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Measuring Failure Load of Lumbar Spinous Processes to Transverse Mechanical Forces

This study will examine the yield strength of the lumbar spinous processes to mechanical forces applied in a transverse direction. Such forces will be generated clinically by neurosurgeons using a novel surgical device interacting with the processes. Understanding the forces tolerated by spinous processes is important to avoid device failure caused by process fracturing. The

Sensor Efficacy in Measuring Bone Depth for Neurosurgical Applications

This project examines the efficacy of lumbar vertebral bone depth sensors for relevant surgical uses. This project attempts to categorize this by comparing multiple sensor types (ultrasound, resistance, and force) on different models including a 3D-printed spine and an anatomically-similar porcine cadaver. The project goal is to provide a blueprint to integrate sensors into surgical