIPAAm) is a thermo-responsive polymer that remains a liquid during injection into the human body and solidifies in situ. The goal of this research is […]

Read More…

Efficient Policy Iteration Architecture for Learning Rollout Policy in POMDP

The research project considers an infinite horizon discounted dynamic programming problem with finite state and control space under partial observability. These problems are hard due to the curse of dimensionality. The work uses a policy iteration algorithm for learning a rollout policy with multi-step lookahead, truncated rollout, and terminal cost function approximation while exploiting distributed […]

Read More…

DNA Repair Capacity of NRAS-Mutant Melanoma 3D Spheroids Under Oxidative Stress and DNA Repair Inhibition

B-Raf inhibitor resistance in NRAS-mutant melanoma cells results in poor prognosis and aggressive clinical behavior. Currently, there is a need for therapies that circumvent this resistance in NRAS-mutant melanoma. This research describes the use of a combination of APE1 and HSP90 inhibitors to induce cancer cell apoptosis through DNA damage. Comet Assays are being used to study the effect of […]

Read More…

Extraction of Silver via Electrowinning for Solar Panel Recycling

The purpose of the experiment is to develop a process for the extraction of silver from a hydrofluoric acid solution using electrowinning. The goal was to develop a method that uses a pure silver reference electrode and find the voltage that maximizes the mass recovery. The silver reference electrode was proven to be stable in […]

Read More…

Utilizing Density Functional Theory to Compute the Efficacy of a Practical Material for Industrial Direct Air Capture via a Copper Metal Organic Framework

In this study, a possible answer to the growing problem of climate change is given via density functional theory calculations on a copper-based metal organic framework, more specifically on a copper MOF structure that is tailored to adsorb CO2 efficiently for use in direct air capture applications. This is done by optimizing the organic ligand […]

Read More…

Monodispersity of PLGA Microparticles

In microsphere drug delivery systems, the monodispersity of microparticle determine the rate of drug release and the rate of biodegradation, which are important for patient health. This experiment looked into how polymer (poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)) dissolved in dichloromethane (DCM)), flow rate, the surfactant (polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)) flow rate, and the tube length can impact the monodispersity […]

Read More…

Optimizing Placement of Generation Assets in Microgrids

This project evaluates methodologies to size and cost off-grid electrification projects. Often sites are selected for development with only information that is insufficient to justify engineering decisions and financial backing. This work involves asset selection, sizing, and placement that is performed in conjunction with distribution network analysis and power engineering to co-optimize costs and losses […]

Read More…

How Does the Dynamic Strength of a Material Affect the Velocity of Particles at a Perturbed Shock Front and Can This Be Used to Estimate Dynamic Strength in Solids?

The objective of this work is to investigate the relationship between the temporal evolution of particle velocity at different locations of a perturbed (rippled) shock front and the dynamic strength of the material by performing careful experimental measurements in samples carefully designed to produce perturbed shock fronts and comparing them to predictions from direct numerical […]

Read More…

Biosynthesis of Ethyl Lactate with Escherichia coli as a microbial host

Ethyl lactate is a common green solvent (listed by DOE), currently derived industrially from petrochemicals. Biosynthesis of ethyl lactate would further increase its sustainability if, for example, obtained from E. coli. Four different sets of genes were selected for ethanol synthesis, lactic acid synthesis, esterase, and acyl alcohol transferase. Genes for ester synthesis were derived […]

Read More…

Understanding the Effects of Gait Adaptation from the Combination of Visual and Split-Belt Distortion

Split-belt distortion increases the effectiveness of traditional treadmill rehabilitation through targeted rehabilitation of their paretic leg. Visual distortion is another method that has been used in previous studies to greatly impact the effectiveness of gait rehabilitation through visual modulation. Kim et. al. 2012 published a similar study on the use of visual distortion, that caused […]

Read More…

Modification of Synthetic Hydrogel Chemistry to Generate Complex Macroencapsulation Device Geometries

Islet cell replacement via transplantation is a promising therapy to restore blood glucose regulation in patients afflicted by type 1 diabetes mellitus, but is limited by the need for multiple donor pancreata due to rapid graft destruction and immune rejection. This research tests the viability of alternatively functionalized poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) macromers for a synthetic […]

Read More…

Loperamide Encapsulated Nanoparticles for Evaluating Blood Brain Barrier Permeability Post-Experimental Traumatic Brain Injury

Due to traumatic brain injury (TBI) presenting with extensive treatment challenges, this study created nanoparticles to evaluate the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics associated with drug delivery in a compromised blood-brain barrier. Loperamide encapsulated poly(lactic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLA-PEG) nanoparticles were fabricated for the future assessment of blood-brain barrier permeability. The nanoparticles were produced using a microfluidic system, and optimized […]

Read More…

Functionality of Octopus Arm Muscles

The purpose of this research project is to determine the functionality of each muscle group in an octopus arm. Quantitatively tracking the complex motion and electromyography signals produced by an activated arm, opens the door to unprecedented bio-inspired robotics. The research team is currently running experiments in which an amputated octopi arm is suspended in […]

Read More…

RASCAL Lunar Mobility

This project is motivated by NASA’s Revolutionary Aerospace Systems Concepts and Academic Linkage (RASCAL) competition to demonstrate the feasibility of a reconfigurable lunar rover. Preceding astronaut arrival, this rover shall act as an explorer, but it will maintain the capability to be reconfigured and used as mobility system for astronauts once they land. The research […]

Read More…

2D Variable Damping Control of the Robotic Ankle Joint to Improve Trade-off between Agility and Stability and Reduce Effort

This study introduces a two-dimensional variable damping controller for implementation in wearable robots. The controller applies a range of robotic damping between negative and positive to the coupled human-robot system. A wearable ankle robot was used to test this controller, and human experiments were performed to understand and quantify the effects of the controller. Subjects […]

Read More…

Flow Visualization and Heat Transfer in Micro-Polymer Tubes

This study investigates the flow and heat transfer properties of 3D printed, millimeter-scale polymer tubes. This work starts with a series of manufacturability tests to determine the smallest sizes of tube that the printer can accurately replicate. Then, the properties of the 3D printed polymer tubes are characterized by flow experiments. By visualizing the internal […]

Read More…

Experimental Demonstration of Tunable Near-field Radiative Heat Transfer Exceeding Blackbody Limit with VO2 Thin Films

While near-field radiation exceeding the blackbody limit is a growing topic among researchers today, there is still little research done on how to fully take advantage of this energy. By measuring the near-field radiation between vanadium dioxide, the potential applications of the usage of near-field radiation in thermal circuits was shown. In this work, researchers […]

Read More…

Numerical Characterization of Pseudoshock Oscillatory Behavior

This work utilizes the ANSYS Fluent Computational Fluid Dynamics solver to characterize the unsteady motion of the “shock-train” forming in the isolator portion of a scramjet combustion system. Characterization of the motion is useful as it helps designers understand complicated flow physics within the isolator and avoid shock disgorgement, or “unstart”, which brings about dangerous […]

Read More…

Electrolyzer Application of a Load-Managing PV System

The purpose of this research was to determine the effectiveness of electrolyzers implemented within a load-managing PV system. The electrolyzers replace the initial system’s test resistors, which have shown power efficiency of up to 99%, and create a real application by generating sustainable hydrogen gas. The electrical model of the electrolyzer shows that using load […]

Read More…

Steady-State Measurements of Near-Field Radiative Heat Transfer between Ultra-Flat Thin-Film Materials

The radiative heat transfer between two objects is conventionally limited by Planck’s radiation law. When the gap spacing becomes smaller than the characteristic thermal wavelength, it is possible to greatly surpass this limit with so-called near-field effect. The research objective is to experimentally prove this enhancement by using a steady-state apparatus to measure the radiative […]

Read More…

Development of Surgical Device to Aid in the Decortication Procedure for a Trapped Lung

Infections, pulmonary embolisms, autoimmune disorders, lung cancer, and surgeries can lead to a fibinous pleuritic, or inflammation of the membrane that surrounds the lungs. This can trap the lung, preventing it from expanding. Decortication procedures peeling off the fibrous tissue are time-consuming, unstandardized, and unquantified. The team is developing a combinatorial approach using ultrasound to […]

Read More…

Reproducibility and Completeness of Complex Hydrogel Geometry Fabrication in 3D Printed Injection Molds

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the destruction of pancreatic islet cells which results in patients no longer generating their own insulin. Islet cell transplantation via macroencapsulation is a potential therapy to treat type I diabetes in the absence of chronic systemic immunosuppression. The Weaver lab uses synthetic hydrogels to fabricate macroencapsulation […]

Read More…

Targeting B-cell lymphoma through the use of CAR macrophages

B cell lymphoma is a cancer of the white blood cells, which develops when the body starts making abnormal B cells. Abnormal B cells hinder the body’s ability to fight infection and weaken the immune system. Current treatment options for B cell lymphoma, which include chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells are too toxic and […]

Read More…

Radiation Hardening Test Platform

The space environment exposes electronics to gamma radiation which disrupts proper circuit functionality if not properly protected against. This research is on a radiation-hardened test structure for a CMOS process, including different MOSFETs, a bandgap voltage reference, and an op-amp under Cobalt-60 gamma radiation up to 1 MRad. Gamma radiation causes the threshold voltage of […]

Read More…

Evaluating the Efficiency of a Cold Trap Condenser

Pervaporation is promising a membrane process for purification of highly saline waters beyond the capacity of conventional processes such as reverse osmosis. This project is specifically studying the efficiency of the cold trap condenser used for the system to collect the purified water. It is unknown whether the current cold trap method is the most […]

Read More…

Characterization of Glass Beads: Flowability and Angle of Repose Part II

Characterization of particulate process and product design is a difficult field because of the unique properties and behaviors of particles that differ from gasses and liquids. The purpose of this research is to understand what factors affect flowability. For this study flowability was measured using the Freeman FT4 Powder Rheometer. This study concluded that there […]

Read More…

Phase-field modeling of electromigration-mediated hillock growth in copper interconnects

Miniaturization of device dimensions comes at the cost of increasing microelectronic integrated circuit complexity and operating current densities. The high current densities impart momentum to metal ions triggering atomic diffusion in the direction of electron flow, known as electromigration, leading to circuit breakdown. Hence, it is important to understand the phenomenon of electromigration and predict […]

Read More…

Metabolic Engineering for Ethyl Lactate Production in E.coli

Ethyl lactate is a compound with great potential as a biodegradable solvent with no current efficient means of production. This research aims to create a sustainable pathway for ethyl lactate in Escherichia coli through recombinant plasmid transformation with genes for the necessary reaction substrates and enzymes. When successful, this biological means of production will allow […]

Read More…

Dust Entrainment and Dust Devils

In this study, dust entrainment and aerosol dynamics within the formation of dust devils are investigated numerically. A dust entrainment scheme based on local velocities is implemented in the canonical Rayleigh-Benard convection with a particle advection scheme to produce a framework to study dust devils. The model for dust emission based on local flow quantities […]

Read More…

Wireless ECoG (Electrocorticography) for Intra-operative Neurophysiological Monitoring

Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is the most common central nervous system tumor with short life expectancy and only a limited number of patients survive more than three years following diagnosis. During tumor removal, intra-operative electrocorticography (ECoG) which monitors the function of at-risk neurological structures aids clinicians to localize eloquent cortical and subcortical fibers. Currently, brain plasticity […]

Read More…

Adversarial Attacks in Reinforcement Learning for Autonomous Vehicle Control

Autonomous vehicles are believed to be the next disruptive technology, but there is evidence that their marriage with AI may be complicated since the current intelligent systems are not robust to adversarial attacks. Such attacks manipulate the environments used for Reinforcement Learning systems and cause the resulting controllers to embed backdoors that produce target (malicious) […]

Read More…

Artificial Intelligence in Smart Grid Data Analysis

The solar energy system is connected to the Smart Grid data more than ever before. Learning from previous data and predicting future data will be necessary in the future. Solar power has a different pattern than other power sources which pulsates by weather conditions. This research is to study the pattern and maximize their efficiency […]

Read More…

Experimental Demonstration of Tunable Near-field Radiative Heat Transfer Exceeding Blackbody Limit with VO2 Thin Films

While near-field radiation exceeding the blackbody limit is a growing topic among researchers today, there is still little research done on how to fully take advantage of this energy. By measuring the near-field radiation between vanadium dioxide, the potential applications of the usage of near-field radiation in thermal circuits was shown. In this work, researchers […]

Read More…

Optimization of Future Urban Mobility Systems

Urban mobility is a fundamental component to society that is instrumental to its efficiency while enabling its inhabitants. Researching the potential for optimization of these urban mobility systems could lead to answers that solve the complications that plague our current public transportation, such as travel time inefficiencies and general unreliability. Developing a smarter urban mobility […]

Read More…

Lizard Inspired Pipe Testing Robot

The objective of the research is to design four-finger under-actuated gripper which can be used for lizard inspired robot to climb and perform non-destructive testing of boiler pipes. To achieve optimum friction force required to climb on the pipe, the focus has been to devise a mechanism, which will establish six points of contact between […]

Read More…

Soft Robotic Elephant Trunk

The purpose of this research project is to study how to utilize hydrogels to create three-dimensional motion in tube-like robots. While similar structures can be found in snakes and prehensile tails, we are motivated by the possibilities of entirely soft structures such as elephant trunks and octopus arms. Our short-term goals for the first semester […]

Read More…

Towards Portability of Pneumatic Wearable Devices using Low-Volume Inflatable Actuator Composites and a Portable Pneumatic Source

Common drawbacks of pneumatically-actuated soft wearable devices include tethered air supplies and slow actuation speeds. The design of efficient and portable soft-pneumatic systems necessitates new soft actuators and pneumatic sources. This work presents the design of low-volume inflatable actuator composites (IAC) for faster actuation and a portable pneumatic source for use in wearable  systems. Finite […]

Read More…

Thermogalvanic Brick

The huge amount of waste heat and the constant demand for electric energy makes this an appreciable research topic, yet at present there is no commercially viable technology to harness the inherent energy resource provided by the temperature differential across buildings. Electricity is generated with this temperature gradient using 3D printed triply minimal surface structure; […]

Read More…

Developing a Multimodal Node Graph Tool

This overall research serves to create a tool to improve accessibility to node graphs for students that are blind or visually impaired. The tool will implement a multimodal approach utilizing haptics and audio, with the aim of allowing users to easily explore and create node graphs. The research team is currently studying various audio (speech […]

Read More…

Streamlining Rocketry: How to Cut Costs Without Compromising Performance

The objective was to design, simulate, and launch a rocket for Spaceport America Cup 2019. This design was focused on developing new manufacturing processes that would cut costs and streamline manufacturing. Due to administrative and financial difficulties, the rocket itself was unable to be built in the given timeframe. However, the team was able to […]

Read More…

BrainTracker mHealth Application: Monitoring the Comorbidities of Pediatric Neurological Disorders

Children with chronic disorders such as epilepsy are at an increased risk for cognitive and psychosocial problems. Clinical assessments of these comorbidities are resource-intensive and typically not gathered from a diverse population. Development of a mobile health application that integrates current standard assessments would be a resource-effective way to mass distribute a point-of-care instrument to […]

Read More…

SAE Baja Sun Devil Racing

Sun Devil Racing (SDR) is a student-run organization that competes annually in the Society of Automotive Engineers Baja Competition. Members of SDR are challenged to take knowledge from the classroom and apply them to real-world scenarios; engineering, problem-solving, and teamwork are used to design, manufacture, and test an all-terrain vehicle. Members also gain business skills […]

Read More…

Designing Better Wireless Experiments through Screening

Today’s computer networks are complex engineered systems. Due to the large number of parameters available, an important question is Which parameters should be selected for experimentation?  Screening experiments are conducted to answer this question. The approach used here is based on a locating array, a new combinatorial design whose size grows logarithmically. We set up […]

Read More…

Innovative Additive Manufacturing 3D — Hovercraft Vehicle Disaster Relief System

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) has designed and manufactured a remote-control hovercraft vehicle using additive manufacturing techniques that will collect a payload for rapid delivery to a set destination. A larger scale of this hovercraft will deliver care packages to areas affected by natural disasters. The design of this vehicle considers the environment […]

Read More…

Investigating the Performance of 3D-printed Sorbents for Direct Air Capture of CO2

Since the industrial revolution around 1750, global emissions of CO2 have increased more than 46% being the major cause of global warming. In this research the moisture driven-cycle for direct air capture of CO2 is investigated. Physical sorbents will be manufactured using the Stereolithography (SLA) 3D printing technique and then their performance will be characterized […]

Read More…

Autonomous Car Capable of Navigation and Interaction with Other Vehicles

The goal of this research project is to apply different model discrimination techniques (passive and active) to a pair of autonomous cars to create a “real-world” simulation to test how optimal and robust each of the techniques is while identifying the intentions of the other car. This research presentation is focused on the application of […]

Read More…

Functionality of an Octopus Arm

The purpose of this research project is to determine the functionality of each muscle group in an octopus arm. Quantitatively tracking the complex motion and electromyography signals produced by an activated arm opens the door to unprecedented bio-inspired robotics that have an optimal motor control system. The research team is currently running experiments in which […]

Read More…

Multivariate Analysis for Irrigation with Reclaimed Chlorinated Water

Gray water requires less filtration than black water, due to significantly fewer particles and organic material. This smaller requirement makes gray water much easier to reclaim. Chlorination has been shown to be the most efficient disinfection method for reclaimed water applications in irrigation. Using four factors — total organic content, turbidity, detergent concentration, and bacterial […]

Read More…

Robot Navigation using Wireless Signals in an Indoor/Outdoor Environment

This research is performed to enable aerial robots to navigate through indoor environments using wireless signals. This provides an important supplementary capability to vision and LiDAR-based approaches since wireless signals can be used irrespective of lighting conditions and possible occlusions. For movement of robots and analyzing the environment, Synthetic Aperture Radar is used for source […]

Read More…

Dynamic Thrust Testing Tools

The goal of this project is creating tools to more effectively and economically measure dynamic thrust, a measure of how the propulsive forces of an aircraft change with airspeed. By better understanding this information, parameters that can influence the dynamic thrust, such as propeller twist and number of blades, engine type and sizing, etc. can […]

Read More…

Magnetic Needle Steering for Minimally Invasive Surgery

This research aims to provide surgeons with a way to conduct more complex surgeries with increased precision and control in a minimally invasive manner. By utilizing a robotic arm to control a permanent magnet setup, the corresponding magnetic field direction and magnitude can be precisely controlled. The main objective of this project is to demonstrate […]

Read More…

Electrolyzer Application of a Load-Managing PV System

The purpose of this research was to determine the effectiveness of electrolyzers implemented within a load-managing PV system. The electrolyzers branch the system’s loads from test resistors, which have shown power efficiency of up to 99%, to real applications by generating sustainable hydrogen gas. An electrical model for the terminal behavior of a single electrolyzer […]

Read More…

Fabrication of High-performance Carbon Fibers

Mechanical properties of carbon fibers are dependent on the continuity, density and interfacial action of the hierarchical graphitic structures. The presence of voids formed during crystallization due to the random dispersion of reinforcement/nanofiller in pre-carbon fibers (pCFs) deteriorates these properties. In this project, a specialized templating graphene channel will be developed via a spinneret designed […]

Read More…

Combined Interfacial and Solvothermal Synthesis to Study the MOF Growth Process

Solvothermal synthesis is a method of producing chemical compounds and is commonly applied to synthesize metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). MOFs are a class of crystalline porous materials with the traits of gas storage, separation and catalysis. Research on these crystal structures require a lot of trial-and-error; however, there are over 60,000 MOF structures discovered and many […]

Read More…

Role Adaptation in Robots for Effective Physical Human-Robot Interaction

Modern robotic devices are required to perform certain tasks where they need to teach actions to humans through haptic/physical interactions, e.g., rehabilitative robots. For achieving that, a simulation study, with agents having information asymmetry is performed based on a signaling game to model physical communication between agents. The simulation shows that information exchange along with […]

Read More…

Computational and Experimental Studies of Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids in Organic Solutions for MET Sensor Devices

The goal for this research is to gain further understanding of how molecular dynamic interactions affect the chemical properties of ionic liquid solutions for the optimization of molecular electronic transducer-based devices such as seismometers. This project will utilize ionic liquids of varying chain length, such as 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium iodide, [BMIM][I], to observe their chemical properties when […]

Read More…

Silica Aerogel as Fireproofing Material for Transformer Firewall

Transformer fire is an alarming occurrence that hits an electric utility. It is a threat to human life on-site and outside a power plant. The aim of this research is to develop a fireproofing material that is light, cost-effective, has good thermal insulation and is fire resistant from silica aerogel to replace the current cementitious […]

Read More…

Integration of Renewables and Cost-Efficient Technologies in Transmission Expansion Planning

Extreme weather events can cause blackouts by damaging the electric network. While peak loads are projected to increase over time, the transmission capacity of current-carrying lines is estimated to reduce due to elevating ambient temperatures. Moreover, transmission components once installed are hard to relocate and expensive to upgrade. Thus, efficient planning of the electric transmission […]

Read More…

Damage Modes of Carbon Nanotubes Embedded in Epoxy-Resin polymeric Material

Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) have extraordinary mechanical, electrical, optical and thermal properties closely related to their shape and deformation, creating a wide potential of applications. However, enough investigation has not been done to study multi-modal deformation of individual CNT suspended in polymeric material. The research team is devoted to studying present literature, while also preparing polymer […]

Read More…

Proposed Enhancements to Pavement ME Design: Improved Consideration of the Influence of Subgrade Soils Susceptible to Shrink/Swell on Pavement Performance

A hypothesis has been put forward that the seasonal variation in moisture demands of vegetation growing in the vicinity of the pavement has adverse effects on the subgrade through shrink/swell of expansive clays leading to pavement distress. The shrink/swell cycle is predominantly driven by suction pressures either from the soils or nearby vegetation. The soil’s […]

Read More…

Optimum Methods of Nanoscale Material Characterization for Analyzing Interphase Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials

This experiment studied the performance of the most common methods of nanoscale material characterization on polymer matrix composites (PMC). This lightweight and high-strength material is used in critical structures such as aircraft and energy generation due to its unique properties. To fully understand the mechanical properties of a PMC, the interphase region between the fiber […]

Read More…

Optimization of Mixed-Mode Bending Fixture

The research team was focused on the goal of improving the characterization of a modified mixed mode bending (MMB) fixture. Finite element analysis was used on the fixture to analyze the increased stiffness of the fixture while retaining a constant weight. The modified MMB fixture is currently being tested and analyzed. […]

Read More…

Wireless, Fully Passive, Multi-Channel Neural Recorder

One in five people in the United States alone suffer from neurological damage which can lead to complications such as cerebral palsy, Parkinson’s disease, and many other disorders. However, while these issues cause the function of the brain to be of great interest to medical scientists, all current procedures to study the brain are either […]

Read More…

Metal-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for Rapid Thermal Cycling

The objective of current research is to improve rapid thermal cycling and mechanical ruggedness of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) by investigating various fuel cell geometries and supports. For this investigation, a flame-assisted fuel cell (FFC) configuration utilizing metal-supported cells (MSC) is tested using the current-voltage method to analyze the electrical efficiency, power density, polarization, […]

Read More…

Epileptic Seizure Detection and Prediction

Epilepsy is the third most common neurological disorder in the United States. Despite continuous research efforts, 30% of those with epilepsy have uncontrolled seizures, and its unpredictability can become disabling. This project will analyze EEG data to detect, and ultimately predict the oncoming of epileptic seizures utilizing machine learning tools and algorithms. This project will […]

Read More…

Using Salmonella as a pH-modulator to Explore the Tumor Microenvironment

Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation are expensive, painful, and often ineffective, as they compromise the patient’s immune system. Genetically-modified Salmonella typhimurium (GMS) strains, however, have been proven to suppress tumor growth. The GMS then undergo programmed lysis, optimally leaving no trace of salmonella in the body. Additionally, constant culturing of S. typhimurium changes […]

Read More…

A Self-Fluctuating Actuator Air Prosthetic Liner With Memory Foam Design for Lower Limb Amputees to Improve Comfort, Stability, and Fluctuation in Prosthetic Sockets:

The question being presented is could this device replace stump socks as well as socket fillers to help amputees with the constant volume fluctuation inside their sockets, rather fresh amputation, prolonged walking, or exercising. Amputees have faced these problems of comfortability and fluctuation for years. Caused by weight fluctuations, heat, exercising, sweating and or shrinking […]

Read More…

Modification of Synthetic Hydrogel Chemistry to Generate Complex Macroencapsulation Device Geometries

Islet cell replacement via transplantation is a promising therapy to restore blood glucose regulation in patients afflicted by type 1 diabetes mellitus, but is limited by the need for multiple donor pancreata due to rapid graft destruction and immune rejection. This research tests the viability of alternatively functionalized poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) macromers for a synthetic […]

Read More…

Lensless Cameras: Simulation and Prototype Development

Lensless cameras are an emerging technology, which capture images without a lens. Our vision is to build low-cost lensless cameras, less than fifty-dollars with scotch-tape, as the optical element and to train it for machine learning reconstruction algorithms. We design and fabricate a lensless camera system prototype, and created a simulator for the optical blurring […]

Read More…

ASCE Concrete Canoe Development and Testing

The Concrete Canoe competition consists of student-led university teams who design, construct, present, and race a full-size canoe made of lightweight concrete. The ASU ASCE Concrete Canoe team will work for the semester to design a canoe hull that can hold up to four paddlers, track well in the water, and turn smoothly. The team […]

Read More…

Study of How Yeast Transport in Membrane Protein

Protein transporter Sul1 and Sul2 in yeast is similar to those in human gene family SLC26. Thus, identifying the mutations in Sul1 and Sul2 can guide scientists to discover what caused the mutation in SLC26. Primers are designed to target each mutation, and the mutation will be cloned into BG1805 plasmid. Yeast growth is recorded […]

Read More…

X-Ray Tomography Analysis Correlating Pit Growth and Rolling Conditions in a High-Performance Aluminum Alloy

Aluminum alloys are commonly used for engineering applications due to their high strength to weight ratio and low cost. However, saltwater environments shorten parts’ longevity by causing pitting corrosion. X-ray microtomography is leveraged to non-destructively observe pit growth in three dimensions over a 20-day corrosion period. Previous work in the group has correlated the growth […]

Read More…

Interphase Properties of Carbon Nanotube Composites

The material properties and thickness of the interphase must be characterized to better understand nanocomposites. The composite samples analyzed in this work consist of carbon nanotubes (CNT), carbon fiber, and epoxy. The interphase describes the interaction between the carbon nanotubes and the epoxy. Measurements of interphase modulus and thickness are made using PeakForce QNM atomic […]

Read More…

Towards Autonomous Thermal Imaging Robots for Heat Sensing

Heat poses a major health risk that particularly affects cyber-physical infrastructures in cities. Heat-sensing maps can be used to reduce overexposure risks to humans. In this research project, we analyze how a robot equipped with a thermal camera can efficiently acquire a map of the surrounding area, localize its position within the map, and autonomously […]

Read More…

Synthesis of Calcium Phosphate Nanoparticles with the Inclusion of Metabolites and Ovalbumin

Cancer is a life-threatening disease that involves uncontrolled cell growth. This project aims to inhibit glucose metabolism that feeds the cancer cells and cause the cells to proliferate by using a glycolytic inhibitor, PFK15. Moreover, a novel combination of calcium phosphate nanoparticles that contain specific metabolites will be synthesized to further modify the glycolytic pathway. […]

Read More…

Utilizing Acetate as a Carbon Source for Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 Mutant for Microbial Electro-Photosynthesis

The primary objective of this research is to study the effectiveness of utilizing acetate as a carbon source in the culturing of cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 mutant lacking photosystem II.  This organism is used in Microbial Electro-Photosynthesis (MEPS), where electrons are delivered to photosystem I via an electrode. Currently, glucose is used as a carbon source; […]

Read More…

The Efficiency of the Cold Trap Condenser in a Pervaporation Membrane Process

Pervaporation is promising a membrane process for purification of highly saline waters beyond the capacity of conventional processes such as reverse osmosis. This project is specifically studying the efficiency of the cold trap condenser used for the system to collect the purified water. It is unknown whether the current cold trap method is the most […]

Read More…

End-Burning Vortex Flow Pancake Hybrid Rocket Engine

Hybrid rocket engines offer the following advantages over other rocket propulsion methods; ease of storing oxidizer, throttling capability, and reignition capability. An end-burning vortex flow pancake motor is considered in this research to optimize the solid fuel regression rate, and thus thrust. This design features two fuel slabs of hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene encased in the […]

Read More…

SWE National Conference

The WE19 conference is the national Society of Women Engineers conference held every year for both collegiate and professional members. There are a variety of events that go on throughout the three-day conference, including the world’s largest engineering career fair, technical skill sessions, networking events with companies, outreach events, and student competitions. It is a […]

Read More…

Design and Programming a Smart Camera for a Drone to Collect and Process Images of Crops to Provide Cost-Effective Plant-Health Analysis

The objective of this project is to find a practical and cost-effective solution for gathering preliminary plant-health information. The goal is to conduct research using RGB (red, green, blue) images combined with image analysis techniques in comparison to crop yields, while also finding a practical way to gather these images. A smart camera was developed […]

Read More…

Development of Electrospun 3D Biomaterials

The motivation for the research conducted over the summer semester was to understand the mechanical properties of three-dimensional electrospun rolled scaffolds made from Polycaprolactone. To determine how scaffold thickness may influence mechanical properties, samples were electrospun at various times. These samples were then rolled to create a three-dimensional scaffold. After confirming the 3D structure of […]

Read More…

Lizard Inspired Tube Inspection Robot

The environmental conditions within the boiler tube can be highly aggressive, which can alter the microstructure of tubing. Electromagnetic sensors have the capability to scan through these tubes and detect these changes at early stages. In this work a Lizard Inspired Robot with sensors embedded in its fingers is being developed for boiler tube inspection. […]

Read More…

Bioproduction of renewable ethylene from an engineered cyanobacterium

Current ethylene production from fossil fuels is the largest CO2-emitting process in the chemical industry. Bioproduction produces ethylene through consumption of CO2 via photosynthesis. Advancements in bioproduction of ethylene is of great importance as a sustainable alternative and to supplement conventional ethylene production as demand increases. The aim of this research was to quantify ethylene […]

Read More…

Regression analysis of lithium-ion battery degradation data

The focus of this research is to carry out regression analysis to discover the factors that significantly contribute to the life cycle of the lithium-ion cells using the degradation data. The research was conducted by investigating the batchwise degradation model of these cells which concludes that the degradation of the cells starts slowly and accelerates […]

Read More…

Needle Tracking System

The motivation for the project is to design a method for tracking a needle, steered by permanent magnets, inside the human body while performing targeted drug delivery. A small tube will trail the needle while it makes its way to a tumor sight and is also used as part of the tracking method. By knowing […]

Read More…

Engineering High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacteria

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and cheaper source of energy as compared to current methods. The research aims to maximize the production of L-serine in a metabolically engineered strain of cyanobacteria by optimizing the expression levels of […]

Read More…

Desert WAVE

Desert WAVE (Women in Autonomous Vehicle Engineering), sponsored by the Si Se Puede Foundation, will compete in the RoboSub competition for the second time in 2020. Their AUV (Autonomous Underwater Vehicle), Phoenix, is currently capable of motion in all 6 degrees of freedom, underwater manipulation, and highly accurate positioning. The team was formed to encourage […]

Read More…

Stress-Responsive Reinforced Composites via Functionalization of Carbon Fiber

Mechanophores, described as molecules that emit detectable change when induced to force, have been proposed as a potential solution for damage precursor detection in fiber-reinforced polymers. The objective is to determine whether the fluorescent cinnamoyl mechanophore could accurately sense damage when incorporated onto the surface of carbon fiber, a known UV absorber. The carbon fiber […]

Read More…

Streamlining Rocketry: How to Cut Costs Without Compromising Performance

The objective was to design, simulate, and launch a rocket for Spaceport America Cup 2019. This design was focused on developing new manufacturing processes that would cut costs and streamline manufacturing. Due to administrative and financial difficulties, the rocket itself was unable to be built in the given timeframe. However, the team was able to […]

Read More…

Developing Parallel and Efficient Algorithms For Compact Similarity Joins

Similarity join is a fundamental operation in data cleaning and integration. The objective of this research is to study, design and implement a distributed and scalable Compact Similarity Join operator for Big Data. The research focuses on designing an efficient algorithm for the Compact Similarity Join operator, implementing it and evaluating the performance of the proposed […]

Read More…

The Optimal Waste Reduction (OWR) Tool

In order to understand economic, social, and environmental impacts of recycling, i.e., the triple bottom line, people rely on the Waste Reduction Model (WARM), a descriptive modeling tool developed by the EPA. Users input individual material tonnages and WARM calculates total GHG emissions, labor hours, wages, and taxes produced. The Optimal Waste Reduction (OWR) tool […]

Read More…

Treatment of Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Clots Through Histotripsy

Acute upper gastrointestinal (GI)  bleeding results in 20,000 deaths annually in the United States. The issue with acute upper GI bleeding is locating and removing an excessive amount of blood clots obstructing the location and visualization of the wound. This problem results in invasive procedures and blood transfusions. We are proposing a device that utilizes […]

Read More…

NASA Space Grant Robotics

NASA Space Grant Robotics is in the process of creating underwater robots that can be used for deep sea diving. This would replace divers, as well as reduce the risk to their lives. Furthermore, underwater robots will allow us to go deeper than any divers can, giving us an opportunity to explore vast expanses of […]

Read More…

PYRO Robotics – Rossum Rumblers Robotics Club

The VEX Robotics Competition, presented by the Robotics Education & Competition Foundation, is one of the world’s largest robotics competitions. Each year, an engineering challenge is presented to the elementary, middle school, high school, and university students. Students are tasked to build innovative robots and compete in that year’s game challenge with the ultimate goal […]

Read More…

ConCreate: Designing an Additively Manufacturable Concrete Mix with Recycled Glass

Concrete is the most widely used material in the world.  It is also a large contributor to global CO2 emissions and industrial mineral extraction.  Additive manufacturing, or 3D printing, has begun to democratize, innovate, and economize production in many industries.  We have demonstrated the viability of 3D printing concrete using a sustainable supply chain, by […]

Read More…

Treatment of Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Clots Through Histotripsy

Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding results in 20,000 deaths annually in the United States. The current issue is in locating and removing an excessive amount of blood clots obstructing the location and visualization of the wound resulting in invasive procedures and multiple blood transfusions. This device is composed of a focused transducer that emits high-intensity focused […]

Read More…

The Adaptive Omphalocele Protective Device

The Adaptive Omphalocele Protective Device is a novel medical device created in partnership with Phoenix Children’s Hospital (PCH), which helps families safely transport their children born with an omphalocele birth defect. An omphalocele is a birth defect in which the abdominal organs of the child balloon out of the abdomen. This defect leads to complications with transporting […]

Read More…

Tuning Excimer Concentrations While adding Quantum Dot and Phosphor Conversion Layers to Improve Efficiency, Lifetime, and Color Quality of Blue Light in Organic Light Emitting Diodes

This project investigated methods of efficiently replicating white light by emitting blue light as a primary light source and adding targeted wavelengths of amber light as a secondary source. The goal was to produce an OLED with a full visible light spectrum and high Color Rendering Index (CRI) by having the secondary source absorb high-frequency […]

Read More…

NASA Space Grant Robotics

NASA Space Grant Robotics is in the process of creating underwater robots that can be used for deep sea diving. This would replace divers, as well as reduce the risk to their lives. With underwater robotics you can go deeper than any diver, being able to explore the vastly unknown ocean floor.NASA Space Grant Robotics […]

Read More…

Control of Bipedal Laminate Robot

Determining effective ways to control soft, laminate robotics has been an important issue in soft robotics since its nascent stages. The project focuses on the development and control of a walking gait for a laminate biped by using dynamics and control methodologies to keep track of its zero-moment point. The integration of knowledge gained from […]

Read More…

Robust Consensus in Multi Robot Systems Using Wireless Signals

Securing robot teams against malicious activity is crucial as these systems accelerate towards widespread societal integration. Researchers derive a framework for securing multi-agent consensus against the Sybil attack by using physical properties of wireless transmissions. Researchers design a switching signal and consensus protocol from the transmissions, which stochastically excludes untrustworthy clients. This allows for consensus […]

Read More…

Design and Control of a Soft Robotic Ankle-Foot Orthosis

For physical therapists working with patients with foot and ankle injuries, it is imperative that they have mechanical help with the rehabilitation process. However, existing solutions are cumbersome and stationary. To combat this problem, researchers are engineering a device using light-weight, flexible soft robotics that a patient would wear over the foot that would aid […]

Read More…

Lowering Image Sensor Reconfiguration Latency on Android

Mobile systems would benefit from the ability to make a tradeoff between image resolution and power consumption when doing vision tasks. While less resolution lowers task accuracy it also saves system power. Currently, resolution changes are a slow process taking over 200ms while also dropping frames. However, researchers propose a system to lower that latency […]

Read More…

Octopus Arm Muscles in Relation to Arm Use for Bioinspired Robotics

The objective is to study the musculature of Octopus arms for use in Bioinspired Robotics.  Previous literature presents the idea of uniform muscle layering. The lab has found this not to be the case as the muscle layers change proximal to distal (base to tip). Correlations between the transverse and longitudinal muscle layers indicate specialized […]

Read More…

Cranial Crown: A Pediatric Headset for Transcranial Doppler

Transcranial doppler can be used to detect seizure and stroke during cardiac surgery. There is currently no feasible transcranial doppler headset for use on pediatric patients in the operating room. The Cranial Crown allows for high adjustability in doppler probe placement while reducing the risk of pressure sores. The quick placement and removal of the […]

Read More…

Research for development of A Self-Fluctuating Actuator Air Prosthetic Liner with Memory Foam Design for Lower Limb Amputees to Improve Comfort, Stability, and Fluctuation in Prosthetic Sockets:

The research question that is being proposed is whether an air-based device can address volume fluctuation inside a prosthetic socket for lower limb amputees. The main objective will be to find a solution that can improve comfort and reduce volume fluctuation. Amputees continue to face problems of discomfort due to fluctuation of the residual limb […]

Read More…

Motorcycle Helmet Blind Spot Monitoring

Motorcycle safety has been improving in recent years with better designed protective gear and the integration of certain vehicle technologies like anti-lock braking systems into motorcycles. But there is still a sizable gap in the safety features found in contemporary cars and those found in motorcycles. The vision of this project is to capitalize on […]

Read More…

Collapsible, Large Scale 3D Printer

Medical professionals and relief workers around the world are faced with new and complex challenges regarding their patients’ health. Additive Manufacturing has the capability to assist with many of these challenges by allowing for more complex medical devices and tools to be created. However, machines capable of such tasks are often too large and cumbersome […]

Read More…

Pivot Irrigation Misalignment (PIMA) System Project

Pivot irrigation systems are typically a quarter mile long and rotate about a field to irrigate crops. Approximately every fifty meters, there are towers that help move the system. When a tower misaligns, either due to a flat tire or mechanical malfunction, the system’s safety procedure is enabled and shuts the entire system down. When […]

Read More…

Adaptive Sampling

Modern smartphone cameras capture high-resolution images, containing millions of pixels. However, computer vision tasks operate effectively on images of much lower resolution. The research team seeks to implement an adaptive sampling block within the imaging pipeline on an FPGA. The adaptive sampling block can utilize key information from the prior image to remove unimportant pixels […]

Read More…

The Dynamic Reconfiguration of Solar Cells on Spacecrafts

Currently, spacecraft solar arrays can degrade from 20-50% in power producing capability over a 15-year mission, making it unfeasible for current state-of-the-art designs to access the full power available from the solar array. The objective of this research is to elongate the duration of spacecraft missions by creating a gallium nitride (GaN) switch that will […]

Read More…

Development of MOF/Graphene Aerogel Composite for Ammonia Adsorption and Sensing

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a class of crystalline materials which have properties useful for gas separation, purification, and storage. While these MOFs can be extremely selective with the molecules they adsorb, the desorption processes can be slow and inconvenient. The objective of this project is to create and study a MOF/graphene aerogel composite which is […]

Read More…

Scaling a Helicon Plasma Thruster for CubeSat Applications

Electric thrusters provide high propellant efficiency to give spacecraft the capability of large maneuvers at the cost of a low propellant mass. This project aims to design a compact helicon thruster of an optimized maximum thrust, exhaust velocity, and efficiency on a small scale that can be used for CubeSat applications and other small spacecraft […]

Read More…

Measuring the Heat of Combustion of Biomass Pellets

Pellets have higher density and greater hardness than other types of biomass which enable easier transportation and storage. This research aims to investigate the amount of energy released and ash determination after combustion. Pellets from different types of crop residue will be experimented on using an oxygen bomb calorimeter and an ignition unit. The heating […]

Read More…

Wideband Microwave Radar for Autonomous Navigation

This research aims to develop a deeper knowledge of how radar systems are used for autonomous navigation. Small on chip radar systems can be implemented in various technologies, such automobiles, in order to improve safety for the general public. Imaging at millimeter wave frequencies can provide high image resolution of the objects in question. Radar […]

Read More…

Battery Decay Rate and Life Cycle in Lithium-Ion Polymer Batteries

The objective of the research project is to determine the baseline life cycle and battery decay rate of a lithium-ion polymer battery in drones. The first experiment had the drone statically hovering, which simulated a uniform power draw for a baseline measure. Continuing research tested the battery decay by performing three uniform experiments to completely […]

Read More…

LensCap

Augmented reality computing environments further the richness of the mobile experience by providing applications a continuous vision experience, where visual information continuously provides context for applications. In a modern mobile system, the typical user is exposed to potential mass aggregation of sensitive information, posing both privacy and security deficiencies.To address such deficiencies, the team proposes […]

Read More…

Accidental Bragg Reflectors

When creating thermal insulating films, it was discovered that they produce colors. Since the films had layers, it was concluded that they were acting as Bragg reflectors- mechanisms with layers of varying refractive indices that produce colors. To determine if these can be replicated purposely, it first was necessary to see if the films could […]

Read More…

Composite Bricks from Fungus Mycelium and Carbon Nanomaterials for Sustainable Multi-functional Structures

Sustainable building materials are necessary to meet current needs without compromising future generations. Bricks from fungus mycelium are a recent and promising alternative to replace concrete bricks. Mycelium is the root-like fibers from fungi that grow underground. When mycelium feeds on fibrous materials, the mycelium grows and acts as a binding agent for the fibrous […]

Read More…

Vertical Control for Underwater Robotics

Underwater lateral robotic manipulation is used for multidimensional maneuverability for underwater vehicles. Bio-inspired mechanisms were built and tested for buoyancy and lateral position control for an underwater robot. To create a natural buoyancy within the robot, we built fish-like bladders, using air pockets to lower the density. Ballasts displace water between the surrounding water and […]

Read More…

Toward Understanding and the Development of a Thermoelectric Generator

Waste heat is a large problem for all who are interested in energy conservation; large quantities of energy are lost in the form of heat through the process of power plants, engines, and much more. One possibility is utilizing this waste heat and converting it into usable energy. The thermoelectric generator is a device that […]

Read More…

Robotic Mapping using WiFi

In the near future, robots will be required to autonomously navigate in increasingly unstructured and complex environments, such as indoors or underground, where GPS may not be available. There have been many advances in Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) in the past two decades, but there are still many drawbacks to current methods. This research […]

Read More…

Designing A Control System to Adjust Surface Roughness of an Airfoil

This research focused on investigating flow control using surface roughness along the leading edge of an airfoil. The current design will entail a system that can accurately predict flow separation on the upper surface. This is done by measuring the angle of attack and static pressure to determine flow separation. For future research this can […]

Read More…

Removal of Hydrocarbons in Solar Drying System

The focus of this research is to provide a sustainable system to manage food production by developing a food preservation system. Drying removes moisture from food so unwanted contaminants can’t permeate into the food, causing it to spoil. Additionally, drying makes food smaller and lighter, making storage easier. Biogenic hydrocarbons are released in the drying […]

Read More…

Nanoscale Material Characterization of Polymer Matrix Composites Under Hygrothermal Conditions

This experiment analyzed the structural capabilities of polymer matrix composite (PMC) samples after many years of exposure to hygrothermal conditioning. This strong, form-adaptive, lightweight material is suitable for use on critical structures including powerplants and spacecrafts, however, the degradation impacts from long-term exposure to heat and humidity is yet unverified. To study that phenomena, aged […]

Read More…

Experimental Study of Solar Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion Enhanced with Selective Metafilm Coatings

A solar thermophotovoltaic (STPV) system requires three key components to directly convert solar energy to electricity: a solar absorber, a hot emitter, and a thermophotovoltaic (TPV) cell. Recently, Prof. Liping Wang’s research group has successfully developed a highly-efficient selective metafilm coating to harvest solar energy from heat. The research has involved experimenting with the metafilm’s […]

Read More…

A Comparative Study of Simulations and Experimental Testing on Screw-Propelled Vehicle in a Lunar Simulant

Screw-propelled vehicles are effective in difficult environments on earth; however they have not been properly investigated for space application. A better understanding of the terra-mechanics of dirt in lesser gravities is necessary to understand how a rover will move and interact with its surroundings on different planets or smaller bodies. Through experimentations and Discrete Element […]

Read More…

Creating the Most Appropriate Lithium Ion Battery Separator to be used in Stretchable Electronics

This experiment involved finding the most effective organogel that can serve as a separator in Lithium-Ion Batteries. Organogels were chosen because of their flexible, semi-permeable and reliable bendable characteristics which become useful in stretchable batteries. The first part was to use Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and dragon skin which belongs to a group of polymeric organosilicon compounds […]

Read More…

Automatically Generated Wing Structure Model

The goal of this project is to analyze aircraft wing structure and use the results to construct an algorithm for automatically determining the optimal wing configuration for a given aircraft. The process of selecting the most effective wing structure involves comparing balsa wood build-ups and a carbon fiber centered design, as well as the exact […]

Read More…

Power-Generating Thermogalvanic Bricks for Waste Heat Utilization from Buildings

The research analyzes the transformation of wasted thermal energy into a usable form through thermogalvanic devices. This technology helps mitigate international growing energy demands. Building energy efficiency is a critical research topic, since the loads account for 40% of all energy demand in developed nations, and 30% in less developed nations. A significant portion of […]

Read More…

Adsorption of Copper from Waste Water Using Algae Derived Activated Carbon

The objective of this research is to identify and optimize the process condition for converting microalgae into porous carbon adsorbent for wastewater treatment. The properties of the porous carbons will be quantified by the adsorption of copper ions in wastewater. The specific goal of this project is to maximize the adsorption capacity of the copper […]

Read More…

Understanding the Self-assembly of Metal-organic Supra-molecules

Supra-molecules are large “hollow” molecules typically composed of small rigid metal-organic (MO) frameworks which have many potential applications such as gas separation and storage, as well as targeted drug delivery. Due to the rigidity of the underlying MO frameworks, a supra-molecule usually possesses a well-defined polyhedral shape. The research team will assess how the self-assembly […]

Read More…

Development of Electrospun Nanofiber Nanoparticle Composites

The research question being explored in this report is whether or not electrospun nanofiber nanoparticle composites (ENNCs) with high loading capacities can be formulated and thermally annealed to form defect free mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) with applications in chemical separations. The general format of the research consists of formulating and testing out recipes for ENNCs, […]

Read More…

Mobility of Screw Propelled Vehicles in BP-1

Mobility in cohesive granular media is one of the most significant obstacles faced by space robotics systems such as the recently retired Mars rover, Opportunity. Wheeled systems are the standard mobility solution for space applications, however, research has shown that Archimedes screw pontoons have promise for mobility on low gravity bodies such as moons or […]

Read More…

Synthesis of Hexagonal Boron Nitride Thin Films

Hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) is a wide band gap semiconductor with graphene-like structure and characteristics. This material has been identified as a potential candidate for diverse electronic, optoelectronic, nanophotonic and other applications. The goal of this project is to develop a method for synthesizing large domain, single crystalline hBN thin films through precipitation from an […]

Read More…

Development of a Low Temperature Ionic Liquid Based Electrolyte System for Planetary Exploration

This research project aims to develop an electrolyte that functions in the extreme environmental conditions of Europa so that a molecular electronic transducer (MET) seismometer can be used to probe the interior structure of this Jupiter moon. The research team investigates mixtures of ionic liquids and nitrile-based molecular co-solvents to formulate electrolyte solutions at various […]

Read More…

Heat Transfer in a Rotary Drum using Infrared Temperature Measurements

The purpose of the rotary drum project is to understand how different parameters such as particle fill level and rotation rate affect the heat transfer coefficient in all three modes of heat transfer: conduction, convection, and radiation The information that is gathered during these experiments will be used to verify simulations and overall help to build models […]

Read More…

Cloning Antibodies to Understand Neurodegenerative Diseases

Neurodegenerative diseases are still widely misunderstood, but are believed to be caused by the production of β-amyloid peptides (Aβ). Single Chain Fragment Variables (scFv) antibodies can be used to eliminate Aβ, but are difficult to work with. These scFv antibodies can be transformed into Fragment Antigen Binding antibodies (Fab), which are more stable thus easier […]

Read More…

Radiative Cooling of Semiconductive Materials

One challenge facing solar energy is increasing the efficiency of solar cells, which is impeded by the heat they retain. Cooling these cells via emission of radiation in the Infrared (IR) region, using space as a heat sink, allows the temperature within the cells to drop without using electrical energy to cool them. The project […]

Read More…

Production of NorHA Microspheres for Peptide Tethering

Tissue engineering is an essential part of regenerative medicine. For bone regeneration, scaffolds are used as ways for inducing stem cell proliferation/differentiation, and drug delivery. Current scaffolds are bulky and inefficient. To produce a scaffold that has improved mechanical properties and is less invasive, the scaffold used for this experiment is a hydrogel formed from […]

Read More…

Electro Supn Rolled Scaffolds

The research that is being conducted for this project focuses on turning 2-dimensional electro-spun scaffolds into 3-dimensional scaffolds. Four samples at three different time values. The researcher then transformed these 2-dimensional scaffolds into 3-dimensional scaffolds by hand rolling them. The polymer used to create these scaffolds is polycaprolactone (PCL). This is a biodegradable polyester and […]

Read More…

Ammonia Detection Sensor through Structurally Flexible Metal-organic Frameworks

The research question for this project is to determine the effectiveness of an ammonia detecting sensor through the usage of metal-organic frameworks. The metal-organic frameworks used in this project change structure when ammonia is adsorbed into the pores of the material. This change in structure causes a shift in electrical resistivity and is the method […]

Read More…

Optimization of Propeller Characteristics for Applications in Wind Tunnel Testing

The purpose of this research is to optimize propeller characteristics for specific desired outputs. However, simulating dynamic properties of propellers is difficult to create in a controlled environment. This research focuses on developing a method for testing propellers in a wind tunnel where, due to limitations of wind tunnels at universities, the propeller’s diameter is […]

Read More…

Engineering of High Yield Production of L-Serine in Cyanobacteria

Cyanobacteria have the potential to efficiently produce L-serine, an industrially important amino acid, directly from CO2 and sunlight, which is a more sustainable and cheaper source of energy as compared to current methods. The research aims to engineer a strain of cyanobacteria that increases L-serine production by mutating regulatory mechanisms that natively inhibit its production, […]

Read More…

Freshman Retention in the Fulton Schools of Engineering

The goal of this project is to implement regression models for predicting the likelihood of a freshman student in the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering to return in the following spring semester. This research is built off the analysis done by Arafat and Pedroza in the spring of 2018. The models that are being […]

Read More…

Characterization of Critical Networks using Heterogeneous Data to Create a Comprehensive Characterization of a Robust Critical Network

The objective of this project is to create a data set and tools for analyzing potential risks in critical networks. By focusing on power networks and collecting a series of heterogeneous data (e.g., topology, demand, outages), a comprehensive characterization of complex networks considering transmission and distribution has been created. Outage and network topology data for […]

Read More…

Qurry: A Quantum Probabilistic Programming Language

Quantum programming languages are a relatively recent innovation which allows arbitrarily accurate modeling of the physical world. However, these languages are largely still in early development: any lack of true abstraction and are simply proxies to circuit languages and are hardly intuitive. There is reason for this, primarily because the desired semantics of a quantum […]

Read More…

MisophoniAPP

The purpose of this project is to introduce MisophoniAPP, a new website for managing misophonia. It will briefly discuss the nature of this chronic syndrome, which is the experience of reacting strongly to certain everyday sounds, or “triggers”. Various forms of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and the Neural Repatterning Technique are currently used to treat misophonia, […]

Read More…

A Study on Resources Utilization of Deep Learning Workloads

In this research, researchers will study and improve an existing deep RL (reinforcement learning) network, developed by the Google Brain team, that will place deep learning operations of another deep learning network in the most efficient manner within a heterogeneous computing system or a multi-GPU system. Finding the most efficient placement will reduce the training […]

Read More…

Various Artificial Intelligence Approaches Demonstrated by Chess

The main goal of this research project was to compare the effectiveness of various artificial intelligence (AI) engines in a measurable environment such as chess. In order to train the deep neural network (DNN)  an algorithm to make random movements (RM) was developed. An initial data set consisting of 20,000 games was trimmed to 702; […]

Read More…

Student Retention in the Fulton Schools

Because of the unending need for engineers, ASU has a vested interest in maintaining and increasing the retention of their first-time freshman engineering students. This research aims to utilize linear and non-linear modeling to predict student retention probabilities and identify which tools are most successful at increasing retention. The models will provide accurate predictions of […]

Read More…

Energy Management in Self-Organizing Particle Systems

Consider a finely-grained computing medium where tasks are collectively executed via distributed algorithms of individual units. Such is the vision of programmable matter, an emerging technology that spans potential real-world applications ranging from self-repairing structures, medical agents healing wounds, to swarm robotics. Towards this end, self-organizing particle systems (SOPS) are used to abstractly model the […]

Read More…

Comparing Protocols for Extracting, Amplifying, and Imaging ApoE ε4 Allele: Preliminary work for understanding Alzheimer’s Disease in asymptomatic individuals

This project aimed to develop a consistent protocol used to effectively image the apolipoprotein E (ApoE) 4 allele, which is a known genetic risk factor for Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). The research team used methods to extract DNA from saliva samples, amplify the DNA using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and image the results using gel electrophoresis. […]

Read More…

Active Thermoregulation for Transtibial Prosthetic Sockets

Transtibial amputation is the most common type of major lower limb amputation.  With approximately 2 million current amputees and 185,000 new cases each year due to vascular diseases (diabetes) in the United States.  The quality of life of an amputee post-surgery relies on the functionality of the prosthetic and the ability for daily use.  Approximately […]

Read More…

Improving Treatment of Varicose Veins through Adjustable Compression

Varicose veins affect about 20% of the United States’ population at some point in their lives, causing swelling, blue or purple discoloration, cramping, itching, and burning. The goal of this project is to develop a wrap to fit all sizes that provides gradual and continuous pressure to assist the body’s natural mechanisms in reducing these symptoms. […]

Read More…

Characterization of Human Myocardial Tissue Model on a Microfluidic Device

Myocardial infarction is the most prominent cause of heart failure in the U.S. affecting 5.8 million people yearly. Despite the increasing number of affected, there is a lack in understanding as to how the molecular cues involved in a heart attack are created and the specific interactions between the cells that create the formation of […]

Read More…

Novel Nanoparticle System to Treat Traumatic Brain Injury

Each year 5.3 million Americans are living with a traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related disability and another 1.4 million individuals suffer from a TBI. The objective of this project was to evaluate a novel nanoparticle system to address the underlying pathology following TBI. Specifically, researchers used RNA seq to analyze global gene expression trends obtained from […]

Read More…

Ultrasound Cleavable Polymers for Reversible Vascular Embolization

Embolization therapy uses either particles, metal coils, or balloons to reduce blood supply to a targeted area, starving cancerous tissues. This proposal focuses on creating a polymer that can change from a gelled to a liquid state under high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). With this an embolism that has been mistakenly placed or dislodged can be […]

Read More…

Using 1H MRI Reporter S-Gal® to Study Senescent and Quiescent Cells

Senescent and quiescent cells are cells that stop proliferating due to a variety of factors, including stress-induced senescence. Recognizing these cells through MR imaging can help detect dormant  cancer tumors. It has been shown that an enzyme called β-galactosidase (β-gal) is upregulated in senescent and quiescent cells.The combination of S-gal® and ferric ammonium citrate (FAC) […]

Read More…

Impact of Electrospun Nanoscaffold Morphology on Cell Fate to Optimize Tissue Regenerative Response

The research objective is to fabricate tunable electrospun nanoscaffolds and analyze their morphology to determine if it is feasible to design an implantable 3D substrate to induce tissue regeneration. Prototypical implantable scaffolds were fabricated from a polymer solution that was propelled via an electric field under set conditions to form electrospun fibers. Scanning electron microscopy […]

Read More…

Liquid Embolic Synthesis for Aneurysm Occlusion

The objective of this research is to create an injectable liquid embolic that can degrade as tissue is regenerated for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms. To achieve this, a Michael Addition is formed upon injection of Poly(N-Isopropilacrylamide-co-GAPGLF Acrylate) [Poly(NIPAAm-co-GAPGLF-Ac] and pentaetythritol tetrakis 3-mercaptopriopionate [QT] at 37°C  with a neutral pH, resulting in a gelation. Due […]

Read More…

A Combined Optical and Electrical Probe for Electrophysiology

Electrical recordings of individual neurons deep within the brain are key to enhancing understanding of neuronal dynamics. Unfortunately, optical microscopy, which is used to visualize neurons during the recording process, is limited to penetration depths of 500 to 1000 μm due to the optical scattering properties of biological tissues. In this work, researchers use an […]

Read More…

Tyrosine Infused Micro Particles

The goal of this research is to encapsulate tyrosine in microparticles and determine the release rate to find the desired concentration to encapsulate. After designing a protocol to create microparticles, using Ultra Violet Spectroscopy and many samples with different concentrations, a calibration curve was created to use as a reference for upcoming encapsulation tests. These […]

Read More…

Optimizing Recombinant Protein Production for Domain Antibodies: Proof-of-Concept

Recent studies in traumatic brain injury (TBI) have found a temporal window where nanometer scale therapeutics can cross the blood-brain barrier into the parenchyma. Development of recombinant antibody production is attractive due to its wide range of biological applications in diagnostic and therapeutic use. However, the production pipeline for high yield, purified, and consistent bioactive […]

Read More…

Predicting Manufacturing Defects in Plastics due to Geometric Errors

One common flaw in plastic medical instruments is warping and other defects which occurs during the injection or molding process. The objective of this research is to create a model of the strains and stresses induced during the manufacturing process of plastics due to the geometry of the instrument. This model can be used to […]

Read More…

Feasibility of Dielectric Elastomer Actuators in Lower Limb Prosthetic

The purpose of this study is to determine the feasibility of using dielectric elastomer actuators (DEA) for powering prosthetic feet. DEAs are essentially a deformable capacitor and previous studies have shown that DEAs can have unique desired deformations for upper limb movements. While force output in DEAs has been looked into, this study will focus […]

Read More…

Assistive Walking Device for Gait Disorder Patients

This objective of this research is to create a device that will assist those with drop foot and other ankle-based gait disorders. The device must provide enough assistive force to lift the user’s ankle off the ground and do it quickly enough to not disrupt their stride. This device will be an improvement over traditional […]

Read More…

Balancing of a Stationary Bicycle Using a Control Moment Gyroscope

By intuition, people steer their vehicles to the desired direction. However, on a bicycle, the gyroscopic force of the front wheel creates an angular momentum that will lean the vehicle to the opposite direction of the steering. The objective of this research is to create a control-moment gyroscope (CMG) that can sense and control the […]

Read More…

Passively Actuated Jump Gliding Wings

This project is investigating the impact curvature, buckling, and anisotropy play when used passively to enhance jumping capability. In this paper we employ a curved laminate structure to allow a rigid link to collapse preferentially in one direction when it encounters aerodynamic drag forces. A joint of this nature could be used for passively actuated […]

Read More…

Propellant Mixing in Vortex Cooled Liquid Rocket Engines

As temperatures in the combustion chamber of a liquid rocket engine during use can exceed 5,000 °F, a large portion of development is often focused on cooling. However, by injecting propellants tangential to the combustion chamber it is possible to create a vortex which separates hot combustion gases from the chamber wall. By studying this […]

Read More…

Additive Manufacturing for the Validation of Biomimetic Design Principles: The Structural Mechanics of Insect Nests

This research is attempting to prove that a comparative study of different insect nests can yield design principles leading to breakthrough reductions in the weight of engineering honeycombs as well as advances toward key mechanical properties. Researchers will be collecting natural specimens and using optical inspection equipment to measure geometric characteristics. Once geometric characteristics have […]

Read More…

Detection of Heel-Off Initiation Based Correlation Between Ground Reaction Forces and Lower Extremity Surface Electromyography

The objective of this project was to identify heel-off and toe-off during gait based on the correlation between ground reaction forces (GRF) and surface electromyography (sEMG) of lower extremity muscles while quantifying the accuracy of smart shoes. The data was collected utilizing wireless sEMG sensors, force instrumented treadmill and novel smart shoes at three speeds […]

Read More…

Smart Bike Human-in-the-Loop Control

Bicycles are used for daily transportation by a large share of the world’s population; however, riding a bicycle may be inconvenient or impossible for persons with disabilities. The goal of the Smart Bike project is to provide a platform for studying the physical interaction between an autonomous bicycle and a human rider, with possible applications […]

Read More…

A New Step Forward

The objective of this project is to develop a device that assists gait.  Assistive devices for a treadmill can help in gait rehabilitation for stroke survivors. This rehabilitation set up was designed to be accessible and affordable. Future work consists of further motion capture testing to ensure that design assists walking movement and potential redesign […]

Read More…

Automated Process Planning for Multi-material Manufacturing

This project is studying methods of automating the planning of multi-material manufacturing processes through the development of a new framework for representing and computing functionally-graded materials for use in rapid prototyping applications.  This framework includes low-level operations for combining geometries together and algorithms which assist the designer in computing manufacturing-compatible sequences. These algorithms can then […]

Read More…

Transparent Conductive Oxide Characterization

The addition of amorphous silicon in silicon heterojunction solar cells cause a loss in electrical conductivity. To compensate, a front and rear layer transparent conductive oxide (TCO) is added to improve carrier transport throughout the cell. The current material of choice for TCOs is indium tin oxide (ITO). However, studies in the past have shown […]

Read More…

Optical Characterization of Silver-Doped Germanium-Chalcogenide Thin-films

The purpose of this research is to optically characterize germanium-based chalcogenide thin films and evaluate how their properties change when the composition is altered and when they are doped with silver. Using techniques such as UV-Vis spectroscopy, profilometry, and ellipsometry, parameters that describe the optical characteristics are found, including the absorption coefficient, refractive index, optical […]

Read More…

Wireless Wearable Respiratory Monitor

Respiratory health is something that many people do not consider in their daily life, yet asthma is becoming increasingly more common in people of all ages. In order to properly care for asthma patients, it is necessary to continuously monitor the respiratory behavior of individuals with asthma or other respiratory diseases. The researcher explores improvements […]

Read More…

Alpha-Loss

Alpha-loss is a tunable loss function with a parameter alpha that bridges log-loss for (alpha = 1) and 0-1 loss for (alpha = infinity). In machine learning literature, the theoretically optimal loss function is the 0-1 loss function. Unfortunately, 0-1 loss is computationally intractable due to being non-differentiable and discontinuous. Thus, it will be extremely […]

Read More…

Data Enabled Dynamic Thrust Measurement

The objective of this project is to create an apparatus and associated testing standards in order to more effectively measure aircraft propulsion data. The data gathered is useful in choosing the most efficient thrust-generating configuration for use in small-scale aircraft such as drones. Future work will utilize these tools to test efficiency of different thrust-generating […]

Read More…

Improving Selenium Oxoanion Removal with Molecular Imprinting

Selenium in water can be toxic to various organisms at very low concentrations. Layered double hydroxides (LDH) have shown promise as nanomaterial sorbents for selenium oxoanions. Due to similarities between selenium and sulfur oxoanions, LDH can favor sulfate adsorption over that of selenate in solutions with high sulfate concentrations such as power plant wastewater. Through […]

Read More…

Biofuel Production from Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Algae and Salicornia

Fossil fuels have been the primary source of energy in the world for millions of years. However, they are among the top contributors of the carbon dioxide emission in the atmosphere. The objective of this research is to produce a more and environmentally friendly biofuel from the biomass comprising of both Algae and Salicornia. Experiments […]

Read More…

Oil Shale Imbibition

The goal of the oil shale imbibition research project is to improve the sustainability of the hydraulic fracturing process. Hydraulic fracturing is a process in which water is forced into the ground to split rock apart for oil extraction purposes. This process results in a large amount of water waste, so the researcher is analyzing […]

Read More…

Reducing Drag At High Angles of Attack with a Pimpled Airfoil

The objective of this project is to determine if altering a standard wing with tear-drop shaped pimples can reduce the effects of drag without utilizing expensive technology. To test this an airfoil based on a standard National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics 0012 model airfoil was designed with the tear-drop pimples and tested using a wind-tunnel, […]

Read More…

Shale Fracking Waste Characteristics

Fracking processes produce shale waste due the water used to create fractures deep underground to release natural gases being imbibed by the shale rock common in these basins. Characterizing research has been conducted on the shale waste in order to further research in obtaining oil and shale products from the waste and reducing the amount […]

Read More…

Creating a Defect Free Mixed Matrix Membrane using Annealing

The objective of this project is to eliminate the gaps that are formed when nanoparticles bond with polymer membranes in order to improve gas separation with an emphasis on carbon dioxide capture. It has been seen that thermally annealing electospun polymer mats embedded with nanoparticles, with pure polymer film casted membranes, via a temperature cycle […]

Read More…

Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis of Leading Edge Roughness Devices

The objective for this research was to model the effects of a wing with leading-edge roughness device’s on coefficient of lift and drag when at high angles of attack near stall, the addition of which potentially increases the stall angle and reduces stall speed. This research was conducted using Computational Fluid Dynamics, modeling an airfoil […]

Read More…

Enhancing the Flame Retardancy of Polymers by Coating Nanosheets

Fires cause significant loss of life and financial damage, but current fire-retardant materials produce hazardous byproducts. New fire-retardant materials made from nanomaterials are being pursued. In this project, titanium diboride (TiB2) nanosheets in aqueous dispersions were produced by ultrasonication exfoliation. Using thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and ASTM D6413 vertical flame test, it was found that […]

Read More…

Effects of Pressure on the Volumetric Response (Compressibility) of Elastomers During Ballistic and Dynamic Loading

An important homeland security mission is protecting personnel and infrastructure from dynamic loading. While protective systems are available, improvements on their performance will save lives and infrastructure. Elastomer coatings have shown abilities to dissipate dynamic loading, which depend strongly on their dynamic response. Polyurea, is a promising elastomer for these applications, but how its compressibility […]

Read More…

Improving Offset Electrospinning for the Tendon-Bone Junction

Approximately 2 million Americans experience a torn rotator cuff each year. The healthy rotator cuff is a complex tissue consisting of opposing biochemical gradients. This research aids the advancements of rotator cuff tear repairs by creating an improved resolution of a chemical gradient scaffold that mimics innate chemical properties of the tendon-bone junction. Moreover, this […]

Read More…

Nanoscale Material Characterization of Polymer Carbon Fiber Interphase using Low Energy Scanning Electron Microscopy

The primary objective of this study is to understand how the low energy scanning electron microscopy can efficiently be used to characterize the nanoscale interphase domain in polymer matrix composite materials. This study will show how low energy scanning electron microscopy can efficiently be used to characterize effects of durability, including heat and humidity, on […]

Read More…

Glass Bead Flowability Characterization

Characterization of particulate process and product design is a difficult field because of the unique properties and behaviors of particles that differ from gasses and liquids. The purpose of this research is to develop an equation to relate the angle of repose and flowability, the ability of the particle to flow as it pertains to […]

Read More…

Investigating Ceria Morphologies for the Platinum-Ceria Catalyst System

Catalytic converters are essential for reducing harmful automobile emissions of pollutants like carbon monoxide. Platinum-ceria is an important catalytic converter whose performance could be improved by exploring different nanostructures of ceria. By comparing the catalytic conversion of platinum on ceria rods, cubes, and octahedra, nanoscale morphology-related factors impacting catalytic performance will be identified. The various […]

Read More…

Practical Graphical User Interface for Control of a Drone Swarm

The purpose of this project is to investigate the question “Does haptic feedback with visual feedback offer better boundary control for robot swarms than just visual feedback?” Moving large swarms of agents can be challenging so the goal of this project is to reduce agent collisions with fixed objects by giving the operator a vibrational […]

Read More…

Collecting Data for Pressure Ulcer Monitoring and Prevention System

In 2014, pressure ulcers affected approximately 2.5 million people in the United States. These blisters form in bony prominences in bed-bound patients. If untreated, these ulcers worsen until they become infected with complications. Current devices to prevent pressure ulcers fail to individualize patient treatment. The research team thus proposes the Pressure Ulcer Monitoring and Prevention […]

Read More…

Radiation Induced Polymerization of an Acrylate-Based Compound

Radiation toxicity is a significant problem that affects the livelihood of people. On the macroscale, nuclear spillage and contamination in areas of habitat can lead to diseases and birth defects in unborn children. On the microscale, inaccuracy in the administration of radiation therapy leads to unintended damage to healthy body tissue. The objective of this […]

Read More…

Magnetic Needle Steering for Minimally Invasive Surgery

The applications of robotics in surgery has allowed medical professionals to perform more complex, minimally invasive surgeries with increased precision and control. While most robotic systems are used simply to assist doctors, there is potential for the use of un-tethered robotic systems in minimally invasive surgical operations such as drug delivery and detection. The objective […]

Read More…

Discovering Tesselations of 2D Piezomagnetic Materials

Two-dimensional Piezomagnetic materials have special properties when placed into certain geometries, and the goal is to find a new one that may define a unique material property. Currently, there are 15 types of stable pentagonal geometries found, the last being by the team Dr. Houlong Zhuang leads. Finding other possibilities of these geometries may lead […]

Read More…

A Friction/Adhesion Characterization Setup for Bio-Inspired Robotic Applications

The friction/adhesion project’s focus is to test a variety of gripper designs under high loading to improve robotic climbing abilities. This has been achieved through the development of a high-load testing structure which can translate gripper samples, while under loads well above 20 Newtons, in three dimensions and while recording friction properties of the sample. […]

Read More…

Manipulation of Vibrational Modes by Nanostructuring in a SiO2 Thin-Film

In ionic materials, the electron beam in a scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) can excite vibrational modes via long-range Coulomb interactions with the polarized electron cloud in a chemical bond, which can now be explored with electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS). The team aims to manipulate surface-phonon-polariton vibrational modes in a SiO2 thin-film by nanoscale patterning, […]

Read More…

Variable Damping Control of Robotic Ankle Joint to Improve the Tradeoff Between Performance and Stability in the Frontal Plane

The growing demand for physically interactive robots for industrial, medical, and military applications is succeeded by a demand for better performing and more transparent human-robot systems. This research explores the strategy of variable damping control of an ankle exoskeleton robot. The purpose is to utilize a range of negative and positive damping values to either […]

Read More…

Evaluation of Hopper Discharge Rates of Glass Spheres

The goal of this project is to understand the effect that particle properties, such as size and surface roughness, have on their flow rate through hoppers. Prediction of the flow rate through hoppers is of great importance due to their use in many industrially relevant processes. The surface of the particles will be characterized by […]

Read More…

Structural Optimization of CubeSat Housing for Pulsed Plasma Thruster (PPT) Modules

CubeSats are small, affordable satellites that carry scientific payloads into space. PPTs (Pulsed Plasma Thrusters) are a method of propulsion that ablates Teflon to produce thrust for CubeSats. These compact thrusters must be aligned to ensure accurate and reliable propulsion. This alignment is ensured by structural design and optimization. The proper selection of materials and […]

Read More…

Bioproduction of Renewable Ethylene from an Engineered Cyanobacterium

Current ethylene production from fossil fuel is the largest CO2-emitting process in the chemical industry. Bioproduction produces ethylene through consumption of CO2. Advancements in bioproduction of ethylene is of great importance as an environmentally friendly alternative and to supplement conventional ethylene production as demand increases. The aim of this research was to quantify ethylene production […]

Read More…

Functional Materials in The Electrocatalytic Treatment of Pollutants From Oil & Gas Industry Wastewater

Persistent organic pollutants(e.g. benzene, phenol, xylenes, etc) in effluents produced by the oil and gas industry are deemed to be health hazards due to their carcinogenic properties. The current conventional water treatment technologies are not able to effectively remove such persistent micropollutants. Thus, this work aims at using electrochemical advanced oxidation processes to achieving complete […]

Read More…

Physical Processes to Reduce BOD Testing Times

This FURI project will align with the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering research theme of sustainability. Although not a direct water treatment process, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) testing is a measurement of water quality and can be used in conjunction with a water treatment system. BOD testing is therefore an important parameter to have […]

Read More…

Study of Exfoliation Steps for Copper 2D MOFs

2D MOFs (metal organic frameworks) have shown promise in applications such as separation, catalysis, and medicine due to their tailorable structure and function, a result of high aspect ratios. This study aims to examine the exfoliation procedure of CuBDC MOFs under various tip sonicator conditions. Results have shown that sonication time and power are the […]

Read More…

Hydrogen Storage Techniques in Fuel Cell Vehicles

Hydrogen is becoming increasingly an important fuel for transportation applications. The storage of hydrogen in fuel cell vehicles has been problematic to date due to low energy density of contemporary technologies. Therefore, research to compare state-of-the-art technologies and determine which, if any, meet targets released by the U.S. Department of Energy is the objective of […]

Read More…

Utilizing Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Conjugated to Biocompatible Gold Nanorods to Enhance Synchronous Beating and Functional Characteristics Similar to in vivo Cardiac Tissue

Myocardial infarction (MI), also known as heart attack, is one of the main causes of death in the United States. Cardiomyocytes derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC-CM) are a potential strategy for repairing damage from MI. Electrically conductive nanomaterials, such as graphene oxide and siNWs, have been promising with improving adhesion and functional […]

Read More…

Force Measurement of Basilisk Lizard Running on Water

The goal of this research is to characterize the force interactions of a basilisk lizard exhibiting its unique ability to run across a body of water. A rigid testing structure is being fabricated from carbon fiber and aluminum, with six-axis force sensors attached at three statically determined points. The structure will be immersed in water, […]

Read More…

Investigation of Underlying Mechanisms for the Modulation of Multi-dimensional Ankle Stiffness

Characterization of multivariable ankle stiffness is important for better understanding how the ankle supports lower-extremity functions. The purpose of this research project is to further investigate the underlying mechanisms for the modulation of multi-dimensional ankle stiffness; specifically, the relationship between ankle stiffness and the independent variables: ankle center of pressure and ankle modulating muscle activation. […]

Read More…

Lizard Inspired Tube Inspection Robot

The environmental conditions within the boiler tube can be highly aggressive, which can alter the micro-structure of tubing. Ultrasonic sensors have the capability to scan through these tubes and detect these defects at early stages. In this work a Lizard Inspired Robot with ultrasonic sensors embedded in its fingers is being developed for boiler tube […]

Read More…

Sex Differences in Voluntary Control Dynamics of the Knee and Ankle

Ever since Title IX in 1972, females have been known to have an increasingly higher rate of musculoskeletal injuries occurring while playing sports than in males. This study focuses on quantifying the voluntary neuromuscular control of the knee for each gender during a range of set frequencies. If dynamic knee stability and motor control is […]

Read More…

Pore Wetting in Membrane Distillation

Membrane distillation (MD) provides a way to extract water from reverse osmosis (RO) brine with high water recovery and is a potential solution for brine management. However, pore wetting of membranes is a major hurdle that prevents its reliable implementation. The objective of the study is to identify a pre-treatment that can prevent wetting in MD treatment of wastewater […]

Read More…

Characterization of Flexible Heat Sinks

The heat transfer rate through the thermal boundary layer increases when the hot surface is induced with vibrations. In this project, flexible heatsinks will be developed and characterized. The performance of an inflexible copper pin fin heat sink will be considered as the baseline, current industry standard for performance. The goal of this study is […]

Read More…

Applying Developmental Biology Principles to Probe the Mechanisms of Selective Cell Vulnerability in Alzheimer’s Disease Using Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) affects over 5 million individuals in the US. The idea behind selective cell vulnerability in AD and various amyloid-dependent have been postulated. However, such mechanistic studies do not consider all the aspects of the human disease. This research leverages the ability for the generation of neural cell types of various regional identities […]

Read More…

Non-invasive Cellular Detection Using the Photoacoustic Effect

The photoacoustic effect occurs when a target absorbs a specific wavelength of light, resulting in thermal expansion and the production of subsequent pressure waves. This phenomenon can be used in a variety of biomedical applications with minimal impact on tissue samples. The objective of this work is to measure the photoacoustic effect from multiple cell […]

Read More…

Heat Transfer in a Rotary Drum using Infrared Camera Temperature Measurement

Rotary drums are used industrially for the mixing and heating of particulate materials including pharmaceuticals, food products, and cement. These processes are inefficient due to a lack of understanding of the heat transfer mechanisms in the rotary drum. This research aims to save energy by optimizing the heating of rotary drums. A three level, two […]

Read More…

Detection and Tracking of Objects Outside the Line of Sight of a Camera

Non-line-of-sight (NLOS) imaging is an emerging field of research with applications for autonomous vehicle collision avoidance, search and rescue operations, endoscopy, and others. This problem is challenging because NLOS objects are outside of the line-of-sight (LOS) of both the camera and the illumination source(s). Traditionally NLOS reconstruction requires expensive, bulky and specialized detectors. This work […]

Read More…

Formation of Heterostructure Nanoscrolls from 2D Materials for Enhanced Optoelectronic Performance

Semiconducting 2D transition-metal dichalcogenide materials, especially MoS2 and WS2, have been widely researched recently due to their promising characteristics for applications for electronic and optoelectronic devices. Heterostructures of stacked 2D materials have further enhanced properties. This research project aims to make heterostructures of MoS2and WS2and form nanoscroll geometries and to study their possible enhancement in […]

Read More…

ML Phase Prediction of High-Entropy Alloys

Researchers apply Machine learning (ML) algorithms to efficiently explore phase selection rules using a comprehensive experimental dataset consisting of 401 different HEAs including 174 SS, 54 IM, and 173 SS+IM phases. We adopt three different ML algorithms: K-nearest neighbors (KNN), support vector machine (SVM), and artificial neural network (ANN). The purpose of the work is […]

Read More…

LED Based Camera Pose Estimation

Augmented reality (AR) enhances the user view of the environment by overlaying the virtual information on the physical world, thereby creating an illusion to the user. For creating a good illusion, we need to accurately register the virtual world on top of real world. In fact, many applications such as AR-based classroom education demand accurate […]

Read More…

Reduction in Soot Emission with Micro-Combustion

This study aims to analyze the effect of temperature on critical sooting equivalence ratio, precursor formation, soot inception and growth. A propane/air mixture at atmospheric pressure with temperatures ranging from 750-1000℃ was investigated using a micro flow reactor of diameter 3.6mm, equivalence ratios of 1-5.5 and inlet flow rates of 10-300sccm. The gas species were […]

Read More…

AFM Cantilever Based Near Field Radiation Heat Transfer Measurement

Planck’s theory of blackbody radiation imposes a limit on the maximum radiative transfer between two objects at a given temperature. The objective of the project is to measure the near field radiation between a silica microsphere and a silica substrate, compare it with the theoretical calculations. A custom-designed atomic force microscope (AFM) is being used […]

Read More…

Energy Harvesting: Capacitor Design

Mankind has an unsustainable impact on planet Earth. It is necessary to develop alternative energy sources. The goal is to develop a more durable supercapacitor that can harvest high-voltage electrostatic discharge (i.e. lightning) and store the energy as a resource. It can also be used with surge protection devices to capture grounded discharge. The researcher […]

Read More…

Indoor Localization for Navigational Aides

Internet-of-Things for Smart and Connected Cities is an important research topic in computer science and engineering. The interest in IoT is enhancing indoor navigation, particularly for individuals who are blind or visually impaired. The goal of this project is to use SpotSense’s state-of-the-art indoor localization technology to transform ASU’s CUbiC Lab into an IoT testbed […]

Read More…

Investigation of Braziers Effect in Polymer Matrix Composite Tubes

The advancing field of material science has yielded many beneficial products, one of which is developing new polymer matrix composites. The challenge lies in characterizing material properties of polymer matrix composites as these exhibit anisotropic behaviors. New advancements in composites allow engineering solutions that are lighter while exhibiting great strength. To apply the new materials to […]

Read More…

Pressure Ulcer Monitoring and Prevention System Algorithm

Machine learning algorithms used in biomedical applications indicate the ability of a medical device to make decisions similar to a physician. For this research, the researcher aims to address the issue of monitoring pressure ulcers which has lead to 60,000 deaths annually in the United States using machine learning. The algorithm that is being developed […]

Read More…

X-Ray Tomography Analysis of Pit Growth in a High-Performance Aluminum Alloy

Aluminum alloys are commonly selected for engineering applications due to their high strength to weight ratio and low cost, however saline solutions shorten parts’ longevity by causing pitting corrosion. Many 2D characterization methods cannot fully analyze the growth of these pits over time; as such, this study seeks to leverage x-ray microtomography to observe pit […]

Read More…

Design and Characterization of Programmable FRET Biosensors

Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) is a physical phenomenon that is being used in biomedical research and drug discovery. Using fluorophore-labeled DNA nanostructures, researchers characterize the FRET efficiency of a donor-acceptor pair. The result of this project is a measurement of FRET efficiency in the dye pair, JF 549 and Atto 647N, at 3-15 nm […]

Read More…

Vortex Flow Pancake Hybrid Pancake Engine

Hybrid rocket engines offer the following advantages over other rocket propulsion methods; ease of storing oxidizer, throttling capability, and reignition capability. A single fuel disk configuration of an end-burning vortex flow pancake motor is considered in this research to optimize the solid fuel regression rate. This design features a fuel slab of hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene […]

Read More…

Understanding Kinetics of Surface Reactions Involved in Thermochemical Water Splitting With Doped Ceria-Rich Surfaces by use of First Principles Methods and Transition State Theory

Recently it has been experimentally determined that Zirconium (Zr) doped Ceria surfaces promote redox reactions associated with Thermochemical Water Splitting (TWS) while other dopants like Gadolinium (Gd) and Praseodymium (Pr) do not. Researchers intend to determine the fundamental kinetics behind these reactions using ab intio calculations and transition state theory. It has been determined that […]

Read More…

Building a HEK293T Reporter Cell Line to Study Gene Expression

Through the course of development, human cells successfully differentiate into hundreds of different cell types. A better understanding of cell differentiation could have applications in relation to regenerative stem cell therapies, disease pathologies, and gene regulatory networks. A triple reporter cell line with fluorescent tags for three different genes related to cell fate would provide […]

Read More…

Development of a Multiple Linear Regression Model to Reduce the Appearance of High-energy Consuming Regressors in Manufacturing Environments

The focus of this research is the development of a multiple linear regression model to discover the factors that significantly contribute to overall energy consumption in manufacturing environments and to develop guidelines to minimize their appearance, resulting in a more sustainable and energy efficient approach. The research was conducted by investigating key company metrics in […]

Read More…

Refinement of Electrolyte Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Application

Over the course of this research, electrolyte materials for use in solid oxide fuel cells are investigated with the overall goal of making them a more viable renewable energy source. Ceramics such as pure and doped ceria and zirconia are investigated using computational chemistry methods. ASU’s super-computing servers are used to calculate the energy barriers […]

Read More…

Synthesis and Characterization of Dual-Phase Inorganic Membranes

Over a third of CO2 emissions in the U.S can be traced to fossil fuel combustion. The impact of this harmful greenhouse gas can be mitigated with carbon capture and storage technology. Mixed ionic-electronic conducting (MIEC) dual-phase membranes are capable of highly selective CO2 separation at high temperatures and can be used for such capture […]

Read More…

Active Binocular Vergence-Gaze Control for Visual SLAM

Visual SLAM and active perception are significant in robotic related researches. However, the integration of two lacks exploration. Active control can improve the quality of visual sensor input, potential exploration policy exists and undertakes improvements. The researcher puts forward an active binocular system enabled with active vergence and gaze control as an innovative platform for visual SLAM. […]

Read More…

General Depth Estimation For Machine Vision Using Sparse Depths

The ubiquity of single camera systems in society has made improving monocular depth estimation a topic of increasing interest in the broader computer vision community. Inspired by recent work that has shown the effectiveness of utilizing sparse samples in a depth estimation pipeline, researchers aim to augment performance by enforcing additional constraints governed by the […]

Read More…

Removing Conflicting Interactions in Locating Arrays

When designing experiments for many different factors, two problems quickly arise.  The first is that testing all the different combinations of the factors and interactions creates an experiment that is too large to conduct in a practical amount of time. One way this problem is solved is with a combinatorial design called a locating array […]

Read More…

S.H.E.I.L.D. Particulate Coatings

Creating a coating to allow single-paned windows to act as efficient, expensive double-paned windows will save energy and increase buildings’ comfort levels at lower cost. […]

Read More…

Haptic Testbed

Creating a haptic feedback testbed robot could help researchers better understand haptic feedback control. […]

Read More…

Studying novel radar techniques could help autonomous vehicles track objects. […]

Read More…

Creating metal organic frameworks with controllable particle size could lead to better greenhouse gas adsorption. […]

Read More…

Simplifying the localization and mapping algorithm for multi-robot system communication would allow them to work more efficiently. […]

Read More…

Developing a treadmill-based exosuit will provide hospitals an affordable gait rehabilitation treatment for stroke patients. […]

Read More…

Gait Optimization for Bio-Inspired Robotics

A bio-inspired platform for a search and rescue vehicle with optimized stride length and frequency at various saturation levels of sand is the goal of this research. Measurements and observations of the animal, Basiliscus basiliscus or the basilisk lizard, have provided baseline stride length, frequency, weight, and gait parameters. Variance of stride length and frequency […]

Read More…

Ultrasound-Enhanced Desorption

Ultrasound has the ability to enhance the performance of sorption heat pumps, which have the potential to be zero emission air-conditioning and refrigeration systems. The challenge in this is to identify the optimum parameters for sorption materials that maximize desorption rate, lower the regeneration temperature, and minimize the degradation of the material. In order to […]

Read More…

Low Cost Sensing

Sensing forces in robotic grippers can be costly and complicated. This project investigates modifying flex sensors at a lower cost. The deflection of links in a robotic gripper can be used to sense the location, magnitude and number of contact forces by matching the link curvature of existing beam models. This concept is embodied using […]

Read More…

3D Printing Plastic Recycling Machine

The use of 3D printers is increasing, and it is estimated that by the end of 2018 around 500,000 printers will be sold. With the increasing use of 3D printers comes another problem: the plastic waste that it produces. Typically, consumers throw away the plastic waste. By keeping the circular economy in mind, a sustainable […]

Read More…

Modeling, Analysis and Decision Making for Coupled Water Systems in the Presence of Significant Uncertainty

The purpose of this research is to improve water management modeling and decision making using intelligent control systems and current state-of-the-art water management techniques. This semester, the research is focused on simulating a water resource system in Simulink as a closed-loop control system that incorporates physical constraints, social-political-economic factors, and cost-benefit-risk analysis into the simulation […]

Read More…